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(3) The Tripody or the Trimeter.Trimeter creticus.

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The former is often found singly, as Aesch. Suppl. 428.

τι τλής ταν έκέτιν εισιδείν.. also in the Roman dramatic poets, as Plaut. Rud. III. 4, 61.

Heús, Palaestra ! - obsecro, quí vocat?

Ampelisca, heús ! - quis est, quí vocat? It receives also the anacrusis :

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a monometer iambicus with a cretic dimeter, as Pind. Pyth. V. 9.

Εκατι χρυσαρμάτου Κάστορος, and the iambic basis :

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a dochmius with a cretic dimeter, as Aesch. Agam. 1118.

Κατολολυξάτω θύματος λευσίμου. Trochaic prolongations are likewise frequent, as Aesch. Εum. 323.

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Κλύθ'. ο Λατούς γαρ ινίς μ' άτιμον τίθησι. Aesch. Agam. 180.

Μνησιπήμων πόνος, και παρ' άκοντας ήλθε σωφρονείν.

The catalectic trimeter occurs more rarely, as Aesch, Agam. 1142.

Νόμον άνομον, οίά τις ξουθά. If the verse takes an anacrusis, and the anacrusis appears as a long, there results an apparent trimeter palimbacchius :

Σοί, Φοίβε, Μούσαί τε, συμβωμεν.

The catalectic trimeter also sometimes occurs in the Roman comic writers, as Plaut. Rud. IV. 3. 10.

Té mihi nón fore infidum.

(4) The Tetrapody or the Tetrameter.Tetrameter creticus.

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The acatalectic tetrameter was often used by the Greek comic poets, as Arist. Vesp. 419.

Κεϊ τις άλλος προέστηκεν υμών κόλαξ. Arist. Georg. in Hephaestion:

Εν αγορά δ' αυ πλάτανον εύ διαφυτεύσομεν. Arist. Acharn. 976.

Αυτόματα πάντ' αγαθά τηδέ γε πορίζεται. The Roman tragic and comic poets also have the tetrameter very frequently, as Ennius in Cic. Tusc. Quaest. III. 19.

Quid petam praésidi aut éxsequar? quóve nunc
Aúxilio éxilî aut fugae fréta sim?

Arce et urbe órba sum, quo áccidam? quo applicem ?
Plaut. Rud. I. 3. 31.

Hóc quod induta sum, summae opes óppido.

Néc cibum, néc locum técta quo sím, scio. It occurs with the anacrusis in Pindar and the tragedians :

' a monometer iamb. with a cretic trimeter, Pind. Olymp. II. 5.

Θήρωνα δε τετραορίας ένεκα νικαφόρου. Soph. Elec. 1419.

Τελούσαραί· ζώσιν οι γάς υπαι κείμενοι, with a preceding iamb, Pind. Olymp. II. 2.

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Τίνα θεόν, τίν' ήρωα, τίνα δ' άνδρα κελαδήσομεν ; The comic poets have likewise the catalectic, as Arist. Lys.

Κουκέτι κατήλθε πάλιν οίκαδ' υπό μίσους. Plaut. Trin. II. 1. 17.

Dá mihi hoc mél meum, sí me amas, si aúdis. With the anacrusis it occurs in Pind. Olymp. II. Epod. 4.


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Λάθα δε πότμω συν ευδαίμονι γένοιτ' άν.

(5) The Pentapody or the Pentameter.Pentameter creticus.

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The former is sometimes used by the line in the Alexandrian writers, sometimes singly by the comic poets, as Arist. Ach. 972.

Οι έχει σπεισάμενος εμπορικά χρήματα διεμπολάν. Theopompus especially is said to have used it, hence versus Theopompeus, as,

Πάνταγαθά δή γέγονεν ανδράσιν έμής από συνουσίας. Among the lyric poets Bacchylides used it by the line.

The catalectic pentameter seems not to have been in use.

(6) The Herapody or the Hexameter.-Hexameter creticus.

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The former is said to have been used by Bacchylides, hence metrum Bacchylideum, but the verses cited by Dionys. Hal. seem rather to form a cretic system. See below.

The comic poets have the hexameter, as Arist. Acharn. 210, 211. Εκπέφευγ, οϊχεται φρούδος. οϊμοι τάλας των ετών των


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Ουκ αν επ' εμής γε νεότητος, ότ' εγώ φέρων ανθράκων

φορτίον. It is found with the anacrusis, Arist. Aves 410. Τύχη δε ποία κομίζει ποτ' αυτώ προς όρνιθας έλθεϊν ;

έρως Βίου διαίτης τε και σου ξυνοικείν τε σοι και ξυνείναι

το παν. The catalectic hexameter, according to Hephaestion, was used by Alcman, hence Versus Alcmanius.

'Αφροδίτα μεν ουκ έστι, μάργος δ' "Έρως, οία παϊς, παίστει, "Ακρ επ' άνθη καβαίνων, α μη μοι θίγης το κυπαιρίσκω.

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(b) Cretics with the irrational thesis. The Greek tragedians, and after them the older comic writers, allowed themselves, particularly in those choral songs, in which the greatest distraction of feeling or the deepest sorrow prevails, certain licenses as to measure, which do not occur in the Dorian lyric poetry. With this less strict observance of the lyrical laws (avouahío) there probably was also connected a great freedom in the singing and the musical accompaniment, and this delivery, like the modern recitative, is called by Aristotle (Prob. IX. 6.) napanatahoyń. The inventor of it according to Plutarch (de Mus. 1141. A.) was Archilochus.

The cretic, in this paracataloge, might also take the middle time, especially in certain combinations :

hence we will call it the irrational cretic.

It most frequently appears with the iamb prefixed as a dochmius:

In this measure, all the longs, except the two irrational ones, can be resolved. If the dochmius does not close the system or the rhythmical series, then two shorts may also be put for the last long; at the close, only the long or the short stands.

The shortening of a long by the hiatus takes place in the dochmius, only in the two shorts, which stand for the first

arsis, as,

"Ώμοι έμών νόστων.

Είθε μοι όμμάτων. The dochmius has thirty-two different forms, all of which, however, are not equally in use. 1. 7 .

μεθείται στρατός. Aesch. Sept. 79. 2.

στρατόπεδον λιπών. Aesch. Sept. 79.

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αλμυρόν επί πόντον. Εur. Ηipp. 1273. The following forms can only be used when they occur in combination with other rhythms. 17. 7πολίταις έπαθον. Aesch. Εum. 790. .


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