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them." Literary teaching is not the chief object herethe best teacher and the most perfect master of all those trained by the Irish National Board, (and this implies the best trained in these Kingdoms,) could not take the place now held by this young man : such teachers should be encouraged, not as literary teachers, but as Reformatory trainers. We would impress upon those in authority that such men cannot be obtained, as Lieut.-Col. Jebb has stated, for niggard pay; and certainly, unless chaplains of a class superior to those attached to our ordinary Irish gaols, arc appointed to the prisons for Criminal Juvenile Convicts, half the efforts of the master must fail, even though he possessed, amalgamated, the devotion and energy of M. Demetz and of Mr. Nash. We are perfectly well aware that heretofore it has been the common rule to appoint as gaol chaplains, those clergymen considered most ill-adapted for other offices—we sincerely hope that in future, directly the opposite system will be adopted; and that as great discrimination, at least in the case of Juvenile Prisons, will be exercised in the selection of the Chaplain, as in the appointment of the Schoolmaster. Would that the Viceroy had imitated this selection, in appointing an Inspector-General of Prisons to succeed Mr. James Galway. Had he done so, his English Equerry, ignorant of his new duties, would never have been nominated to hold this, now, most important office, the requirements of which even the energy and experience of Mr. Corry Connellan cannot fully meet, unless ably seconded by his fellow Inspector.
QUARTERLY LIST OF PUBLICATIONS, The following Books and Pamphlets will give much information on the principles and working of Reformatory Institutions, and of Prison Discipline, and they will be found to contain references to all other works of any great value on the same subject. Reports of Two Conferences held at Birmingham on Juvenile
Delinquency, 1851-1853. Longman and Co. Price Is. each. House of Commons Blue Books on Criminal Juveniles, 1852, Price
6s.; 1853, Price 5s. 6d. Hamilton's Translation of Cochin's Account of Mettray. Whittaker
and Co. Price 1s.
Hall's Lecture on Mettray. Cash, 5, Bishopsgate-street. Price ls. Prize Essays on Juvenile Delinquency. Smith, Elder, and Co.
Price 5s. Mary Carpenter on Reformatory Schools; ditto, on Juvenile De.
linquents. Cash. Price 6s. each. Reformatory Schools in France and England, by P. J. Murray.
Cash. Price 1s. Practical Suggestions to the Founders of Reformatory Schools, in a
Letter from the Recorder of Birmingham to Lord Brougham,
with his Lordship’s Answer. Cash. Price 6d. Juvenile Delinquency and Its Reformation. By W. S. Hackett.
Clonmel : Hackett. Price 6d. Juvenile Delinquency the Fruit of Parental Intemperance. By Mary
Carpenter. No. 12, “ Edinburgh Series of Temperance Tracts."
Price itd. Temperance as Affecting the Interests of Employers and Employed.
By Archibald Prentice, Esq., Manchester. No 11 of the “Edinburgh Series of Temperance Tracts.” Price 1d. Mettray. A Letter, from the Recorder of Birmingham, to Charles
Bowyer Adderley, Esq., M. P. Cash. Price 3d. Eighth Annual Report of the Bristol Ragged School, on St. James's
Back, for the year 1854. Bristol: 1855. The Philanthropist, A Record of Social Amelioration, and Journal
of the Charitable Institutions. Published twice every month.
Published at 4 Wine-Office Court, Fleet-st., London—6d. per No. Report on the Discipline and Management of Convict Prisons, and
Disposal of Convicts_1853. By Lieut. Col. Jebb, C. B. Her
Majesty's Stationary Office-1854. Observations on the Discipline and Management of Convicts, and on
Tickets of Leave. With Remarks, in an Appendix, on the more speedy_Trial and Punishment of Larceny in certain cases. By John "Field, M. A., Chaplain of the Berkshire Gaol. Longman
and Co. 1855 ,Price Is. The Law Review, for February, 1855. A Charge Delivered By The Recorder, at the Quarter Sessions for
Birmingham, January 5th, 1855, To the Grand Jury of that Bor
ough. Published at their Request. Cash. Price 6d. The Journal of the Albert National Agricultural Training Institution,
and Record of Industrial Progress_Nos. II, VII. Dublin. 1854,
To MARCH, 1855.
Charges in favour of Reformatory Schools of the Right Hon. M. T. Baines, at Lancaster, of Mr. Warren at Hull, of Baron Alderson. Speeches of Mr. T. D. Anderson and of Mr. Bramly Moore in Liserpool Corporation. Resolutions of the Justices at Leicestershire January Sessions. Report of Lieut.-Col. Jebb, on Convict Prisong and disposal of Convicts, for 1853. Circular of Industrial Home for Out cast Boys, Lambeth. Rev. Mr. Field's pamphlet on the discipline and management of Convicts, and on tickets of leave, &c. Reports of Chaplain and Governor of Parkhurst. Observations on Rev. Mr. Field's pamphlet. State of opinion in Ireland on Reformatory subjects; Essays read before the Clonmel Literary Society. Lecture of W. L. Hackett, Esq. Letter of Mr. Recorder Hill, on Mettray, to Mr. Adderly, M.P. to “ The Philanthropist.” Tracts by Miss Carpenter and Mr. Archibald Prentice. Letter from Mr. Prentice. Report of Ragged School, St. James's Back, Bristol.
NOTE ON THE RECORD. As we were putting the foregoing to Press, we received, through the attention of the Editor of The Exeter Gazette, a copy of that Journal for February 10th, containing the following particulars of the further most important proceedings of the Committee whose Report, read at the Exeter meeting, we have inserted in the Record :
“DEVONSHIRE REFORMATORY FARM SCHOOL. We have much pleasure in announcing that the arrangements in connexion with this philanthropic Institution, have so nearly approached completiun, that the executive Committee look forward with confidence to an early commencement of operations. It was at first proposed to commence a trial of the experiment at Hodge's Farm, on Stoke Hill, but as an unexpected difficulty arose in this quarter, Sir STAFFORD NORTHCOTE very kindly and promptly placed at the disposal of the Committee, two Cottages most conveniently situated on his own estate; and with a degree of public spirit—which none but those in similar circumstances can properly understand or estimate-he has undertaken to give up such portions of his home-farm immediately adjoining as may be from time to time required for the purposes of the Institution. One of the great anxieties of the Committee has been the selection of a competent master, and their choice has fallen on a person named HARRIS, at present having the superintendence of a National School, at Frome, and considered by those who are best acquainted with his character, to possess that moral and religious influence so essential to the success of the Reformatory system. His engagement, we understand, commences at Lady-Day, by which time it is not improbable that the School itself will commence operations, As everything depends on a good beginning, Sir STAFFORD NORTHCOTE has invited and obtained the co-operation of Mr. BENGOUGH, whose name is so honourably associated with the Hardwicke School ; and that Gentleman has kindly undertaken to assist the Executive Committee at the commencement of their work. With reference to the limited scale on which the Institution is proposed to be started, it may be desirable to state, that this view is recommended not less by practical experience than the necessity of economy. Until the reformatory process has actually commenced its beneficial influence, any large company or colony
of boys would rather tend to defeat than accelerate the intentions of the founders. It is essential to the well working of the system, that a preponderance of good be at all times maintained; for as soon as vicious principles or habits are encouraged by the outward manifestation of similar propensities in others, there is great danger that the experiment may fail. So also at the commencement of the undertaking it appears desirable that the Committee should abstain from taking in boys who belong to Exeter itself, or the immediate neighbourhood; and if they would pardon the suggestion, we would venture to recommend that as one great means of avoiding the demoralising influence of escapes, they should rather direct their efforts in the first instance to the reclamation of youthful criminals in the more distant parts of the county. With this view we would also venture to intimate that the Magistrates in petty sessions, and the Borough Magistrates at Plymouth and elsewhere, might not merely confer advantages on the locality with which they are connected, by sending their young criminals to the Farm School, but they would also be affording the Executive Committee the best opportunity of commencing their labours with a fair prospect of success. With reference to the financial prospects of the Institution, we regret to say, that small though the proposed establishment may be at its commencement, yet in order to keep it up the Executive Committee will require their hands to be strengthened by additional subscriptions to the extent of £50 at the very least. Many of the leading Magistrates and Clergy, in addition to their princely donations towards the General Reformatory Fund, have given in their names as annual subscribers of sums varying from one to twenty pounds. In a matter of this importance we trust the County of Devon will assume a position worthy of her wealth, extent, and influence; and in order to promote so desirable a result, we beg to intimate that subscriptions are received by John MILFORD, Esq., treasurer; at any of the Exeter Banks; or by Mr. E. OSMOND, the honorary secretary, at Woodrow, Brampford Speke.”
MEMOIR OF THOMAS MOORE.
The Publisher of The Irish QUARTERLY REVIEW begs to inform those readers who are only acquainted with the recently issued numbers, that in the number for June, 1853, Vol II. No. 6, a MEMOIR of Thomas Moore appeared. It is the only complete Memoir as yet published, and has been quoted with approbation by LORD JOAN RUSSELL in the introduction the rst volume of The Memoir, Journals, and Correspondence of the Poet.
IRISH QUARTERLY REVIEW.
No. XVIII.- JUNE, 1855.
ART. I.-THE POETS OF AMERICA.
FIRST PAPER. 1. Poems by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. New Edition.
London : David Bogue. 1854. 2. The Poetical Works of William Cullen Bryant, with Gris
wald's Memoir. Edited (with an introduction) by F.W.N.
Bayley, Esq. London: Geroge Routledge and Co. 1852. 3. The Poetical Works of Mrs. L. H. Sigourney. Edited by
F. W. N. Bayley. London: George Routledge and Co. 1852. 4. The Poetical Works of Oliver Wendell Holmes. First
English Edition. London: George Routledge and Co. 1852.
It is not altogether four hundred years since Columbus was quoting, in Lisbon, such authorities as Strabo, Ptolemy, Aristotle, Seneca, and Pliny, in support of that meditated voyage which has resulted not only in the discovery, but also in the civilization of the noblest of earth's continents, and in the foundation, if permanently united, of a people destined to be the mightiest the earth has ever beheld. Yet, still more extraordinary, it is little over seventy years since that people sprung into existence, and already they have accomplished the work of ages in the growth of their civil constitution, and in the development of every leading characteristic which marks the progress of a nation. The impulse which the Poets of America may have already given to the great work of organization which has been so rapidly effected in their country, cannot with any accuracy be determined, and though it would be equally as difficult to hazard an opinion on the amount of their VOL. 1,-NO. XVIII.