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and grant unto the said Governor and Company, and their successors, by these presents, that it shall aild may be lawful to and for the said Governor, or in his absence the Deputy-Governor and major part of the said Assistants for the time being, at any time, when the said General Assembly is not sitting, to nominate, appoint, and constitute such and so many Commanders, Governors, and Military Officers, as to them shall seem requisite, for the leading, conducting, and training up the inhabitants of the said Plantations in martial affairs, and for the defence and safeguard of the said Plantations; and that it shall and may be lawful to and for all and every such Commander, Governor, and Military Officer, that shall be so as aforesaid, or by the Governor, or in his absence the Deputy-Governor and six of the Assistants, and major part of the freemen of the said Company present at any General Assemblies, nominated, appointed, and constituted, according to the tenor of his and their respective commissions and directions, to assemble, exercise in arms, marshal, array, and put in warlike posture, the inhabitants of the said colony, for their espe

cial defence and safety; and to lead and conduct the said inhabitants, and to encounter, repulse, and relist by force of arms, as well by sea as by land, to kill, slay, and destroy, by all fitting ways, enterprizes, and means whatsoever, all and every such person or persons as (hall at any time hereafter attempt or enterprise the destruction, invasion, detriment, or annoyance of the said inhabitants or Plantations; and to use and exercise the law martial in such cases only as occasion shall necessarily require; and to take and surprise, by all ways and means whatsoever, all and every such person and persons, with their ship or ships, armour, ammunition, or other goods of such persons as shall in hostile manner invade or attempt the defeating of the said Plantation, or the hurt of the said Company and inhabitants; and upon just causes to invade and destroy the natives, Indians, or other enemies of the said colony. Nevertheless, our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby declare to the rpst of our Colonies in New-England, that it shall not be lawful for this our said Colony of Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations.in America.in New-EnI 4 gland,

gland, to invade the natives inhabiting within the bounds and limits of their said Colonies, without the knowledge and consent of the said other Colonies. And it is hereby declared, that it shall not be lawful to or for the rest of the Colonies to invade or molest the native Indians, or any other inhabitants, inhabiting within the. bounds or limits hereafter mentioned (they having subjected themselves unto us, and being by us taken into our special protection), without the knowledge and consent of the Governor and Company of our Colony of Rhode-Island and Providence Plantation. Also our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby declare unto all Christian Kings, Princes, and States, that if any person, which" shall hereafter be of the said Company or Plantation, or any other by appointment of the said Governor and Company for the time be-i ing, shall at any time or times hereafter rob or spoil, by sea or land, or do any hurt, or unlawful hostility, to any of the subjects of us, our heirs and successors, or to any of the subjects of any Prince or State being then in league with us, our heirs and successors upon com

plaint of such injury done to any such Prince or State, or their subjects, we, our heirs and successors, will make open proclamation, within any parts of our realm of England fit for that purpose, that the person or persons committing any such robbery or spoil shall within the time limited by such proclamation, make full restitution or satisfaction of all such injuries done or committed, so as the said Prince, or others so complaining, may be fully satisfied and contented; and if the said person or persons who shall commit any such robbery or spoil, shall not make satisfaction accordingly, within such time so to be limited, that then we, our heirs and successors, will put such person or persons out of our allegiance and protection; and that then it shall and may be lawful and free for all Princes, or others, to prosecute with hostility such offenders, and every of them, their and every of their procurers, aiders, abettors, and councillors, in that behalf. Provided also, and our express will and pleasure is, and we do by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, ordain and appoint, that these presents shall not in any manner hjnder any of our loving subjects whatsoever, ever, from using and exercising the trade of sishing upon the coast of New-England, in America, but that they, and every or any of them, shall have full and free power and liberty to continue and use the trade of fishing upon the said coast, in any of the seas thereunto adjoining, or any arms of the sea, or salt water, rivers and creeks, where they have been accustomed to fish, and to build and set upon the waste land belonging to the said Colony and Plantations such wharfs, stages, and work-houses, as (hall be necessary for the salting, drying, and keeping of their siih to be taken or gotten upon that coast. And further, for the encouragement of the inhabitants of our said Colony of Providence Plantation to set upon the business of taking whales, it shall be lawful for them, or any of them, having struck a whale, dubertus, or other great fish, it or them to pursue unto that coast, and into any bay^ river, cove, creek or shore, belonging thereto, and it or them, upon the said coast, or in the said bay, river, cove, creek, or more belonging thereto, to kill and order for the best advantage, without molestation,

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