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Put up the sword into the scabbard : Shall I not drink the cup

which the Father bath given me ? 12 Then the cohort* and their commander, and the Jewish offi

cers, apprehended Jesus, and having bound him, brought him 13 first to Annast because he was father-in-law to Caiaphas who 14 was high priest that year. Now it was Caiaphas who had ch. 11. 50.

said in council to the Jews, “ It is expedient that one man die for the people.”

. 15 Meantime Siinon Peter and another disciple followed Jesus. Matt. 26. 58.

That disciple being known to the high priest, entered his court- La. 22 54. 16 yard with Jesus. But Peter stood without at the door. There

fore the other disciple who was known to the high priest went 17 out and spoke to the portress, and brought in Peter. Then

this maid, the portress, said to Peter: Art not thou also one 18 of this man's disciples? He answered: I am not. Now the

servants and the officers stood near a fire which they had made, because it was cold, and warmed themselves. And Peter was

standing with them, and warming himself. . . 19 Then the high priest interrogated Jesus concerning his dis20 ciples and his doctrine. Jesus answered : I spake openly to

the world ; I always taught in the synagogues and in the tem

ple, whither the Jews constantly resort. I said nothing in se.. 21 cret. Why examinest thou me? Examine them who heard 22 me teach. They know what I said. When he had spoken

thus, one of the officers who attended gave him a blow, and said : 23 Answerest thou thus the high priest ? Jesus replied: If I have

spoken amiss, show wherein it is amiss; if well, why smitest Matt. 28 24 thou me ? Now Annas had sent him bound to Caiaphas the Mar. 14.53.

· high priest. 25 As Peter stood warming himself, they asked him: Art not Matt. 26. 69.

thou also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said : I am Lu. 22. 55. 26 not. One of the servants of the high priest, a kinsman to him

whose ear Peter had cut off, said : Did not I see thee in the 27 garden with him ? Peter denied again, and immediately the

cock crew. 28 THEN they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the Mato

pretorium :* it was now morning ; but the Jews entered not Mar. 15. 1.

pretorium, lest they should be defiled, and so not in a condition Acts 10.28 29 to eat the passover. Pilate, therefore went out to them, and 30 said : Of what do ye accuse this man? They answered: If

he were not a criminal, we would not have delivered him to 31 thee. Pilate therefore said : Take him yourselves then, and

judge him according to your law. The Jews replied: We are
* A Roman troop of soldiers, containing about five hundred.
+ Called by Josephus Ananus.

Procurator's palace, or hall of audience.

Matt. 27. 1.

Lu. 23. 1.

& 11. 3.

Mar. 15. 2.

me. Pithe truined for this į

Mar. 15. 6.

Mar. 15. 15.

Matt. 20. 19. 32 not permitted to put any man to death. And thus what Jesus

had spoken, signifying what death he should die, was accom

plished. Matt. 27. 11. 33 Then Pilate returned to the pretorium, and having called JeLu. 23. 3.“ 34 sus, said to him: Thou art the king of the Jews ? Jesus an

swered: Sayest thou this of thyself; or did others tell thee so 35 concerning ine? Pilate replied: Am I a Jew? Thine own na

tion, yea ihe chief priests, have delivered thee to me. What 36 hast thou done? Jesus answered: My kingdom is not of this

world. If my kingdom were of this world, my adherents would

have fought to prevent my falling into the hands of the Jews; 47 but my kingdom is not hence. Pilate thereupon said : Thou

art kiog then? Jesus answered: Thou sayest that I am king. For this I was born ; and for this I came into the world, to give

testimony to the truth. Whosoever is of the truth hearkeneth 38 unto me. Pilate asked him: What is truth ? and so saying,

went out again to the Jews, and said to them: For my part, I Matt. 27. 15. 39 find notbing culpable in this man. But since it is customary Lu. 23. 17. that I release to you one at the passover, will ye that I release Acts, 3. 14. 40 to you the king of the Jews? Then they all cried, saying:

Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber. Matt. 27. 27. XIX. Then Pilate caused him to be scourged. And the soldiers

crowned him with a wreath of thorn which they had platted ; 3 and having tbrown a purple mantle about him, said, Hail, king of 4 the Jews! and gave bin blows on the face. Pilate, therefore,

went out again and said to them: Lo, I bring him forth to you, 5 that ye may know that I find in him nothing culpable. Jesus

then went forth wearing the crown of thorns and the purple man6 ile ; and Pilate said to them, Behold the man! When the

chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried, saying: Cru

cify, crucify bim. Pilate said to them : Take bim yourselves 7 and crucify him; as for me, I find no fault in him. The Jews

answered : We hare a law, and by that-law be ought to die, be

cause he assumed the title of Son of God. 8 When Pilate heard this, he was the more afraid, and having 9 returned to the pretorium, said to Jesus: Whence art thou ? 10 But Jesus gave him no answer. Then Pilate said to biin: Wilt

thou not speak unto me? Knowest thou not that I have power 11 to crucify thee, and power to release thee? Jesus replied: Thou

couldst have no power over me, unless it were given thee from

above; wherefore he who delivered me unto thee hath the 12 greater sin. Thenceforth Pilate sought to release him ; but the

Jews exclaimed: If thou release this man thou art not Cæsar's

friend. Whoever calleth himself king, opposeth Cæsar. 13 Pilate, on hearing these words, ordered Jesus to be brought

forth, and sat down on the tribunal in a place named the pave

a ve Wen the soldiers del it into four paseamless, wov

Matt. 27. 33.

14 ment, in Hebrew Gabbatha. * (Now it was the preparationt

of the paschal Sabbath, about the sixth hour.)f And he said 15 to the Jews: Behold your king. But they cried out: Away,

away with him, crucify him! Pilate said to them: Shall I 16 crucify your king? The chief priests answered: We have no king

but Cæsar. He delivered him, therefore, to thein to be crucified. 17 Then they took Jesus and led him away. And he carrying Matt.22.33.

his cross, went out to a place called the place of skulls, $ which Lu. 23. 33. 18 is in the Hebrew Golgotha, where they crucified bim, and iwo 19 others with him, one on each side and Jesus in the middle. Pi

late also wrote a title, and put it upon the cross. The words 20 were, JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE

JEWS. And many of the Jews read this title, (for the place

where Jesus was crucified was nigh the city ; and it was writ21 ten in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin) : whereupon the chief priests 22 said to Pilate : Write not “ the king of the Jews,” but “ who

calleth himself king of the Jews.” Pilate answered: What I

have written, I have written. 23 When the soldiers had nailed Jesus to the cross, they took Mar..

his manile and divided it into four parts, one to every soldier: Lu. 23. 34.

they also took the coat, which was seamless, woven from the 24 top throughout, and said among themselves : Let us not tear

it, but determine by lot whose it shall be ; thereby verifying the Scripture which saith, “ They shared any mantle among them, Po. 22. 18.

and cast lots for my vesture.” Thus therefore acted the soldiers. 25 Now there stood near the cross of Jusus, his mother, and

her sister Mary the wise of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 Then Jesus observing his mother, and the disciple whom he

loved standing by, said to his mother: Woman, behold thy son. 27 Then he said to the disciple: Behold thy mother. And from

· that hour the disciple took her to his own home. 28 After this, Jesus knowing that all was now accomplished, that p. 69.21. 29 the Scripture might be fulfilled, said: I thirst. As there was

a vessel there full of vinegar, they filled a sponge with vinegar,

and having fastened it to a twig of hyssop, held it to bis mouth. 30 When Jesus had received the vinegar, he said : It is finished,

and, bowing his head, yielded up his spirit. 31 The Jews, therefore, lest the bodies should remain on the

cross on the Sabbath,|| for it was the preparation, 1 (and that

Sabbath was a great day), besought Pilate ihat their legs might 32 be broken, and the bodies might be removed. Accordingly,

the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the oth33 er who were crucified with him. But when they came to * A raised place. † Friday. | Twelve o'clock, noon. $ Vul. Calvary,

|| Saturday. 1 Friday. Vol. II.

58

Jesus, and found that he was already dead, they did not break 34 his legs. But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, 35 whence blood and water immediately issued. He was an eye

witness who attesteth this, and his testiinony deserveth credit:

nay, he is conscious that be speaketh truth, that ye may believe. 2.36 For these things happened that the Scripture might be verified, Zech. 12. 10.37 “None of his bones shall be broken.” Again the Scripture saith

elsewhere, “ They shall look on him whom they have pierced.”

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Ex. 12. 46.
Numb. 9.1

Mar. 15. 43. Lu, 23. 50. ch. 3. 1.

Matt. 28. 1.
Mar. 16. 1.
Lu. 24. 1.

SECTION XII.-THE RESURRECTION. Matt. 27. 57. 38 AFTER this Joseph the Arinathean, who was a disciple of

Jesus, but a concealed disciple for sear of the Jews, asked per

mission of Pilate to take away the body of Jesus, which Pilate 39 having granted, he went and took the body of Jesus. Nico

demus also, who had formerly repaired to Jesus by night, came

and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, weighing about a 40 hundred pounds. These men took the body of Jesus, and wound

it in linen rollers with the spices, which is the Jewish manner 41 of embalming. Now in the place where he was crucified there

was a garden, and in the garden a new monument wherein no 42 one had ever yet been laid. There they deposited Jesus on

account of the Jewish preparation,* the monument being near. .: XX. The first day of the weekt Mary Magdalene went early to

the monument, while it was yet dark, and saw that the stone 2 had been removed from the entrance. Then she came running

to Simon Peter, and to that other disciple whom Jesus loved,

and said to them: They have taken the Master out of the mon3 ument, and we know not where they have laid him. Imme

diately Peter went out, and the other disciple, to go to the mon4 ument. And both ran together, but the other disciple outran 5 Peter, and came first to the inonument; and stooping down, he 6 saw the linen rollers lying, but went not in. Then came Simon

Peter, wlio followed him, and went into the monument, where 7 he observed the rollers lying, and the handkerchief which bad

been wrapped about his head not laid beside them, but folded up 8 in a place by itself. Then the other disciple, who came first to

the monument, entered also; and he saw and believed the re9 port : For as yet they did not understand from the Scriptures 10 that he was to rise from the dead. Then the disciples return

ed to their companions. " Mar. 16. 9. 11 But Mary stood without near the monument weeping. As

12 she wept, stooping down to look into the monument, she saw

tivo angels in white, siltiny where the body of Jesus had lain, 13 one at the head, the other at the feet. And they said to her:

Woman, why weepest thou ? She answered : Because they have taken away my Master, and I know not where they have

* Friday. † Sunday.

posine yed him beway Jesus is, De lascended en god 16 I will aid to himas on me, forand say tod you are the

come take him: RabboarI have not hem, bd.Mary

19

v0. 24.36.

14 laid him. Having said this, she turned about and saw Jesus. 15 standing, but knew not that it was Jesus. Jesus said to her:

Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou ? She supposing him to be the gardener, answered : Sir, is thou have

conveyed him hence, tell me where thou hast laid bim, and 16 I will take him away. Jesus said to her : Mary. She turn17 ing said to him : Rabboni, that is, Doctor. Jesus said to her:

Lay not hands on me, for I have not yet ascended to my Father;

but go to my brethren, and say to them, “I ascend to my Fa18 ther and your Father, my God and your God.! Mary Magda

lene went and informed the disciples that she had seen the Master, and that he had spoken these things to her. 'n

In the evening of that day, the first of the week,* Jesus came Mar. 16. 14. where the disciples were convened, (the doors having been shut

for fear of the Jews), and stood in the midst, and said to them: 20 Peace be unto you. Having said this, he showed them his

hands and his side. The disciples, therefore, rejoiced when they 21 saw it was their Master. Jesus said again to them: Peace be 22 unto you. As the Father hath sent me, so send I you. After 23 these words he breathed on them, and said unto them : Re- Matt. 18. 18.

ceive the Holy Ghost. Whose sins soever ye remit, are re

mitted to them; and whose sins soever ye retain, are retained. 24 Now Thomas, that is Didymus,t one of the twelve, was not 25 with them when Jesus came. The other disciples, therefore,

said to him : We have seen the Master. But he answered : Unless I see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my

finger to the print of the nails, and my hands to his side, I will 26 not believe. Eight days after, the disciples being again in the

house, and Thomas with them, Jesus came, the doors having

been shut, and stood in the midst and said : Peace be unto you. 27 Then turning to Thomas : Reach bither thy finger, he said,

and look at my hands; reach also thy hand and feel my side, 28 and be not incredulous, but believe. And Thomas answered and 29 said unto him : My Lord and my God. Jesus replied: Because

thou seest me, Thomas, thou believest; happy they who, hav

ing never seen, shall nevertheless believe. 30 Many other miracles Jesus likewise performed in the presence ch. 21. 25. 31 of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. But these are

recorded that ye may believe that Jesus is the Messiah the Son of

God, and that believing ye may have life through his name. XXI. AFTERWARDS Jesus again appeared to the disciples, 2 at the sea of Tiberias; and in this manner he appeared. Si

mon Peter and Thomas,t that is, Didymus,t Nathanael of Cana

in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples of Jesus 3 being together, Simon Peter said : I go a-fishing. They an

swered: We will go with thee. Immediately they went, and 4 got aboard a bark, but that night caught nothing. In the morn* Sunday:

See ch. 11: 16.

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