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Commercial StatisticsEmigration and Steam.

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vain have opposing interests labored for and investigations of scientific men, the a long time to efface the remembrance introduction of machinery and new of this our noble act. In vain have our means of labor, together with a new own errors come in aid of those interests spirit of energy and enterprise, will bless which are opposed to us. The name of all persons with new discoveries of unHenry Clay, as the champion of South bounded usefulness, before unknown. American independence, still survives Thus resting upon those solid foundations among them. It is only necessary to which alone can give a permanent exgive to this remembrance a proper ten- istence to liberty, a new terra firma of dency, and it will revivify and spread prosperity and peace will rapidly loom abroad; it will infuse itself into the up from among the sinking billows of ideas and the manners, into the material discord and civil war, which have so and moral wants of those people who long swept in all their fury over some love us, that we may become the law of of the fairest regions on the face of the their interests; for this is what their earth. sympathies demand.

In conclusion, I wish it to be distinctly Contrast opportunities and feelings understood, though I have made some like these, with the proportionate dislike forcible statements, and made therefrom of the snares of monarchial influences, my own deductions, that I do not desire from which they have suffered so much to wound the prejudices or the partialiConsider, in addition, the hopeless debt ties of any person whatever. I trust and consequent oppression, in one form that I have spoken in accordance with or another, under the apprehension of the opportunities of information which I which all the nations of South America, have enjoyed, and in conformity to the except Paraguay and Chili, so heavily principles of human progress and hulabor; and our view into the future, of manity. what we ought to do and can do, be- The American people seem to be very comes clear and distinct. The time for desirous at the present moment to extalking is over. If we do not wish to be tend the area of freedom. Some have distanced, anticipated, superseded, we gone to Cuba and the Sandwich Islands. must act, and act without delay. Others would like to go to Hungary and

If we follow on in the path thus open even to Moscow, notwithstanding its bad before us, emigration and steam will reputation as a winter residence for an speedily call into action those sympa- invading force. And it is only a little thies of which I just now spoke. Incom- of this spirit, differently applied, which parable instruments of peaceful revolu- I have desired to see extend itself to tion, they promise to these magnificent South America. countries the most abundant development for the happiness of the human Note.-Mr. Hopkins has used, throughout his

memoir, the orthography of the language in which race

the different places therein mentioned have been named. His reasons for declining to anglicize proper names, in reference to geography, may probably

be made the subject of a future paper before the its fruits an hundred fold. The travels Society.

ART. VIII.-OOMMERCIAL GROWTH OF BOSTON. We have frequently referred in the to the commerce of the year which pages of the Review to the rapid growth closed on the 1st January, 1853. of Boston in all the elements of popula. The business of the year, says the tion and commercial power, and we Shipping List, shows a good and healthy condensed a great many of our statis- increase in nearly every department, tics upon this subject into the volumes and, on the whole, has been highly saof Industrial Resources published by us tisfactory. Cotton goods and boots and last summer. In order that the subject shoes, the leading articles of our manumay be brought down to date, we draw facture, have been unusually active upon the reports of the Shipping List for throughout the year, and the quantity many interesting particulars, in relation taken for export and home consumption

852...

1848.

Brigs ...,

25. ...

largely exceeds that of any previous it fully in force the coming year, we year. Our Canada neighbors find us so feel that nearly all branches of our trade closely connected with them by rail. will suffer in consequence. It is cerroads, and the means of communication tainly a new kind of legislation, when so easy and rapid, that a larger number the legitimate business of a large numthan usual have been induced to visit us, ber of respectable and upright citizens and have purchased freely of staple ar- is interfered with, in order to try a ticles suited to their market; and, in re- doubtful experiment on the morals of a turn, we have consumed and exported few erring ones. We hope, however, a much larger amount of their produce. that our present legislature, while proThis branch of our trade promises well moting the cause of temperance by all for the future. The exports to and the wholesome restraints and laws, will imports from the British Provinces indi. deem it their duty to repeal this unjust cate a very large and healthy increase. and therefore intemperate one. The California trade has been very ac- The arrivals from foreign ports for ten tive and prosperous, and attended with years past have been as follows at Bosfew or none of the disasters of previous ton: years.' A succession of splendid clipper

Ships. Barka, Brigr. Schu. Total. ships have been promptly dispatched

.236....332 ...840....1,456....2,864

1851.... 191.... 288...817.... 1,542... .2,838 for that market throughout the year, with 1850. .180.... 269....846. ... 1,533....2,828 large and very valuable cargoes of pro- 1849. ..... 238.... 305....908.... 1.732....3,183

....243....310.... 902...,1.,646....3.101 duce and manufactured articles. The

1847...

182.....202....698....1,613....2,755 number of clearances will show at a 1846. 146....213....531....1,162, ...,2,052 glance, the extent of our California

1845.

159....215....550.... 1,406...2.330

1644. ...... 154....217....607... 1,221....2,199 trade :

1843.... 127....153....524.... '946....1,750 1852. 1851. 1850. 1849. Ships........... ....78...... 22...... 53 ..... 58

The foreign clearances for the same Barks.... ....14......12...... 57.....

period have been as follows: .... 5...... 1...... Schooners... .... 1...... ......

Ships. Barke. Brige. Sche. Total.

1852...........188... 350....839 ... 1,486....2,863 Total..............98......35......166......151 1851 ..133....349....806.... 1,560....2,848

1850.

.160....266 ...798.... 1,447.... 2,671 Although the number of vessels is less 1849

150....309....888....1,754....3,110 than in 1850 and 1849, it should be re

1848 .....159....315....887.... 1,449....2,810

1847 ......116....228....626. ... 1,556....2,526 membered that, the past year, they were 1846 ...... 95.... 192....480....1,214.... 1,981 nearly all large clipper ships, from 1,000 1843 102.... 207....514....1,344....2.167

1844 to 2,500 tons burthen, while in 1850 and 1843.:

92. ... 203....520....1,166.... 1,981

. 78.... 149....477.... 883....1,587 1849 they were generally moderate sized vessels. Every other leading branch

The coastwise arrivals, and the clearof our business has also equally increas

ances, as far as known, as many are ved during the year. Statements to the

not entered at the custom-house, for a prejudice of our merchants, circulated

number of years, have been as follows: south and west, have failed to divert or

Arrivals. Clearancer. embarrass: any of our trade. But, while 186

...6,286... 3,291 1851...

....6,334

13,181 our business men are thus successfully 1850.

.5,978

.3,086 contending against attacks from abroad, 1849....

.6,199

.3,174 and doing all in their power to promote

.6,118

3,187 1847.....

7,125

3,198 the interests and prosperity of our city, 1846.....

...6,775. . 2,672 it is to be regretted that they have to 1845...

.....5,631.... 3,054 1844.....

.....3,312. ..2,830 meet with 'unlooked-for obstacles at 1843.

.....4,944....

..2,497 home. Our legislators have deemed it necessary to enact very stringent laws- COFFEE TRADE OF BOSTON.-The im. heretofore looked upon as foreign to the ports the last three years have been as purposes of legislation-having a ten- follows :

1859. Froin

1851. 1850. dency to interfere with and embarrass several branches of our manufacture Hayti..............bags.. 84,707.. 71,969.. 59,433

Batavia...bags & piculs , 53,448., 61,014.. 49,774 and foreign trade, and materially injure Rio Janeiro..... 22,490.. 13,343.. 3,452 the business of the city. The law known

Porto Cabello...

3,230.. 6,212.. 3,589 Manilla............

5,342.. 1,676.. 943 as the.“Maine Liquor Law" has as yet Other foreign ports, 4,781.. 3,590.. 6,392 been inoperative and its influence un- Coastwise ......... .. 3,307.. 2,795.. 2,298 felt; but as there is a disposition to put Total bags.......... 177,305..162,368..125,881

1852..

1848.....

Cotton Trade-Dyewoods-Dry Goods-Coal-Provisions. 253

28

...

1847....

17 ..

lows:

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1843....

Packages.

Valne. The exports to foreign and coastwise

To Rio la Plata, &c....... 782... 36,904 11 ports have been as follows:

" Rio Janeiro........

1,026.... 64,181 25 Foreign. Coastwise. " Pernambuco ..

103.... 4,923 58 6 Africa .........

95... 5,510 46 1852..... ....bags....35,388... 70,759

553... “ Cape of Good Hope....

28,631 27 1851.... ....22,996...... 63,471 " Fayal......

68....

3,156 28 1850...

...28,536.
.... 51,574
+ Pacific Ocean.....

1,660 24 1849....

...29,065....
065...... 76,717
« Honduras

582.... 32,194 03 1848... ....45,827 .. 58,429 “ Porto Cabello...

470,... 21,090 40 " ....25,098...... 116,713

" St. Thomas.....

41.... 2,600 00 * Hayti ........

2,018.... Cotton TRADE OF Boston. The im

154,313 41 « Provinces ..

1,631....

79,064 65 ports the past year have been as fol " Rio Hache.

776 23 " Curacao.....

14....

665 50 « Surinam.

6....

332 00 From New-Orleans.

bales....131,877
• San Juan...

320 00 Mobile....

42,935
" Turk's Island..

393 00 Charleston...

· 12,929
Aspinwall..

78 65 Savannah......

30,660
" Bermuda....

167 00 Apalachicola.

37,626
Liverpool

100 00 Galveston ......

18,809 Other places....

6,330 Total 1852...

62,669.... $3,090,106 59 1851....

.. 47,007.... 2,507,703 04 Total 1852...

281,166
1850....

34,307.... 1,896,148 19 1 1851...

204,232
1849.

33,309.... 1,600,457 65 # 1850.....

155.076 " 1848............... 50,952.... 2,266,392 84 46 1849.....

270,693 1848.....

239,958

COAL.—The imports of foreign coal at 1847.....

198,932 this port have been as follows: 1846...

193,549 6 1645.... 187.619

Tons. Chal. * 1844. 175,529 From Great Britain...

9,343.... 48 151.090 % Provinces...

... 40,716 The exports from this port to foreign Total 1852.

9,343.... 40,764 ports have been as follows:

1851

8,487.. 30,330 1850.

6.251. 32,486 1852.

.. bales. 3,146
1849.

12,062.. . 34,531 1851.

2,217
1848

5,795...: 41,303 1850.

1,885
1847....

4,251.... 47,093 1849.

4,308
1846..

5,233.... 21,127 1848

7,766
1845....

13.629.... 27,674 1847

6,477
1844..

7,552.... 19,067 4 1843.

7,187 " ......

5,050.... 17,800 DYEWOODS. - St. Domingo logwood The imports from domestic ports have has been sold during the year at from been as follows:

Tons.

Bushels. $11 a $13 25 per ton, duty paid; sapan From Philad

.360,869.. wood from $30 a $40; and Cuba fus Alexandria.....

8,537.... tic $34 a $39 per ton. The imports for

" Baltimore

37,219.... Other places..

24,645.... three years have been as follows:

Virginia

.... 14,000 1852. 1851. 1850. Total 1852..

431,270.... 14,000 Logwood ........ tons....10,998....7,789 ...12,431

1851...

361,073.... 80,880 Fustic....

1850...

.289,571.... 52,375 Fustic..... ....pieces....12,360....4,693....15,530 1849.

261,293.... 20,800 Sapan wood.....tons.... 371.... 449.... 265

1848.

275,246 ... 48,600 The exports for three years have been:

1847

.....261,259....127,525 1846.

......187,028.... 151,900 1859. 1851.

1845.....

......171,023....284,475 1844....

...... 139,566....170,850 Logwood.........tons.... 8,131....6,889.... 9.119

..117,451 . ... 150,813 Sapan wood..

277.... 171.... 186 Fastic......

205.... 331....

PROVISIONS.—The receipts of provi. DRY Goods, DOMESTIC TRADE OF sions have been as follows: BOSTON.—The exports have been as fol

1852. 1881. 1850. lows:

Beef...........bbls.. 28,115.... 32,365.... 38,042 Packages. Value, Pork ...........bbls.. 72,016.... 76.004.... 146,545 To East Indies.........

26,677.... $1,252,051 08 Hams........casks.. 7,916.... 7,759.... 12,237 « South America. ..... . 23,603.... 1,125,205 89

.bbls.. 2,049.... 3,559.... 4,841 " Sandwich Islands..... 315... 22,771 52 Lard. ......bbls.. 37,658.... 41,926.... 51,333 • Smyrna .............. 1,279.... 77,676 84

.kegs.. 37,972.... 21,013. 60,915 " Gibraltar & a market.. 680.... 35,560 18 Cheese.........bxs. 116,816.... 88,292... 88,574 “ Malta & a market...... 675.... 37.740 84

.....casks.. 8,050.... 8,015.... 7,052 « Palermo.... 30.... 2,159 40

.... tons.. 607.... 730.... 749 « Constantinople...

45.... 3,119 52 Butter ......... tubs.. 199,814.... 169,113.... 70,104 « Rio Grande..... 712... 36,649 00

..........bbls.. 1,356.... 546.... 778 * Buenos Ayres ....... 1,200.... 60,110 26 Hogs....... (No. of).. 37,332.... 30,964.... 36,766

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Logwood ........10.08. - **"°463.... 675.... 1,466

1843........

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.

441

100

12.

200.

The exports to foreign and coastwise

1859. 1851. 1850. ports have been as follows:

Salmon.......tierces.. 2,260.... 1,965.... 1,237

.........bbls.. 2,279.... 3,723. .. 2,276 1859. *1851.

.....boxes.. 1,026.. Pork, foreign............bbls.... 15,962.... 14,313

.......kitts..

16 coast wise... 14,270... 22,564 ........No..

200 Lard, foreign ......... 5,645 13,523 Herring.... .bbls.. 20,567..

6.311..
coast wise ...
.. 4,688.... 2,541

.......bxs..

100.. Lard, foreign...

13,256.... 13,813

..........tcg.. 12, " coastwise.. .. 11,621.... 7,177 Alewives........bbls.. 451....

308... oreign .......

.... 9,152.... 5,784 Shad ...........bbls. 486.... 127.... coastwise... .." .... 2,815.... 4.053 Halibut ......... bbls..

.... 24.... Cheese, foreign ......... bxs.... 11,249.... 9,084 Trout ... ... ... .bbls.. 34..., 30.... coastwise.... ..." .... 2,745....

..qtis.. 48,110.... 11,185.. Cheese, foreign........casks....

156

...... casks.. 241.... " coastwise..... " .... 105.... 302

drums.. 2,856. 5,30.

.bbls. 321... · Fish.—The inspection returns of mac

.bdls.. 729, kerel have not yet been completed, but

.No.. 170,000.... Pollock.........qtls.. 421

02 as far as received indicate a material

......., bxs..

10.... falling off compared with the last few Hake.......

........qtis.. years. This is owing in part to the im- Haddock

.casks..

50..

......qtls.. 97.... pediments thrown in the way of our Fish..... .....drums.. 70... fishermen by the British authorities. .. .. .. .. .. casks.. 93.... Prices have ruled unusually high, in

.............qtls.. 2,888..

....bxs.. consequence of the limited supplies and the increased demand for consumption. The export of fish for three years past The current rates for mackerel, early in has been as follows: the year, were $8 25 for No. 1; $6 50 a

1859. 1851. 1850. $6 75 for No. 2; $5 for No. 3, large code

18 Codfish.......drums.. 7,356.... 3,559.... 4,109 sizes ; and $4 25 and $375 for No. 2 " ..........bxs.. 12,463.... 3,366.... 5,494 and 3, small sizes ; but prices soon ad...". .........quls.. 53,568.... 59,679....75,003 vanced, and the bulk of the sales during He

Mackerel....... bbls..120,043....122,106 ....99,965
Herring....

8.. 17,529.... 14,585....12,936 the year have been made at $2 a $4 per bbl. advance on the opening prices. FRUIT.-The imports have been as fol. The highest and lowest prices obtained lows: the past two years were as follows:

1859.
1851.

1850. -Highest

Lowest

Lemons.... ..... bxs.. 49,711.... 32,570 ... 34.661 1852. 1851. 1852.. 1851.

Oranges........ bxs.. 94,626.... 108,877.... 65,043 No. 1, large........$12 50...811 00...88 25...88 00 Figs.........drums..296,891 ....325,707... .244,793 No. 2............ 11 00... 8 75... 6 50...6 25 " ..........cases.. 2,521.... 2,114.... 1,523 No. 3.............. 800... 5 25... 5 00... 4 25 Raisins.......casks.. 16,402.... 28,374.... 20,678

......drums.. 9,171.... 5,518.... 4,883 Codfish have been sold during the year

......bxs. 164.753....180,802... 187,679 from $2 50 a $4 25 for large, and $1 87 a $3 for small, an unusually light stock. FLOUR.---The receipts have been as in May last, causing prices to run up to follows: the highest figures. The principal sales By rail-road -'Western ..........bbls.. 250,811 have been at $3 a $3 50 for large, and

Northern.......... bbls.. 45,669

Fitchburg ..........bbls.. 148,292 $2 a $2 50 for small, which is from 25 a

Boston & Maine....bbls.. 98,817 50c. per qtl. higher than the current rates By water-From New-York. ?... bbls.. 57,997 of last year. Hake and haddook have

Albany ....4.......bbls.. 15,065

New-Orleans....bbls.. 67,460 been sold from $125 a $2 25 per

Fredericksburg...bbls.. 32,483 qtl.

Georgetown.......bbls. 19,410

Alexandria.. ....bbls.. The import of mackerel from the Pro

17,996

Richmond.........bbls.. 67,364 vinces, for six years past, has been as

Other ports in Va..bbls.. 5,120 follows:

Philadelphia......bbls.. 14,038

Baltimore...9......bbls.. 40,721 1852... ......bbls......48,570

Other places

15.211 1851.

..43,329 1850.... ...37,920 Total 1852....

.bbls.. 896,454 1049.................... 1849.....

...41,856 **
1851 .....

bbls.. 773,512 1848. ....

..33,263
1850...

bbls.. 761,148 1847........

" ......59,098 16 1849....
1849.

.bbls. . 1,026,309 1848..

bbls.. 935,578 The imports of other kinds of fish

1647.....

.......bbls.. 1,027,719 from the Provinces show a very large 1846...

.bbls.. 750,432 increase compared with previous years,

" 1845.....

.bbls.. 730,138 1844.....

bbls.. 686,586 as follows:

1843.....

.bbls.. 610,964

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255

1852....

COMPARATIVE MONTHLY STATEMENT OF THE RECEIPTS OF

FLOUR FOR THE PAST FIVE YEARS.

1859.
6,483

9,185%

.. 34,759 1.461*.. 9,060%

.. 20,537%

250,811
6,372%.. 4,236%

.. 38,8606
21,500%.. 23,131%
.. 2,765 ..

1851.

6,786
.. 38,481

242,466

.
.. 77,357%.. 30,151*.. 27,253%
22,690%.. 15,436

.
1859.
3,597
3,763
1,448%..

4,950
39,023.. 22,791%.. 13,329%.. 17,151.. 28,346%

367,808%

.. 51.805 May..... 38.8463.. 27,011 .. 38,893%.. 39,305 .. 17,836%

.
4,606%..

1849.
2,908%..
4,580%..

4,739%..
Dec. .... 18,090%.. 33,784 .. 36,495%.. 11,887 .. 31,120%

9,606

30,002 Nov...... 71.3324..101,274%.. 106,700%.. 51,169

343,507%

.
June.... 38,838 .. 31,807*.. 11,778

.
.

.
1848.
9,011%.
15,027

6,947

35,275
Oct...... 61,17234.. 70,396
March.... 5,423
Jan......
April....
Aug..... 25,386
July.....
Total....364,372%
Feb.
Sept.....

Receipts and Exports of FlourTobacco and Molasses. From the records of the Western Rail. The exports of tobacco were as follows: road, we copy the following comparative

Bales and Boxes and monthly statement of the receipts of

Hhds.
cases.

kegs.

991......6,036......19,452 flour for the past five years:

1851

1,146. ...4.104. .17,567 1850.

810.....14,030.. 7,673 1849.

...1,340 .....3,714. 9,823 1848.....

... 1.619......2,534...... 9,108 1847...... .....1,827......4,243......10,773 SUGARS.— The imports were as follows:

Hhds. & eka. Bble Bags. Boxes. Foreign.......14,849.... 1,193 ....98,632....83,210 Coastwise..... 1,788.... 7,461.... - .... 3,267 Total 1852. ....16,637.... 8,654....98.632.... 86,477

" 1851.....13,667.... 5,843....88,126....84,828 46 1850..... 15,797.... 8,021 ... 53,312. ... 86,610 « 1849. ....11,032....17,502....71,042....47,733 " 1848.....11,796.... 5,964. ...74,129....72,661

The exports for the past five years to foreign ports have been as follows:

Boxes. Hhda. &cks. Bbls. Bage. 1852........... 6,157.... 429.... 4,846.... 1851. .... 3,451.... 1,904.... 2,760.... 1850..... . 7,750.... 700.... 5,959.... 900 1849.... . 9,717.... 521.... 1,554.... 1,249 1848. ... 5,887.... 941 ... 2,185.... 2,500 1847.

. 5,450.... 272.... 3,292.... 360 MOLASSES.—The quantity taken by distillers during the year comprises 39,000 hhds, of all kinds, of which about

27,500 hhds. were sour Cuba at 16 a 19!c., The exports of flour have been as fol

the principal sales from 16 a 18°c. In lows:

1851, 35,000 hhds. were taken, sour CuTo foreign ports ..................bbls.... 226,324 ba selling from 17 a 20 ; in 1850, 31,500 To coastwise...

....bbls.... 43,447 bhd. oto 11
hhds. at 17% a 23c.; in 1849, 29,000

02. in 1

hhds. at 17 a 21% c.; and in 1848, 26,650 Total 1852

269,771 1851.

177,346 hhds. at 15 a 20c. for Cuba. The import « 1850....

115,316 of the year shows a considerable falling 16 1849

... 153,933

33 off compared with last year. The stock

. 129,678 1847.

186,728 of all kinds now at hand is 1,500 hhds., * 1846..

159,117 against 3,100 hhds. in 1851, 5,000 hhds. TOBACCO.—The stock of leaf tobacco

1850, and 3,500 hhds. in 1849. The imin first hands is 700 hhds. against 900 por

ports have been as follows:

Hads. Tiercos. Bbls. hhds. in 1851, 600 hhds. in 1850, 800 hhds.

Foreign...... ....... 46,681.... 3,302.... 1,245 in 1849, 1,250 hhds. in 1848, and 1,500

Coastwise.......

.24,823.... 97.... 3,236 hhds, in 1847. The imports have been

.71,504.... 3,339.... 4,481 as follows:

Total 1852..
* 1851...

...81,412.... 4,331.... 3,621 Hhds. Bales. Boxes & kegu. 1850..

.73,316.... 3,800.... 5,998 1852... .2,316......4,641......31,608

1849.

.... 72,545.... 3,662.... 3,342 1851 .2,691 .3,663. .41,794

1848.

....77,675.... 4,483.... 7,216 1850. .2,161 4,946. 35,179

1847

....78,278.... 4,474.... 2,875 1849. .2,091 .8,350 27.089

1846.. ....69,308.... 3,144.... 2,861 1848..... 2,112 4,344. 32,013

1845...

59,790.... 3,725....13,433 1847. .......3,004.. ...4,780......38.750

1844... ....77,426.... 1616... ..1,381......4,410......33,442

1843.

57,660.... -. The amount inspected in Boston for

The exports have been :

Hhde, Tierces Bbls. eight years past has been as follows:

To foreign ports......... 1,905.... 884.... 117
Hhds.
Coastwise.

.. 4,414.... 125.... 3,088

.. 1,515 1851. .. 1.690 Total 1852...

509.... 3,205 1850

.. 1,361 • 1851... 1819.

.. 1.470
1850...
...11,107.

3,854 .. 1,664 1848...

1849.
......15,781.... 824

736 1847.. 2,258 ( 1848... ......13,967....

507 1946...

... 1.042
1847...

. 29,586.... 2,700. ... 1,253 1845..

1846.... ...... 4,824

185 ...17,686.... 2,209....

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1848.

1852......

6,319. .. 8,892..

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