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as Pind. Nem. IX. 5.

Πυθώνος αιπεινάς όμοκλάροις επόπταις. The catalectic with the anacrusis :

does not differ from the trimet. iamb. acat.

(d) The Tetrameter.---Tetrameter trochaicus.

- -ν acatalectus.


catalecticus. The acatalectic tetrameter is found in lyric and dramatic poets in chorusses, without a fixed caesura, as Pind. Isthm. ΙΙΙ. 1, 25.

Ε' τις ανδρών ευτυχήσαις ή συν ευδόξοις αίθλους,

Τοι μεν ών Θήβαισι τιμάεντες αρχαθεν λέγονται. With the anacrusis it becomes the tetrameter iamb. hypercat., so called :

as Pind. Nem. V. 6.

Ούπω γένυσι φαίνων τέρειναν ματέρ οινάνθας οπώραν. The Romans made frequent use of the catalectic tetrameter in the dialogue of the drama; versus octonarius.

The catalectic tetrameter was used by lyric and dramatic poets in the dialogue as well as the melic part of the drama. As a lyric verse it has no fixed caesura, as Soph. Trach. 132.

Νυξ βροτοίσιν ούτε Kήρες, ούτε πλούτος, αλλ' άφαρ. Pind. Isthm. III. Epod. 5.

Και ματρόθε Λαβδακίδαισιν σύννομοι πλούτου διέστειχον

τετραοριών πόνοις. As a verse of the dialogue it has usually the diaeresis in the middle. The Romans, who, likewise, use it frequently in the drama, call it versus septenarius.

By the inversion of the last foot, the catalectic tetrameter becomes the tetrameter troch. claudus, or Hipponacteus

(e) The Pentameter.- Pentameter trochaicus.



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catalecticus. The former does not appear to have been used, the latter is found as the closing rhythm in Pindar, Nem. VIII. Ep. 7. Συν θεώ γάρ τοι φυτευθείς όλβος ανθρώποισι παρμoνώτερος. Isthm. III. Epod. 6.

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Αιων δε κυλινδομέναις αμέραις άλλ' άλλοτ' εξάλλαξεν· άτρω

τοί γε μαν παίδες θεών. Callimachus used this verse by the line; the grammarians call it υπέρμετρον.

If longer combinations of the tripody are found, they are to be considered as trochaic systems.

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The acatalectic tripody has the name Ithyphallicus as a form of certain wanton songs, which were sung during the exhibition of the idúgandos, at the Dionysiac festival. The verse was then used, joined as an epode with iambic trimeters.

The ithyphallic is particularly appropriate to the close of other rhythms, less to be used as an independent verse. Resolutions frequently take place, more rarely in the last foot. Examples: Pind. Olymp. V. 2, 3, 4, 5, where the ithyphallic closes each verse. Soph. Oed. Tyr. 472.

Κήρες αναπλάκητοι. Archilochus and other writers of epodes frequently use the ithyphallic in distich composition, and in asynartete verses as the closing rhythm.

The ithyphallic occurs sometimes in the beginning, or middle, as Pind. Nem. III. 2.

Τάν πολυξέναν εν ιερομηνία Νεμεάδι. Pind. Olymp. II. 7.

Ευωνύμων τε πατέρων άωτον ορθόπολιν.

The ithyphallic with the anacrusis

is the tetrapodia iamb. cat. If a second ithyphallic follows this rhythm, without an anacrusis, the scheme of the Saturnine verse en


τ which the Romans used with great license.

Sometimes the basis is prefixed to the ithyphallic, as Aesch. Agam. 367, 368.


Διός πλαγάν έχουσιν ειπείν.

Πάρεστι τούτό γ εξιχεύσαι. or an iambic dipody:

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very frequently, as Aesch Agam. 192, 193.

Πνοαι δ' από Στρυμόνος μολούσαι

Κακόσχολοι, νήστιδες, δύσορμοι. The catalectic tripody, called monometer trochaic. hypercat. also serves frequently as a conclusion of lyrical rhythms : as Eur. Elec. 865.

Καλλίνικον ωδαν εμώ χορω.

With the anacrusis it is the tripodia iambica acat. Sometimes also it takes the basis, as Pind. Pyth. VIII. 6. 13.

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Τυ γαρ το μαλθακόν έρξαι τε και παθείν όμως.
Παρ αίσαν εξερεθίζων. κέρδος δέ φίλτατον.

(4) The Tetrapody.-Tetrapodia trochaica.

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The former in the lyric poets, as Pind. Olymp. I. 7.

Μηδ' 'Ολυμπίας αγώνα φέρτερον αυδάσομεν. With the anacrusis it is the Pentapodia iamb. cat.

The catalectic tetrapody is still more frequently found. It was called by the ancients ληκύθιον. It appears sometimes singly, as Aeschyl. Agam. 1017.

Νηστιν ώλεσεν νόσον, sometimes several times repeated, as Aesch. Eum. 331.

"Υμνος εξ Ερινύων

Δέσμιος φρενών, αφόρμικτος, αυονα βροτοίς. sometimes connected with other rhythms, for example, with an iamb prefixed, Pind. Olymp. I. 11.

Μάκαιραν Ιέρωνος εστίαν, with the basis Eur. Iph. Aul. 238.

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Πεντήκοντα ναυσι θουρίαις.
With the anacrusis it is the Tetrapodia iamb. acat.

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Both more rare; the former, for example, Aesch. Agam. 240.

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"Έβαλλ' έκαστον θυτήρων απ' όμματος βέλει φιλoίκτη. the latter, Pind. Olymp. IV. Epod. 8.

Φύονται δε και νέοις εν ανδράσιν.

(6) The Herapody.--Hexapodia trochaica.



Both seldom occur; the former, as Pind. Olymp. I. 6.

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Άλλο θαλπνότερον εν αμέρα φαεννόν άστρον ερήμας

δι' αιθέρος, the latter, Pind. Pyth. II. 1.

Μεγαλοπόλιες ώ Συράκοσαι βαθυπολέμου.

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