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ing a population of more than one hun

1850.

1951. 185..

to dred millions, and sweeping over a ter

Oats.............

340,462.. 1,149,783.. 2,596,231 Rye .....

42.. 19,435.. 212,21 ritory containing some of the finest Barle

3,237.. 166,188.. 497,913 agricultural and manufacturing districts Butter....... lbs. 5,365,708.. 2,354.277.. 3,989,917

Lead .....

3,936,500.. 4,961,240.. 7,164,672 in Europe. And besides, in a short time

Tallow........... 1,943,600.. 728,100.. 1.004.666 we shall obtain a good share of the Bacon

7,396,604.. 6,541,400.. 8,796,590 Wool......

51,604.. 61,823.. 45,179 residue, for the following reasons: 1st.

Hemp .........

1,066.. 2,139.. 3,598 The inward voyage from Liverpool to Cotion ...

472.. 310.. Norfolk is from eighteen to thirty hours

Flax ......
112..

789

Broom Corn...... 7,840.. 5,402.. 5,420 shorter than it is to New York. One

Leather. ...rolls. 7,795.. 8,628.. 7,155 day will be thus saved. 2d. Another Hides ....... No. 73,358.. 50,866.. 95,459 day will be saved in escaping the deten

Copper. ... tons.

605.. 439 Iron ........

3.038..

2,542.. 4,848 tion incident to the transit through Eng. Coal.....

11,436.. 17.281.. 34,665 land. The saving of two days in the Lead ....... pigs 18,102.. 26,983.. 31,916

Tobacco... hhds. 524.. 1,707.. 6,620 transmission of intelligence, at an era

Lumber..... feet. 47,416,744..84.068.589.. 72,337,255 when time enters so largely into the Staves .....No.18.652.890 10.696.006 19 ORA 611 computation of all business operations,

Live Hogs........

97,697.. 111.223 Sheep .......

18,906.. 16,590 would of itself be controlling. But when Cattle

8,594.. 15,926 we add to this, 3dly, the further saving Horses .....

2,761.. 1,643 Buffalo Robes.bales

3,246..

80 of the onerous charges now imposed by England upon the transit postage through that kingdom, it can hardly be doubted

COMMERCE OF HAVANA.—The Diario that the Virginia and Antwerp line will de la Marina, of the 1st inst, contains in a few years after its establishment full tabular statements of the commerce transport the largest portion of the mails of Havana for the year 1852, and, "also. between Europe and this country. comparative statements for several preWhen this is done, trade will neces. ceding years. The products of the sarily follow, and the great seaport of island registered for exportation at Virginia, being the centre of commercial Havana, for twelve years, are as follows: intelligence, must become also the cen

Sugar.

Coffee. Molares. Heasy. tre of commerce itself. No longer de- Years,

Bxs.

Arrobas. Hbde. Ta. pendent upon New-York, Virginia will 1852 ... .688,747.... 158,496....39,515....2,114 then be the recipient of the benefits of

1851 .......849,018.... 150,253.... 44,539....5,108

1850 .......704,777.... 170,902.... 28.615....2,156 exchange and other commercial profits, 1849

1849......666,463.... 509,044... 34,413....1,939 instead of paying them to others, as she 1848

1848 .......686,083..... 132,172....25,934.... 1,707

1847 .......661.766.... 346.390....32.765....).425 now does to the amount of nearly twelve 1846

.515,900. 236,946.... 26,679...1,887 millions of dollars per annum.

1845 .267,595... 170,466 ....20.075... 847

1844 .534,582.... 579,248....35,812.... 1,963 LAKE IMPORTS FOR 1852.—The fol. 1843

1843 .......461,307.... 773,043....35,711....2.198

1842 .......427,947....1,081,468.... 37,459....2.643 cial Advertiser, will show the imports at

1841 .......346,890.... 742,570....42,909....1,984 that port by the lake for the season of. In addition to the above, there were 1852 and also, for the seasons of 1850 registered during the twelve years, and 1851. It will be seen that there has 1 911 340 Mejo

as 1,911,340 M cigars, and 27,113,473 lbs. been a handsome increase of most ar- of tobacco for 1852, 175,559 M of the ticles, some being nearly, or quite double former, and 3.172,577 lbs. of the latformer seasons. The value of im- ter ports this season over last exceeds

of the exports for 1852, the United $13,000,000.

States took 196,485 boxes of sugar, 1850. 1851.

1852. Flour..........bbls. 1.096.183. 1.261.301.. 1.299.513 66,518 arrobas of coffee, 36,712 hhds. Pork .....

40,005.. 33.261.. 60,669 molasses, 143 tierces honey, 345 arrobas Beef.....

81,301..
70,570..

26,679 of wax, 391 pipes rum, 731,125 M cigars, Whisky ....

30,713.. 65,232. 79,306 Corn Meal.

9,990.. 2,287.. 5,099 and 841,160 lbs. tobacco. Seed ... 11,830.. 11.146.. 31,559

The entrances and clearances for 1851 Eggs ....

5,614.. 12,818.. 7,686 Fish ....

9,994. 6,367.. 6,814 and 1852 were as follows:
5,045.. 6,718..

7,577 Cranberries.

918.. 1,509.. 1,176 1851, entered 1,934 vessels, of these 623 Spanish. Ashes.......cks. 17,339.. 13,721.. 14,522 1852.

1,758

661 Wheat .... bush. 3,608, 261.. 4,260,004.. 5,549,778 1851, cleared 1,865 «

615 Corn ............ 2,521,149.. 6,080,330.. 5,136,746 1852,

699

1.789

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Lake Imports-Commerce of Havana-Fisheries.

503

The FISHERIES.-We give below some able forthcoming work of Hon. Lorenzo interesting statistics relative to the fish- Sabine, referred to in the annual report eries, which are taken from the invalu- of the Secretary of the Treasury :

Statistics of the Fisheries of the United States in 1840— General Vier, showing the Produce, Men, and

Capital Employed in each State and Territory.

Smoked or

Whale and
States and Territories.

Dry Fish, Pickled Fish. Spermaceti ou. other Oils,
Qtle
Bbls.
Gala.

Gals.
Maine .............
.....279,156......... 54.071.

1,024........

117,807
New Hampshire ..
..... 28,257.... ... 1,714....

15,234
Massachusetts ........

.389,715........ 124,755........3,630,972........3,364,725 Rhode Island.....

4,034

2,908. 487,268. 633,860 Connecticut.

1,384

6,598... 183,207... ,909,047
Vermont
New-York .....

22,224........

400,251........1,269,541
New Jersey.

1,134........
12,000........

80,000
Pennsylvania

.. 2,012.... Delaware.....

28,009.... 49,704. ....... 142,575 Maryland

71,292 Virginia ......

30,315.

262.. North Carolina

73,350.

2,397
South Carolina.

.. 425 .
Georgia..
Alabama......
Mississippi ....
Louisiana
Tennessee ...

97...
Kentucky
Obio.

3,506...
Indiana..

14...
Illinois
Missouri....
Arkansas.....
Michigan .....

35...
Florida..,

73... Wisconsin....

9,02). - lowa. District of Columbia ......

........ 24,300. Total.....

............773,947........472,359.......4,764,908........7,536,778

14

1,500

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Value Whalo

STATISTICs of the Codfishery of the United States States and Territories.

bone and other No. of Men Capital
prodact of the employed. Invested.

during the years 1849, 1850, 1851:
Fisheries.

Imports of Salt. Exporte Maine............

$2,351.. 3,610.. $526,967 Year. Tonnage. Bushels." Quintada.** Valuo. New Hampshire..

399.. 59,680 1849.....81.695.. 11,622,163.. 197,457. $419,092 00 Massachusetts ... 442,974.. 16,000.. 11.725,850 1850.....93.706.. 11,224,185.. 168,600.. 365,349 00 Rhode Island..... 45,523.. 1,160.. 1,077,157 1851* . ...95,616.. 8,681,176.. 151,088.. 367,729 00 Connecticut... 157,592.. 2,215.. 1,301,640 Vermont......

The following statistics show how New-York..... 344,665.. 1,228., 949,250

much these fisheries have fallen off. New Jersey... 74,000..

93,275 Pennsylvania .... 15,240..

58..

16,460 The value of exports of codfish was: Delaware.....

165.. 170,000 Maryland..

12,167..
7,814.. 88,947

1804.......................$2,400,000
Virginia.....
4,150.. 556.. 28,383

1817....

203,000 North Carolina... 23,800.. 1,784. 213,502

1823.

134,024 South Carolina...

53..
1,617
1824. ...

873,685 Georgia......

1832.. 6..

749,909 Alabama

1839.

709,218 Mississippi.

1843

381.175 Louisiana..

1845.

803,353 Tennessee

242

Slatistics of the Mackerel Fishery of the United Kentucky

States. Ohio......

165,.

12,210 Indiana... 1,150..

Mackerel InspectedIllinois.

In Mase, In N. H. In Maine. Missouri..

Year. Tonnage employed. bble, bbls. bbls. Arkansas.

1833.......... 48,725., 212,946.. 19.375.. Michigan. 453.. 28.640 1834....

- 252,864.. 18,200.. 40,661 Florida... 6,000.. 67.. 10,000 1835.

194,450.. 15,300.. Wisconsin.

155..

138..
61.300

The tonnage in 1851 was divided as follows, District Columbia, 15,500

64,500 viz. :-Maine, 45,528; New Hampshire, 1,916 ; Mas

- sachusetts, 39,982; Rhode Island, 376; Conneo$1,153,234 36,584 $16,429,620 ticut, 6,785; New-York, 1,034.

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30,048...120

Mackerel Inspected

No. of

No, high No. to In May. In N. H. In Maine. Places.

PRATA. Toobago pressure. pressure. Your. Tonnage employed. bbls. bois, bols. Savannah.....

27.... 5,750... 12.... 15 1836. 176.931.. 9,450., 25,228 Mobile ..

78... 13,146.... 78.... 1837. 46,811.. 138,157.. 5,225.. 22,460

460 Galveston ...,

10.... 1.589 1839 73,018.. 700..

Brazos........

5.... 677... 1840. 28,269.. 50,982.. 630..

Pensacola, ....

98....1841 11,321.. 55,537.. 1,100..

Camden......... 10.... 2,000 1844..... 16,170,. 86,181.. 1,240..

San Francisco.... 50.... 34,986. 1845..... 21,413.. 202,302.. 1,075..

Dis. of Vermont.. 11.... 3,439.. 1846... 36,463.. 174,064 1,369..

Champlain ,...... 6.. 941. 1847. 31,451.. 232,581.. 2,008..

Oswegatchie....

3....

1,985.... 1848. 43,558.. 300,130.. 2,400..

Oswego.......

3,537. 1849 .. 42,942.. 231.856.. 2,867..

Genesee.....

2....

495. 1850..... 58,112..

3 125..
Buffalo......

41.... 25,925. 1851.... ... 50,539.. 329,245.. 3,073.. 31,472 Presque Isle...

5,590 1852..........

2,140..
Cuyahoga....

13.... 6,417.
Sandusky.....

1.

1... 73.... Maumee .....

5.... STEAMBOATS IN THE UNITED STATES.

1.745..., Detroit......

44.... 16.179.... -We are indebted to A. Guthrie, Esq.,

Mackinac,... 12.... 1,746.... 1 steamboat inspector, for the following list Chicago......

650.. St. Louis

,048....126.. of steamboats in the United States.

Vicksburg ....

4.... 687.... The list shows that the western cities New Orleans..., 111.... 34.336....111 have the largest number-St. Louis

Nashville...... 18.... 3,578.... 18

Louisville...... 26.... 14.529.... 26.... taking the lead, and Cincinnati next in the figures. The eastern cities, how Total...........1,205....391,557....853.... 359 ever, exceed in the proportion of tonnage, The number given in the above table as New-York, with ninety-two boats, to the

to the city of New York is only ninetygives a tonnage of 64,447 ions, while St.

two, which is a very small figure if we Louis, with 126 boats, only gives 30,948 taken

take in the numerous ferry-boats and tons.

tow-boats that ply about the bay and Most of the western boats are high

rivers adjacent to the city. With these pressure, while the eastern are low pres- added, the aggregate would amount to sure.

w one hundred and fifty at least. No, of

No. high No. low Places. bosts. Tonnage. pressure. pressure,

Mr. Fabens lately delivered a lecture Cincinnati .... 104.... 24,109....104.... Wheeling...

38.... 6.843.... 38.... upon French Cayenne, in which he said Pittsburg .... 101.... 16,384.... 101

-Cayenne presents itself at this time in Eastport

5.... 1.298.... ... Bangor .....

1,660

a peculiar aspect, as being the asylum of Bath

1,494.

political convicts and exiles, and the Portland 3.... 1,247....

theatre whereon the great and thrilling Nantucket.

2.... 479.... Boston . 1,018....

drama of emancipation has been enactFall River..

4,769.....

ed, and as offering a field for mercantile Barnstable

240... Bristol...... 1 ... 149....

enterprise. People, generally speaking, Newport......

255...

are almost ignorant of even its geograProvidence. ... 1.... 245....

phical locality; and no wonder, for very Stonington ..... 1.... 67.... New London.., .... 3,945....

often the newspapers publish accounts Middletown......

2,072....

which are incorrect and misleading. New-York.

64,447.. New Haven.....

806....

He would present a few observations on Sag Harbor.

128.

its physical aspect, and then proceed to Newark....... 3 1,005

glance at its commercial and social conAmboy ......

5,440. Burlington .... 11.

dition. In accordance with this proWilmington ....

11....
2.681....

gramme, the lecturer described the Philadelphia. 60... 10,336 Baltimore .....

34.
9,387.

geography of the colony, and, regarding Norfolk ......

936.... .... its physical aspect, remarked, that in Plymouth .... 1.. 86....

scattered portions of the coast are deep Washington .. Newbern...

167...

tracts of country of low level surface, St. Mark's..

45..

covered with thick bushes. This solid Johnnville... Rubwood..... 6.... 1,352.... ....

mass of vegetable life strikes the bePilesbury......

holder at first as an army of intruders on Wilmington ... 15.... 30,014.

a foreign domain. That the soft mud, Alexandria, ...

2.... 208. ... Charleston ....

? 11 ...

7. in which these bushes have taken root, 4,096....

has been thrown up by the sea, there • Maine, 9.858 ; New-Ilampshire, 481 ; Massa- cannot be a doubt. Shells of oysters, huwelts, 89,416 ; Rhode Island, 196; Connecticut, Total, 50,539.

and even the anchor of a ship have been

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No. of Steamboats Mr. Fabens's Lecture on French Cayenne. 505

discovered two leagues from the ocean, trees, and present a fine prospect. It is evidently showing that the ocean has picked by hand by means of double made incursions. So long as this mud ladders, and exposed in the sun, where continues soft it tends to break the force it becomes browned. It requires but of the ocean rolls; but there are times little outlay of capital, and growing in when it becomes hard, and the sea healthy localities, and requiring only a rushes through with terrific and destruc- small amount of labor, can be worked tive violence. Regarding the climate by whites. Mr. Fabens then entered of Cayenne, Mr. Fabens said, that so far into the particulars of other productions, from its being unhealthy, as is generally and showed how their cultivation had supposed, it was decidedly a healthy declined since the emancipation of the place. In and about the town of Cayenne blacks. Such is the richness of the soil the air is bracing and salubrious. That and the beauty of the climate, that even the seamen of our merchant ships have a negro has only occasion to work one suffered froin diseases must be ad- day in fifteen to produce food enough mitted; but at the same time it ought to for his family. The fruits, particularly, be remembered, that that class of men are abundant, and the bays and rivers are proverbial for careless and intemper- abound with fish, and the forests with ate habits. The seasons are divided game. The forests would make the forinto the rainy and the dry. The former tune of the man who would enter on a commences in November and continues timber speculation, for the production is seven months. During this rainy season great, and the means of transportation the water falls in immense masses for easy. The delightful climate of Cayenne days together. The temperature varies makes it a pleasant place of residence, very little, and the prevailing winds are and its wonderful exemptions from storms from the north and northeast. It is also and earthquakes make it a convenient a fact that Cayenne is generally free stopping place for whalers and homewardfrom pestilences, and even earthquakes bound Indiamen wanting supplies. Mr. have not left their mark, though they Fabens then entered on the history of have been sometimes slightly heard. In Cayenne, and remarked that when, in a commercial sense, Cayenne presents 1791, the Assembly of France proclaimmany advaatages. To the early French ed throughout the colonies the dictum colonists it presented a forbidding aspect; that all men were free, the colonists were but they resolutely set their shoulders to completely perplexed, but at length the wheel, and soon produced a change, compromised matters with their negroes for the graceful cotton was seen in full by merely informing them they were bloom, and the spices of the east lent a free, and then making them work hardfragrance to the air; tamarind and palm er than ever. Nevertheless, the colony trees grew up as if by magic, and the was in an unsettled state ; and in 1800 dark forests were made to yield the most the planters set vigorously to work to valuable woods. Since then, emancipa- frighten the blacks into obedience. After tion has swept over the land and blight- the overthrow of Louis Philippe, the ed the once fair prospect. However, blacks were emancipated suddenly in the country still presents a fine field for Cayenne, as well as in the other French commerce. Among the various com- colonies.' Coming as it did at first in the modities of the country, the sugar-cane form of a declaration, blasting all the occupies the first rank. This product is planter's prospects, it was indeed a raised principally on table lands, though bitter pill; and when the official decree ruins are still to be seen on the slopes. arrived, ordering emancipation to take The average production does not exceed place within two months, the planters 7,000 pounds to the acre. The process anticipated it by freeing their negroes at of cultivation is highly interesting.-- once. A state of terror existed among Many estates have been abandoned, and the colonists, and the military and police the quantity exported may be set down were kept continually on the qui vive. at zero. The clove tree was transplant. The institution of universal suffrage beed to Cayenne, where it has since been ing applied to the blacks, produced cultivated with success. It flourishes laughable farces for many had no best on mountain sides, and is laid out names, and the christening scenes were in alleys of twenty feet, and the cloves ludicrous in the extreme; but on the grow in bunches on the branches of the day of voting the confusion was awful.

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The result of these political measures is Statement of duties, redenues, and public expendi

tu es, for the first quarter of the fisral year, from to be seen now in the colony, which has

July 1 to September 30, 1852, Ogreeably to war crowded jails and grog-shops, and pre rants issued. ezclusive of trust funds and treasury sents many a scene of awful destitution.

notes funded : Desolation has succeeded to prosperity.

RECEIPTS. The colonists had feared that emancipabad foored that emancina. From customs.........

....... $15,723,935 71 tion would be followed by an insurrec

From sales of public lands.......... 415,945 91

From miscellaneous and incidental tion of the blacks; but the real mischief sources...

191,200 10 has shown itself in the ruin caused by the laziness of the negroes. Slavery

$16,331,081 72

EXPENDITURES. ostensibly existed before, but now we see Civil list, miscellaneous and foreign that the blacks are slaves to their own intercourse ............. ...... $3,993,086 71 brutal and degrading passions. After a

* Expense of collecting the revenues
from customs.....

556,411 09

1. Expense of collecting from lands..... cluded by making a few general obser

Indian Department ....$1,918,185 56
Pensions............

887,571 38 vations on the colony of Cayenne and

2,805,756 94 its relations to the mother country, and Army proper, &c. ..... $2,669,662 23

Fortifications, ordnance., hinted at the propriety of the United

arming militia, &c....
ar

787 04 States protesting against the uprearing

2,856,449 27

Navy ........ of a penal colony, which will scatter a

2,868,760 51

Paying the old public debt. stream of vice through her cities.

Interest on Treasury notes 43 42
Rod mption of stock of
une loan of 1843........300,

2.300,000 00 FINANCES OF THE UNITED STATES.

Reimbursement of TreaTABLES ACCOMPANYING THE ANNUAL REPORT OF

sury notes, per act of THS SECRTARY OF THE TREASURY.

1847, paid in specie.... 50 00 Date a Statement of Duties and Revenues during the fiscal

$300,309 31 year ending June 30, 1852:

From which deduct reThe receipts into the treasury during the fiscal payments on acct. 01 year, ending June 1st, were :

interest on public debt.. 4,

295,653 ST FROM CUSTOMS, Viz : During the quarter ending Septem

$13,440,587 69 ber 30, 1851 ...

... $14,754,909 34 During the quarter ending December 31, 1851......

Statement of the Public Debt on the 1st Jan., 1853. 9,601,500 40

rch 3i During the quarter ending March 31

or the old funded and unfunded debt, 1852.. ; 12,109,761 80

$114,573 40

payable on presentation.......... During the quarter ending

Treasury notes outstanding, sunda1852................ .......... 10,873,146 08 ble or payable on presentation .... 121,161 64

Debt of the corporate cities of the
Total ......................... $47,339 326 62 District of Columbia, assumed per

act of the 20th May, 1836-$60,000 From sales of public

payable annually ................ 780,000 0 ............. $2,043,339 58

LOANS. Miscellaneous and ineidental sources, in

Bix per cent. of 1842,

vi ser no es cluding military con

redeemable December tributions in Mexico 345.820 69

31, 1862............. $8

Five per cent. of 1843, Total receipts exclusive of loans. 49,728,386 89

redeemable July 1, Balance in Treasury, July 1, 1851.... 10,911,645 68

1863. ............... 4,526,531 35

Six per cent. of 1846. Total means.

redeemable November ..... $60,640.032 57

12, 1856......

.... 4,999,139 71. Siyor

Six per cent. of 1847, The expenditures during the fiscal year, exclusive redeemable January of trust funds, were :

1, 1868..............25,656,600 00 Civil list, legislative, executive, judi

Six per cent. of 1848, ciary .. ................

... $3,422,939 29 redeemable July 1, Foreign intercourse....

4,132,671 45 868.................15,735,000 00 Miscellaneous... 9,824,158 02 Five per cent. Texan

) Under direction of Interior Depart

indemnity, redeemament .....

5,198,828 94

ble Jan. 1, 1865....... 5,000,000 00 64,115,957 09 Under direction of War Department. 8,925,246 92 Under direction of Navy Department. 8,928,236 05

$65,131,692 13 Expenditures on public debt, includ

Amount of the public debt on the ing interest, Texas stock, redemp

20th Nov., 1851, as per Report on tion of loans, commissions on piir

the Finances of the 6th Jan., 1852...62,560,395 28 chase of stock, reírnbursement of

ADD
Treasury notes, &c.....

6,275,815 53 On account of the Tax Indemnity, AT
per act of Sept. 9, 1850.....

5,000,000 00 Total expenditures... $46,007,896 20

- - Balance in Treasury, July 1st, 1852., 14,632,136 37

387,560,305 96

1910

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