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'51. 52. munerating prices. The stocks of do

Dec. 31. Dec. 31. 1 Amer. Saxony fleece, per lb......42 a 44....55 a 60 mestic and foreign in this port are shown * full blood merino .........38 a 40....48 a 52

hall and three-quarters do. 34 a 36....43 a 46
native and one quarter do 30 a 32....38 a 40 Stock,

Dec. '51

Dessa. extra pulled... .....34 a 36. ...48 a 52 Kentucky.... ..hhds....4,815.

..9.300 superfine do... ..31 a 33....43 a 46 Virginia..

281.......... * No. 1, do... ....27 a 34....38 a 40 Ohio....... Peruvian, washed...............26 a 28... 33 a 35 Maryland... Valparaiso, unwashed. .........11 a 13....13 a 14 South Amer, common, washed... 15 a 17.... 13 a 14 Total ...

5,096

.9,500 Entre Rios, do...... 20 a 22....15 a 17 unwashed.......... 9 a 10.... 8 a 9 Cuba.....

1,034...

6,089 Cordova, washed...21 a 22.... 24 a 25 Havana ....

3,313 East India, washed...... ......24 a 27....26 a 28 Yara ........

454....

3000) African, unwashed.. .......... 9 a 18....10 a 18 Ambalima ....

252

119 washed..... ....18 a 25.... 20 a 35 St. Domingo ...

100 Smyrna, washed ....

.... 24 a 26....25 a 27 Brazil unwashed...

...13 a 15.... 13 a 14 Maracaibo...... Mexican, do .............. 14 a 15....18

.... 14 a 15....18 a 20 Honduras ......... Ashes.--The supply of ashes is in

Prices, Jan. 31.
Kentucky ......

... 4 & 8% c...., 4% a 84 fluenced by circumstances, and prices Cuba.

Cuba.................. 20 a 23 ...... 20 & 22% fluctuate accordingly. A mild winter Assorted

Assorted lots, Havana. 30 a 45 ......30 a 50

Fillers................ 25 a 30 ... 25 a 30 is unfavorable to their production. The

Yara. ....

.35 a 50 ......33 a 38 largest quantities are made in the forest, St. Domingo.... ...... 12% a 16...... Nom. bordering the northern lakes. They Ambalima ............12 a 16 ......13 a 22 are leached in winter, barrelled, and HEMP.-This article has become a conveyed on sleds, over snow, to the domestic staple prouctdion of great im. nearest market town. Previous to the portance, and is chiefly raised in Kendiscovery of the mode of manufacturing fucky and Missouri. We have not space soda from sea water, or salt, called in to go into its history, or the valuable commerce “soda ash," prices ruled uses to which it is applied, whether in much higher than at present. The the navy, general ship-building, or in its largest exports go to the continent of use for cotton bagging and rope. Its Europe, and chiefly to France, where consumption is constantly on the inthey are extensively used in the manu. crease, and during the past two years facture of soap. The total trade in prices have ruled higher than for some ashes for the United States, amounts to time previously. The stock of all kinds about $1,000,000 per annum. The fol- in this market may be seen from the lowing will show the stock and prices following table: at each of the dates mentioned:

Stock.

Dee. 51, Dec. 9. Stock.

--Prices

Clean, Russia. .......... tons., 335...... 250 1851, Potu. Pearls. Pots,*** Pearls.

Outshot, Russia ..... ... * .. - ......none, June 30.......4,338.... 740....$5 00 ....$5 50 Manilla, alloat & in store..balos..1,800......7,500 Dec. 31.......1,553.... 427.... 4 87%.... 5 62% 1859.

Italian ......

. .. 75...... 950 June 30......3,343....1,019.... 4 81%.... 5 37% Jute ....

. * .. 300...... none. Dec. 31......1,939....1,493.... 4 564.... 5 75 Dew-rotted American ... " -...... 1.600

Dressed.........

"6,200...... 250 The receipts at this port were, for the

Prices, Dec. '51. Dee. '52. year ending December 31 :

Russia, elean, ) $205 00 a 210..$200 00 a 205 00

per ton. .... 1851.

1862, Russia, outshot. 195 00 a 205.. ---- - -Pots, bbls...

.24,312..

23,418 Manilla, per lb.. 00l1 a 00, 00 10% a 00 10% Pearls.... ........... 7,813.......... 9,826 Sisal ........... (10 10 a 00. 00 10 &00 104

Italian, per ton.. 240 00 a 250.. 215 00 a 225 00 Total....................32,125..........33,244 Jute ...........

..33,244 Jute............ 80 00 a 85.. 100 00 a 105 00

Amer. dew rot.. 112 50 a 125.. 135 (0 a 145 00 Prices in New York, January 1 : * dressed.. 150 00 a 180.. 155 00 a 195 00

" water rot. -- - - - -Pots.

Pearls. 1853, per 100 lbs ......$4 564..$5 75 a $-

LEATHER AND HIDES.–The year just 1852,

. 4 87*.. 5 62% a 1851,

..... 5 50 .56a 562% closed left a moderately light stock of 1850,

...... 0 50 .6 12% a -- all descriptions of leather, and an active TOBACCO. This article has exhibited demand. We give the following state. but little variation in prices, as far as ment, showing the stock on hand Dethat of domestic growth is concerned. cember 31, 1851, and the present time: Crops have been large, and generally

Dee. '31. Dee, ". for the two past years, have sold at re- Stock on hand of sole leather...390,000.. 250,000 est.

Sisal ............

Leather and Hides-OilsLead-Coal-Naval Stores.

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In the stock on hand at the present the present prices of sole as follows: time may be mentioned about 40,000 Light and middle weights hemlock, 16 sides held by speculators, leaving the to 18 cents; over weights, 13% to 16 actual stock on the market about 200,000 cents; good damaged, 13 to 15 cents; sides. The light and middle lots hem- poor damaged, 9 to 11 cents; light lock may be said to be quite scarce, and slaughter oak, 22 to 24 cents; middle with an upward tendency, while the and over weights, 22 to 26 cents; hemheavier descriptions are slow to move lock slaughter in rough, 17 to 20 cents; except at low and unsatisfactory prices. hemlock calf in rough, 30 to 40 cents; In oak tannages the reverse may be finished calf-skins (French), 70 to 90 said-light weights are dull as compared cents per pound; do. (American) oak, with middle and heavy weights-(an 65 to 90 cents; hemlock, light, 50 to 60 unusual feature)-but which may be ac- cents; upper leather, per foot, 12 to 16 counted for, in part, by the great increase cents. The following features are in the consumption of heavy weights worthy of remark: in the manufacture oak leather for belting purposes. In the of fancy upper leather an astonishing commencement of the year 1851, all improvement has taken place in the descriptions of sole leather were low. style and quality of the articles proconsidering the cost of production. Light duced, resulting to the great profit of and middle weights sold at from 12 to those attaining a high perlection in their 14%, cents; over weights, 10 to 13% art. In the articles of enameled and cents; good damaged, 9 to 13 cents; polished leather, and fine calf-skins, the and poor damaged, 7 to 9 cents-prices New-York inanufacturer is unsurpassed, which were ruinously low to the pro- and, in some descriptions, unequaled. ducer. Along in the spring a leading of sole leather, the New York tanners dealer entered the market and purchased produce the best in the world. No largely on speculation-purchasing con- better proof of this is required than the siderable to arrive at extremely low rejection of foreign leather by the belt rates-that is, below the cost of produc. makers, and the adoption of American tion. This turned the scales, and prices tanned leather in its stead. Leather, in immediately moved upwards. Early the belting business, is subjected to the in the fall. prices gave way somewhat, severest tests, both as to tension and notwithstanding the demand was enorwear and tear, and occasionally to immously large, and the stocks continued perviousness. Within the last three or light. Within a month back, owing to four years we have, in alluding to this the bare state of the market for nearly branch of American manufacture, enall descriptions of leather, and a per. deavored to impress upon the tanners ceptible increase of demand for con- the importance of improving their art; sumption, prices have slightly advanced, and we were gratified to be told that showing a much higher range than our remarks had proved of great service those of December, 1851. We quote to the American tanner and currier.

Prices, Dec. '51.

Dec 59.
Oak, sole, (slaughter) light, per Ib. .....

22 a 25 ....21 a 24
Oak, middle..................

21 a 23 . ..20 a 221 Oak, heavy.....

a 33

..20 a 22 Oak, dry hide....

..20 a 22 Oak, Ohio .........

10

90 a 22 Oak, Southern, light ....

a 20

16 a 18 Oak, B. A., wet salted.....

a 22

20 a 23 Hemlock, light, R. G. and B. A...

a 14%........17 a 18 Hemlock, light, Orinoco, &c. ......

13 a 14%........ 16 a 17 Hemlock, middle, R. G. aud B. A...

13 a 14%........ 17 a 18 , ; Hemlock, middle, Orinoco, &e.....

12% a 14 ........ 16 a 17 Heunlock, heavy...............

11 a 14 . ....14 a 16 Hemlock, good, damaged .....

10 a 11

.13 a 15 Hemlock, upper, in rough, slaughter.....

-- a - ... .... 18 a 20

HIDES.
STOCKS.

Dec, '51.

Dec '59.
Ox and cow .....

.............number....125,000............45,000

18

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Buenos Ayres, 20 a 24 lb., selected, per lb....
Rio Grande, 20 a 23 lb., selected, per lb.....
R. G and BA green-salied cow.....
Gambia and Bissau..........
California....

05% a 0 6

000 a 0
. 000 a 0 00

0 7% a 0 8
. 0 15 a 0 15%
.... 000 8 0 104

Orinoco, selected ......
San Juan, as they run .........
Savanilla, &c., as they run .......
Curacoa, &c., salted and dry, as they run ..
Maracaibo, salted and dry, selected.
Maranham, ox and cow, selected......
Matainoras, selected..
Porto Cabello, (direct,) open, selected ....
Irish and English slaughter....
Dry southern,(cash,) as they run ...
Calcutta Buffalo ....
Calculta, dry.
Calcutta, dead green.....
Calcutta, slaughter ........
B. A. horse, dry and green.........

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OILS. --Oils form a large branch of prices during the past year, as will be trade, and one subject to much fluctua. seen from the following comparative tion in prices. Like most other articles statement: of commerce, they have ruled at higher

Dee. '51.

Dec. '59.
Florence, 30 flanks, per box.....

a 3 75
Olive, 12 bottles, baskets and boxes.... $2 65 a 2 70

$3 37 a 3 50 Olive, in casks, per gallon........

0 874 a 0 90

.. 1 074 a 1 to Palm, per Ib.................

0 5 % a 0

007 a Linseed, city made, per gallon..

0 62 a

0 68 Linseed, English.....

0 61 a 0 62

0 66 a 0 68 056 & 057

0 60 2 0 69% Whale, refined, winter..........

a Sperm, crude...............

1 27

1 20 & Sperm, winter, unbleached..

a 1 32

1 31 a 1 33 Elephant, refined, bleached.

a 0 70

0 83 a Lard oil, winter......

077 a 0 85 ..

0 90 a 0 95 Red oil, city, (cash).....

Whale ...

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LEAD.-Owing to the diversion of that foreign importations have increased labor from the lead mines in Missouri, -the largest quantity having been oband at Galena, Dubuque, &c., to the gold tained from Spain. We thus see that region of California, the supply has Galena lead, on the 31st December. 1851, been diminished and prices materially sold for $4 45, and on the 31st Decem. enhanced. The consequence has been, ber, 1852, at $6 per one hundred pounds :

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COAL.—The extent and value of the increase, and so nearly balance each coal trade is too well known to require other as to prevent any great fluctuation any extended notice. Both the supply in prices. and consumption are every year on the

Des. '51.

Dec. 52
Liverpool Orrel, per chaldron...... .... $7 25 a

..$10 25 a 10 50
Scotch. ...................

6 25 a Ridney ..............

.... 6 50 a Anthracite, per 2,000 lbs.........

5 00 a 5 50 .............. 5 00 & 5 50

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Naval STORES.-One of our most im- a material improvement within the past portant productions is found in the yield year, as will be seen by the annexed of our southern pine forest. All articles coinparison of prices: obtained from the pine have undergone

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Dee. '51.
Turpentine, son, North County, per 280 lbs.. $3 064 & -
Do Wilmington,

.... 3 06% a
Tar, per barrel....

1 75 al 87% .. Piteh, city ..............

1 50 a 1 75 Rosin, coinmon (delivered)....

1 20 a 1 30 Rosin, white, per 280 lbs......

2 00 a 3 75 Spirits turpentine, per gallon.....

0 35 a 0 37

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Hay-Wines and Spirits-FreightsSeeds-Salt, f.c. 555 Hay.--This article, owing to a partial several years previous. We annex a failure in the crop the past year, has statement of prices: ruled higher the present winter than for

Dec, '51.

Dec. '52.
Per 100 lbs.
...... $0 75 a 0 80

$1 12% a 1 25

Wines and SPIRITS.- In the spirit the partial failure of the vintage. We trade the chief advance has been in annex comparative prices of wines and French brandies and wines, owing to spirits:

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Dec, 's1,
Dee. '52.

Dec. '51.

Dee. '59. Madeira, per gallon 0 80 a $300 ..0 80 a $300 E. Gilhou Freres.. - a - ..1 70 a 3 50 Sherry

........... 0 55 a 3 00 .0 60 a 300 H. L. L Chatenet. I 20 al 25 l 60 a 1 65 Port..... .......075 a 200 ..0 75 a 2 00 Chatenet Je ...... 125 a 1 30 ..1 60 a 1 65 Lisbon. 0 47% a 0 57%..0 45 a 0 55 A. Moreau....

1 25

al 30 ..1 50 a 1 55 Canary ..O 60 a 0 85 ..0 65 a 0 95

J. J. Dupuy..

& 1 25

... 50 a 1 55 Sicily Madeira..... 0 a 0 80 ..0 50 a 0 80 A. Camus...

..I 70 a 1 75 Red

.... 0 30

0 a 0 45 .0 30 a 0 45 L Gaudric... .....1 & 1 30 ..1 05 a 1 30 Marseilles and Cette

F. Desmaries, Je.. 1 15 al 40..1 40 a 1 85 Madeira ..........

0 35 a 0 37%..0 40 a 0 45 G. Garreau ........1 25 al 30 ..1 90 a 1 95 Marseilles and Cette

Cashman's Rochelle | 20 a I 30 1 90 a 1 95 Port

0 35 a 0 37 .0 40 a 0 45 Cashman's Bordea'xl 05 a 1 20 ..1 60 a 1 70 Burgundy Port...... 0 45 a 0 50 ..0 50 a 0 60 P Michel & Fils... 1 20 al 30..1 55 a 1 65 Malaga, dry..... ..0 40 a 0 45 .0 45 a 0 48 Schmids, Lane&Co.

..1 65 a 1 75 Malaga, sweet .... 0 36 8 0 39 .0 45 a 0 49 Star Proprietors'... - a - ..I 80 a 1 95 Claret, per cask..... 0 17 a 0 30 .0 17 a 0 30 American ........ 0 28 a 0 29 .0 30 a 0 31 Claret in bottles.... 1 75 a 5 00..1 75 a 400 Rum, Jamaica, fourth

proof ........... 100 a 1 87%..1 20 a 1 75 Dec. '51. Dec. '82. Brandy,Otard, Dupuy

St. Croix, 3d proof. 0 62% a 0 75 ..0 55 a 0 70

New England, pure 0 26 a 0 27 ..0 27 a 0 28 & Co..........: 1 95 a 3 50 ..2 60 a 6 50

Gin, Edgerton's..... - a - ..00 a 1 10 Pinet, Castillon

Meder's Swan .... 0

..1 10a & Co............ 1 95 a 3 50 ..2 60 a 3 50

Rynbende's Pine Leger Freres...... 1 95 a 3 50 .. 2 60 a 3 50

0 85a Apple ..........

..1 05 a 1 10 Hennessy ......... 1 95 a 3 50 ..2 60

Star..... J. & F. Martell .... 1 95

...... 0 85 a - ..0 85 a a 3 50 ..2 3 50 J. Dennis Hy. Mou

Cashman's Schie

dam ........... 0 85 & 0 90 ..1 00 a 1 10 nie & Co .......

- .. 2 30 a 3 50

- a Marett & Co. .....

.. 2 60 a 3 50

Knickerbocker... 0 80 a 0 85 ..0 85 a 0 90 a 3 00 .2 30 a Sazerac ...........1 90

Bouqueteari

...... 1 00 a 1 05 .105 a 1 10

Clover Leaf...... a 3 50 ..2 25 a

- a - ..1 10 a 1 15 Planat & Co...... I 95

3 50

J. & J. Nolet's Imp. X.M.S. & Co.'s, J.

Eagle......... Rohin & Co..... - & - .. 2 25 a 3 50

1075 a 0 80 ..1 00 a

Simpson's Double Vineyard Propriet's

Swan..........

- 1 15 a Co ............ 1 90 a 200 .. 200 a 3 00

New-York........ 0 28 a 0 29 .0 30 a 0 32 G. Longuet Pere et

Cider Brandy, Jersey 0 60 a 0 75 ..0 40 a 0 42 Fils ............ - a - ..2 25 a 400 Whiskey

Whiskey, Jackson's A. Denys .........

..1 80 a Ph Godard, pale &

Malt ........... I 50 a 1 63 ..1 50 a 1 621 a 2 60..1 60 a 2 75

Domestic, in bbls. colored.......... 1 20

a 0 22 ..0 25 a 0 253 Pellevoisin........1 25 al 35 ..1 90 a 200 FREIGHTS.-Rates to European ports A. Seignette...... I 25 a 1 35 ..1 90 a 200 Alex Seignette. ... 1 25 al 35 j 90 a 200 during 1851 ruled low, and there was Rasteau Charruyer 1 30 a / 35 ..1 85 a 1 90 no improvement of moment until the Hivert Jeune

..1 85 a 1 90 latter half of 1852. We annex quolaT. T Elgerton's.. I 25 al 30 ..2 00 a United Proprietor's 1 25 al 30..1 85 a 1

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Dee. '51. To Liverpool

8. d. 8. d. Flour, per bbl......

09a Rosin,

0 9 a 10 Grain, per bushel.....

0 3 a 0 3%
Cotton, per lb........

0 0% a 0 05-32
Cheese and lard, per ton......... 200 a
To London
Beef, in tierces.

0
Baron ..

............ 250 a Flour

......... 19a Naval -tores.....

.......... 20 a To California

Per foot measurement ........... 50. a 60c.

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We conclude our article by giving the them have, like other commodities, comparative prices of several articles, reached higher prices than those of the few of wlich require any special remark previous year: further than to state that the most of

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Eastern and Western, new.... .... O 30 a 0 35 ............ 0 21 a 0 25 The year 1852 will long be remem- trade, indicative of the rapid march of bered and looked to as one of unusual the United States in all the elements of prosperity in nearly all branches of real greatness.

ART. 111-VALLEY OF THE AMAZON.

No. II.

BOLIVIA TRIBUTARY TO THE ATLANTIC-FRIENDLY DISPOSITION TO THE UNITED STATES

POLICY OF COMMERCE-FREE NAVIGATION OF THE AMAZON-LLAMAS AND WOOL-POTOSI
GOLD, SILVER, DIAMONDS AND QUICKSILVER-PERUVIAN BARKWONDERFUL PERTILITY OF
SOIL HOT SPRINGS AND RUINS--COCOA, ITS MARVELOUS PROPERTIES-SALT-PORTAGE BR-
TWEEN THE LA PLATA AND AMAZON-THE LOST MINES OF URUCUMAGUAN, THEIR FABULOUS
WEALTI-COLD WASHINGS-PORTS OF ENTRY, AND STEAM NAVIGATION UPON THE AMAZO-
NIAN TRIBUTARIES OP BOLIVIA-HEALTH AND LONGEVITY-OPENING THE NAVIGATION
OF THE AMAZON-FREE PORTS IN BOLIVIA CARAVANS OVER THE MOUNTAINS VS. STEAN-
BOATS DOWN THE RIVERS-FOUNTAIN-HEADS OF THE AMAZON AND THE MISSISSIPPI-LAKES
ITASCA AND MOROCOCHA, 10,000 MILES APART, THEIR WATERS MEET IN THE F
PASS-PRICES OF PRODUCE ON THE UPPER AMAZON-COTTON CLOTH AND WAX THE CUR-

ENCY OF THE COUNTRY-GOLD, AND HOSTILE INDIANS-GREAT SARSAPARILLA COUNTRY-
COURSE OF TRADE WITH THE UPPER AMAZON-PORTS OP ENTRY-STEAMBOAT NAVIGATIOX
TO TIE ANDES-MINERAL WEALTH-LIEUTENANT HERNDON'S REPORT.

(Continued from May No.)

Bolivia has but one seaport on the stream to the sea, where the winds and Pacific, that is Cobija-an; open road- the currents are such as to require that stead, and a miserable 'village, at the produce to pass by our doors. head of the great desert of Atacama. Bolivia understands this, and her PreThe land transportation between this sident has expressed the most earnest port and the agricultural districts of the desire to draw closely the bonds of republic is too rough, too tedious, and friendship, commerce, and navigation, too expensive, ever to admit of its be. which are destined to bind his country to coming a commercial emporium. The this. direction in which Bolivia looks for an Bolivia, we have seen, owns navigaoutlet to market for her produce is along ble streams that are tributary both to her navigable water-courses that empty the Amazon and La Plata. The free air into the Amazon, and then down that of heaven and the glad waters of the

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