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act of force admiralty adopted Albericus Gentilis allowed applied arms army authority belligerent belligerent ships belonging blockade Britain British capture cargo carrying claim coast commander commerce condemned condition Conference confiscation considered contraband contract convention cruisers Declaration of Paris delegation Denmark despatch destination doctrine domicile Droit effect enemy character enemy property enemy ships enemy subjects enemy's England favour flag foreign France Freeman Snow French Geneva Convention Grotius ground Hague Hague Conference hostile indemnity individuals intention international law invader justice land latter limited Lord Stowell maritime mentioned naval necessary neutral country neutral duty neutral port neutral ship neutral territory occupation operations opinion owner pacific blockade parties peace persons practice principle prisoners prize court prize law prohibited question recognised regard regulations relation reprisals requisitions rule Russia Scott sovereign Sweden taken trade treaty Twiss United vessel violation voyage
Page 190 - First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or to carry on war against a power with which it is at peace ; and also to use like diligence to prevent the departure from its jurisdiction of any vessel intended to cruise or carry on war as above, such vessel having been specially adapted, in whole or in part, within such jurisdiction, to warlike use.
Page 228 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war. 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag. 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective — that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Page 192 - Secondly, not to permit or suffer either belligerent to make use of its ports or waters as the. base of naval operations against the other, or for the purpose of the renewal or augmentation of military supplies or arms, or the recruitment of men. Thirdly, to exercise due diligence in its own ports and waters, and, as to all persons within its jurisdiction, to prevent any violation of the foregoing obligations and duties.
Page 128 - Considering: That Maritime Law, in time of war, has long been the subject of deplorable disputes; That the uncertainty of the law, and of the duties in such a matter, gives rise to differences of opinion between neutrals and belligerents which may occasion serious difficulties, and even conflicts...
Page 208 - ... in either of which cases the authorities of the port or of the nearest port (as the case may be) shall require her to put to sea as soon as possible after the expiration of such period of twenty-four hours...
Page 80 - A spy who, after rejoining the army to which he belongs, is subsequently captured by the enemy, is treated as a prisoner of war, and incurs no responsibility for his previous acts of espionage.
Page 72 - To kill or wound treacherously individuals belonging to the hostile nation or army; (c.) To kill or wound an enemy who, having laid down arms, or having no longer means of defence, has surrendered at discretion; (d.) To declare that no quarter will be given; (e.) To employ arms, projectiles, or material of a nature to cause superfluous injury...
Page 193 - ... capacity in such expedition, shall be guilty of an offence against this Act, and shall be punishable by fine and imprisonment, or either of such punishments, at the discretion of the court before which the offender is convicted; and imprisonment, if awarded, may be either with or without hard labour. (2.) All ships, and their equipments, and all arms and munitions of war, used in or forming part of such expedition, shall be forfeited to Her Majesty. 12. Any person who aids, abets, counsels, or...
Page 200 - Illegal Prize 14. If, during the continuance of any war in which Her Majesty may be neutral, any ship, goods, or merchandise captured as prize of war within the territorial jurisdiction of Her Majesty in violation of the neutrality of this realm, or captured by any ship which may have been built, equipped, commissioned, or despatched, or the force of which may have been augmented, contrary to the provisions of this Act, are brought within the limits of...