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52 to him: Now we are certain that thou hast a demon : Abra

hain is dead, and the prophets; yet thou sayest, Whoever 53 keepeth my word, shall never taste death.' Art thou greater

than our father Abraham, who is dead? The prophets also are 54 dead ; whom thinkest thou thyself? Jesus answered: If I

commend myself, my commendation is nothing: it is my Fa55 ther, whom ye call your God, who commendeth me. Never

theless ye know him not; but I know him: and if I should

say I know him not, I should speak falsely like you : but I 56 know him, and keep his word. Abraham your father longed 57 to see my day, and he saw and rejoiced. The Jews replied :

Thou art not yet fifty years old, and thou hast seen Abraham ? 58 Jesus answered: Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abra

ham was born, I am. Then they took up stones to cast at him: but Jesus concealed himself and went out of the temple, passing through the midst of them.

SECTION VII.—THE CURE OF THE MAN BORN BLIND.

cb. 1. 9.

· IX. AS Jesus passed along, he saw a man who had been born

2 blind. And his disciples asked him, saying: Rabbi, who 3 sinned; this man or his parents, that he was born blind? Je

sus answered : Neither this man nor his parents sinned. It

was only that the works of God might be displayed upon him. 4 I must do the work of him who sent me, while it is day ; night 5 cometh, when no man can work. While I am in the world, I 6 am the light of the world. Having said this, he spat upon the

ground, and with the clay which he made with the spittle 7 anointed the blind man's eyes, and said to him, Go wash tbioe

eyes in the pool of Siloam,* (which signifieth Sent). He went

therefore and washed them, and returned seeing. 8 Then the neighbors, and they who had before seen him

9 blind, said : Is not this he who sat and begged? Some said: 10 It is he; others, He is like hiin. He said: I am he. They 11 asked him then : How didst thou receive thy sight? He an

wered : A man called Jesus made clay, and anointed mine eyes,

and said to me, Go to the pool of Siloam, and wash thine 12 eyes. I went accordingly, and washed them, and saw. Then

they asked him: Where is he? He answered: I know not. 13 Then they brought him who had been blind to the Pharisees : 14 (now it was on a Sabbath that Jesus made the clay and gave 15 him his sight). The Pharisees likewise, therefore, asked him

how he had received his sight? He answered : He put clay

* In the Old Testament Shiloah and Siloah.

amo, sinner not the secs, said?

16 on mine eyes, and I washed them, and now see. Upon this

some of the Pharisees said : This man is not from God, for he

observeth not the Sabbath. Others said: How can one that 17 is a sinner perform such miracles? And they were divided

among themselves. Again they asked the man who had been blind : What sayest thou of him for giving thee sight? He an

swered : He is a prophet. 18 But the Jews believed not that the man had been blind, and

had received his sight, until they called his parents, and asked 19 them : Do ye say that this is your son who was born blind? 20 How then doth he now see? His parents answered : We know

that this is our son, and that he was born blind ; but how he 21 now seeth we know not. He is of age, ask him; he will an22 swer for himself. His parents spoke thus, because they feared

the Jews : for the Jews had already determined that whosoever acknowledged Jesus to be the Messiah should be expelled the synagogue. For this reason his parents said, 'He is of age, ask him.'

A second time, therefore, they called the man who had been born blind, and said to him : Give glory to God; we know that 25 this man is a sinner. He replied: Whether he be a sinner, I

know not; one thing I know, that I was blind, and now see. 26 They said to him again : What did he to thee? How did he 27 make thee see? He answered : I told you before, did ye not

hear? Why would ye hear it repeated? Will ye also be his 28 .disciples? Then they reviled him, and said : Thou art his dis29 ciple: as for us, we are disciples of Moses. We know that

God spake to Moses; as for this man, we know not whence he 30 is. The man replied : This is surprising, that ye know not 31 whence he is, although he hath given me sight. We know that Ps. 66. 18.

God heareth not sinners ; but if any man worship God, and 32 obey him, that man he heareth. Never was it heard before, 33 that any man gave sight to one born blind. If this man were 34 not from God, he could do nothing. They replied: Thou wast

altogether born in sins, and dost thou teach us? and they cast

bim 'out. 35 Jesus heard that they had cast him out, and having met him, 36 said to him ; Dost thou believe on the Son of God? He an37 swered: Who is he, Sir, that I may believe on him? Jesus said

to him: Not only hast thou seen him, but it is he who talketh 38 with thee. And he cried : Master, I believe ; and threw him39 self prostrate before him. And Jesus said : For judgment am

I come into this world, that they who see not, may see; and 40 they who see, may become blind. Some Pharisees who were 41 present, hearing this, said to him: Are we also blind? Jesus VOL. II.

56

st thou beat I may bed, but it

motor Verily, Te your sia ver would no

Txa, 40. 11.

answered, If ye were blind, ye would not have sin ; but ye say,

• We see,' therefore your sin remaineth. X. Verily, verily, I say unto you, he who entereth not by the

door into the sheep-fold, but climbeth over the fence, is a thief 2 and a robber. The shepherd always entereth by the door. 3 To him the door-keeper openeth, and the sheep obey his voice. 4 His own sheep, he calleth by name, and leadeth out. And

having put out his sheep, he walketh before them, and they fol5 low him, because they know his voice. They will not follow

a stranger, but flee from him, because they know not the voice 6 of strangers. Jesus addressed this similitude to them, but they 7 did not comprehend what he said. He therefore added : Ver8 ily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the fold. All who

have entered (in another manner) are thieves and robbers, but 9 the sheep obeyed them not. I am the door : such as enter by

me shall be safe; they shall go in and out, and find pasture. 10 The thief cometh only to steal, to slay, and to destroy. I am

come that they may have life, and more than life. Ezek31.33. 11 I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd giveth his lise & 37. 24. 12 for the sheep. The hireling, who is not the shepherd, and to

whom the sheep do not belong, when he seeth the wolf com

ing, abandoneth the sheep and fleeth; and the wolf teareth 13 some, and disperseth the flock. The bireling Aeeth, because

14 he is a hireling, and careth not for the sheep. I am the good * 15 shepherd. I both know my own, and am known by them,

(even as the Father knoweth me, and I know the Father); 16 and I give my life for the sheep. I have other sheep besides,

which are not of this fold. Them I must also bring; and they

will obey my voice; and there shall be one flock, one shepherd. Isa. 53. 7. 17 For this the Father loveth me, because I give iny life, to be af

18 terwards resumed. No one forceth it from me; but I give it of Acts. 2. 24.

myself. I have power to give it, and I have power to resume

it. This commission I have received from my Father. 19 Again there was a division among the Jews, occasioned by 20 this discourse. Many of them said : He hath a demon and is 21 mad, why do ye hear him? Others said : these are not the

words of a demoniac : Can a demon give sight to the blind? | Mec. 4. 59. 00

22 Once when they were celebrating the feast of the dedication 23 at Jerusalem, it being winter; as Jesus walked in the temple

in Solomon's portico, the Jews surrounding him, said to him : 24 How long wilt thou keep us in suspense ? If thou be the Mes25 siah, tell us plainly. Jesus answered: I said to you, but ye

believed not, the works which I do in my Father's name testi26 fy of me. As for you, ye believe not, because ye are not of 27 my sheep. “My sheep, as I told you, obey my voice ;' I 28 know them and they follow me. Besides, I give them eter

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Vati. 11. 27.
Lu. 10. 22.

24 How lomon's portico, the 'Ter; as Jesus wa

nal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any one 29 wrest them out of my hands. My Father, who gave them me,

is greater than all ; and none can wrest them out of my Father's 30 hand. I and the Father are one. 31 Then the Jews again took up stones to stone him. Jesus 32 said to them: Many good works I have shown you from my 33 Father; for which of these do ye stone me? The Jews.an

swered: For a good work we do not stone thee ; but for blas34 phemy, because thou, being a man, makest thyself God. Jesus

replied: Is it not written in your law, “ I said, Ye are gods ?” 35 If the law styled them gods to whom the word of God was ad- Ps. 82. 6.

dressed, and if the language of Scripture is unexceptionable, 36 do we charge him with blasphemy whom the Father hath con37 secrated his apostle to the world, for calling himself his Son? If 38 I do not the works of my Father, believe me pot. But if I do,

though ye believe not me, believe the works, that ye may know

and believe that the Father is in me, and I am in him. 39 Thereupon they attempted again to seize him ; but he es40 caped out of their hands, and retired again towards the Jordan, 41 and abode in the place where John first baptized. And many

resorted to him, who said: John indeed wrought no miracle ; 42 but all that John spake of this man is true. And many believ«.

ed on him there..

SECTION VII.-LAZARUS RAISED FROM THE DEAD.

XI. NOW one Lazarus of Bethany, the village of Mary, and 2 her sister Martha, was sick. (It was that Mary who anointed ch. 12. 3.

the Lord with balsam, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose 3 brother Lazarus was sick). The sisters therefore sent to tell 4 Jesus : Master, lo, he whom thou lovest is sick. Jesus hear

ing it, said : This sickness will not prove fatal, but conduce to

the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified there5 by. Now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus. 6 Having then heard that he was sick, Jesus staid two days in the

place where he was. 7Afterwards he said to the disciples : Let us return to Judea. 8 The disciples answered, Rabbi, but very lately the Jews would 9 have stoned thee, and wouldst thou return thither? Jesus re

plied, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man

walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light 10 of this world: but if he walk in the night, he stumbleth, be11 cause there is no light. Having spoken this, he added : Our 12 friend Lazarus sleepeth, but I go to wake him. Then said his 13 disciples : Master, if he sleep he will recover. Jesus spake of

world'he stumbice hours ; neturn thichibe Je

and Ne from he tombe found

Lu. 14. 14.

& 6. 40.

his death ; but they thought that he spoke of the repose of 14 sleep. Then Jesus told them plainly : Lazarus is dead. And 15 on your account I am glad that I was not there, that ye may 16 believe ; but let us go to him. Then Thomas, * that is Didy

mus,* said to his fellow-disciples : Let us also go, that we may

die with him. 17 When Jesus caine, he found that Lazarus had been already 18 four days in the tomb. Now, (Bethany being about fifteen fur19 longst from Jerusalem), many of the Jews came to Martha 20 and Mary to comfort them on the death of their brother. Mar

tha having heard that Jesus was coming, went and met him ;

21 but Mary remained in the house. Then Martha said to Jesus: chi 5.29.** 22 Master, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died. But

I know that even now, whatsoever thou shalt ask of God, God 23 will give thee. Jesus said to her: Thy brother shall rise again. 24 Martha replied: I know that he will rise again at the resurrec25 tion on the last day. Jesus said to her: I am the resurrec

tion and the life. He wbo believeth on me, though he were 26 dead, shall live ; and no man who liveth and believeth on me, 27 shall ever die. Believest thou this ? She answered: Yes, Mas

ter, I believe that thou art the Messiah, the Son of God, he 28 who cometh into the world. Having said this, she went and

called Mary her sister, whispering her : The 'Teacher is come, 29 and calleth for thee. When Mary heard this, she instantly rose 30 and went to him. Now Jesus had not yet entered the village, 31 but was in the place where Martha met him. The Jews, then,

who were condoling with Mary in the house, when they saw

that she arose hastily, and went out, followed her saying : She 32 is going to the tomb to weep there. Mary being come to the

place where Jesus was, and seeing him, threw herself at his feet, 33 saying: Hadst thou been here, Master, my brother had not

died. When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews weeping

who came with her, he groaned deeply, and was troubled, and 34 said : Where have ye laid hiin? They answered and said:

35. Master, come and see. Jesus wept. The Jews therefore said: ch. 9. 1.

37 Mark how he loved him. But some of them said : Could not

he who gave sight to the blind man, even have prevented this 38 man's death ? Jesus therefore again groaning came to the mon-

ument. It was a cave, the entrance whereof was shut up with 39 a stone. Jesus said : Remove the stone. Martha, ihe sister of

the deceased, answered : Sir, by this time the smell is offensive, 40 for this is the fourth day. Jesus replied : said I not unto thee, If 41 thou believe, thou shalt see the glory of God?' Then they re

* Thomas in Chaldee, and Didymus in Greek, both signify twin.

† Near two miles.

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