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HISTORY

SECOND WAR

BETWEEN THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

AND

GREAT BRITAIN,

DECLARED BT

ACT OF CONGRESS, THE 18th OF JUNE, 1812,
AND CONCLUDED BY PEACE, THE loth OF FEBRUARY, 1815.

BY

CHARLES J. INGERSOLL.

SECOND SERIES. —VOL. II.

EMBRACING THE EVENTS OF 1814 AND 1815.

c

PHILADELPHIA:
LIPPINCOTT, GRAMEO & CO.

18 52.

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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1852, by

LIPPINCOTT, GRAMBO & CO.,

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

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CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

NEGOTIATIONS AT GHENT — TREATY AND PEACE.

British surprised by War—Unprepared — Seek Peace—Foster, from Halifax,

proposes an Armistice — Aocepted by Dearborn — Rejected by Madison —

Admiral Warren renews Pacific Overtures—Rejected by Madi6on—American

Terms of Peace—Rejected by Britain—British War Manifesto—Embittered

Hostilities — Congress exclude British Seamen, after War, from American

Vessels — Cartel, from England, offers to treat — Clay and Russel commis-

sioned—Original Instructions — British Triumph in Europe—Instructions,

changing Terms—Ghent substituted for Gottenburg, as Place of Conference

—First Conference—British Demands—Indian Basis sine qua non—Second

Meeting of Commissioners—No Maritime Topic—Altogether Territorial—

Castlereagh at Ghent—British Demands increased—Rupture threatened—

Suspension of Conferences — Correspondence—American Terms proposed,

24th of August—British Terms, 13th of October—Uti Possidetis—Rejected

by the Americans — Effect of the British Defeats at Plattsburg and Balti-

more—Change of Tone—Adoption of American Terms—Congress of Vienna

— Its Distractions — Maritime European Inclinations — Dissentiment at

Ghent between Adams and Clay—Fisheries—Navigation of the Mississippi

—Further Negotiations—Final Settlement—Subsequent Treaties, Offspring

of the Negotiations at Ghent — Indemnity for Spoliations — For Slaves —

Boundaries—Oregon—Louisiana—Congress of Vienna—Project of Treaty—

Dispute in the American Mission — Posterior Treaties—Fisheries—Missis-

sippi—Final Conferences—Treaty signed—Its European Effect—American

Welcome of Peace — Effects and Character Page 7

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