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tvvo in the county of Cheshire, and one in the county of Grafton, to be a distinct and separate branch of the legislature, by the hame of a Council for this colony, to continue as such until the third Wednesday in December next; any seven of whom to be a Quorum to do business.
That such Council appoint their President; and in his absence, that the senior Councillor preside*
That a Secretary be appointed by both, branches, who may be Councillor, or otherwise, as they shall choose.
That no act or resolve be valid, and put into execution, unless agreed to and passed by both branches of the legislature.
That all public officers for the said colony, and each county, for the current year, be appointed by the Council and Assembly, except the several clerks of the executive courts, who shall be appointed by the Justices of the respective courts.
That all bills, resolves> or votes for raising-, levying, and collecting money, originate in the House of Representatives.
That at any sessions of the Council and Assembly, neither branch shall adjourn for any longer time than from Saturday till the next Monday, without consent of the other.
And it is further resolved, That if the present unhappy dispute with Great-Britain should continue longer than this present year, and the Continental Congress give no instructions or directions to the contrary, the Council be chosen by the people of each respective county, in such manner as the Council and House of Representatives shall order.
That general and field officers of the militia, on any vacancy, be appointed by the twoHouses, arid all inferior officers be chosen by the respective companies.
That all officers of the army be appointed by the two Houses, except they should direct otherwise in case of any emergency.
That all civil officers for the colony and for each county be appointed, and the time of their continuance in office be determined, by the two Houses, except clerks, and county treasurers, and recorders of deeds.
That a treasurer, and a recorder of deeds, for each county be annually chosen by the people cf each county respectively; the votes for such
officers officers to be returned to the respective courts of general sessions of the peace in the county there to be ascertained, as the Council and Assembly shall hereafter direct.
That precepts, in the name of the Council and Assembly, signed by the President of the Council and Speaker of the House of Representatives, shall issue annually, at or before the first day of November, for the choice of a Council and House of Representatives, to be returned by the third Wednesday in December then next ensuing, in such manner as the Council and Assembly shall hereafter prescribe.
In the House ©/"representatives, Sept. 19,
1776. Voted and Resolved, THAT as any new towns or settlements in this State shall increase in their number of inhabitants from year to year, or from time to time, precepts shall issue for their sending Delegates to Council and Assembly, so as to be fully represented, according to their numbers, proportionable with other partsof the State. Sent up for concurrence, P. WHITE, Speaker.
In Council, Eodem Die. Read and concurred, E. THOMPSON,^. Copy examined per E. THOMPSON, Sec. D 2
AGREED UPON BY THE DELEGATES OF THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS-BAY, IN CONVENTION, BEGUN AND HELD AT CAMBRIDGE, ON THE FIRST OF SEPTEMBER, 1779, AND CONTINUED BY ADJOURNMENTS TO THE SECOND OF MARCH, 1780.
THE end os the institution, maintenance and administration of government is to secure the existence of the body-politic, to protect it, and to furnish the individuals who compose it, with the power of enjoying, in fafety and tranquility, their natural rights, and the blessings of life: and whenever these great objects are not obtained, the people have a right to alter the government, and to take measures neceflary for their safety, prosperity and happiness.
The body-politic is formed by a voluntary association of individuals it is a social compact, pact, by which- the whole people covenants with each citizen, and each citizen with the whole people, that all shall be governed by certain laws for the common good. It is the duty of the people, therefore, in framing a Constitution of Government, to provide for an equitable mode of making laws, as well as for an impartial interpretation and a faithful execution of them, that every man may, at all; times, find his security in them.
We, therefore, the people of Massachusetts,: acknowledging with grateful hearts the good-ness of the Great Legislator of the Universe, in affording us, in the course of his pro—; vidence, an opportunity, deliberately and peaceably, without fraud, violence, or surprize, of entering into an original, explicit, and solemn compact with each other; and of forming a new Constitution of Civil Govern-ment for ourselves and posterity; and devoutly imploring his direction in so interesting a. design, DO agree upon, ordain, and establish, the following Declaration Of Rights,: And Frame Of Government, as the ConStitution Of The Commonwealth Of, Massachusetts. < J1 '- . . o
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