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Υιούς Θήβαις αινίξατο παρμένοντας αιχμά.
Μαντευμάτων τ' εφάψατο συγγόνoισι τέχναις. The basis is sometimes placed at the end of a verse,
and is then called ecbasis (8xßaois), as Aeschyl. Eum. 321, 322.
Μάτερ, άμ' έτικτες, ω μάτερ,
Νυξ άλαοϊσι και δεδορκόσιν ποινών. Pind. Olymp. IX. Epod. 4.
Θάσσον και ναός υποπτέρου παντά. The ecbasis was even repeated, as Pind. Olymp. IX. Epod. 5.
Αγγελίαν πέμψω ταύταν. The basis has this in common with the anacrusis that both occur before such rhythms only as begin with the arsis; the basis stands, therefore, before trochaic, dactylic, cretic and choriambic rhythms.
As to the measure of the basis, it appears to be longer than that of the common trochees. In general the basis may as long as one metre of the following rhythm; if the basis, therefore, stands before a trochaic rhythm which is to be measured by dipodies, it is to be drawn out as long as a trochaic dipody:
In certain lyrical kinds the measure of the basis and ecbasis seems to have been even quadrupled, so that the trochaic basis corresponds to the trochaeus semantus, the iambic to the orthius. Hence it was preferred to have the basis and ecbasis fall on weighty words (comp. K. O. Müller : Aeschyl. Eum. p. 93, English translation, pp. 78, 79).
catalecticus. Both verses and systems are composed of the acatalectic monometer. It is not used alone, but always connected with other rhythms, for example, with a logoaedic dactylic se ies :
(versus Sapphicus) Ποικιλόθρον αθάνατ’ Αφροδίτη.
Integer vitae scelerisque purus. Pind. Pyth. IV. 1.
Σάμερον μέν χρή σε παρ ανδρί φίλω. Eur. Med. 977, 978.
Ουκέτι στείχουσι γαρ ες φόνον ήδη.
Δέξεται νύμφα χρυσέων αναδεσμών.
Αρχαία τα Λαβδακιδών οίκων ορωμαι. The catalectic monometer differs from the cretic by the pause only; it is, therefore, not easy to determine whether, in certain cases, the form is cretic or trochaic. It seems to be trochaic when it occurs in strophes of Doric composition, especially at a close, as Pind. Olymp. III. 2.
-Κλεινάν Ακράγαντα γεραίρων εύχομαι. and when in Roman comic poets it precedes iambic verses as a close, as Terent. Eun. II. 3, 1. Phorm. III. 2, 1.
óccidi, Neque vírgo est usquam, néque ego, qui illam e conspectu
amisi meo. Dório! Audi, obsecro. non aúdio. — parumper. quin omítte me. The anacrusis is sometimes placed before the acatalectic mo
a monometer iamb. hypercat. or tripodia iamb. catalect. (nevinupepès iambicum). It occurs both singly, as Pind. Pyth. VI. 7.
Ετοιμος ύμνων. and united to other rhythms, as Soph. Oed. Tyr. 1339.
Odi profanum vulgus et arceo. Sometimes the acatalectic monometer is preceded by an
an apparent dochmius hypercatalectus, as Eur. Herc. fur. 879.
Χορευθέντ’ άναύλοις. The catalectic monometer with the iamb resembles completely the dochmius, but the second short is never allowed to become irrational :
as Pind. Pyth. V. 6. Σύ του νυν κλυτάς.
(b) The Dimeter.— Dimeter trochaicus,
Both are frequently used singly as well as in connection with other rhythms, as Εur. Med. 979. ,
Δέξεται δύστανος άταν. Pind. Isthm. II. Epod. 3.
Ισθμίαν ίπποισι νίκαν. Pind. Olymp. III. Epod. 1.
Ω τινι, κραίνων έφετμάς Ηρακλέος προτέρας. The catalectic dimeter occurs especially as the concluding rhythm, as Pind. Olymp. VIII. 7.
Των δε μόχθων αμπνοάν. Olymp. III. Epod. 1.
'Ατρεκής Ελλανοδίκας γλεφάνων Αιτωλός ανήρ υψόθεν. and so likewise as a conclusion of trochaic systems.
In the Roman comic poets it is frequently found as a close after longer rhythms which terminate in thesi, as after the tetrameter troch. acat. Terent. Andr. I. 5, 11. Adeon' hominem esse invenustum aut infelicem quemquam,
ut ego sum? Pró Deum atque hominum fidem. Sometimes it precedes, as Terent. Adelph. IV. 1, 8.
Quód si abesset longius,
Príus nox oppressisset illic, quam húc reverti pósset iterum. The anacrusis may be prefixed to the acatalectic dimeter :
a dimeter iamb. hypercat., so called, as Soph. Electr. 482.
Ου γάρ ποτ' αμναστεί γ ο φύσας. Pind. Olymp. VI. 1.
Χρυσέας υποστάσαντες ευτειχεϊ προθύρω θαλάμου. In the Alcaic strophe it forms the third verse :
Audita Musarum sacerdos.
The catalectic dimeter with the anacrusis does not differ from
the dimeter iamb. acat.
Both can receive a basis also, as Pind. Olymp. VI. 6.
Συνοικιστήρ τε τάν κλεινάν Συρακοσσάν· τίνα κεν φύγοι
ύμνον. Eur. Iph. Aul. 241.
Πρύμναις σημ Αχιλλείου στρατού. If a trochaic tripody is attached to the acatalectic dimeter as a sort of epode, it makes what is called the tetrameter troch. brachycat.
Ουδ' 'Αμειψίαν οράτε πτώχον όντ' εφ' ημίν. Aesch. Prometh. 534, 535.
'Αλλά μοι τόδ' εμμένοι και μήποτ’ έκτακείη.
(c) The Trimeter.— Trimeter trochaicus.
catalecticus. Both are found as lyric verses only, sometimes singly, sometimes in connection with other rhythms. The acatalectic is particularly suitable for the close of an entire rhythmical mass, as Pind. Olymp. III. 5.
Δωρίω φωναν έναρμόξαι πεδίλη. Pind. Olymp. VI. 7.
Κείνος ανήρ, επικύρσαις άφθόνων αστών εν μερταϊς αοιδαϊς. As an example of the catalectic, Pind. Olymp. XII. 3, may
Τιν γαρ εν πόντο κυβερνώνται θοαί. The acatalectic trimeter with the anacrusis is the trimeter iamb. hypercat. so called :