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A TABLE, Showing the monthly arrivals of Steamboats and Barges, Keel and Flatboats, with their respective Tonnage, Wharfage, Harbor Master's

Fees, &c., for the years 1651 and '52.

Arrivals of
steamboats and

barges.

Arrivala of
keel and
flatboats.

Tonnage of
steamboats and

barges.

Wharfage.

this port, of steamers for the present

TONNAGE.—The table of arrivals at

Months, 1851. 1862. '51. 52. 1851. 1859

185).

1859.
January...... 112.. 55.... 2.. . 23,942.. 16,430.... $1,777 95.. $1,236 65....
February..... 154.. 194.... 1..

29,013.. 42,085.... 2,002 17.. 2,909 04....
March........ 554.. 249.... 4.. .... 71,819.. 60,706.... 5,630 49.. 4,289 61 ...
April......... 315.. 316... 5.. .... 73,069., 76,981.... 5,048 94.. 5,591 68....
May ......... 414.. 399.... 13..

98,371.. 99,979..., 6,974 42.. 7,154 13....
June......... 210.. 288....

.... 57,938., 75,231.... 3,066 85., 5,945 27....
July ......... 162.. 287.

40,273.. 72,885.... 2,493 91.. 4,899 00.... August....... 269.. 213..

62,482.. 47,414.... 4,809 99.. 3,471 33....
September.... 258.. 305.

59,066.. 55,206 .... 4,132 72.. 3,926 35....
October...... 244.. 367.

57,729.. 71,958.... 4,132 49.. 5,758 10....
November.... 347.. 291..

73,441.. 62.558.... 5,159 09.. 4,863 55....
December.... 164.. 223.... -..-. 35,637.. 58,814.... 2,820 45. 3,836 67....

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December .... October....... April...... March..... January....

Months.
February.....

....
September..... 1,005,547..
November..... 192,974.. 697,000..
July......... 2,087,340.,

503,816..
August. ...... 687,208.. 585,000..-
May...... ....1,227.667. 1,988,000. -

2,664 Rail-road Ties.
Lamber.
202, 120...
868.874.. 114,000..
494,906.. 529,000..

28.000..
680,500..
Shingles. Laths.

..161,000
.. 116,000
.. 10,000
..273,053
..169,100
stuil.
-

cing a period of three years, June.. ....... 2,176,169..1,496,000..31,000., 89,965 to a good degree, the improvement of

be obtained, the following table, embra..-..168,788 products are received, we have com

piled, with as much accuracy as could : 15,099 the country, from which the principal 162,956 they are yearly extended, and marking,

the commercial relations of the city, as - .. 50,000 of our report, evidencing the progress of

the last. As this is an important portion Lathe. Cooper year, shows an increase over those of

Monthly Receipts of Lumber-Steamboat Arrivals, fc.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT,

Showing the Monthly Arrivals of Steamboats at the Port of St. Louis, from New Orleans, the Ohio, Illinois, Upper Mississippi, Missouri, and

Cumberland Rivers, Cairo, and other Points, during the years 1850, 51, and '52.

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New-Orleans.

Ohio River,
Ilinois River.
Upper Miss. Missouri River. Cumberland. Cairo.

Other points.
Months. '50. 51. 52. '60. 151. 52. *50. 51, 52. 50. 51. 52. 50. 361. 252. 951. 52. *50. '51. 52. 50. 51. 52.
January.... 18.. 20.. 20.... 12.. 8.. 12....

2.. 23.. 1 -.. 10.. 1

2.. 5.. .....

... 6.. 18..
February.... 35.. 54.. 24

... 3. .. 9.. 5.. 21.... 9.. 12..
March...... 45.. 29.. 27.... 64.. 35., 47....! .. 78.. 80.... 80. 65.. 45.

3.... 12.. 2.. 17.... 10.. 33..
April....... 27.. 31.. 32.... 61.. 46.. 64.... 7 ... 63.. 78.... 60.. 65.. 72.... 58.. 28.. 37.... 4.... 12.. 6.. 18.... 18.. 19..
May... .... 20.. 40.. 37.... 47.. 47.. 74.... 69.. 78.. 94.... 76. . 87,. 82 .... 57.. 46.. 57.... .. 7.... 6.. 17.. 25.... 21.. 26.. 23
June ....... 24.. 25.. 25.... 52.. 34.. 44.... 83.. 37.. 73.... 78., 55.. 57.... 42.. 48.. 38..... 4.... 8.. 5.. 27.... 17., 8., 21
July.......... 12. 13.. 35.... 32.. 28.. 35.... 56.. 30.. 72.... 49.. 48.. 77.... 32.. 22.. 23.... .. 1.. 3.. 9. 20.... 12.. 6.. 14
August, .... 23.. 23..
15.. 61.. 37.... 48.. 51.. 56. ... 45.. 35., 27...

3.. 11.. 18....: 3.. 21.. 18
September.. 15.. 22..

3.. 54.. 78.... 63. 63.. 80.... 45.. 34.. 26.... I.. -.. 20.. 22.... 33.. 13..
October..... 20.. 27.. 34....

63.. 52., 94.... 59.. 56.101.... 26.. 35.. 34... ... 3.... 4.. 15.. 20.... 6., 7...
November.. 36. . 29.. 26.... 65.. 47.. 40.... 98.. 83., 97.... 81. 77.. 68.... 32.. 25.. 19....

1.. 13.. 16.... 18.. 1.. 22
December.. 28., 19., 27.... 30.. 30.. 48. .. 53.. 39.. 66.... 28.. 29.. 49.... 10.. 5.. 13....

5.. 13.... 1.. 2.... 4.. ... 7.... 12..

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Total....301..300..330....493..401..520....788..634..858....635..639..705....390..301..317.... 43.. 30.... 75..119..223....215.. 175..201

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The tonnage of this port has been con- mountains and the oak forests of the siderably increased, and as freights were state, our docks and machine shops will scarce, charges have ruled unusually be enabled to exhibit as well-built veslow during the year. There have been sels, propelled by engines as perfect, added to our list, within the past twelve and all furnished as cheaply as any months, several boats, which, for dimen- other point in the west. sion, power, swiftness and elegance of Custom-HOUSE REPORT.-Through the finish, are hardly surpassed on the west- politeness of Mr. GREENE, Surveyor of ern waters. One of these was built at the Port, we are enabled to lay before Hannibal, and equipped, and furnished the public the following statement. at this point, and although, as yet, she We annex in a parallel column the has made but a trip or two to New-Or- figures of 1851 : leans, and has not fully tested her ca

St. Louis, January 3, 1853. pacity, she has already established a Messrs. CHAMBERs and Knapp: high character for our artisans in naval Gentlemen: I herewith give you a architecture, machinery and embellish- statement of some of the particulars and ment. There can be no doubt, that with results of the business of the customrail-road communication to the iron house during the past year:

1852.

1851. The foreign value of goods, wares, and merchandiso, imported into St. Louis from foreign countries, and entered for consumption at this port in

$954,956 00 $757,509 00 Foreign value of merchandise remaining in public store on 31st Dec., ult.. 11,566 00 6,261 89 The foreign value of merchandise entered at other ports for transportation hither, but not yet received, estimated...

72,951 00 107,902 00 Total...

$1,039,473 00

1852..................................................................

or the above-mentioned goods, wares, and merchandise, entered for con

sumption in 1852, the imports were from the following countries:- From

England, the foreign value of which was...
France............ : ** *
Germany and Holland....
Spain and Dependencies..
Brazil....
Manilla (E. I.)......
Other countries....

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Total..........
Total....
.....................................................

$954,946 00 $757,509 00 The general descriptions of merchandise imported and entered for consumption are, viz: sugar and molasses, foreign cost..

$413,172 00 $289,753 00 Hardware, cutlery, &c. ......

118.276 00 133,401 00 Rail-road iron. ... .........

132,894 00 100,211 00 Earthen and glassware......

80,729 00 98,786 00 Tin-plate, tin, iron, copper, &e........

59,826 00 31,482 00 Dry goods and fancy goods .....

110,814 00 24,287 00 Brandies, wines, gins, cordials

32,985 00 24,712 00 Burr stones.....

420 00 2,257 00 Drugs and medicines..

756 00 2,018 00 Cigars...............

5,773 00 Total....

$954,946 00 $757,509 00 Amounts of duties on imports collected ..........

$290,168 85 $239.318 68 Hospital moneys.....

3,129 89 2,941 03 Total amount collected in 1852.....

8293,298 74 Amount expended in 1852 for relier of sick and distressed seamen....

3,162 01 $5,441 44 Tonnage on steam vessels remaining on 31st December, 1852...

36,372 00 Respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. W. GREENE.

Annual Report of the Commerce, fc., of the United States. 399

ART. IX.-COMMERCIAL PROGRESS-HOME AND FOREIGN.

UNITED STATES COMMERCE, 1852—COMMERCIAL STATISTICS, U.S.-COPPER OF MICHIGAN

COMMERCE OF NORTH-WEST-NEWSPAPERS IN U. S.-SHIPWRECKS ON THE FLORIDA COASTS -ADVANCES OF GEORGIA-LEAD RESOURCES OF NORTH-WEST-STATISTICS OF WEALTH TAXATION AND INDEBTEDNESS OF NEW-YORK AND NEW-ORLEANS-OIL BUSINESS OF THE U. S.-MINT OF THE U. S.--COMMERCE OF CHARLESTON-COMMERCE OP RICHMOND-NEWYORK STEAMSHIPS.

Since the appearance of our last num. in our next make an analysis of it simiber, the Secretary of the Treasury has lar to those which were made by us of published his annual report of the com- the reports of the other departments of merce and navigation, etc., of the United government. Meanwhile the following States, for the commercial year which statistics from the volume may be of closed on the 30th June last. We will value to our readers.

Value.

Statement exhibiting the value of certain articles imported during the year ending on the 30th of June, 1845,

1846, 1851, 1852, (after deducting the re-exportations,) and the amount of duty which accrued on each during the same period, respectively:

1845.

1846.
Value.
Duties.

Duties, Woolens .....

0,504,423..... $ 3.731,014.. $9,985,925....... $3,480,797 Cottons.

13,360,729.

4,908,272.
12,857,422

4,365,483 Hempen goods

801,661
198,642..
696,888.

138,394 Iron and manufactures of.. 4,075,142

2,415,003
3,660,581.

1,629,581 Sugar .....

4,049,708
2,555,074.... 4,397,239.

2,713,876 Hemp, unmanufactured...

140,372....

55,122..
180,220.

62,282 Salt ..

883,359....
678,069..
748,566....

509,244 Coal......

187,962........
130,221...

336,691..... 254,149

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Value.
Duties.
Value.

Duties. Woolens....

$19,239,930........ $5,331,600........ $17,348,184........ $4,769,083 Cottons .... 24,486,502..... 5,348,695,

18,716,741........

4,895,327 Hempen goods.....

615,339....
123,048.
344,777..

68,755 Iron and manufactures of .. 10,780,312.

3,234,091... 18,843,569...

5,682,484 Sugar ............

13,478,709..
4,043,613...
13,977,393

4.193,218 Hemp, unmanufactured...... 212,811...i.

63,843.
164,211....

49,963 Salt .....

1,025,300....
205,060... 1,102,101..,

220,420 Coal..........

478,095
143,429.
405,652..

121,695 Total ................... $67,316,898........ $18,493,382. ....... $ 7,001,428........ $19,950,140 Average Quarterly Value,

..$7,351,146 20.....

..... $2,371,612 83

Statement ethibiting the value of dutiable merchan. Summary Statement of the Value of Domestic El

dise re-erported annually, from 1840 to 1852, inclu- ports of the United States during the year ending
sive, and showing also the value re-exported from 30th June, 1852 :
warehouses under the act of August 6, 1846 :-

PRODUCE OF THE SEA.
Value re.ex.
Oil, sperm ...

$809,274 Dutiable value ported from Year.

of merchandise. Warehouses
Whale and other fish......

440,287 Whalebone ..............

436,673 1840.

$5,805,809..
Sperm candles.........

143,096 1841..

4,228,181...
Dried and smoked fish....

354,127 1842 ...

4,884,462..
Pickled tish..............

98,883 1843

3,456,572.. 1844

3,962,508..
Total ......

$2,282,342 1845

5,171.731.. 1846 5,522,577..

PRODUCE OF THE FOREST. 1847 *... ...$2,333,527 1847 +.. ... 2,020,380

Wood-staves, shingles, boards, hewn 4,353,907.. $651,170 timber, &c........

$2,674,577 1848 .. 6,576,499.. 2,869,941 Other lumber.......

123,522 1819... 6,625,276, 3,692,363 Masts and spars .........

95,459 1850 7,376,361.. 5,261,291 Oak bark and other dye

160,154 1851 8.551,967.. 5,666,000 Manufactures of wood.

2,193,085 1852 .. 9,501,138.. 6,752,536 Naval stores.

1,209,173 Ashes-pot and pearl..

507,673 Total in thirteen years. $319,146,636..24,831,754

Ginseng ........

102,073 Skins and furs, .........

798.504 Average per annum...... 39,973,332.. 4,138,626

Total. ...

$7,864,220 * 5 months to Nov. 30. 7 months to June 30.

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PRODUCT OF AGRICULTURE.
Pewter and lead......

18,469 Marble and stone...

57.240 or Animals—beef, tallow, hides, and

$1,500.429 Gold and silver and leaf.. horned cattle.....

20.332 Gold and silver coin..

37,437,738 779,391 Butter and cheese ...

Artificial flowers and jewelry...

114,738 Pork, (pickled,) bacon, lard, and live

Trunks............ 3,765,470

15,035 hogs.....

Brick and Lime...

13,539 247,550 Horses and mules..

Coal.

188,906 16,291 Sheep....

161,086

Ice.... Wool.....

14,308 Wheat....

2,555,209 11,869,143

Total....... Flour ........

$52,953,092 Indian corn....

1,540,225 " meal ...

574,380

ARTICLES NOT ENUMERATED. Rye ineal .....

64,476 Manufactured.

..................... $2.877,659 Rye, oats, and other small grain and

Raw produce.

.......... 1,175,775 pulse.....

334,471 Biscuit or ship bread

318,899
Total ......

$4,073,484 Potatoes. ......

115,121 Apples .....

43,635

Showing a grand total of.......... $192,368,984 Rice......

2,471,029 Cotton.....

87,965,732

Stati ment exhibiting the quantity and value of cotTobacco ..

10,031,283

ton exported annually, fron 1840 to 1852, inclusive. Hemp.....

18,649

lbs.

Total.
Sea Island.

Value, .............$124, 225,691 Total..........

1810 .........8, 19,

.. 8,779,669.. 743,941.061.. $63,670.307 1841.

6,237,424.. 530.204 100.. 54,330,341 OTHER AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS.

1842 ..

7,246,099.. 584,717,014.. 47,593,462 Flaxseed .....

$56,187 1843 .. 7,515,088.. 792,297,106.. 49.119.806 Hops..........

69,042 -1844 .... 6,099,076.. 663,663,455.. 54,063,504 Brown sugar.

24,057 1845 ..... ... 9,389.626.. 872,905,996.. 51,739,643 Indigo........

910 1846

9,888,533.. 547,558,055.. 42,767,331

- 1847 ... 6,298,973.. 537,219,958.. 53,415,848 Total .....

$150,196 1848

7,724,148.. 814,274,431.. 61,908,294 1849.. ....11,969,259.. 1,026,602,269.. 66,396,967

1850 ..... 8,236,463.. 635,381,604.. 71,984,616 MANUFACTURES.

1851 .........

.. 8,299,626.. 927.237,089..112,315,317 Wax..........

$91,400 1852 .........11,738,075.. 1,093,230,639. . 87,985,732 Refined sugar.....

149,921 Chocolate.....

3,267 Statement exhibiting the aggregate value of BreadSpirits from grain ...

48,737 stuffs and Provisions exported annually from 1840 46 molasses...

323,040 to 1852: Molasses....

13,163 Vear ending September 30, 1840......$19.067,535 Vinegar ............

12,220

46 1841..... · 17,166,102 Beer, porter, and cider.....

48,052

" 1842...... 16,902,876 Linseed oil...

14,981

Nine months ending June 30, 1843. 11,204,128 Spirits of turpentine..

137,856
Year ending June

1844. 17,970,136 Household furniture...

430,182

1845. 16,743,424 Coaches and carriages...

172,445

" 1846... 27,701,421 Hats ...................

80,453

1847.... 68,701,921 Saddlery ................. 47,937

37,472,751 Tallow candles and soap....

660,054

1849... 38,155,507 Snuff and tobacco... 1,316,622

26,051,370 Leather boots and shoes.,

428,708

1851 21,948,650 Cables and cordage.......

62,903

1852 25,857,027 Gunpowder.............

121,580

89,346 Lead.....,

32,725 Iron-Pig, bar, and nails....

118,624 1 castings .......

191,388 6 all manufactures of....

1,993,807 Copper and brass, and manufactures of 103,039 Medical drugs...........

263,852 Cotton-piece goods, printed or colored 926,404 uncolored ............

6,139,381 16 thread and yarns.......

31,718 all manufactures of......

571,638 Flax and hemp-cloth and thread ..... 5,468

" " bags & other manufs, of 8,154 Wenring apparel ....

250.228 Earthen and stone ware

18,310 Combs and buttons.....

28,833 Brushes of all kinds ....

4,385 Billiard tables.....

1,088 Umbrellas and parasols..

8,340 Morocco and other leather not sold by the pound ...........

18,617 Fire engines and apparatus..

16,724 Printing presses and type .......

47,781 Musical instruments..

67,733 Books and maps.........

217,809 Paper and stationery .

119,535 Paints and varnish....

85,369 Glass......

194,634 Tin...

23,420

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1852.
24,891
206,247
72,536
46,735
50,621
25,785
268,176

9,660
1845.
23,771..

50,705..
398,293.. 625,875.. 1,134,831

19,615..
39,862..
16,140..

11,355..
174,791.. 262,776.. 320,060.. 592,806

96,593.. 118,164.. 74,164.. 101,447.. 147.812.. 237,567

79,465.. 170,525..

1885.
22,780..
55,662..
16,765..
42,986..

9,253..

4,482.. Massachusetts..... 352,442.. 496,928.. 524,995.. 767,766

24.251..

1825.
316,940..
146,691..
57,541..
27,256..
39,040..
10,611.,

530..

29,862..

...
New Hampshire...
Maine....

States.
New-York
Pennsylvania ...
Maryland ......
South Carolina....
Virginia ......
North Carolina.
Georgia....
Louisiana.
Florida ...

Total tonnage...1,423,112..1,824,940..2,417,002. .4,138,440

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Copper Resources of Michigan-Commerce at Toledo.

401

DOMESTIC PRODUCE, ETC., EXPORTED.

an article as the American, by a large per centage, and that the cost of production in the former has been much greater than it will be in the latter. In 1843 the exports of British copper consisted of 8,463 tons, unwrought, in pigs, &c. ; 60 tons of coin ; 8,386 tons in sheets, nails, &c.; 6 tons of wire, and 598 tons of wrought copper, making a total of 18,515 tons. The quantity of copper ore carried to England for the purpose of being smelted, and re-imported in the metallic state, has been very great of late years. In 1826, but 64 tons were sent. In 1836, the importation had reached 18,491 tons, and in 1844 the quantity had increased to 55,720 tons. În 1843, 64,445 tons of ore produced 11,640 tons of metal, or a fraction over 18 per cent. The foreign copper ore imported into England in

that year was estimated at $900,000— The abundant copper resources of Chili furnished 19,849 tons, and the Michigan continue still to attract atten- United States 1,151 tons. Three-sevenths tion. A single mineral section which of the copper made in England, at that brought a few years ago $2,600, is now period, was from foreign ore, the resupposed to be worth $400,000. The mainder from ore derived principally completion of the Sault St. Marie Canal from the mines of Cornwall. The total will greatly develope these resources, value of all the British copper mines is, and the land appropriation by Congress in good years, £1,500,000. will be adequate to the completion. COMMERCE OF TOLEDO.-Supposing

The results which are sure to be de- you to be interested in the march of rived to the country at a future day, so business in all parts of the great central far as the article of copper is concerned, plain, I have procured, says J. W. Scott, can be roughly estimated from state- of Toledo, in a letter to us to-day, from ments which we shall give, of operations the canal collector, at this place, a few in English mining, down to the period items of arrivals and clearances by cawhen attention was prominently drawn nal, from the opening of navigation, for to the region around Lake Superior. the years 1851 and 1852, up to 14th of The English mines do not afford so pure November:

Arrived.

Cleared.

Total,
Produce and

Manufactures,
Statement of the Domestic Produce, &c., exported from the
United States to foreign countries, from 1810 to 1852, inclu-

. 2,746,486.. 103,636,236.. 106,382,722

... 1,170,754.. 91,799,242.. 92,969,996
1840, 30th September.... 2,235,073..111,660,561..113,895,634

107,429.. 77,686,354.. 77,793,783
183,405.. 99,531,744.. 99,715,179
844,446.. 98,455,330.. 99,299,776
423,851. . 101,718,042..102,141,893

62,620..150,574,844.. 150,637,464
2,700,412.. 130,203,709..132,904,121

956,874.. 131,710,081.132,666,955
.... 2,046,679.. 134,900,233.. 136,946,912

.18,069,580..178,620,138. 196,689,718
....37,437,837. .154,931,147. .192,366,984

Specie and

Bullion,
Years ending on.
1843, 9 months, June 30.
1845, 30th Sept
1844, year,

sive:
1841,
1842,
1846,
1847,
1848,
1850,
1851,

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1849,

1852,

28

Salt....

Articles.

1851.

1832.

1831.

1832.
Flour...
.....bbls.... 196,838... 260,898

576......
Pork .....

......bbls.... 32,410.... 31,895
Whisky and high wines....
na high wines......bbls.... 15.488

21,790
Corn ineal......

........ bhls.... 261... 3,771.
.......bbls....

82,475......133,281
Beer.........

bbls.... 6,339 ...... 10,105......
Fish (lake).
.....bbls....

..... 7,725
Tar and rosin ...
.....bbls....

68...... 1,271
Gypsum.
.....bbls....

1,203
Corn.

.bush... 2,562,961......3,878,047. Wheat ..

......bush... 1,250,355...... 1,954,718. Oats ......

....... bush... 40,176..... 46,084. Rye .....

.bush... 1,130.... 3,212... Grass seed ...

.bush... 500..

1,227.. Flaxseed ...

.bush... 14,741......

31,344.... Barley..

bush...

385.......... 15,432... ... 14,547

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Under the head of pounds, the largest transport on the 600 miles of canal item is rail-road iron. In 1851 there which find their lake outlet in the harcleared, 13,889,921 ; in 1852, 41,933,592. bor of Toledo, are in great variety, and

Locomotives to the number of 13 many of them, not in the table above, were, this season, for the first time, sent are quite important in our interior comup the canal. The articles which seek merce. By the close of navigation, the

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