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pleted in 1831. As the work has progressed towards its Southern termination, the benefits of navigation from the Lake have been extended into the interior, and sensibly felt. It has now advanced near to Newark, a distance of 180 miles; it may be expected to approach Chillicothe in 1830, and in the following year to the Ohio river; making with the Miami Canal, now completed, 375 miles of artificial canal navigation in the state.”
“ There remained in the treasury of Ohio on the 15th of November last, $159,250 ; $90,000 thereof, being a School Fund, is drawing 6 per cent. interest. This fund, the interest upon which is guarantied by the state, is daily increasing ; and, by the first of January next, will probably amount to $150,000. The Sinking Fund $60,000 remains unimpaired; to which may be added the surplus revenue of 1829 and 1830, say $30,000; making a total of $ 240,000, that will remain in the treasury."
The Miami Canal, which is completed from Cincinnati to Dayton, 65 miles, has 22 locks, and cost $746,000, about $11,000 a mile. It extends through the richest portion of the state, and is the channel of an extensive trade.
STATISTICS or Ohio. [From the “Ohio State Journal.”]
1829. Quantity of land (assessed)
acres 13,763,574 15,878,171 Value of lands and buildings
$ 35,217,035 41,193,000 Value of town lots and buildings
4,082,114 8,230,985 Horses (No. 1826, 131,956 ; 1829, 175,319) Value 4,878,240 7,012,760 Cattle (No. 1826, 252,544; 1829, 719,596) do. 2,028,852 5,756,768 Merchants' Capital
2,162,118 3,950,156 Carriages (Number, 137) Value
25,310 State Tax
106,669 193,609 County Tax
187,563 173,903 Road Tax
91,846 71,950 Township Tax
22,231 52,096 School Tax
The principal literary seminaries in this state are the University of Ohio, at Athens; Miami University, at Oxford ; Western Reserve College, at Hudson; Kenyon College, at Gambier; and the Medical College of Ohio, at Cincinnati.
In 1825, a law was passed by which a tax of one twentieth of one per cent., or a half mil! on a dollar, estimated ad valorem upon the general tax list of the state, was levied and appropriated to the support of common schools.
VINCENNES, in Indiana, was settled by French emigrants from Canada, near the beginning of the last century, and long remained a solitary village But few settlements were made in the country till the commencement of the present century ; since which time its increase in population has been very rapid.
In 1800, Indiana was erected into a territorial government; in 1816, its Constitution was formed, and it was admitted into the Union as an independent state.
GOVERNORS. William H. Harrison, appointed Governor of Indiana Territory, 1800.
Under the Constitution. Jonathan Jennings, elected 1816 | James B. Ray, William Hendricks, do.
OUTLINES OF THE CONSTITUTION. The executive power is vested in a Governor, who is elected by the people for a term of three years, and may be once reëlected. At every election of Governor, a Lieutenant Governor is also chosen, who is Presi. dent of the Senate, and on whom, in case of the death, resignation, or removal of the governor, the powers and duties of governor devolve.
The legislative authority is vested in a General Assembly, consisting of a Senate, the members of which are elected for three years, and a House of Representatives, elected annually.
The number of representatives can never be less than 36, nor more than 100; and they are apportioned among the several counties according to the number of white, male inhabitants above 21 years of age. The number of senators, who are apportioned in like manner, cannot be less than one third, nor more than one half of the number of representatives.
The representatives and one third of the members of the senate, are elected annually on the first Monday in August; and the Governor is chosen on the same day, every third year.
The General Assembly meets annually (at Indianapolis) on the first Monday in December.
The right of suffrage is granted to all male citizens of the age of 21 years or upwards, who may have resided in the state one year immediately preceding an election.
The judiciary power is vested in one Supreme Court, in Circuit Courts, and in such other inferior courts as the General Assembly may establish. The Supreme Court consists of three judges ; and each of the Circuit Courts consists of a president and two associate judges. The judges are all
appointed for the term of seven years. The judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the govemor, with the consent of the Senate ; the presidents of the Circuit Courts, by the legislature; and the associate judges are elected by the people.
GOVERNMENT. James B. Ray, Governor ; (term of office expires the first week in De cember, 1831 ;) salary $1,000.
Milton Slapp, Lieutenant Governor ; pay $2 a day during the session of the General Assembly.
Members of the Senate. Daniel C. Lane (deceased.) John De Pauw
John Sering John Daniel
John M. Lemon William C. Linton Thomas Givens
Stephen C. Stevens Joseph Orr John Ewing
James Gregory David Robb Amaziah Morgan
Calvin Fletcher The present number of senators is 23 ; representatives, 62. Speaker, Ross Smiley. Pay of the members of both Houses $2 a day each.
JUDICIARY. Judges of the Supreme Court ; James Scott, Jesse Holman, and Isaac Blackford. Salary of each $700.
President Judges of the Circuit Courts ; John R. Porter, John Law, J. R. E. Goodellet, John F. Ross, B. F. Morris, Miles C. Eggleston, and Charles Test. Salary of each $700.-The Associate Judges receive each $2 a day.
EDUCATION. A college has been established at Bloomington, and one 36th part of the public lands has been appropriated for the support of schools.
This country was explored by La Salle, an enterprising French traveller, in the latter part of the 17th century; and French settlements were formed at Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and some other places. Though these settlements flourished, in some degree, for a time, yet they never became very important; and at the peace of Paris, in 1763, the country to the east of the Mississippi was ceded by France to Great Britain.
Almost all the settlements which have been formed by the citizens of the United States, have been begun since 1800. In 1809, Illinois was erected into a territorial government: in 1818, the inhabitants formed a constitution, and Illinois was admitted into the Union as an independent state.
GOVERNORS. Ninian Edwards appointed, 1809, Governor of the Territory of Illinois.
Under the Constitution. elected 1818 | Ninian Edwards, do.
OUTLINES OF THE CONSTITUTION,
The legislative authority is vested in a General Assembly, consisting of a Senate, the members of which are elected for four years; and of a House of Representatives, elected biennially.
“ The number of representatives shall not be less than 27, nor more than 36, until the number of inhabitants within the state shall amount to one hundred thousand; and the number of senators shall never be less than one third, nor more than one half of the number of representatives.”
The executive power is vested in a Governor, who is elected by the people for four years ; and he is not eligible for more than four years in any term of eight years. At the election of Governor, a Lieutenant Governor is also chosen, who is Speaker of the Senate; and on whom, in case the governor vacates his office, the duties of governor devolve.
The representatives and one half of the senators are elected biennially on the first Monday in August; and the governor is chosen, every fourth year, at the same time.
The General Assembly meets every other year (at Vandalia), on the first Monday in the December next following the election; and the governor is authorized to convene it, on extraordinary occasions, at other times.
All white, male inhabitants, above the age of 21 years, having resided in the state six months next preceding an election, have the rights of electors.
The judicial power is vested in a Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the General Assembly may establish. The judges are appointed by a joint ballot of both branches of the General Assembly, and hold their offices during good behavior.
GOVERNMENT. Ninian Edwards, Governor ; (term of office expires on the first Monday in December, 1830); salary $1,000.
The present number of senators is 18; representatives, 36. Pay of each member usually $3 a day.
$1,000 Samuel D. Lockwood, Associate Judge,
1,000 Thomas C. Browne,
1,000 Theophilus W. Smith,
1,000 R. M. Young,
Judge for the Circuit north of Ni
nois river. The judges of the Supreme Courts officiate also as judges of the Circuit Courts.
A college has recently been established at Jacksonville, a little to the south of the river Ilinois.
Missouri formed a part of the extensive country of Louisiana, which was purchased of France by the United States in 1803. Though French settlements were commenced at St. Louis and St. Genevieve as early as 1764, yet at the time when the country was purchased, this portion of it contained but few inhabitants.
In 1804, this country was separated from the rest of Louisiana and erected into a territorial government, by the name of the Territory of Louisiana, afterwards altered to the Territory of Missouri ; and in 1821, it was admitted into the Union as an independent state.
Under the Territorial Government.
Under the Constitution. Alexander McNair, elected 1820 | John Miller, Frederick Bates, do. 1824
OUTLINES OF THE CONSTITUTION.
The constitution of this state was formed at Kaskaskia, in 1820.
The legislative power was vested in a General Assembly, consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives.