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the prize shall have been conducted, as far as may be. consistent with the twenty-second article of the Treaty of Commerce: provided always, that the legality of prizes by the vessels of the Low Countries, shall be decided conformably to the laws and regulations established in the United Netherlands; as likewise, that of prizes made by American vessels, shall be judged according to the laws and regulations determined by the United States of America.

ARTICLE VI. Moreover, it shall be free for the States General of the United Netherlands, as well as for the United States of America, to make such regulations as they shall judge necessary, relative to the conduct which their respective vessels and privateers ought to hold, in relation to the vessels which they shall have taken and conducted into the ports of the two powers.

In Faith of which, we, the Deputies and Plenipotentiaries of the Lords the States General of the United Netherlands, and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, have, in virtue of our respective authorities and fijty powers, signed these presents, and confirmed the fame with the seal of our arms.

DONE at the Hague, the Eighth of Oftobtr, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two.

(L. S.) GEORGE VAN RANDWYCK.

(L. S.) B. V. SANTEUVEL.

(L. S.) P. V. BLEISWYK.

(L. S.) W. C. H. VAN LYNDEN.

(L. S.) D. L VAN HEECKEREN.

(L. S.) JOAN VAN KUFFELER.

(L. S.) F. G. VAN DEDEM. (Tot den Gelder)

(L.S.) H. TJASSENS.

(L. S.) JOHN ADAMS.

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O F T H I

PROVISIONAL ARTICLES

SIGNED AT PARIS, NOVEMBER 30, 1781, BY THE COMMISSIONERS OF HIS BRITANNICK MAJESTY AND THE COMMISSIONERS OF THE UNITED

, STATES OF AMERICA.

ARTICLES agreed upon by and between Richard Oswald, Esq. the Commissioner of his Britannick Majesty for treating of Peace with the Commissioners of the United States of America in behalf of his said Majesty on the one part, and John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay,'and Hekry Laurens, four of the Commissioners of the said States for treating of Peace with the Commissioner of his said Majesty on their behalf on the other part, to be inserted in, and to constitute a treaty of Peace proposed to be concluded between the Crown of Great Britain and the said United States; but which treaty is not to be concluded until terms of Peace shall be agreed upon between Great Britain and France; and his Britannick Majesty ssiall be ready to conclude such treaty accordingly.

WHEREAS

WHEREAS reciprocal advantages and mutual convenience are found by experience to form the only permanent foundation of peace and friendship between States, it is agreed to form the Articles of the proposed Treaty on such principles of liberal equity and reciprocity, as that partial advantages, (those seeds of discord) being excluded, such a beneficial and satisfactory intercourse between the two countries may be established, as to promise and secure to both perpetual peace and harmony.

ARTICLE I.

His Britannick Majesty acknowledges the said United States, viz. New-Hampshire, Massachusett'sBay, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North^Caro'lina, South-Carolina, and Georgia, to be Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: that he treats with them as such; and for himself, his heirs and successors, relinquishes all claim to the government, propriety, and territorial rights of the fame, and every part thereof: and that all disputes which might arise in. future, on the subject ot the boundaries of the said United States may be prevented, it is hereby agreed and declared, that the following are, and shall be their boundaries, vizi

ARTICLE II.

From the north-west angle of Nova-Scotia, viz. That angle which is formed by a line drawn due north from the source of St. Croix River to the Highlands, along the said islands which divide those rivers that empty themselves into the River St. Lawrence from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean, to the north-westernmost head of Connecticut River; thence down along the middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude; from thence H h 1 by by a line due west on said latitude, until it strikes the River Iroquois or Cataraquy; thence along the middle of laid river into Lake Ontario, through themiddle of said Lake, until it strikes the communication by water between that Lake and Lake Erie; thence along the middle of said communication into Lake Erie, through the middle of said Lake, until it arrives at the water communication between that Lake and Lake Huron; thence along the middle of said water communication between that Lake and Lake Superior; thence through Lake Superior, northward of the Isles Royal and Phelipeaux, to the Long Lake; thence through the middle of said Long Lake, and the water communication between it and the Lake of the Woods, to the said Lake of the Woods; thence through the said Lake to the most north-western point thereof, and from thence on a due west course to the River Mississippi; thence by a line to be drawn along the River Mississippi, until it shall intersect the northernmost part of the thirty-first degree of north latitude.—South, by a line to be drawn due east from the determination of the line last mentioned in the latitude of thirty-one degrees north of the Equator, to the middle of the River Apalachicola or Catahouche; thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint River; thence strait to the head of St. Mary's River, and thence down along the middle of St. Mary's River to the Atlantic Ocean.—East, by a line to be drawn along the middle of the River St. Croix, from its mouth in the Bay of Fundy, to its source; and from its source directly north, to the aforesaid Highlands which divide the Rivers that fall into the Atlantic Ocean from those which fall into the River St. Lawrence, comprehending all islands within twenty leagues of any part of the shores of the United States, and lying between lines to be drawn due east from the points where the aforesaid boundaries between Nova-icotia on the one part,

and and East Florida on the other, shall respectively touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting such islands as now are, or heretofore have been, within the limits of the said Province of Nova Scotia.

ARTICLE III.

It is agreed, that the people of the United States shall continue to enjoy unmolested the right to take fish of every kind on the Grand Bank, and on all the other Banks of Newfoundland, and also in the Gulph of St. Lawrence, and at all other places in the lea where the inhabitants of both countries used at any time heretofore to fish.- And also that the inhabitants of the United States shall have liberty to take fish of every kind on such part of the coast of Newfoundland as British fishermen shall use (but not to dry or cure the same on that island), and also on the coasts, bays and creeks of all other of his Britannick Majesty's dominions in America; and that the American fishermen shall have liberty to dry and cure fish in any of the unsettled bays, harbours and creeks of Nova Scotia, Magdalen Islands, and Labrador, so long as the fame shall remain unsettled; but so soon as the fame, or either of them, shall be settled, it shall not be lawful for the said fishermen to dry or cure fish at such settlement, without a previous agreement for that purpose with the inhabitants, proprietors, or possessors of the ground.

ARTICLE IV.

It is agreed, that creditors on either fide shall meet with no lawful impediment to the recovery of the full value in sterling money of all bond fid) debts heretofore. contracted.

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