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AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.

dr. oz. 16 Drams

Ounce, 16 1 18. 16 Ounces 1 Pound, 256 16

1 'qr. 28 Pounds

1 Quarter 7168- 448- 28- 1 cwt. 4 Quarters 1 Hund, wt. 28672- 1792- 112- 4 1 ton. 20 Hund, wt.

Ton. 573440-35840-2240--80-20-1 By this weight are weighed all coarse end drossy goods, groceries and chandlery wares, also all métals, except gold and silver. The pound Avoirdupois is equal to 14oz. 11 dwt. 15}gr. Troy. (15.) (16.)

(17.) swt. qrs. lb. lb.

ton. cwt. qrs. lb. 02. dr. 15 3 27 13 14 15 13 16 3 25 14 13 17 1 25 17 10 11 15 10 2 24 15 13 19 0 23 10 12 14 16 10 2 23 11 12 18 0 21 12 13 11 11 12 1 23 11 14 18 1 20 19 11 11

11 12 0 27 10 15 18 "1 21 18 8 4 10 11 1 26 10 15 19 2 22

15 15 11 11 1 26 14 10

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LONG MEASURE. 3 Bar. Corns P1 Inch.

ft. 12 Inches

1 Foot.

12.

1 yd. 3 Feet

1 Yard.

36. 35} Yards

1 Pole,or Per. 198 161 53 1 fur. 40 Perches

1 Furlong. 7920- 660- 220- 40-1m 8 Furlongs

1 Mile. 63360- 5280-1760-320. 8-1 3 Miles

1 League, 190080-15840-5280-960-24-3 691 Amer.or 1 Degree. 60 Geo.Miles

Si great circle 360 Degrees

of the globe. By this they measure the distance of places, or any thing where length is considered without any regarl to breadth. (18.) (19.)

(20.) m. fur. per. yds. f. in. b. c. lea. mn. fur. per. yd. ft. in. 27 37 17 1 10 2 11 26 35 4 2 11 2 1 6 31 13 2 8 0 12 17 32 5 2 10 1 2 5 35 10 2 11 0 13. 1 7 33 4 1 10 1 2 5 35 12 1 91 15 0 5 31 2.0 9 2 1 7 39 12 1 10 1 10 1 2 12 1 1 7 2 07 39 13 2 10 1 10 1 3 10 3 2 2 1 1 3 38 15 0 11 2 10 1 4 7 3 1 1 0

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CLOTH MEASURE.

in. 21 Inches ri Nail. 21=1

qr. 4 Nails

1 Quarter. 9 4 =1 F.E. 3 Quarters 1 El Flem. 27 =12 = 3 =1 yd. 4 Quarters 1 Yard. 36 =16 4 1 ell. 5 Quarters 1Ell Eng. 45 = 20

14 =1 F.E. 6 Quarters) 1 French E. 54 =24. 6 13 1 (21.3

(22.)

(23.) yds. qrs. na.

ells. qrs. na.

ells flem. qrs. na.
184 1 3
134 4 2

1338 2 3
175 3 3
137 2 3

1541 2 3
179 3 2
141 3 0

1485 0 2
181 3 2
142 2

1270 0 2
192 0 3
140 2 2

1385 2 2
191 2 0
139 4 3

1299 2 3
178 0 1
1284

1399 2 3

LAND MEASURE.

89. inch.

sq. ft.

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ac,

144 Sq. In. (1 Sq. Ft. 144 1 sq.yd. 9 Sq. feet

1 Sq.yd. 1296 9304 Sq. yds 1 Sq.po. 39204. 2724 304 i rd. 40 Sq.poles 1 Rood. 1568160-10890-1210- 40-1 4 Roods 1 Acre. 6272640-43560-4840-160 - 4 - 1

By this they measure every thing, where length and breadth are considered, without regard to thickness. (24.) 1 (25.)

(26.) acres. r. P. pol. feet. in.

r. pol. yds. fi. ir. 875 337 35 178 142 765 2 35 29 7 139 7582' 27 17 261 107 756 3 36 28 8 129 587 3 1 23 162 113 675 3 32 24 6 121 8573 2. S2 95 121 668 0 10 21 0101 785 2 31 43 194 119 814 1 11 17 5 113 578 1 23 32 172 105 959 3 39 30 8 143

acres.

SOLID MEASURE.

in. 1728 Inches

1 Foot. 1728= 1 yd. 27 Feet

1 Yard. 46656=27=1 40 Feet of round Tim

1 Tun, 50 Feet of hewn s ber. 128 Solid Feet, i. e. 8 in length, 4 in breadth, and 4 in height:

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(27.)
(28.)

(29.) ton. fret. inches. yds. feet. inges. cord. feet. inches. 3137 1357 93 25 1235 39 119 1104 43 32 1012 71 13 721 37 112 1345 37 11 1213 83 24 1019 41 103 1234 21 21 940

79 19 1117 35 111 1098 19 12 1005 80 21 1311 20 123 1103

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DRY MEASURE.

pts. gals. 2 Pints 1 Quart.

8= 1 pec. 2 Quarts 1 Pottle 16= 2 = 1 bu. 2 Pottles 1 Gallon 64 8= 4= 1

gr. 2 Gal. 1 Peck. 512= 64= 32 = '1 wey. 4 Pecks 1 Bush- 2560=320=160=40= 5=1 last. 8 Bush. 1 Quar. 5120=640=320=80=10=2=1 5 Quar.

1 Weigh or load. 2 Weys

11 Last. Thirty-six bushels make a chaldron.

By this are measured, Corn, Seeds, Roots, Fruits, Salt, Coals, Oysters, &c.

The Corn or Winchester Bushel 2150 2-5 solid inches, the Dimensions by Statute to be 8 inches deep, and 181 inches in diameter. But the Coal bushel must be 19} inches in diameter. (30.) (31.)

(32.)

(33.) ch. bu. p. qrs. bu. p. bus. p. qt. pt.

last. qra. bu. P. 19 28 3 73 73 358 3 7 1 3 7 6 2 17 30 3 39 1 2 281 23 0 76 5.3 15 19 0 31 1 2 174 1 6 0

7 4 ) 16 10 0 30 1 2 145 2 5 1 5 (2) 2 18 15 1 292 3 172 0 3 1

5 5 2 12 14 27 5 1 190 0 6 1

4 3

ALE AND BEER MEASURE.

pts. qts. 2 Pints

Quart. 2-1 gal. 4 Quarts 1 Gallon. 8- 4- 1 bar. 32 Quarts 1 Bar, Ale. 256-128- 32- 1 Ale. 36 Gallons 1 Bar. Reer. 288-144 36- 1 Beer 54 Gallons

1 Hogshead. 432-216– 54 13- 1 butt. 2 Barrels ! 1 Puncheon. 864-432-108- 3 - 2- 1 tin. 2 Hhds.

1 Butt.

1728-864-216 6 2 Butts

1 Tun.

Note. Besides the above, there are other denominations, viz : the firkin of ale in London, 8 gallons, and of beer 9 gallons, but in all other parts of England for ale and beer 8} gallons is a firkin, and 4 firkins make a barrel. 1 gal.=282 solid inches. (34.) (35.)

(36.) hhd. gal. qts. A.bar. gal. qts. pt.,

butt. bar.gal. qts.pts. 579 53 3 29 31 3 0 51 2 35 3 1 123 1 2 12 17 0 1 49 0 31 3 1 215 17 0

17 12 1 1 49 0 29 3 1 324 19 3

13 15 2 0 49 100 1 0 241 13 1 19 13 2 1 48 2 35 3 1 412 11 3 18 18 1 1 49 1 10 1 0

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WINE MEASURE. 2 Pints

ri Quart pts. gts. 4 Quarts 1 Gallon. 2

1 gal. 10 Gabions

1 Anchor. 8 4- 1 tier. 18 Gallons

1 Runlet. 336- 168- 42-1 hhd. 311 Gallors 1 Barrel. 504- 252- 63-11-1 pun. 42 Gallons

1 Tierce. 672- 336- 84-2 -14-1 pipe. 63 Gallons

1 Hhd. 1008- 504-126-3 -2 -19-1 tun. 84. Gallons

1 Punch. 2016-1008-252-6-4-3-2-1 2 Hogsheads 1 Pipe or Butt. 2 Pipes

1 Tun. Note.--By this are measured Wine, Spirits, Cider, Vinegar, Oil, Money, Mead, Perry, &c.

The Wine Gallon contains 231 solid inches, and is in the same proportion to the Ale Gallon of 282 solid inches, as the pound Tray is to the pound Avoirdupois. (37.)

(38.)

(39.) tierces. gal. qts. pts.

hhd. gal. qts.

T. hhd. gal.qts. pts. 53 41 3 1

16 62 3 2 3 61 3 1 50 31 3 1 11 50 3 7 2 45 2 0 50.37 0 1

17 31 0 9 2 49 2 1 49 31 2 0

19 42 1 5 2 37 2 1 48 11 2 1

29 43 1 8 3 53 1 0 46 15 2.1

10 45 2 6 1 52 1 1

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OF TIME.

sec. min. 60 Sec. 1 Min.

60. 1 hr. 60 Min. 1 Hour. 3600 60

1. day. 24 Hours

1 Day.

86400- 1440. 24. 1 wk. 7 Days." 1 Week. 604800- 10080. 168. 7. 1 mo. 4 Weeks 1 Month.2419200. 40320- 672- 28. 4 1 13 Months 1 Year.

year. 3654 Days) (1 Year. 31557600-525960-8766-3651

To know the days in each month.
Rule.-Thirty days hath September,

April, June, and November :
February hath twenty-eight alone,
All the rest have thirty and one ;
Except in Leap-year, and then's the time,

February's days are twenty and nine.
(40.)
(41.)

(42.)
W. d. h. m.
r. m. d. 7.

d. h. 13 6 21 56 47 17 10 21 46 11 3 6 23 37 48 10 5 13 50 45 18 11 18 37 10 2 4 18 25 51 12 2 10 41 45 15 8 23

8 1 5 19 56 54 11 4 16 40 12 10 9 20 49 9 0 2 21 50 53 9 3 17 45 30 16 7 16 37 4 2 3 20 45 30 5 1 19 48 59 13 4 19 25 10 2 5 22 12 15

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MOTION.

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60 Seconds 1 Minute. 60% 1 60 Minutes 1 Degree.

3600= 60= 1 30 Degrees 1 Sign,

108000 1800 = 30-3 1 12 Signs

1 Circle. 1296000=21600=360=12=N (43.)

(44.)

(45.)

. 83 27 49 71 51 46 30 5 23 53 47 57 72 51 45 82 27 57 45 2 10 25 50 30 65 29 59 93 32 41 15 4 17 30 25 15

52 60 35 10 32 7 12, 48 32 19 51 32 56 42 12 45 48 3 15 45 30 21 67 38 41 64 17 32 40 6 26 41 23 31

QUESTIONS FOR EXERCISE. 46. Paid at the Bank this week, viz: On Monday, $763.45 ; on Tuesday, $866.375; on Wednesday, $571.125 ; on Thurs

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