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Elbingerode, Inn, Engel; where solid rock. The view hence is adhorses and carriages may be hired mired. for the ascent of the Brocken; a Blankenburg is but fuur miles and Hanoverian town of 2500 inhabit- a half distant from the Prussian vilants. In the vicinity are numerous lage of Thale, at the foot of the iron mines, or rather quarries, for

ROSSTRAPPE. The Inn at Thale the ore occurs in such large masses (Worfels) is not very good; there is that it is quarried out in the open a better one near the irou-works air. It is smelted in the neighbour- (Blechhütte), on the opposite side of hood. N. B. The terroination rode, the Bode. This river is here hemmed so often occurring in the names in between the Rosstrappe on its left of places in the Hartz, signifies a bank, and the Devil's Tanzplatz (ballspot where roots of trees have been room) on the right; two lofty moun. grubbed up:

tains whose precipitous granite cliffs About 2 miles below Elbinge- rising on each side, give a character rode, in the gorge of the Bode, of the utmost grandeur to this gorge close to the village of Rübeland

or ravine.

A steep foot-path leads (Inn: Golden Löwe), are the two from the river-side to the top of the

of Baumanshöhle in the Rosstrappe. A carriage may ascend cliff's on the left bank, and Biels- half way, by a circuitous road, as höhle in the precipice on the right far as the Bude (Boothie, Scotch), bank, opposite. The Baumanshöhle a station where refreshments may be has the largest chambers, and is in- had, including a peculiar liquor called teresting to the geologist because Birken Wasser (birch water), exbones of the Great Cave Bear, now tracted from the birch. extinct, have been found in it. The The Rosstrappe is a vast precipice Bielshöhle has the finest and whitest of granite, isolated on three sides, stalactites. They are both under rising to the height of 500 feet above the charge of guides residing in the Bode, and projecting over the the village, who receive about 4 valley like a bastion. Its summit is groschen from each person for show- a platform of rock, five or six feet ing them, with something extra for square. Its name comes from a mark additional lights.

in the rock bearing a distant resemAbout six miles from Rübeland is blance to a horse's hoofs. The view Blankenburg. Inns: Krone;-Weisser into the depths below is very grand. Adler. A town of 3000 inhabitants, A different path leads in zigzags belonging to the Duke of Brunswick, down to the river side. The defile here who has a Palace here. It is an un- displays a scene of the most romantic gainly building, but the situation and and gloomy character. It is perhaps view from it are beautiful. The best the wildest and inost interesting spot pictures have been removed, but in the whole district of the Hartz. there still remains one of the White After threading the gorge, by the Lady, who haunts this palace as well water-side, back to the Blechhütte, as that of Berlin, and other royal some persons ascend by a steep path residences in Germany; and two por- to the Tanzplatz, on the right side traits, painted by the father of Frede- of the river, from which there is a rick the Great with the point of his view not inferior to that from the finger!

Rosstrappe, whose gigantic precipices It takes three quarters of an hour appear to great advantage from this to walk up to the ruined castle of side. Reinstein, or Regenstein, built by A cross-road from Blechhütte leads the Emperor Henry the Fowler (919) to Gernrode, nine miles off, on the to keep the Huns in subjection. It high road' from Nordhausen to has many chambers excavated in the Magdeburg (p. 324). About nine

THE HARTZ-NORDHAUSEN TO MAGDE

BURG.

miles south of Gernrode, and about watering-place (§ 38) are to be found two to the west of the post-station of here; but Alexisbad owes its great Harzgerode, lies the watering-place attraction to its agreeable situation, of Alexisbal, which may be adopted and the excursions, in its neighbouras night quarters, if the traveller be hool, to Magdesprung, Magdetreppe, going south.

If he be on his way Klostermuhle; the Victorshohe, &c. to Berlin, he will proceed to Quedlinburg and Magdeburg. If to Brunswick, he will shape his course by

ROUTE LXXIV. Blankenburg, to Halberstadt. If to Leipsig, he will find a tolerable crossroad from Gernrode to Ballenstadt (where the Inn, Zur Stadt Bern- 14Pruss. miles=69 Eng. miles. berg, is excellent), and by Mansfeld The schnellpost from Berlin to to Eisleben. If, on the other hand, Coblenz travels to and fro twice a he be bent on making the entire week along this road, which nearly tour of the Hartz, he may pro

forms the boundary line of the Hartz ceed from Blankenburg, by Elbin- to the eastward. gerode, to Andreasberg, at the south. Nordhausen is included in Route ern foot of the Brocken, a town LXIV. (page 298). of 4100 inhabitants, interesting only 2 Stolberg

Inns :

Weisses to miners and mineralogists. (Best Ross ;-Deutsches Haus. A town of Inns: Schützenhaus and Rathhaus.) 2000 inhabitants, belonging to the The silver mines are situated in Count of Stolberg, a mediatized rocks of clay-slate. The shaft of the prince, whose territory is now inSamson mine is 2333 feet deep.

cluded in that of Prussia. His The tilt-hammers, forges, and water- castle, on the height above, contains engines of Andreasberg are all put a library, small armoury, and the in motion by the supply of water

statue of an idol (Krodo), dug up from the great reservoir under the under the walls. Thomas Münzer, Brocken, called Oder Teich. The dam the fanatic leader of the rebel which collects the water is a con- peasants in the sixteenth century, struction of granite masonry. The dis- was born here, in a house still stand. tance from hence to Clausthal is 14 ing near the market-place. miles.

21 Hartzgerode. Inns; Weisses Alexisbad. Inns: Das Logir- Ross ;-Drei Thurmen. A town of haus, containing 60 apartments;- 2400 inhabitants, belonging to the Das Traiteurhaus, with about 30. Prince of Anhalt Bernberg. About Alexisbad consists of a small group two miles to the west of Hartzgerode of buildings, for the accommodation lies the watering-place Alexisbad, of visiters, erected in the romantic where a traveller, not pressed for valley of the Selke, by the Duke of time, may spend one or two days Anhalt Bernberg, after whom it is very agreeably, in exploring the named. He has a smaller villa here. beauties of its neighbourhood. Besides the buildings enumerated

About three miles north of Hartzabove, there is a bath-house, and a gerode, our road is joined on the left saloon, in which the table-d’hôte by that from Alexis bad to. Magdetakes place every day; also used as burg, and crosses the river Selke at a ball-room, with adjoining apart. the iron works of Mägdesprung, con. ments for gambling, &c.

sisting of a number of iron forges, furTwo mineral springs supply water naces, and miners' houses scattered for the baths, and for drinking. The along the banks of the river, over a water is a very strong chalybeate. distance of nearly two miles. The Most of the resources of a German situation is very romantic, and the dis

on

tance f. om hence to Alexisbad is about seat the bench of Rhenish three miles. On a neighbouring bishops, and being generally memheight, a tall obelisk of cast-iron has bers of royal or noble families. It is been erected as a monument to a now falling to decay, stripped of its Duke of Anhalt. The hill called splendour, and in part converted into Mägiletreppe (Maid's foot-print) re- a school. ceives its name from the legend of a The once beautiful Aurora Maria, giantess who once haunted this dis- Countess of Königsmark, mistress of trict, and, in one of her wanderings, Augustus the Strong, King of Saxony, leapt over the valley from the op- and mother of Marshal Saxe, is posite hill, called Ramberg, leaving buried in a vault beneath the Stiftsthe marks of her feet upon the spot kirche. The sexton does not scruple where she alighted. İn proof of to open her coffin at the demand of this story, they are still visible in the curious, and to display a body the rock! The summit commands a now reduced to the condition of a fine view. Leaving Mägdesprung, brown mummy. The Emperor Henry the road passes, on the left, the the Fowler, his empress, and many ruined castle of Heinrichsburg, built abbesses of the monastery, were also by the Counts of Stolberg.

buried here. Gernrode ; about nine miles from The poet Klopstock was born here, this place is the Rosstrappe, one of in a small house at the foot of the the most interesting points in the

castle hill. A monument has been Hartz (p. 322). A detour from the erected to him in the garden called road of two days would suffice to en.

Bruhl. In the Rathhaus is preable a traveller to see it, and to served, among other musty curiosities, ascend the Brocken. The latter part | the oaken cage in which the citizens of the excursion is only advisable of Quedlinburg imprisoned a Count when the weather is settled.

of Reinstein in 1336, for nearly two 21 Quedlinburg. Inns: Deutsches years, on account of numerous acts Haus ;-Buntes Lamm. A Prus- of tyranny, and oppressive exactions sian town of 12,200 inhabitants, on which he had committed against the Bode. It was originally a free them. Not satisfied with this barimperial city of much consequence. barous punishment, they were on the Many German emperors resided here, point of executing him, when the and several councils of the church emperor demanded that his life were held in the town. It is still should be spared, on condition of his surrounded by turreted walls. paying a fine of 3000 dollars, and

The Castle, on an eminence above adding seven new towers to the town the town, was the residence of the walls. Abbesses of Quedlinburg, who were 3 Egeln,

} In

In R. LXVIII., princesses of the empire, having a 3. Magdeburg,

p. 305.

325

SECTION VI,

PRUSSIA-(continued).

Routes.

Page. LXXV. Berlin to Stettin and Swinemünde

325 LXXVI. Stralsund and the Is

land of Rügen - 327 LXXVII. Berlin to Danzig - 328 LXXVIII. Danzig to Königsberg

330 LXXIX. Königsberg to Memel, by Tilsit

333 LXXX. Berlin to Danzig, by Bromberg

333 LXXXI. Berlin to Breslau, by

Frankforton the
Oder and Breslau 334

Routes.

Page. LXXXII. Dresden to Breslau 336 LXXXIII. The RIESENGEBIRGE

-Berlin to Hirsche
berg, Warmbrunn,
and Schmiedeberg

Landshut -- A-
DERSBACH -

338 LXXXIV. The RIESENGEBIRGE

Breslau to
Schweidnitz, Trau-

tenau, and Prague 343 LXXXVIII. Breslau to Prague,

by Glatz 343

ROUTE LXXV.

In the next stage, the sequestered

Cistercian Abbey Chorin, now a GoBERLIN TO STETTIN AND SWINEMUNDE. vernment building, and several small

lakes, are passed. 20 Prussian miles = 93. English 34 Angermünde, on a lake called miles, over a macadamized road, the Munde, has 3000 inhabitants. traversed daily by a Schnellpost in A macadamized road goes from hence 16 hours.

to Prenzlow. Our road reaches the 31 Werneuchen.

banks of the Oder at 31 Neustadt Eberswald. Inns : 2 Schwedt. Inn: Deutsches Sonne ;-Schwann. One of the most Haus. A town of 4600 inhabitants, flourishing and improving small many of them are descendants of manufacturing towns in Prussia ; it French emigrants, and a portion has 3500 inhabitants, and lies on are Jews. The Royal Palace was the Finow, a stream which is here originally the residence of a branch connected by a canal with the Oder of the family of Markgraves of on one side, and the Havel on the Brandenburg, now extinct. Their other. The manufactory of cutlery summer palace Montplaisir lies at established here to rival that of the termination of an avenue two miles Sheffield, failed in 1834, and was from the town. One of the Markbroken up, after losing 200,000 dol- graves and his wife are buried in lars. There are very extensive paper| granite coffins in the French Church. mills near this.

The Oder is here split into two branches; that which passes close to The Oder, after flowing past Stettin, Schwedt is called the Mülitz, there is discharges itself into a large lake a bridge over it. The road continues called the Haff; this again commualong its left bank, over a heath, and nicates with the Baltic by three enters the ancient province of Pome- mouths, which form the two large isrania before reaching

lands, Usedom, on which lies Swine2 Garz. Inn: Schwarzer Adler. münde, and Wollin. On approaching Stettin, a good view A steam-boat runs three times ais obtained of it and of the lake of week in summer, between Stettin and Damm, formed by the Oder spread- Swinemünde. Inns: that kept by ing out into a broad sheet of water Olthoff ;-Deutsches Haus ;-König behind it. The road is commanded von Preussen. This town, of 3500 inby the guns of Fort Preussen at the habitants, has latterly acquired imentrance into

portance from the improvements 4 Stettin. Inns: H. de Prusse, in made in its harbour, which have the Louisen Strasse ; Drei Kronen. rendered it the port of Stettin. The This town, the capital of Pomerania, entrance to it is unluckily very lies upon the left bank of the Oder, shallow, but extensive works have but is connected by bridges with been erected to remedy this defect. the suburb Lastadie on the right Here vessels of large burthen now bank, It has 32,000 inhabitants, unload their cargoes, which are transand is remarkable as a strong fortress ported to Stettin in lighters. Swineand place of considerable commerce,

münde stands on the shores of the being the outlet for the manufactures Baltic, and close to the Swine, one of of Silesia, and the depôt for foreign the mouths or channels through which goods required to supply that pro- the Oder empties itself into the sea. vince as well as the metropolis of About l} mile from the town, and Prussia. In 1814, 1534 vessels en- separated from it by a wood, lie the tered its port, aud 1180 cleared out. Sea Baths of Swinemünde, consisting The Churches are scarce worth notice of a Bath-house and an Assemblyexcept for their age; from the tower room (Gesellschaftshaus), in which of St. Jacobi there is a fine view of there is a daily table d'hôte dinner at the city and the river. In the Königs- Visiters usually lodge at the platz is a marble statue of Frederick the Inns in the town. Great, by Schadow. În the Marien- Distinct spots, separated by conplatz is the New Gymnasium, to which siderable intervals, are marked out an observatory, library, and museum on the seashore as bathing-places are attached.

Two Empresses of for ladies and gentlemen. At the Russia were born here : Catherine one extremity men are allowed to the Great, and Maria Feodorowna, / bathe without bathing-machines or wife of the Emperor Paul. There is covered cabinets ; at the opposite a Theatre here. The chief Prome- end the females enjoy the same prinade is the Plantage, outside the vileges, and between these remote Anclam Gate.

spots are ranged bathing-machines The Oder is here divided into four for either sex. branches. In order to reach the Jomsburg, the capital of a Pagan town and fortress of Alt Damm, on republic, and described by historians the right bank, the road is conduc- as the greatest city of Europe in the ted along a dam of masonry, over Ilth century, stoud on an island at three long, and twenty shorter bridges. the mouth of the Oder. Its exact

A capital macadamized post-road site is not determined. is just finished from Stettin to Danzig In the course of the summer, a by Cöslin.

steam-boat makes several excursions

one.

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