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which formerly visited almost every country ; nor must we overlook the benefits of civilization and christianity, which are propagated by navigation and the commercial intercourse of nations.
966. Structure of the Earth. In examining the land, we are equally struck with admiration at the variety of substances which compose it, and their distribution. On the surface, we observe a mold or soil exactly adapted to the production of vegetables. While it is so soft as to yield to the plow, the hoe and the spade, it is so compact as to hold a long time the water it absorbs for vegetable nutriment; and while it permits the roots of plants to penetrate its substance, it is firm enough to sustain them in an erect position. In the interior of the earth we find minerals in inexhaustible abundance-gold, silver, iron, lead, tin, coal, and numerous others, dispersed in subterranean treasuries, in all parts of the globe, for the use of man. Nor can we fail to notice the mountains or beds of salt which are deposited in the central parts of every continent, remote from the sea, as if nature had made special provision of that necessary, but heavy commodity, to accommodate man at a distance from the ocean.
967. Application of these Remarks. Such views of the structure of the globe, cannot fail to impress the mind with a reverential sense of the wisdom, power and glory of the great Creator. At the same time, they convict the infidel of his errors, and the visionary philosopher of his folly, in attempting to account for creation without the mighty hand of a Deity. The globe could not be the result of a fortuitous collection of atoms, nor could it be formed and molded into its present shape, by an accidental collision of heavenly orbs. It must be the work of almighty power, directed by infinit wisdom ; intended to sustain and multiply subjects of happiness, and display the glory of the divine character.
NOTE. IT is thought not expedient to swell the price of this book, by inserting maps of the countries described, for maps in such a work are soon torn and destroyed. The best mode of furnishing the student with maps, is in a collection bound together, called an Atlas. In this form, maps will last for many years, and even for life. The best collection, at a moderate price, is, perhaps, that originally published in Philadelphia, by John Conrad & Co. to accompany Pinkerton's Geography, now published by Thomas & Andrews, of Boston. Gentlemen of proa perty may purchase an atlas for private use : and for the children of others, a single copy in a school, to be occasionally consulted by the classes, may be sufficient to answer all the general purposes
Germany, - -
102 Tartary, - - - - - -