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council and house assembled in one room, shall have authority, by joint ballot, to elect a delegate to Congress,33 who shall have a seat in Congress, with a right of debating but not of voting during this temporary government.

And, for extending the fundamental principles of civil and religious liberty, which form the basis whereon these republics, their laws and constitutions are erected; to fix and establish those principles as the basis of all laws, constitutions, and governments, which forever hereafter shall be formed in the said territory; to provide also for the establishment of States, and permanent government therein, and for their admission to a share in the federal councils on an equal footing with the original States, at as early periods as may be consistent with the general interest.

It is hereby ordained and declared by the authority aforesaid, That the following articles shall be considered as articles of compact between the original States and the people and States in the said territory and forever remain unalterable, unless by common consent, to-wit:

Article 1st. No person, demeaning himself in a peaceable and orderly manner, shall ever be molested on account of his mode of worship or religious Sentiments, in the said territory.

Art. 2d. The inhabitants of the said territory shall always be entitled to the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus, and of the trial by jury; of a proportionate representation of the people in the legislature; and of judicial proceedings according to the course of the common law. All persons shall be bailable, unless for capital offences, where the proof shall be evident or the presumption great. All fines shall be moderate; and no cruel or unusual punishments shall be inflicted. No man shall be deprived of his liberty or property, but by the judgment of his peers or the law of the land; and, should the public exigencies make it necessary, for the common preservation, to take any person's property, or to demand his particular services, full compensation shall be made for the same. And, in the just preservation of rights and property, it is understood and declared, that no law ought ever to be made, or have force in the said territory, that shall, in any manner whatever, interfere with or affect private contracts or engagements, bona fide, and without fraud, previously formed.

Art. 3d. Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary The General Assembly, or Legislature, shall consist of the governor, legislative council, and a house of representatives. The legislative council shall consist of five members, to continue in office five years, unless sooner removed by Congress; any three of whom to be a quorum: and the members of the council shall be nominated and appointed in the following manner, to-wit: As soon as representatives shall be elected, the governor shall appoint a time and place for them to meet together; and, when met, they shall nominate ten persons, residents in the district, and each possessed of a freehold in 500 acres of land, 30 and return their names to Congress; five of whom Congress shall appoint and commission to serve as aforesaid;31 and, whenever a vacancy shall happen in the council, by death or removal from office, the house of representatives shall nominate two persons, qualified as aforesaid, for each vacancy, and return their names to Congress; one of whom Congress shall appoint and commission for the residue of the term.32 And every five years, four months at least before the expiration of the time of service of the members of council, the said house shall nominate ten persons, qualified as aforesaid, and return their names to Congress; five of whom Congress shall appoint and commission to serve as members of the council five years, unless sooner removed. And the governor, legislative council, and house of representatives, shall have authority to make laws in all cases, for the good government of the district, not repugnant to the principles and articles in this ordinance established and declared. And all bills, having passed by a majority in the house, and by a majority in the council, shall be referred to the governor for his assent; but no bill, or legislative act whatever, shall be of any force without his assent. The governor shall have power to convene, prorogue, and dissolve the General Assembly, when, in his opinion, it shall be expedient.

33. The first delegate to Congress was William Henry Harrison who was elected on October 3, 1799. By the act of February 27, 1809 (Document No. 26), the voters were authorized to elect the delegate to Congress.

The governor, judges, legislative council, secretary, and such other officers as Congress shall appoint in the district, shall take an oath or affirmation of fidelity and of office; the governor before the President of Congress, and all other officers before the gover

As soon as a legislature shall be formed in the district, the joint ballot, to elect a cagaran Pris seat in Congress, with a righ sé Tenering : ing this temporary governmen:

30. By the act of March 3, 1811, any person holding any office of profit by appointment of the governor, except justices of the peace and militia officers, was rendered ineligible to serve as a legislative councillor. (Document No. 28.)

31. By an act of February 27, 1809, the qualified voters were authorized to elect the members of the legislative council. (Document No. 26.)

32. By the act of December 15, 1809, vacancies in the office of legislative councillor were Alled by a special election called by the Governor. (Document No. 27.)

And, for extending the factions Bar religious liberty, which form the man their laws and constitutions are principles as the basis of all la 3 : 247 which forever hereafter shall be us: provide also for the establishme ernment therein, and for their councils on an equal footing Press periods as may be consistent 6:1 is gror, :

It is hereby ordained and it is belas That the following articles shal's : pact between the original States m'a paso se: said territory and forever remaa bains: consent, to-wit:

Article 1st. No person, densing . orderly manner, shall ever be mains.se worship or religious sentiments, but

Art. 2d. The inhabitants of these entitled to the benefits of the written by jury; of a proportionate repressa. islature; and of judicial proceedirap wpis common law. All persons shall web. fences, where the proof shall be transAll fines shall be moderate; and um shall be inflicted. No man shals property, but by the judgment of quem and, should the public exigencias son mon preservation, to take any peros y particular services, full compensar te And, in the just preservation of rear su stood and declared, that no law force in the said territory, that has interfere with or affect private se fide, and without fraud, previously

Art. 3d. Religion, morality,

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it: The Western State in the said territory, shall be bounded y the Mississippi. the Ohio, and Wabash rivers; a direct line rawn from the Wabash and Post St. Vincent's, due North, to he territorial line between the United States and Canada; and, by the said territorial line, to the Lake of the Woods and Mississippi. The middle State shall be bounded by the said direct line, the Wabash from Post Vincent's to the Ohio; by the Ohio, by a direct line, drawn due Vonth from the mouth of the Great Miami, to the said territorial line, and by the said territorial line. The Eastern State shall be bounded by the last mentioned direct line, the Ohio, Pennsylvania, and the said territorial line: Provided, however, and it is further understood and declared, that the boundaries of these three States shall be subject so far to be altered, that, if Congress shall hereafter find it expedient, they shall have authority to form one or two States in that part of the said territory which lies North of an East and West line drawn through the Southerly bend or extreme of Lake Michigan. And, whenever any of the said States shall have 60,000 free inhabitants therein, such State shall be admitted, by its delegates, into the Congress of the United States, on an equal footing with the original Status in all respects whatever, and shall be at liberty to form 2 year manent constitution and Sts

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