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receipts of grain by this channel alone our time was published in the metropowill have reached six million bushels. lis in 1622, and that the most prominent Adding the flour at five bush. the bbl., of the ingenious speculators who offered and the large figure of seven million the novelty to the world was one Nathanand three hundred thousands of bushels iel Butter. His companions in the work is made, to represent the breadstuffs appear to have been Nicholas Bourne, discharged from canal-boats at Toledo. Thomas Archer, Nathaniel Newberry, The receipts by rail-road have more Wm. Sheffard, Bartholomew Downes than doubled those of any preceding and Edward Allde. All these different year, as have also those by wagon. The names appear in the imprints of the tables exhibiting these have not yet early numbers of the first newspaperbeen prepared.

the New News. What appears to be the NEWSPAPERS.-By the last census it earliest sheet bears date the 23d of May, appears the number published in the Uni. 1622, and has the names of Bourne and ted States is 2625, circulating about Archer on the title; but as we proceed 400,000,000 copies annually. It is curi. in the examination of the subject, we ous to trace the origin of this powerful find that Butter becomes the most conFourth Estate from its humble begin. spicuous of the set. He seems to have nings in the seventeenth century. been the author and the writer whilst

“When the reign of James the First the others were probably the publishers; was drawing to a close; when Ben Jon- and, with varying title, and apparently son was poet laureate, and the personal with but indifferent success, his name is friends of Shakspeare were lamenting found connected with newspapers as his recent death; when Cromwell was late as 1640." trading as a brewer at Huntingdon; when Milton was a youth of sixteen, just In continuation of the statistics of trying his pen at Latin verse, and Hamp- Florida Keys and Wreckers, as given in den a quiet country gentlemen in Buck- the Industrial Resources, we give the folinghamshire; London was first solicited lowing table, for which we are indebted to patronise its first newspaper. There is to E. J. Gomez, Esq., Spanish consul, no reason to doubt that the puny ances- and agent for insurance companies of tors of the myriads of broad sheets of Spain and Cuba, at Key-West : STATEMENT OF VESSELS WRECKED ON THE FLORIDA COAST, AND ASSISTED BY THE KEY WEST

“ WRECKERS." Amount awarded

A nount of Total am't of sal. Value of vessels Years. Vessela. for salvage. expenses. vage and expenses.

and cargoes. 1844... $92,712 19...... $76,352 80...

$725.000 00 1845.. 69,592 00.. 36,117 50

105,709 50... 737 000 00 1816.... 124,400 28... 65,921 26.

190,321 54... • 1,462,917 77 1847.

50,854 00
29,563 00.
71,417 00..

535,000 00 1848....

125,800 00... 74,260 00... 200,060 00... 1,282,000 00 1849.

127,870 00

91,290 00.... 219,160 00.. 1,305,000 00 1850..

78,029 00... 200,860 00... 929,800 00 1851....

75,852 00....... 89,233 00...... 165,085 00. .... 941,500 00 Total........ 279..... $789,911 47... ... $531,766 56...... $1,321,678 03 ..... $7,918,217 77 We have often had occasion to refer iron, 100 tons mineral coal, 9.800 bushels to the prodigious advances of Georgia of coke and charcoal. There are 39 in every element of material wealth, hands employed in them. The value of and the reader will find in the Industrial raw material, etc., is $11,950. These Resources quite a chapter upon the sub- establishments turn out 415 tons castject. We add the following additional ings. The entire value of product being items :

$46,800. In pig iron she has three esIn castings, Georgia has four estab- tablishments-capital invested, $36,000 ; lishments, with a capital invested of ore used, 5,189 tons; value of raw ma$35,000. They consume 440 tons pig terial, $25,840. There is turned out 900

tons pig iron, value of entire product, * Many of these vessels were lost in the severe hurricane experienced on the 11th of October. Es timated number of vessels lost or injured on the three establishments-capital invested. Kevs since 1823, 1200 ; of the value with cargoes, 840.000.000. From the 1st January to 1st Sept., 1852, 21 vessels reached Key West in distress or for repairs.

yards of cloth manufactured, 340,660;

122,831 00......

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191...........14.613*

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100.

..........1,000

200......

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northern seas, four of which were lost.

Sperm. Whale. Bose. Of the remaining number 179 have been

1818.......... 5,096.....29,126.... 921,500

... 14,613.... 7,775.... 112.800 reported in, with an aggregate of 225,570

1816.... .40,701..... 5,221.....211,000 barrels, or an average catch of 1,260 bbls. 1845..........35,992... .12,950. unknown.

The following table will show the The annual statement of the United amount of sperm and whale oil on hand States Mint for 1852, shows the following in the United States on the 1st day of total coinage for 1852 :January, 1853, as nearly as can be ascer

GOLD. tained :

2,053,026 Double Eagles ............ $41,060,520 00 Sperm. Whale. Bone. 263,106 Eagles.....

2.631,060 00 New-Bedford ........4,635 .....3,4501

573,901 Half Eagles....

2,869,505 00 .... 113,000 Fair Haven..........3,400...... 2,600

1,159,381 Quarter Eagles...

2. 99,202 50 Fall River......

2,045,351 Gold Dollars............ 2,045,351 00 Warren ......

......1,700... Nantucket.

6,091,765 Pieces.

$51,505,638 50 Mattapoisett.....

SILVER. Westport .......... .. 220 .....

1,100 Dollars....

$1,100 00 77,130 Half Dollars........

38,565 00 Total............9,555 ......8,210......113,000 177,060 Quarter Dollars......... 44,265 00

1.535,500 Dimes...............

153,550 00 There is said to be a considerable 1,535,5

1.000,500 Half Dimes....

50,025 00 quantity of whale oil on hand in New- 18,663,500 Three Cent Pieces. ..... 559,905 00 York, mostly return shipments from

27,549,555 Pieces.

$52,352,948 50 Europe, but we are unable to ascertain

COPPER the amount.

5,162,094 Cents ...................

$51,620 94 The following table will show the amount of oil and whalebone on hand 32,711

$52,404,569 44 from 1852 to 1845, inclusive :

We gather from official reports, made Sperm, Whalo. Bone to the last session of the legislature of Jan. 1, 1852. .........19,350.....36,500.. unknown. Virginia, the following particulars relat. 1851..... .. 3,610..... 14.062.....242,000

ing to the commerce of her great public 1850... .. 3,700..... 13.000.....440,000 1849..........10,147..... 20,936.....994,600 works:

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Statement showing the amount of Tonnage and the Estimated Value thereof. imported into the City of Richmond, on the James River and Kanawha Canal, Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad, Richmond and Petersburg Railroad, Richmond and Danville Railroad, and the Virginia Central Railroad, during each of the last five years, together with the Freights and Tolls paid on the said Tonnage.

crechts

165,244 31

Year ending
October 31, 1848......

1849...
1850....
1851....
1852......

1.- JAMES RIVER AND KANAWHA CANAL. No. of tona. Estimated value.

Tolla.

Freight and tolls. 125,054.... $4,230,532 18.... 864.250 13... $128,500 25.... 192, 140,696.... 5,435,046 66.... 82,620 39.....

247.861 08 137,589.... 6,123.865 49... 71,247 16.... 142,494 31 .. 213,741 47 140,924.... 5,133,853 62.... 61,613 29.. 123,226 59.... 184,833 88 153,377.... 7,145,837 43.... 73,619 28.... 147,298 56.... 220,947 84 697,640 $28,069,135 38 $353,380 25 $706,760 40 $1,060,140 65

.

Total for 5 years, ......

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Table ethibiting the Amort of Tonnage. Estimated value thereof an

imported into the City of Richmond by means of the several Works of Internal Improvement leading into the City, during the year 1852.

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Charleston Exports for 1852—New-York Taxation.

405

Statement of Erports of the Growth, Produce, and Manufacture of the United States from the District of Charleston, during the year 1852, in American and Foreign Vessels.

Cotton.

39.

Miscellaneous S. Island.

Uplande.

Value in
Whither Exported.

articles.
lbs.

dollars. Russia.....

1,000,849... 88,515 Prussia .. Sweden....

100...... 7,993......

526,517..

48,668 Holland

6,196.

944,556.

83,349 Belgium ...

40.

2,045,392

177,850 England ...,

17,358......5,148,526 ...... 85,430,489. 8,992,098 British West Indies....

10,457. French European ports on the Atlantic.... 5,342.... 855,680...... 12,430,910. 1,379,490

Mediterranea
3,515...... 537,925...... 6,487,720.

753,914 Cuba....

20,319..... Italy......................

250,760..

20,348 Buenos Ayres......

7,508.. Hanse Towns and ports of Germany.

5,132.

2,826,550. 233,145 Denmark and Norway.........

7,080.

540 Holland ............................

5,866.

702,752..

63,170 Spanish European ports on the Mediterranean 3,682.

8,845,548.. 933,919 Spanish West Indies...

885.. United Provinces of La Plata........

2,384 Spanish European ports on the Atlantic..

3,715.... Africa........................

6,342. Guatamalian ports on the Atlantic...

2.075, Scotland..

110.... 20,242...... 1,286,152...... 124,014 Brazil... Totals...

$109,421......6,587,764......122,785,275..... $12,899,620

8,356 ......

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Quantity in Value in Quantity in Value in Total value to Whither Exported.

tierces.

dollars. bushels. dollars. each country, Russia......

... 274....
6,217.... - ...

91,771 Prussia..... • 2,904.... 72,506....

72,5( 6 Sweden ....

.... 47,982.... 44,111... 92.879 Holland

1,001... 21,266.... 912....

912,

915... 111,726 Belgium.....

2,604... 50,299... 35,773..., 22,023.. 250.212 England.....

4,513.. 80.230....138,115.... 113,707... 9,230,386 British West Indies ..... 683... 13,296...

28,516 French European ports on the Atlantic. ....... 2,442.... 61,726....

1,454,558 Mediterranean.. 1,043,... 26,781....

781,210 Cuba...... 17,480.... 378,059....

398,378 Italy ......................

17,502.... 16,000.... 36,348 Buenos Ayres......

7,508 Hanse Towns and ports of Germany

238,757 Denmark and Norway ............

79,282.... 70,938... 71,478 Holland ..................

915.... 69,951 Spanish European ports on the Mediterranean.

937,601 Spanish West Indies ... 239. 3,700.

4,585 United Province of La Plata.

2,384 Spanish European ports on the Atlantic..

3,715 Africa.....

6,342 Guatamalian ports on the Atlantic .

2,075 Scotland.

2.... 36..

124,100 Brazil....

8,356 Totals......

...33,185... $714,116....329,279.... $276,609.... $14,031.402

'912....

The aggregate amount of imports in

Rate. American and foreign vessels during the Year. Valantion

Tax.

Mills, .) was vear 1852. was: in American vessels. 1835.......$218,723,703.... $862,006 00.... 2 5-10 in American Vessels, 1836. .... 309.

309,500,920....1,085,130 44.... 3 5-10 $1,285,716; in foreign vessels, $481,627 1837... 263,747,350....1,244,972 15.... 4 7-10 -total, $1,767,343.

1838...... 264,152,941....1,244,972 15 ... 51-10 1839.

266,882,430....1.352.832 68. ... 51-10 There were 9,426 barrels of naval

1840..... 252,135,515... 1,354,479 29.... 5 4-10 stores, valued at $31,636, exported from 1841,.. 252,194,920....1,394,136 65.... 5 5-10 Charleston in 1852, chiefly to England. 1842.... 237,806,901....2.031,382 66.

8 5-10 1813..... 229,239,077....1,747,516 59.

7 6-10 Since 1835 taxation in New-York has 1844.: 236,727,143....1,988.818 56.... 84-10 quadrupled, while the value of real pro- 1845....... 239,995,517....2,096,191 18.... 87-10

1846.

244,952,004....2,520,146 71....10 3-10 perty has not increased thirty per cent., 184

1847.... 247,152,303....2,581,776 30....10 4-10 and the population has not quite doubled. 1848.. 254,192,527....2,715,510 25....10 7-10 And still, New-York prospers. The fol. 1849.... 254.192.527....2,715,510 25....10 7-10

1850..... 286.061.816....3.230,085 02....11 3-10 lowing statistical table shows the rate of 1851. 286,061,816....3,239,085 02 ...11 3-10 taxation from the year 1835 to 1852:

351,768,399... 3,380,511 05.... 97-10

Mr. Tuel of New York lately publish- Alabama Steamship Company, Black ed in the New-York Journal of Com- Warrior, between New-York and New merce an article upon the steamships Orleans, Mobile and Havana, 1,900; 3 of that city. From it we learn that the New York and Savannah Steamship Cunard (British) line was established in Co., Florida, Alabama and Augusta, of 1838, and consists of Arabia, 2,500 tons; 1,300, and 1,350 tons respectively, 3,950; Asia, 2,200; Europa, 1,800; America, 2 New-York and Virginia Steamship 1,800 ; Persia, 3,100; Africa, 2,200; Ni. Company, the Roanoke and Jamestown, agara, 1,800; Canada, 1,800; Cambria, 1,050 respectively, 2,100; 3 United States 1,500'; aggregate tonnage, 10,000. Mail Steamship Company, the Cherokee,

The New-York and Liverpool United Empire and Crescent City, 1,300, 2,000, States Mail Steamers.--This line was es- and 1,500, respectively, 4,800; total tablished by E. K. Collins, Esq., in 1850. number of ships employed, 17; aggreThe first of its ships, the Atlantic, sailed gate of tonnage, 21,912. from New-York for Liverpool 27th April, The California lines consist of the 1850. The Arctic of this line has made steamers of the Pacific Mail Steamship the quickest passage of the Atlantic Company, as follows: the Golden Gate, steamers from New-York to Liverpool, 2,500 tons; Tennessee, 1,300; Northaccomplishing it in 9 days and 17 hours. erner, 1,200; Republic, 1,200 ; Oregon, Atlantic, 3,000 tons; Pacific, 3,000; 1,099; Panama, 1,087; California, 1,050; Baltic, 3,000; Arctic, 3,000; aggregate Columbia, 800 ; Carolina, 600; Columbus, tonnage, 13,000.

600; Isthmus, 600; Unicorn, 600; Fre. The Ocean Steam Navigation Company mont, 600; John L. Stephens, 1,500 ; total, comprises the United States Mail Steam- 15,536 tons. ship line between New-York, Southamp- The United States Mail Steamship ton and Bremen, and consists of the Company, on the Atlantic side, connect Washington of 1,700 tons; the Hermann, with the Pacific Mail Company. Their 1,700; aggregate tonnage, 3,300. This steamers are: Georgia, 3,000 tons; Ohio, company was established in 1847. 3,000; Illinois, 2,500 ; Empire City,

The New-York and Havre Steam Na- 2,000; Crescent City, 1,500 ; Cherokee, vigation Company consists of the United 1,300; Philadelphia, 1,200 ; El Dorado, States Mail Steamers, the Franklin, of 1,300; Falcon, 1,000; George Law, 2,209 tons; Humboldt, 2,200; aggregate 2,800 ; Total, 19,600. tonnage, 4,400 tons.

Vanderbilt's Line, via Nicaragua, is The Glasgow and New-York Steam composed of 10 ships : The Northern ship Company is running its new steam- Light, 2,500 tons; Prometheus, 1,500; ship Glasgow, of 1,962 tons and four Pacific, 1,200; S. S. Lewis, 2,000; hundred horse power.

Morning Star, 2,500; Independence, The steamships employed on lines be- 900; Pioneer, 2,500 ; Brother Jonathan, tween New-York and the Southern cities 2,100; Star of the West, 1,600 ; Daniel of the United States are seventeen, belong. Webster, 1,200. Total, 18,000. ing to the following companies: 4 steam The New York and San Francisco ers, Marion, Union, Southerner and Ad. Steamship Company is composed of the ger, of 12, 15, 10 and 1,500 tons, respec- following steamers: the Winfield Scott, tively, New-York and Charleston Steam- 2,100 tons; United States, 1,500 ; Cortez, ship Company, 6,200; 2 propellers, Benj. 1,800; Uncle Sam, 2,000. Total, 7,400. Franklin and Wm. Penn (1,000 each) The Empire City Line is composed of between New-York and New Orleans, the following steamers: the Sierra 2,000; 2 propellers, City of Norfolk and Nevada, 1,800 tons; City of Pittsburgh, Richmond, between Charleston, Norfolk, 2,000; San Francisco, 3,000. Total, Petersburgh and Richmond, of 444 and 6,800. 518 tons respectively, 962; 1 N. Y. and

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