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of, 299-303; contraband in case of, Philippines, sale of, to the United
303–307; unneutral service in case States, 101.
of, 308–310; visit and search in Pillage, prohibition of, 142.
case of, 310–313; convoy in care Poison, use of, forbidden in war,
of, 313, 314; blockade, 314-319; 253.
violation of blockade, 319, 320; | Poland, partition of, 22, 76, 101.
continuous voyages, 320–324; prize Political refugees. See Right of
and prize courts, 324–328.

Asylum.
Neutrality statutes of United States, Ports, neutrality of, 287.
283, 417-420.

Portugal, partition of Africa by, 103 ;
Neutralization of states, 51, 52; jurisdiction of, as to foreign-born
forms of, 277–280.

subjects, 123; relations of, to Ter-
Non-combatants, who are, 237, 238. ceira affair, 288.
Non-hostile redress, what is, 220. Postal communication, cartels as to,
North Sea fisheries, convention as 265.
to, 114.

Postliminium, what it is, 260.
Notes, what they are, 171, 200, 212. Prescription, acquisition of territory
Notification of blockade, 316, 317. by, 101, 102.
Nuncios, rules as to, 156 et seq. See Prestation. See Angary.
Ambassadors, Diplomatic Agents. Prisoners of war, treatment of, 262–

264; exchange of, 265; when must
Occupation, a method of acquiring be restored, 268; treaties as to, 273.

territory, 98, 99; belligerent, 250, Privateering, history of, 254; action
252.

of, M. Genêt as to, 282.
Officers of merchant vessels, status Private international law, of what it
of, 236.

treats, 4, 122, 146.
Oleron, laws of. See Sea Laws. Private property of enemy, capture
Oriental states, exemption of sub- of, at sea, 247, 300 et seq.; inviola-

jects of Western states in, 139–1 bility of, on land, 252.
141.

Private vessels, liability of, to cap-
Oxford Manual, provisions of, 368-| ture, 245; exemption of, 246.
383.

Prize, courts of, 30; disposition of,

258, 259; salvage in case of, 260,
Pacific Blockade, what it is, 223-225. 261 ; taking of, into neutral waters,
Paris, treaty of, 206.

293; attitude of Japan as to, 313,
Parole, release on, 263.

314; law of, 324-328; procedure as
Passengers, capture of, 258.

to, in court, 421-429.
Passport, form of, 133; of diplomatic Prize courts. See Prize.

agent, 163, 171; given in time of | Prize law of Japan, 246.
war, 266.

Procès-verbaux. See Protocol.
Peace of Westphalia, relation of, to Proclamation of the United States

the balance of power, 75; recog as to the Declaration of Paris, 33;
nition of diplomacy by, 154, 155 ; | of Queen Victoria as to belliger-
preceded by armistice, 272.

ency, 60; of treaties, 209; of the
Perfidy. See Deceit.

United States as to war with Spain,
Personal property, status of, in war, 222; of blockade, 230, 231; of Presi-
241-244.

dent, as to neutrality, 282; of
Persons, jurisdiction over, 121; sta- | nations during war between Spain
tus of, in war, 235, et seq.

and the United States, 283, 288; as
to departure of belligerents on ves- Right of asylum,on and forwarships,
sels from port, 291.

119, 288, 290; sovereign's hotel,
Projectiles, intlicting unnecessary 137; in house of diplomatic agent,
suffering. 253: from balloons, 180-182. See Internment.
253.

Rivers, in determining territory,
Promulgation of treaty, 209.

102; as affecting jurisdiction, 105–
Property, in general, 148, 149; of the 108.

state, 149; of the enemy, status of, Roman law, a basis of international

239–244; at sea, status of, 245–249. law, 9, 14, 15; as to alluvium, 102.
Protectorates, states under, 52, 53; Roumania, recognition of, 44; ces-

jurisdiction in case of, 103; spheres sion of Bessarabia and a part of
of influence, 103, 104.

Turkey to, 100.
Protocol, what it is, 171, 199, 200, 202, Russia, suzerainty of, 53; relation
208, 209, 212, 272.

of, to the balance of power, 83;
Provisions, when may be supplied to one of the Great Powers, 90; atti-
belligerents, 290; as contraband of tude of, at the Congress of Trop-
war, 305.

pau,90; friendship of,with France,
Prussia, attitude of, at the Congress 93; sale of Alaska by, 101 ; treaty

of Troppau, 90. See Germany. of, with Turkey as to Bospho-
Public buildings, protection of, in rus, etc., 110; convention of, as to
war, 240.

the Suez Canal, 111; claim of, as
Public debt, stock held by enemy in, to Pacific Ocean, 116; volunteer
242.

navy of, 256.
Public international law, of what it
treats, 4.

Safe conduct, what it is, 266.
Public vessels, liability of, to cap- Safeguard, what it is, 266.
ture, 245.

Sale, transfer of territory by, 100.

Salutes, 170.
Quarter, refusal of, 263.

Salvage, granting of, 260-262.

Samoa, 52, 53.
Railway plant, status of, in war, 240, Scientific works, exemption of, 239;
252.

| vessels engaged in, 245, 246.
Ransom. See Capture.

Sea laws, amalfitan tables, 17, 186;
Ratification of treaties, 207–209. Consolato del Mare, 17, 186, 300;
Real property, status of, in war, 240, 1 laws of Oleron, 17, 186; laws
241.

of Wisby, 17, 186; Hanseatic
Rebellion, intervention in case of, | League, 18, 29, 187; customs of
85, 86.

Amsterdam, 18; laws of Antwerp,
Recognition, of new states, 41-49; of 18; Guidon de la Mar, 18; Lex
belligerency, 59-63.

Rhodia, 17, 187.
Religion, protection of, 182, 240. Search. See Visit and Search.
Repair, hostile character of ships of, Self-preservation, intervention for,
310.

80.
Reprisals, defined, 221.

| Servia, recognition of, 44.
Requisitions, what they are, 240, 241, Servitudes, in case of Canadian fish-
243.

eries, 114; different kinds of, 146,
Retaliation, liability to, 263; when 147.
forbidden, 254.

Ship’s papers, deposit of, in consul's
Retorsion, defined, 220, 221.

office, 191; what required, 312.

Sick and wounded, treatment of, Suspension of treaties, 234.
264, 265, 280.

Suzerainty, instances of, 53.
Sound dues, history of, 109.

Sweden, relations of, to Great Pow-
South African Republic, protectorate ers, 90; sale of territory by, to
of, 52; war in, 230, 324.

France, 101 ; jurisdiction of, over
South American states, husbands in, foreign-born subjects, 123.
acquiring citizenship of wife, 125; Switzerland, neutralization of, 23,

views of, as to extradition, 143. 52, 278; state existence of, before
Sovereign, exemptions and privileges recognition, 41; jurisdiction of,

of, in foreign countries, 135, 136. over foreign-born subjects, 123,
Spain, relations of, to Treaty of 124.

Utrecht, 76; interference in affairs
of, 85; relations of, to Great Pow- Taxes, lien of state for, 98; upon
ers, 90; attitude of Congress of property of diplomatic agent, 182;
Verona as to, 91; convention of, of enemy subjects, 242; collection
as to the Suez Canal, 111; juris- of, by an occupying state, 242, 260.
diction of, as to foreign-born sub- Telegraph, status of, in war, 240,
jects, 123; termination of treaty 248; cables, 310.
of, with United States, 215; ves- Telephone, status of, in war, 240.
sels of, during war with the United Terceira expedition, what it was,
States, 222, 246; attitude of, as to 288.

Declaration of Paris, 247, 255, 302. Termination of treaties, 214; war,
Spheres of influence, theory of, 92, 270-274.
103, 104.

Territorial waters. See Three-mile
Spies, status of, 236, 237, 265.

Limit.
Sponsions, defined, 201, 269.

Territory, acquisition of, 98-102 ;
State officers, exemptions of, 136 cession of, jurisdiction over, 101 ;
139.

formed by alluvium, 102; as deter-
State papers, as a source of interna mined by rivers and lakes, etc. 102,
tional law, 31-35.

annexation of, 126.
Statute of limitations, law of, as to Three-mile limit, jurisdiction as to,
debts in time of war, 274.

112-114, 120, 287.
Steamers, status of, in war, 240. Transfer of territory, 100, 101; alle
Stock, held by enemy in public debt, giance, 126."
242.

Transport, ships of, 310.
Straits, jurisdiction of, 109.

Transvaal, war of, with Great Brit
Stratagems, use of, 253.

ain, 230.
Submarine cables, convention for Treaties, as a source of international

the protection of, 32, 248; censor law, 31-33; intervention, i
ship of, 310.

cause of, 82; of United place
Suez Canal. See Canals.

to Canadian fisheries. 114-116 1!
Salphur, as contraband of war, 305, extradition, 142; definitals
306.

198; other forms, 14.12 begots
Supplies of war, not to be furnished ation of, 202-009: validity of De
by neutral to belligerent, 294 ; 210; classification of

our
ships carrying, 310. See Muni London, 1831. 3 211 BEL
tions of War.

pretation of. 212-M14 Seruat.*.
Supreme Court of the United States, of, 214, 216: detiekalavi. U ZA
30, 31

abrogation u suso .

of peace, 272-274; as to canals, of, formed by alluvium, 102;
279, 280; as to free vessels making claim of, to jurisdiction over
free goods, 300 et seq.

Chesapeake and Delaware bays,
Treaty of Berlin, suzerainties estab 108; attitude of, as to sound dues,

lished by, 53; relations of, to Great 109; Dardanelles, 110; Bering Sea,
Powers, 92; provision of, as to a 113, 116, 117; jurisdiction of, over
portion of Bessarabia, 100; closing foreign-born subjects, 122–124; as
ports, 118; servitudes, 146; Congo, to marriage, 125 ; laws of, as to
278.

naturalization, 125–130; attitude
Treaty of Paris, relations of, to Great of, as to Koszta, 129, 130; juris-

Powers, 92; provision of, as to diction of, over aliens, 131 ; courts
Bessarabia, 100; provision of, as of consuls of, 140, 141; attitude of.
to Bosphorus, etc., 110; relations of, as to diplomatic agents, 178 et seq.;
to Ottoman Empire, 211; provi diplomatic practice of, 183–186;
sions of, as to privateering, neutral French language used in treaties
goods, enemy's goods, and block of, 206; making and ratification of
ade, 247, 254, 398.

treaties of, 207–209; termination of
Trent, case of, 309.

treaty of, with Spain, 215; atti-
Tribunal, none, of international law, tude of, as to embargo of 1807, 222;
11.

naval war code of, 222, 400; vessels
Triple Alliance, nations parties to, 92. of, during war with Spain, 222; at-
Troops, internment of belligerent, titude of, as to, blockade of Crete,

286, 290; enlistment of, for bellig 223, 224 ; Spanish vessels during
erent service, 295.

war with Spain, 246; Declaration
Troppau, Congress of, 90.

of Paris during war with Spain,
Truce. See Flags of Truce.

247, 255, 302; volunteer navy of,
Turkey, recognition of, 44; suze 256; destruction of vessels by, in

rainty of, 53; application of bal War of 1812, 259; attitude of, as
ance of power to, 83; policy as to to ransom, 259; salvage, 260, 261;
territory of, 91, 92; portion of, practice of, as to exchange of pris-
ceded to Roumania, 100; treaty of, oners, 263; guaranty by, of neu-
with Russia as to Bosphorus, etc., trality of trans-isthmian canal,
110; convention of, as to Suez 279; neutrality laws of, 283, 296,
Canal, 111; letters of minister 417; attitude of, as to Alabama
to, 163.

case, 297 ; treaties of, as to free

ships making free goods, 300 et
Uniform of enemy, use of, 252. seq.; articles enumerated by, as
United States, agrees to the Treaty contraband of war, 304 et seq.;

of Paris, 33; diplomatic papers of, attitude of, as to convoy, 313;
34; recognition of other countries blockade, 319, 320; continuous
by, 44-49; suzerainty of, over In voyages, 322; practice of, as to
dians, 53; intervention of, in case prize courts, 325 et seq.; repeal
of Venezuela, 78; Cuba, 85; atti by, of law as to prize money, 327.
tude of, as to the Monroe Doctrine, Unneutral service, what it is, 308–
93; extinguishment of Indian title 310.
by, 99; cession of “Horse-shoe Uti possidetis, Doctrine of, 273, 274.
Reef” to, by Great Britain, 100; Utrecht, Peace of, as an epoch in
sale of Alaska, Louisiana, and international law, 21 et seq., 77,
the Philippines to, 101; territory | 206.

Venezuela, boundary line of, 78. 235-237; non-combatants in, 237, Verona, Congress of, 77, 91.

238; public property of the enemy Vessels, classes of, 117; nationality in, 239, 240; real property of

of, how determined, 117; jurisdic enemy subjects in, 240, 244; pertion over, 117–121 ; status of, at sonal property of enemy subjects sea, 245 et seq.; in port at out in, 241–244; vessels, 245, 246; goods, break of hostilities, 246; voluntary 247; submarine telegraphic cables, and auxiliary navy, 255–257; cap 248, 249; belligerent occupation ture and ransom of, 257-258 ; post during, 250–252; forbidden metbliminium, 260–262; cartel, 265; in ods in, 252–254; privateers in, 254, case of neutral relations between 255; voluntary and auxiliary navy states and individuals, 298–328. in, 255, 257; capture and ransom visit and search of, 310–313. See in, 257–259; postliminium in, 260–

Privateering, Right of Asylum. 262; prisoners and their treatVienna, Congress of, settling of court ment in, 262-264 ; non-hostile rela

precedence by, 89; determination tions of belligerents in, 264–269; of rank of state agents by, 155 et methods of termination of, 270-274. seq., language used in, 206; as to Warlike expedition, what is a, 289. neutralization, 278, 279.

Washington, President, attitude of, Visit and search, right of, 310, 311; as to neutrality, 282.

object of, 311; method of, 311, 312; Waters, as affecting jurisdiction, seizure in case of, 312, 313.

102 et seq. Volunteer and auxiliary navy of, Webster, Daniel, views of, in case

Prussia, 255, 256; Greece, 256 ; of the “Caroline,” 435.
Russia, 256; Great Britain, 256; | Westphalia, Peace of, as an epoch in
United States, 256.

international law, 19.

Wisby, laws of. See Sea Laws. War, definition of, 229; commence- Women, nationality of, 125. ment of, 229, 230; declaration of, Works of art, exemption of, 239, 231, 232; object of, 232, 233; gen- 247. eral effects of, 233, 234; persons Writers, upon international law, 24affected by, 235; combatants in, l 28, 33, 34.

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