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tween Vicksburg and Monroe, Indi- midway between the contending cities viduals have already taken $800,000 in -New-Orleans in the south, and St. stock, and $200,000 more is expected. Louis in the north; free from the objecTexas has granted a liberal charter tions attaching to both; neither north nor (with a donation of 5,000 acres per mile) south, but a point at which the fairfrom the Louisiana line to El Paso, haired sons of the north can meet their via Austin. We believe this road to sun-burnt brothers of the South, and, be important to the interests of New- seated side by side, westward take their Orleans, and that it will become a great way. In addition to this, Memphis thoroughfare of Texas' freights and tra- seems already to have been selected, by vel.

general consent, as the point on the MisThe question so much mooted in sissippi at which all the rail-roads, startTexas of the selection of a Gulf ter. ing from the Atlantic states, tending minus for the San Antonio Road has, westward, both from the north and south, we understand, been decided in favor converge. When the middle and New of Saluria at a late meeting of the England states start their thousands Board of Directors, held at San Antonio. westward, by means of numerous railThe news of the decision was receiv- roads already completed, they reach ed here a few days since by a gentle- Cincinnati, thence to Louisville, and man who was present at the meeting, upon the cars of the Louisville and Memand may be relied upon for authentici- phis road, now in process of construction, ty. The following gentlemen consti- will be set down upon the banks of the tuted the Board, all of whom, with the mighty Mississippi, at a point opposite exception of one, voted for Saluria : the centre of our state. So with the

Enoch Jones, S. A. Maverick, Thos. southern traveler, from Virginia, the Devine, Chas. King, Jno. T. McLeod, J. Carolinas and Georgia, by means of the T. Dashiel, R. G. Campbell, Wm. Vance, Charleston and Chattanooga roads, now J. R. Sweet, J. J. Giddings, C. Ri- being completed to Memphis, the same otte, A. H. Jones, Dr. R. Peebles, J. A. point will be reached. Alabama and Paschall, F. Gilbeau, G. T. Howard, and Mississippi are rapidly securing their G. T. Gardiner.

connection with the same point. Is it We are informed that the citizens of probable that this vast system of railIndianola and Lavaca are conciliated roads is destined to stop here? I cannot to the selection of that point for the ter- think so; unless, by the criminal neg. minus, on the ground that the road is to lect of our most important interests and pass immediately through or near those duties, we fail to afford that aid and entwo places, and that each have agreed couragement necessary to insure its exto build certain sections of the road. tension westward, over our own soil, to The work is to be commenced immedi- its ultimate destination on the Pacific. ately, from Powder Horn and Lavaca res. "It cannot be disguised, however, that pectively, the operations to extend up- whatever may be the objections both to wards on the line from each place. The St. Louis and New Orleans, as crossingwork will also be commenced at Salu- points on the Mississippi river, for the ria in due time, as well as at San An- Great Western railroad, they are strugtonio. The company have some $400,000 gling for it with that power and energy funds in hand already, and we have which is ever prompted by a spirit of good reason to believe that the road will self-preservation, and with that prospect be commenced immediately in good of success, which results from a judicious earnest. We understand that the route combination of wealth, enterprise and contemplated for the road, will strike energy. the Guadaloupe some seventy-five miles “There can be no doubt, that the St. above Clinton.

Louis and New Orleans road, although From the last most able message of the of recent conception, will very soon Governor, we extract the following in re- claim a large share of public attention; gard to the internal improvement policy and surely its importance to Arkansas of Arkansas.

can only be second to the central rail"Let a point be selected for the Pacific road, and in its immediate and local reroad free from all objections, both of a sults, not even to that. Missouri has political and physical character. That already commenced, and has now under point is MEMPHIS, in Tennessee, situate contract, a considerable portion of a

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Rail-road Movements, of which Missouri is the Centre.

297

railroad extending westward from St. ville road to near the mouth of the Ohio, Louis, and designed to compete for the a direct connection through Nashville position of the Great National Road to the with Charleston and Savannah. This Pacific. She proposes to extend a branch also making a connection by central to the line dividing Missouri and Arkan- roads with Mobile and New Orleans. sas, provided we will carry it across our Above is found a system of roads proterritory, to unite with a similar branch, jected, and, to a considerable extent, emanating from the New Orleans and constructed, directly connecting St. Opelousas road, west, also intended for Louis with Lake Superior, and with the the Pacific coast.

Atlantic coast, at Portland, at Boston, at “If these states, upon our northern and New-York, at Philadelphia, at Baltimore, southern boundaries, shall complete at Norfolk, at Charleston and at Savanroads from these two great and growing nah, and with the Gulf of Mexico at Mocommercial points, to our northern and bile and at New Orleans—and all these southern boundaries, surely Arkansas, roads to the east being built without any with the ample resources which I have important aid from St. Louis. shown her to possess, will unite in this St. Louis is bound to build roads westso much desired work. The construction ward. For every main road that comes of this road will afford facilities to the from the east, a road must be built to northern portion of the state which are the west ; and hence, independent of the so much needed, as well as to the wealthy great object of developing the wealth of cotton-growing counties of the south, the state, springs the necessity of a systhrough which it will pass, and bring the tem of rail-roads for Missouri. whole state, within a day's trave' of Before the Legislature, a system of New Orleans on the south, and St. Louis roads was presented, looking north to on the north. How far the construction Minnesota, west to the Pacific, southwest of this road will supersede the necessity to the Gulf of Mexico and Texas, and south of the Gaines' Landing Road, is not for to New Orleans, starting from St. Louis; me to determine, but the construction of and considering the importance of the one will in no wise operate against the shortest route for each, this system was other."

marked as follows :The St. Louis Republican, in specula- First. The North Missouri Rail-roadting upon the future of that city, points starting from St. Louis, and passing by out the duties of Missouri towards her St. Charles up the dividing ridge, be. great metropolis, and sums up the rail-tween the Missouri and the Mississippi road movements of which she is or ought rivers, to the north line of the state—to to be the centre.

be continued to Minnesota. First. The road from Alton to Chicago, Second. The Pacific Rail-road from and thence a continuation up Lake St. Louis through Gray's Gap, up the Michigan to Fond du Lac, in Wisconsin, Missouri to Jefferson City, and thence by with projected roads beyond to Lake the shortest and best route to the westSuperior.

ern line at the mouth of the Kansas—to Second. A road by Terre Haute and be continued to the Pacific. Indianapolis to the shores of Lake Erie, Third. The Southwest Missouri Railand thence by the New-York and Erié road-starting from the Pacific Rail-road Rail-road and Albany and Binghamton near the western edge of St. Louis counRail-road to New-York and Boston ; and ty, and thence by Bourbeuse Ridge, and a connection from this road by the west Osage and Gasconade Ridge, to the end of Lake Erie to the north shore of southwest corner of the state—to be conthat lake, and by Niagara again to Bos- tinued through Texas, and possibly to ton-or by Toronto to the St. Lawrence California. and to Portland.

Fourth. The Iron Mountain Rail-road Third. The Ohio and Mississippi Rail. from St. Louis by the Iron Mountain road to Cincinnati, and thence by Pitts- to the south line of the state, and thence burgh, and the Baltimore and Ohio Rail. through Arkansas. road to Philadelphia and Baltimore. Fifth. Another branch of the same From this route will ultimately connect system, not centering at St. Louis, but a route through Louisville to Richmond not the less one of the main trunks, viz., and Norfolk.

the Hannibal and St. Joseph Rail-road. Fourth. By an extension of the Belle. From the London correspondent of the

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Rail-Road Journal, we learn the follow Out 4 cents fare of $856,000, being ing facts in regard to the late advances equal to interest at 6 per cent. on $14,in the value of rail-road iron :

266,666 66. Pig iron, free on board in Cardiff

Out 5 cents fare of $1,138,800, being and Newport, the great ship

equal to interest at 6 per cent. on $18,ping ports in Wales for this

980,000. article, is now at . .......... 23 7 6 per ton. The price in April last, before

Out 64. cents fare of $1,466,800, being any advance took place, was.. 2 50 equal to interest at 6 per cent. on $24,Welsh merchant bar iron, free

446,800. on board, is now at........... 7 2 6 6 In April, before any advance, it

This is the project of private capitalwas at .......................

... 450"

ists, who are willing to pay the city five Railway bar iron was in April, before any advance......

450"

millions of dollars for the right of way Now it is very firm for cash, free

for four miles. on board*................... 7 15 0 " The following will be found to em

In London, the price of bar iron is usual. brace a complete table of the length ly £1 per ton higher than in the shipping and cost of the State Works of Pennsylports of Wales, to pay the expenses of vania :freight, insurance and other charges.

Finished Works.

Length, The iron from Staffordshire and other

Philadelphia and Columbia Rail. Midland counties being of better quality

road, Philadelphia to Columbia 8 for many purposes, though not for rails, Eastern Division of Pennsylvania

Canal, Columbia to the mouth is usually £1 per ton higher than Welch

of Juniata.................... 43.. 6,736.509 merchant bar iron.

Juniata Division of Pennsylvania One of our exchanges gives the follow

Canal, mouth of the Juniata to

Hollydaysburgh . ......... 13 3,521,412

Alleghany Portage Rail-road, Holit is proposed to have built in Broadway, lydaysburgh to Johnstown..... 36.. 1,828,462 New-York. The road is to be some four

Western Division of Pennsyl

vania Canal, Johnstown to miles long, at an estimated cost of some

Pittsburgh.................... 105..
Pittsburgh...........

3,060,877 $250,000. One hundred and twenty cars are to be placed on the road or Total, main line from Philadelphia street, the expenses of which is calcu. troot the erroneo of which is colou. to Pittsburgh. ................. 306.. $14,361,320

Delaware Division of Pennsylvalated at $480 per day, or $175,000 pernia Canal, Easton to Bristol... 60.. 1,381,742 annum.

Susquehanna Division of Penn

sylvania Canal, mouth of JuniAt 644 cents fare would give $4,500

ata to Northumberland........ 39.. 896,380 per day, or $1,642,000 per annum. North Branch of the Pennsylva* At 5 cents fare would give $3,600 per

nia Canal, Northumberland to
mouth of Lackawannock......

1,580,671 day, or $1,374,000 per annum.

West Branch of Pennsylvania At 4 cents fare would give $2,880 per Canal, Northumb'rland to Lock

haven ........................ day, or $1,051,200 per annum.

1,808,472 French Creek Division of Penn

sylvania Canal and Feeder. day, or $788,200 per annum.

Franklin to Meadville.........

795,802

Beaver Division of Pennsylvania At 2 cents fare would give $1,440 per

Canal, mouth of Beaver to New day, or $525,000 per annum.

Castle ................
............ 25..

511,671 At 1 cent fare would give $720 per

Total finished works ........ 710.. $21,336,058 day, or $262,500 per annum. According to the foregoing estimate, v

Unfinished Works.

Length Cost.

North Branch Canal, Lackawana there would be a profit :

to N.Y. State line.......... .. 89.. 2,484,939

West Branch Extension, Lockto interest at 6 per cent. on $3,433,333 33.

haven to mouth of Linnema

honing....................... Out 2 cents fare of $394,820, being Erie Extension, Newcastle to

352,456 equal to interest at 6 per cent. on $5,- ,

Erie,.... ...................

3,100,567 330,070.

Wisconiso Feeder, mouth of Ju

niata to Lyken's Valley....... 13.. 390,013

Alleghany Feeder, mouth of equal to interest at 6 per cent. on $10,

Keskemenetas to Kittaning ...

31,172 ve Gettysburgh Rail-roa 1, Gettys260,000.

burgh to Hagerstown.......... 41.. 667,918 This article (rails) cannot be bought under £8 Total unfinished works...... 314.. $7,087,065 per ton to-day, for cash, against bill of lading, and the manufacturers talk of its getting up to £10 per Whole amount of finished and unton before a great while.-November 5, 1852.

$28,423,123

finished works......

Cotton, Wool and Iron consumed in the United States.

299

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ART. XIII.-MANUFACTURING PROGRESS. NEW-ENGLAND FACTORIES-COTTON BAGGING—MANUFACTURES OF THE UNITED STATES. It is now said that the manufacturers

Cotton Goods in the United States. of New-England are enjoying a fair and Capital invested ...........

.............. $74,501,031 Bales of cotton used......

609,117 moderate prosperity. Those of them Tons of coal consumed...........

121,099 which possess an abundance of working Value of all the raw material

34,835,056 capital, and whose real estate and ma- Hands employed .............

102,287 chinery have not cost them too high, are Yards of sheeting, &c....

Value of entire product..

$61,869,184

763,678,407 making very handsome profits. Others

Woolen Manufactures of the United States. are doing fairly, and most of them are Capital invested...

$28,118,650 making up, to a greater or less extent, Pounds of wool used.

10,862,829 Tons of coal .....

46,370 the losses of the two or three past years, Valt

Value of all the raw material... $25,755.988 which have been unusually heavy. More Hands employed.........

39,251 than half the stocks in Lowell, Law.

Value of entire products........ $43,207,555

Yards of cloth manufactured.......... 82,206,652 rence, Manchester, and other places,

Wrought Iron Works of the United States. which a year ago were selling a: 50 or

Capital invested......

....... $13,994,220 60 cents on the dollar, have now risen Tons of pig metal consumed....

351,491 into the neighborhood of 90, and the Tons of blooms used .........

33,344 Tons of ore....... ..........

78,767 others, with one or two exceptions, have Tons of mineral coal ..

527,063 risen from 10 to 20 per cent. during the Bushels of coke and charcoal.

14,510,838

Value of raw material and fuel... $9,518,109 year.

Hands employed .......

12,975 Woolen manufactures have not risen Tons of wrought iron made ...

272.044 so well from their depression as cotton Valu

n Value of entire products........ $16,387,074 fabrics, and while the number of woolen Productive Establishments of the United States.

Cot Wool. Cast Pig Wr'ght mills has been greatly reduced, the stock

States.

ton. ens. inga. iron. iron. of those which are still working is yet Massachusetts. 213.. 119. 68.. 6.. much below par.

Connecticut ... 128.. 149.. 60.. 13.
New-York ....

86.. 24 .. 323.. The manufacture of cotton bagging Delaware ..

... 13.. from moss was not long since spoken Maryland...... 24. .. 16.. 18

Virginia......

27.. 1 .. 54.. 29 of in Mississippi, and, when tested, the

South Carolina.

6.. bagging was said to possess durability. Georgia ..

4.. The experiment of manufacturing this Tennessee

20. new bagging originated with Maj. Mose

Ohio .........

130.. 183.. ly, the Superintendent of the Peniten- Missouri..

. 1.. 6..

Rhode Island..... 158.. 45.. 20.. -.. tiary. Some years ago he attempted its

Pennsylvania.... 208.. 580.. 320..180..13 manufacture with his cotton machinery, New Jersey .... 21.. 41. 45.. 10.. and he was so well satisfied with the re- Maine

36.. 25.. 1.. New-Hampshire..

26.. 1 sult, that he sent a large quantity of moss Wisc

15.. 1 to Kentucky, where it was manufactured Illinois .

Alabama ..... into bagging with more suitable ma

Louisiana ..... chinery.

Dis. of Columbia.. We learn that should the bagging be

Mississippi......

Florida ....... successful, it may be made at a lower

North Carolina.... rate than the Kentucky bagging. Hav- Texas ing an inexhaustible quantity in

Arkansas .....

our Michigan. woods, a demand for it would bring the Vermont ........

26., price of the raw article down to three Indiana ..........

14.. 2

California .. cents per pound. Five cents more would i

Iowa..... amply cover the cost of manufacture, and the article might be furnished at

Total ............1,694.. 1,559..1,391..375..422 eight cents per yard.

The entire capital invested in the vari

ous manufactures in the United The following is an official statement

States on the 1st June, 1850, not to of the quantity of cotton, wool and iron include any establishments produconsumed in the United States during

cing less than the annual value of

$500, amounted, in round numbers, the past year, together with the value

to.................................

$530,000.000 of the raw material consumed, number Value of raw material..

550,000,000 Amount paid for labor ......

240,000,000 of hands employed, and value and quan

Value of manufactured articles....... 1,020,300,000 tity of the articles manufactured.

Number of persons employed..... 1,050,000

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ART. XIV.-EDITORIAL MISCELLANY.

NEW-YORK WORLD'S FAIR-FINANCES OF TENNESSEE--COLT'S PISTOL-GEORGIA FAIR--CLAY

MONUMENT--ERICSSON STEAMER--MAURY'S SCIENCE-NEW BOOKS, PERIODICALS, REPORTS, ETC., ETC. -MEMPHIS CONVENTION OF 1853.

Great preparations are being made for expenses incurred upon it in the way of the World's Fair, which is to be opened in freight, drayage, &c., until delivered into New-York, on the 2d May, and a splendid the custody of the New York Board. show of foreign and domestic industry is “The committee at New Orleans will deanticipated. We trust that the Southern cide upon all such applications, and upon and Western people will be well represent- the receipt of their favorable judgment, the ed with their agricultural, mechanical, man- party will be supplied with a certificate to ufacturing and mineral products. The New- be forwarded to New York at the time of York Board appointed a committee for the shipment. They desire to be informed by southwest, resident at New Orleans, con- the 1st March of the quantity of space sisting of the following gentlemen :- James which will be required from their division, Robb, Lucius Duncan, Maunsel White, E. in order to report to the central committee. La Sere, W. N. Mercer, W. E. Gasquet, “Citizens of the Southwest, you are invitH. R. W. Hill, A. F. Axson, J. D. B. De ed, and earnestly solicited to be represented in Bow, A. M. Horlbrook, Alex. Walker, C. J. this First Great American Fair. We have Leeds. Newton Richards.

products in all abundance in every depart" The committee have issued an address to ment of industry and ingenuity, if we will the people of the states embraced in their but send them, sufficient to delight and inaction, Louisiana, Texas, Alabama, Missis- struct every observer. We were comparasippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas, from which tively unrepresented at the London Fair, we make the following extracts :

but every consideration of patriotism should “ The Fair will be opened on the 2d day of induce us to co-operate in this one upon our May, 1853, for the exhibition of the indus- own soil. We are a part of the nation that try of all nations, in the splendid structure must obtain the glory of success or the on Reservoir Square, New York, embracing shame of discomfiture and defeat. Let us an area of 173,000 square feet or four acres. unite with our fellow-citizens of the North The building has been made a bonded ware- in this great enterprise, and rely upon their house by government, and already assur- co-operation in any movements we may ances are given of an extensive representa- make hereafter for similar exhibitions in our tion of foreign industry.

immediate region. Thus shall we obliterate " Applications for admissions of objects of local feelings and prejudices and antipathies exhibition must represent their nature and -strengthen the bonds of amity and conpurpose, with the number of square feet re- cord-realize indeed that we are one people, quired, whether of wall, floor, or counter. with one hope and one inheritance, one The machinery will be exhibited in motion, faith and one destiny. the motive power to be furnished by the as- "Committee-Lucius C. Duncan, Chairman. sociation, and applicants must state also the

J. D. B. De Bow, amount of power required. Paintings in

E. LA SERE, frames will be received. Where ores are

A. F. Axson." exhibited, they should be accompanied by The annexed statement exhibits the pub the rocks in which they are found, and also, lic indebtedness of the State of Tennessee if possible, by plans and sections of the on the 1st October. 1852 : measures in which they lie, and models and

Total indebtedness of the state, Oct. 1, drawings of processes or manufacture.

.... $3,651.856 66 " Prizes for excellence in the different de.

Capital bonds authorized to be issued partments will be awarded under the direc under the act of the late General tion of capable and eminent persons.

Assembly ..

250,000 00 " Applications from any of the states Indebtedness of the state...........$3,901,856 66 named in this address may be made at any time before the 1st of March, 1853, and

CONTINGENT FUND. must be directed to the chairman of the com- Bonds issued as a loan to East Tenmittee, at New-Orleans, complying with all nessee and Georgia Rail-road...... $350,000 00

Do. East Tennessee and Virginia Railthe requisitions of section füurth above.

road ........................... 300,000 00 The applicant must describe with precision Do. Gibson and Dyer Plank-road..... 25,000 00 -state the time the product will be ready Do. Memphis and Charleston Rail

240,000 00 for shipment, and the port from which he desires to ship, and must also provide for the Amount loaned Int. Imp. Co.'s....... $915,000 00

1851 ................

.......

road..........................

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