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days being previously given; nor shall any part of the same be changed without the consent of a majority of the Members of the Senate and House of Representatives.

XLV. That the Senate and House of Representatives shall not proceed to the election of a Governor or Lieutenant-Governor, until there be a majority of both Houses present.

In the Council-chamber, the 19th day of March, 1778.

Assented to,

RAWLINS LOWNDES. Hugh Rutledge, Speaker of the

Legislative Council. Thomas Bee, Speaker of the Gene' ral Assembly.

In the General Assembly, the 19th day of March, 1778.

PubliJJoed by Order of the House,

Peter Timothy, C. G. A.








WHEREAS the conduct of the legislature of Great-Britain for many years past has been so oppressive on the people of America, that of late years they have plainly declared and aster ted a right to raise taxes upon the people of America, and to make laws to bind them in all cases whatsoever, without their consent; which conduct being repugnant to the common rights of mankind, hath obliged the Americans, as freemen, to oppose such oppressive measures, and to assert the rights and privileges they are entitled to by the laws of nature and reason; and accordingly it hath been done by the general consent of all the people of the States of New-Hampshire*

MassaMassachusetts-Bay, Rhode-Island, Connecticut, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, the Counties of Newcastle, Kent, and Sussex on Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North-Carolina, South-Carolina, and Georgia, given by their Representatives met together in General Congress in the city of Philadelphia.

And whereas it hath been recommended by the said Congress, on the fifteenth of May last, to the respective Assemblies and Conventions of the United States where no government, sufficient to the exigencies of their affairs, hath been hitherto established, to adopt such government as may, in the opinion of the Representatives of the people, best conduce to the happiness and safety of their Constituents in particular, and America in general:

And whereas the Independence of the United States of America has been also declared, on the fourth day of July, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, by the said Honourable Congress, and all political connection between them and the Crown of Great-Britain is in consequence thereof dissolved:

We, therefore, the Representatives of the people, from whom all power originates, and

for for whose benefit all government is intended, by virtue of the power delegated to us, do ordain and declare, and it is hereby ordained and declared, that the following rules and regulations be adopted for the future government of this State.

I. The legislative, executive, and judiciary departments shall be separate and distinct, so <hat neither exercise the powers properly belonging to the other.

II. The legislature of this State shall be composed of the Representatives of the people, as is herein after pointed out: and the Representatives shall be elected yearly, and every year, on the first Tuesday in December; and the Representatives so elected, shall meet the first Tuesday in January following, at Savannah, or any other place or places where the House of Assembly for the time being shall direct.

On the first day of the meeting of the Re* presentatives so chosen, they shall proceed to the choice of a Governor, who shall be stiled Honourable; and of an Executive Council, by ballot, out of their own body; viz. two from each county, except those counties which are

not not yet entitled to send ten Members. One of each county mall always attend where the Governor resides, by monthly rotation, unless the Members of each county agree for a longer or shorter period: this is not intended to exclude cither Member attending. The remaining number of Representatives mall be called the House of Assembly; and the majority of the Members of the said House shall have power to proceed on business.

III. It shall be an unalterable rule, that the House of Assembly shall expire, and be at an end yearly and every year, on the day preceding the day of election mentioned in the foregoing rule.

IV. The Representation shall be divided in the following manner: Ten Members for each county, as is herein after directed, excepting the county of Liberty, which contains three parishes, and that shall be allowed fourteen.

The ceded lands north of Ogeechie shall be one county, and known by the name of Wilkes.

The parish of St. Paul shall be another county, and known by the name of Richmond.


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