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mal-administration, corruption, or other means* by which the safety of the State may be endangered, shall be impeachable by the^ House of Delegates; such impeachment to be prosecuted by the Attorney-general, or such other person or persons as the House may appoint, in the General Court, according to the laws of the land. If found guilty> he or they shall be either for ever disabled to hold any office under Government, or be removed from such office pro tempore, or subjected to such pains or penalties as the law shall direct.
If all or any of the Judges of the General Court should (on good grounds to be judged of by the House of Delegates) be accused of any of the crimes or offences abovementioned, such House of Delegates may in like manner impeach the Judge or Judges so accused, to be prosecuted in the Court os Appeals; and he or they, if found guilty, shall be punished in the same manner as prescribed in the preceding clause.
Commissions and grants shall run, In the name of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and bear test by the Governor, with the Seal of the Commonwealth annexed. Writs shall run in the
same manner, and bear test by the Clerks of the several courts. Indictments mall conclude, Against the peace and dignity of the Commonwealth.
A Treasurer shall be appointed annually, by joint ballot of both Houses.
All escheats, penalties, and forfeitures, heretofore going to the King, shall go to the Commonwealth, save only such as the legislature may abolish, or otherwise provide for.
The territories contained within the charters erecting the colonies of Maryland, Pennsylvania, North and South-Carolina, are hereby , ceded, released, and forever confirmed to the people of these Colonies respectively, with all the rights of property, jurisdiction, and government, and all other rights whatsoever, which might at anytime heretofore have been claimed by Virginia, except the free navigation and use of the rivers Potomaque and Pokomoke, with the property of the Virginia shores and strands bordering on either of the said rivers, and all improvements which have been or shall be made . thereon. The western and northern extent of Virginia shall in all other respects stand as fixed by the charter of King James I. in the year
one thousand fix hundred and nine, and by th« public treaty of peace between the Courts of Britain and France, in the year one thousand seven hundred and sixty-three; unless, by act of this legislature, one or more governments be established westward of the Allegheny mountains. And no purchases of lands mall be made of the Indian natives but on behalf of the public, by authority of the General Assembly.
NORTHjVO RTH.CARO L INA.
FORM Of GOVERNMENT,'
AGREED TO AND RESOLVED UPON" BY THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE FREEMEN OF THE STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA, ELECTED AND CHOSEN FOR THAT PARTICULAR PURPOSE, IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED, AT HALIFAX, DEC. 18, 1776.
DECLARATION Of RIGHTS, &c.
I. ' I 'HAT all political power is vested in A and derived from the people only.
II. That the people of this State ought to have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the internal government and police thereof.
III. That no man, or set of men are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privileges from the community, but in consideration of public services.
U z IV. That
IV. That the legislative, executive, and supreme judicial powers of government ought to be for ever separate and distinct from each other.
V. That all powers of suspending laws, or the execution of laws, by any authority, without consent of the Representatives of the people, is injurious to their rights, and ought not to be exercised.
VI. That elections of Members to serve as Representatives in General Assembly ought to be free.
VII. That in all criminal prosecutions every man has a right to be informed of the accusation against him, and to confront the accusers and witnesses with other testimony, and shall not be compelled to give evidence against himself.
VIII. That no freeman shall be put to answer any criminal charge but by indictment, presentment, or impeachment.
IX. That no freeman shall be convicted os any crime, but by the unanimous verdict of a jury of good and lawful men, in open court as heretofore used.