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most proper, make all the efforts in Its power against thelr common enemy, in order to attain

the end proposed. :,: 1

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ARTICLE IV. The contracting parties agree, that in cafe cither of them mould form any particular enterprize in which the concurrence of the other may be desired, the party whose concurrence is desired* shall readily and with good faith joist to act in concert for that purpose, as far as circumstances and its own particular situation will permit; and in that cafe, they shall regulate by a particular convention, the quantity and kind of succour to be furnished, and the time and manner of its being brought into action, as well as the advantages which are to be its compensationk

ARTICLE V. If the United States should think sit to attempt the reduction of the British power remaining in the northern parts of America, or the Islands of Bermudas, those countries of islands, in case of success, shall be confederated with, or dependent upon, the said United States.

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. .• : ARTICLE VI. The Most Christian King renounces for ever the possession of the Islands of Bermudas, as well as of any part of the Continent of NorthAmerica, which before the Treaty of Paris, in 1763, or in virtue of that treaty, were acknowledged to belong to the Crown of Great-Britain, or to the United States, heretofore called British Colonies, or which are at this time, or have lately been, under the power of the King and Crown of Great-Britain.

ARTICLE VII. If his Most Christian Majesty shall think proper to attack any of the islands situated in the Gulph of Mexico, or near that Gulph, which are at present under the power of GreatBritain, all the said isles, in cafe of success, shall appertain to the Crown of France.


Neither of the two parties shall conclude either truce or peace with Great-Britain, without the formal consent os the other first obtained and they mutually engage not to lay down their arms, until the independence of the United States shall have been formally or tacitly

assured. assured, by the treaty or treaties that shall terminate the war.

ARTICLE IX. The contracting parties declare, that being resolved to fulfil each on its own part, the clauses and conditions of the present Treaty of Alliance, according to its own power and circumstances, there shall be no after-claim of compensation, on one side or the other, whatever may be the event of the war.

ARTICLE X. The Most Christian King and the United States agree to invite of admit other powers, who may have received injuries from England, to make common cause with them, and to accede to the present alliance, under such conditions as mall be freely agreed to, and settled between all the parties.

ARTICLE XI. The two parties guarantee mutually from

the present time and for ever, against all other powers, to wit, the United States to his Most Christian Majesty, the present possessions of the Crown of France in America, as well as those which it may acquire by the future treaty of F f 3 peace , peace; and his Most Christian Majesty guarantees on his part to the United, their liberty, sovereignty, and independence, absolute and unlimited, as well in matters of government as commerce, and also their posseslions, and the additions or conquests that their confederation may obtain during the war, from any of the dominions now or heretofore possessed by Great-Britain in North-America, conformable to the 5th and 6th articles above written; the whole as their possession (hall be fixed and assured to the said States, at the moment of the cessation of their present war with England.

ARTICLE XII. In order to six more precisely the sense and application of the preceding article, the contracting parties declare, that in cafe of a rupture between France and England, the reciprocal guarantee declared in the said article shall have its full.force and effect, the moment such war shall break out; and if such rupture shall not take place, the mutual obligations of the said guarantee shall not commence until the moment of the cessation of the present war, between the United States and England, shall have ascertained their possessions.


The present treaty shall be ratified on both
sides, and the ratifications shall be exchanged
in. the space of six months, or sooner, if

In Faith Whereof the respective Ple-
nipotentiaries, to wit, on the part of the
Most Christian King, Conrad Alexander
Gerard, Royal Syndic of the City of Stras-
bourg, and Secretary of his Majesty's
Council of State; and on the part of the
United States, Benjamin Franklin* Deputy
to the General Congress from the State
of Pennsylvania, and President of the
Convention of said State; Silas Deane,
heretofore Deputy from the State of Con-
necticut; and Arthur Lee, Counsellor at
Law, have signed the above Articles both
in the French and English languages;
declaring, nevertheless, that the present *
Treaty was originally composed and
concluded in the French language, and
they have hereunto affixed their seals,

F f 4 DONE

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