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United States of America, or any of them, no other nor greater duties or imposts, of whatever nature or denomination they may be, than those which the nations the most favoured are or shall be obliged to pay: and they shall enjoy all the rights, liberties, privileges, immunities and exemptions in trade, navigation, and commerce, which the said nations do, or shall enjoy, whether in passing from, one port to another in the said States, or in going from any of thole ports to any foreign port of tha world, or from any foreign port of the world to any of those ports. '.'.'..„ ..••(:

ARTICLE III. The subjects and inhabitants of the said United States of America {hall pay in the ports, havens^ roads, countries, islands, cities or places of the said. United Netherlands, or any of them, no other, nor greater duties or imposts, of whatever nature or denomination they may be, than those which the nations the most favoured are or shall be obliged to pay: and they shall enjoy all the rights, liber-' ties, privileges, immunities and exemptions in trade, navigation, and commerce, which the said nations do, or shall enjoy, whether in passing from one port to another in the said States, or from any one towards any one of those ports, from or to any foreign port of the world. And the United States of America, with their subjects and inhabitants, shall leave to those of their High Mightinesses, the peaceable enjoyment of their rights in the countries, islands, and seas, in the East and West Indies, without any hindrance or molestation.


There shall be an entire and perfect liberty of conscience allowed to the subjects and inhabitants of each party, and to their families : and no one shall be' molested in regard to his worship, provided he submits, as to the public demonstration of it, to the laws

of the country. There shall be given moreover liberty, when any subjects or inhabitants of either party stlall die in the territory of the other, to bury then! in the usual burying-places, or in decent and convenient grounds, to be appointed for that purposeas occasion shall require. And the dead bodies or those who are buried, shall not in any wise be molested: and the two contracting parties shall proVide, each one in his jurisdiction, that their respective subjects and inhabitants may henceforward obtain the requisite certificates, in cases of deaths, in which they shall be interelted.

. t. . i * T r c t & v; ,

"T'heir High Mightinesses the States General of the United Netherlands, and the United States of America, shall endeavour, by all the means in their power, to desend and protect all vessels and other effects belonging to their subjects and inhabitants; respectively, or to any of them, in their ports, roads, Jiavens, internal seas, passes, rivers, and as far as their jurisdiction extends at sea; and to recover, and cause to be restored to the true proprietors, their agents, or attornies, all such vessels and effects which shall be taken under their jurisdiction: and their vessels of war and convoys, in cases when tftey may have a common enemy, shall take under their protection all the vessels belonging to . the subjects and inhabitants of either party, which shall not be laden with contraband goods, according to the description which shall be made of them hereafter, for places with which one of the parties is in peace and the other at war, nor destined for any place blocked, and which shall hold the fame cpurse, or follow the fame route: and they shall defend such vessels, as long as they shall hold the fame, course, or follow the fame route, against all attacks, force, and violence of the common enemy, in the fame manner as they ought to protect and defend.

the the vessels belonging to their own respective snb« jects. f ' -: .1

ARTICLE VI. The subjects of the contracting parties may, ©stone side and on the other, in the respective countrie* and states, dispose of their effects by testament, donation, or otherwise; and their heirs, subjects of one of the parties, and residing in the country of the other, or elsewhere, shall receive such successions, even ab intejlato, whether in person or by? their attorney, or substitute, even although they shall not have obtained letters of naturalization, without having the effect of such commijston contested under pretext of any rights or prerogatives of any province, city, or private person: and if the heirs^ to whom such successions may have fallen, shall be minors, the tutors, or curators, established by the jndge domiciliary, of the said minors may govern, direct, administer, sell, and alienate the effects fallen to the said minors by inheritance; and ill general, in relation to the said successions and; effects, use all the rights and fulfil all the functions which belong, by the disposition of the laws, to guardians, tutors, and curators; provided, nevertheless, that this disposition cannot take place, but in cases where the testator shall not have named guardians, tutors, curators by testament, codicil, or other legal instrument. i,..; , ,r

ARTICLE VII. '■ . „ .

It shall be lawful and free for the subjects of each party to employ such advocates, attornies,

notaiiesy solicitors, or factors, as they shall judge

proper.- . . -..

1 ... , [.-...,,

., - ., ARTICLE V#I. ., ^ . . t

Merchants,. masters and owners of ships, mari^ nprs, me*' of all kinds, ships and vessels, and all raerchaadia^s and goods in general, and effects, of

vi) 1 one •ne of the confederates, or of the subjects thereof, shall not be seized or detained in any of the countries, lands, islands, cities, places, ports, shores, or dominions whatsoever of the other confederate, for any military expedition, public or private use of any one, by arrests, violence, or any colour thereof; much less shall it be permitted to the subjects of either party to take, or extort by force, any thing from the subjects of the other party, without the consent of the owner; which, however* is not to be understood of seizures, detentions, and arrests, which shall be made by the command and authority of justice, and by the ordinary methods, on account of debts or crimes, in respect whereof the proceedings must be by way of law, according to the forms of justice.

ARTICLE JX, • • It is further agreed and concluded, that it shall be wholly free for all merchants, commanders of ships, and other subjects and inhabitants of the contracting parties, in every place subjected to the jurisdiction of the two powers respectively, to manage, themselves, their own business: and moreover, as to the use of interpreters, or brokers, as also in relation to the loading or unloading of their vessels, and every thing which has relation thereto; they shall be, on one side and on the other, considered and treated upon the footing of natural subjects, or, at least, upon an equality with the most favoured nation.

ARTICLE X. The merchant ships of either of the parties, coming from the port of an enemy, or from their own, or a neutral port, may navigate freely towards any port of an enemy of the other ally. They shall, nevertheless, beheld, whenever it shall be required, to exhibit, as well upon the high seas as in the ports, their sea-letters, and other documents, described in .


the twenty-fifth article, stating expresly that their effects are not of the number of those which are prohibited as contraband. And not having any contraband goods for an enemy's port, they may freely and without hindrance pursue their voyage towards the port of an enemy. Nevertheless, it shall not be required to examine the papers of vessels convoyed by vessels of war, but credence shall be given to the word of the officer who shall conduct the convoy,


If by exhibiting the sea-letters and other documents described more particularly in the twenty

cover there are any of those sorts of goods which are declared prohibited and contraband, and that they are consigned for a port under the obedience of his enemy ; it shall not be lawful to break up the hatches of such ship, nor to open any chest, coffer, packs, casks, or other vessels found therein, or to remove the smallest parcel of her goods, whether the said vessel belongs to the subjects of their High Mightinesses the States General of the United Netherlands, or to the subjects or inhabitants of the said United States of America, unless the lading be brought on shore in presence of the officers of the Court of Admiralty, and an inventory thereof made; but there shall be no allowance to sell, exchange or alienate the same, until after that due and lawful process shall have been had against such prohibited goods of contraband, and the Court of Admiralty, by a sentence pronounced, shall have confiscated the same; saving always as well the ship Itself, as any other goods found therein, which are to be esteemed free, and may not be detained on pretence of their being infected by the prohibited goods, much less shall they be confiscated as lawful prize. But on the contrary, when, by the visitation

fifth article of this treaty, the other


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