Page images
PDF
EPUB

and papers in case of fire. The whole. &c., about 2,000 feet of plank to each sale business has increased very rapidly machine per day. Three breweries. of late, perhaps doubled in the course of Two white-lead factories consume 600 two years. The original dimensions of tons lead annually. Four rope walks, the canal were upon a scale entirely too which work up 600 tons of hemp ansmall to admit of the passage of the nually." larger class of steamers now built and Every city has, at some time or other, being built for the New-Orleans trade. its practical jokes. The following one Hence the project of a rail-road from the is very amusingly narrated by Mr. Casupper portion of the falls to the termina- seday, by whom a work of considerable tion, to be erected upon the Indiana merit, entitled the “History of Louisside of the river, where the course will ville,” has been written, and from which be level, has been for some time in we have drawn, quite largely, the maserious contemplation. The object of terials of this article. Mr. Casseday this rail-road is to transport the steamers does not think that the removal of the and other vessels too large to navigate deposits from the banks, where they had the river. It is to be effected by means been used as banking capital, very of a stationary engine about midway, materially affected the happiness or the from which pullies are to be fastened love of fun in the citizens, although the upon the boats, and in this way they are city fathers represented, in a grave me to be carried from the water above, morial to the government, that “all is along the line of the road, and laid upon gloom and despondence, all uncertainty rock, down to the water below. We and suspense, all apprehension and foremay now expect this work to be com- boding. Prices here have fallen beyond pleted within a short time, as all the any former example. Flour has sunk stock has been taken and is greatly from $4 to $3 or even $2 50 per barrel. above par.

Hemp, pork, and every commodity has From the directory published by Mr. fallen in many instances 50 per cent." Otis, in 1832, we obtain the following The incident alluded to by Mr. Cas. particulars, interesting to the general seday, as his proof that this derangement merchant:

in the monetary operations of commerce IMPORTS FROM DEC. 1, 1831, TO AUGUST 4, 1832.

did not “throw a very deep or settled

gloom over the community," "was the Bale Rope ..... ...... coils...... 26,830

sudden appearance in the streets of Bagging..................pieces...... 33,411 China, &c...

.......pkgs...... 1,170 the city of a very singular procession, Coffee......

since known as the comical guards. They Cotton ...

4,913 Mackerel

bbls... . 12,037

were intended as a burlesque of the miSalt...

.... ...... 16,729 litia drills, then of biennial occurrence Salt (Turk's Island ..bags...... 18,146

....... lbs....... Tea...

63,500

here. The procession was headed by Flour......

......bbls...... 48,470 an enormous man, rivaling Daniel Lam

.... 19,121 bert in his superabundance of flesh, Iron ......

631 Lead.

231

mounted on an equally overgrown ox, Molasses....

.bbls... 6,309 on whose hide was painted the followNails..........

......kegs...... 10,395

..... hhds.... Sugar (N. 0.)...

ing descriptive motto: "The bull-works

7,717 İLoan)..... ......bbls.... .. 3,118 of our country. This heroic captain Tinplate................... boxes ...... 3,108 also wore a sword of mighty proportions, 14,627 barrels of whisky were inspect- on whose trenchant blade was written ed during this time.

in letters of scarlet the savage inscripOne steam factory (woolen) employs tion: "Blood or — This leader was 30 hands, and consumes 25,000 pounds followed by a band of equally singular of wool per annum.

characters, long men on short ponies, One cotton factory employs 80 hands, little boys on enormous bony Rozinantes, and consumes 500 bales annually, and picked up from the commons; men inworks 1,056 spindles.

closed in hogsheads with only head, Two potteries. One grist mill (steam). feet and arms visible; men encased, Two foundries employing 155 hands and even to helmet and visor, in wicker-work consuming 1,200 tons of iron per annum. armor, and a thousand other knights of Sixteen brick yards. One steam plan- fanciful costume, and all marching with ing mill, with two machines and two heroic steps to the martial clangor of tin circular saws, planes, tongues, grooves, pans, the braying of milk-horns, the

bags...... 18.289

Hides........

... tons......

ImportsDry-goods Houses-Groceries.

217

......nnds......

3....

Rice..........

. . bags......

17,925

18,000 Rope.

400.... 11,000

8....

9....

shrill sound of whistles, the piping of The sales of queensware, less reliably cat-calls, and the ceaseless din of penny taken, reach $265,000. trumpets and cornstaik fiddles. TheThere are thirty-nine wholesale groprocession halted in its progress through cery houses, whose aggregate sales reach the streets in front of the residences of $10,623,400, which gives an average of the officers of the inilitia, and after salut- $272,400 each. A brief statement of ing them with a flourish of music, made some of the principal annual imports them a speech, and cheered them with in the grocery line will, perhaps, give a a chorus of groans." The following is better idea of this business. The figures the table of churches :

refer to the year 1850:

Louisiana sugar
Usual at-

..hhds......
Congrega-

15,615 tions. tendance. property. y. Refined.

.....p'kgs...... 10,100 Baptist ...

2.200.... $80,000
Molasses...

.bbls...... 17,500 Episcopal....

1,425.... 76,000
Coffee......

..bags......

42,500 Methodist ........ 5,900.... 109,000

..... tierces, 1,275 Presbyterian.......

2,225....
128,000

Cotton yarns
German Evangelical

1,200... 21,700
Cheese

.boxes. 25,250 * Lutheran......

100.
Flour ......

......bbls.... 80,650 " Reformed .....

200.. 2,250
Bagging ......

.pieces.. 70.160

.. Disciples.

....... coils.... 65,350 520.. Unitarians ..... 240.... 1.200 Salt (Kanawha)...

.......bbls...... 110,250 Universalists.

200..

8.000 “ (Turk's Island)............bags...... 50,525 Roman Catholic,

5,000. 125,000 The follow; Jews...........

The following recapitulatory table will

- enable the reader to see at a glance all Total................46.....19,610.... $590,900 that has just been stated : The following statistical information Description of No. of Aggregate an. Av'go salos of

business. houses. Dual sales. each house. we extract from the work of Mr. Casse- Groceries

Groceries ......... 39....$10,623,400....$272.400 day, above alluded to: Louisville con- Dry-Goods

.. 5,853,000.... 234,000 Boots and Shoes, ... 1.184,000.... 148,000 Drugs,........

1,123,000.... 140,375 dry-goods houses, whose sales are made Hardware.......

590,000..... 65,555 only to dealers, and whose market Queensware ..

265,000. 44,166 reaches from Northern Louisiana to lats, Furs, &c.... 8....

85,375

683,000.... Northern Kentucky, and embraces a Total ......... 103.... $20,321,400.... $197,295 large part of the states of Kentucky, In- As a tobacco market. Louisville has diana, Tennessee, Alabama, Illinois, Misc at

pama inois, Ms. attracted very much of the public attensissippi, and Arkansas. The aggregate tion. In respect to this article, it has amount of annual sales by these houses some v

es some very striking advantages-conveis $5,853,000, or an average of $234,000

nience of access, coupled with the fact to each house. The sales of three of the that in

that, in the transportation of this article, largest of these houses amount, in the

purchasers at the North and East are not aggregate, to $1,789,000. Neither this

under the necessity of subjecting it to statement, nor those which follow, in the trial of a sea voyage. Holders of clude any auction houses.

tobacco are now satisfied that the sale of In boots and shoes the sales of the the.

of the the article, at full prices, can be effected eight houses, of the above description, in this a

description; in this city without the slightest uncerreach $1,184,000, or $148,000 to each tainty

ach tainty or difficulty. Speculators, upon house. The sales of the three largest the other hand, and the regular trader, houses in this business reach $630,000. may confidently expect to find here à

The aggregate amount of sales of eight good assortment. The following table houses in drugs, &c., is $1,123,000, or will show the steady increase in the ar$140,375 to each house, and the sales of ticle of tobacco since the year 1839. the three largest houses amount to $753,000.

There were received here in 1839. ... 1,295 hhds.

" 1842.... 5.131 The sales of hardware by nine houses

1846.... 9,700 amount annually to $590,000, being an

1851....11,300

* 1852....16,176 * average of $65,555 to each house.

The sales of saddlery reach $980,000, It is quite a common thing to see traof which nearly one-half are of domestic ders from portions of Virginia itself, from manufacture.

Western New York, Northern Illinois, The sales of hats and caps, necessa- Ohio, Michigan, and Western Pennsylrily including sales at retail, amount to vania, and occasionally from other states. $683,000.

The eye of the philosophical merchant

cannot but be directed to the wonderful extract from the Report of the Commitchanges that have been, and the greater tee of Public Health of the Louisville that will yet be effected, in virtue of ar- Medical Society : "Since the year 1822 tificial channels of intercommunication. and 1823," says this report, “the enHitherto the great lines of water com- demic fevers of summer and autumn munication have given character to the have become gradually less frequent; mercantile geography, or commercial until within the last five or six years, aspect of a country. But now they are they have almost ceased to prevail, and giving place to a more potent element those months now are as free from disof commerce in railroads and canals. It ease, as those of any part of the year. now becomes a question whether the to- Typhoid fever is a rare affection here, bacco and cotton planter, who resides in and a majority of the cases seen, occur North Mississippi, in certain parts of in persons recently from the country. Tennessee and Alabama, cannot put his Some physicians residing in the interior hogshead of tobacco of the one, and his of this state, see more of the disease bale of cotton of the other, into the cities than comes under the joint observation of the East, in less time and at a less of all the practitioners of the city, if we cost by means of the now uninterrupted exclude those treated in the hospital. communication with those cities. The Tubercular disease, particularly pul. lake route, during the summer months, monary consumption, is not so much is uninterrupted. The Jefferson Rail-road seen as in the interior of Kentucky. begins to attract attention. The Balti- Our exemption from pulmonary conmore and Ohio Rail-road being comple- sumption is remarkable, and it would ted to Wheeling, produce of every kind be a matter of much interest, if a recan be carried to Philadelphia and New- gistration could be made of all the York. The completion of this road will deaths from it, so that we could compare be followed by the establishment, as them with those of other places. For necessary sequences, of a regular line of the truth of the remark as to the ex. steam packets from Louisville to Nash- tent and frequency of the diseases ville, and to Memphis, and to Wheeling. enumerated, we rely solely upon what Louisville is also a place of increasing we have observed ourselves, and upon attraction to the law and medical stu- what we have verbally gathered from dent. The University of Louisville can our professional friends. This exempstand a respectable comparison with the tion of Louisville from disease, can be very best in the country. It is now in accounted for in no other way than high repute and in successful operation. from its natural situation, and from There are names connected with the in- what has been done in grading, in stitution that have a reputation beyond building, and in laying off the streets. the limits of the state.

“Louisville is situated on an open "A short time ago," says the Louis- plain, where the wind has access from ville Courier of the 24th September, "we every direction; upon a sandy soil, published a statement as prepared by which readily absorbs the water that Thomas S. Page, Esq., Auditor of the falls upon it; susceptible of adequate State of Kentucky, of the number of hogs drainings; supplied bountifully with pure six months old on the first day of Janua- limestone water, which is filtered ry, 1852, in this state. The list was in- through a depth of thirty or forty feet complete, as eight counties had not sent of sand; its streets are wide and laid in their assessments. We now subjoin off at right angles: north and south, the full returns from every county in the east and west, giving the freest venstate except Trimble :

tilation, and the buildings compact, Last Report

1.01.961 comfortable, and generally so constructMadison county ...,

27,462 ed as to be dry and to admit freely Estill county......

5,918 the fresh air. It is situated upon the Mason county ...

11,294 Davies county.....

21:389 border of the beautiful Ohio, and enUnion county .......

15,643 vironed by one of the richest agriculWoodford county..

8,826 Jefferson county (Louisville)........... 20,362

tural districts in the world, supplying

it with abundance of food and all the The reader, curious with respect to the comforts and luxuries of life. It must, health of Louisville, may receive satis- under the guidance of science and factory information from the following wise legislation, become, if it is not

..........

Report of the Committee of HealthPoems of Amelia.

219

already, one of the healthiest cities in and are extremely creditable to her as the world. Its proximity to the rapids a woman, as well as an evidence of of the Ohio may add to its salubrity ; high order of genius. With a little and it is certain that the evening more experience, with a little more of breezes wafted over them, produce an the masculine of the mind-if we may exhilarating effect beyond what is de- say so-with a little deeper insight rived from the perpetual music of a into the springs of human passion, and roar of waters."

a higher range of philosophical feeling, Louisville has the reputation of ha- she would have taken a permanent ving been the residence of one of the rank among those names that time sweetest poets of America. Some of enrolls for perpetuity. But her song, so the poems of Amelia, the child of song, full of melody, is now still in the are written with unusual excellence, grave.

(For other statistical information upon Louisville see previous volumes of Review, condensed into "Industrial Resources," articles, “Kentucky,” Louisville," &c. See also Review of January, 1853, for an article upon the rates of freight and other expenses of shipment from Louisville by the rail-road, &c., to the North, and also by way of New Orleans, in the same direction.)-Ed.

ART. IV.-PROGRESS OF THE REPUBLIO-THE CENSUS OF

EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY.

(Continued fom our last No.). CRIME.—The statistics of crime form entire table falls short of the reality at a subject of our investigation. From the least 20 per cent. For the purposes of returns it appears that the whole num. taxation, especially on personal properber of persons convicted of crime in the ty, the full amount in value is not geneUnited States, for the year ending the rally given in, and in rural districts, first day of June, 1850, was about 27,000. especially, all kinds of property are asOf these 13,000 were native, and 14,000 sessed at much less than their worth. The foreign born. The whole number in table does not represent stocks or bonds prison on the first day of June was about owned by the separate states, or by the 6,700, of whom 4,300 were native, and general government. This return will 2,460 foreign. It will be borne in mind be narrowly scrutinized, and will furthat the native prisoners include co- nish matter for many a discussion on lored convicts, the number of whom political economy. The value of slaves it is impossible to state, as time has not is included. sufficed to admit of the more particular The following is the valuation of real separation into classes, other than native and personal estate of the inhabitants of and foreign. Our criminal statistics, the United States for the year ending when fully understood, will present June 1, 1850:

True or estimany subjects for reflection, and open a

States.

Assessed value. mated value. wide and interesting field for the study Maine...

396,765,868.... $122,777,571 of the Christian, moralist, and statesman. New-Hampshire......

92,177,959.... 103,652,835 Vermont ........

71,671,651.... 92,205,049 REAL AND PERSONAL ESTATE.-Ap- Massachusetts...... 546,003, 057.... 573,342,286 pended to our report will be found a ta. Rhode Island........ 77,758,974.... 80,508,794 ble of the valuation of real and personal N

Connecticut ..... 119,088,672. 155,707,980

New-York ...... 715,369,028.... 1,080,300,216 estate owned by individuals in each of New Jersey* ........ 190,000,000. 200,000,000 the United States. This table, which Pennsylvania........ 497,039,649. 722,486,120

Delaware......

17,442,640.. 18,652,053 fixes the wealth of our citizens at more Maryland..

208,563,566... 219,217,364 that 7,133,000 of dollars, is made up

14.018,874. 14.018,874 from the official returns of property for

Virginia....

381,376,660. 430,701,082

North Carolina .... 212,071,413. 226,800,472 the purposes of taxation. Where the South Carolina ..... 283,867,709....

285,257,698 assessment has been made on a sum less

Georgia .......

335,116,225. 335,425,714 Florida.....

22,784,837... * 22,862,270 than the intrinsic worth, the assistant Alabama ..

219,476,150... 228,304,332 marshals were instructed to add the ne. Mississippi.

208,422,167.... 228,951,130 cessary per centage to bring it up to its

us * In New-Jersey, as the real estate only was re

# true value. We are of opinion that the turned, the above is partly estimated.

True or anti- statedly used as places of public wor. States. Assessed value. Louisiana ....

$233,908,764 ship, belonging to all religious denominaTexas........

51,027,456.... 52,740,473 tions. By the returns made, it appears Arkansas.

36,428,675 39,841,025 there are 36,011 churches in the several Tennessee....

189,437,623.... 201,246.6864 Kentucky.....

291,387,554.... 301,638,458 states, and 210 in the District of Columbia Ohio .........

433,872,632.. 301,628,456 and the Territories. The churches in CaliMichigan ...

30,877,223. 59,787,255 Indiana ....

152,870,399... 202650.264 fornia and the Territories are not fully Illinois ....

114,782,645.... 156,595,006 returned, but the religious denominaMissouri

98,595,463.. 137,247,707 tions in the Iowa ........

tions in those places are not supposed to 21,690,642.. 23,714,638 Wisconsin...

26,715,525.... 42,056,595 have possessed numerous or large buildCaliforniat .... 22,123,173.... 22,161,872 ings." The halls or school-houses which

$5,998.983.281 $7,122,145,697 are used in many of the thinly settled Territorios.

portions of the country, and in cities by Minnesota (not re

societies which are unable to build turned in full)..... New Mexico...... 5,174,471....

5.174.421 houses of worship for their own use, are Oregon...

5,063,474.... 5,063.474 not included. By the "aggregate acUtah ...... 986,083.... 986,083

commodations in the table, is meant Total........... $6,010,207,309 $7,133,369,725 the total number of seats for individuals CHURCHES.—The assistant marshals

ha in the churches. Under the “ value of

of church property” is included the value were required to give an account of

of each of the churches and property churches, including halls and chapels, if of

" owned by the different religious soci† Only thirteen counties in California are returned. eties.

[ocr errors]

556.

391

Ratio of Aggregate ac- Average sc Total value Ar'rge val. No. of Churches to commodations com'dations in of Church

in each States. Churches. population. of Churches, each state. property.

state. Maine .............. 685.... 304,447,...

$2,012 New Hampshire ..

602,
528 ... 233,892....

1,401,586... 2,327 Vermont ...........

564....

226,444..... 401 ... . 1.213,126.... 2,151 Massachusetts..

• 1,430..... 695.... 682,908..... 478..... 10,205,284..... 7,137 Rhode Island... .. 221 ..... 667.

98,736. 447.

1....

1,252,900. 5,669 Connecticut..

19
515.
305,249.

425

3,554,894. 4,914 New-York.

4,084

758.

.. 1,896,229. 464 21.132,707. 5,174 New Jersey.....

807.... 606.

344,933 427 3,540,436... 4,357 Pennsylvania...

3,509.
658...

446. . 11,551,885... 3,297 Delaware.....

180.
508.

55,741. 310...... 340, 345.. 1,891 Maryland .....

909..

641. 390, 265...... 429..... 3,947,884.. 4,343 Virginia........

2,336

608

834,691 357... 2,849,176. 1,220 North Carolina..

1,678,
517.... 558,204. 333... 889,393.

530 South Carolina.

1,163

574
453.930

2,140,346 1,962 Georgia ......

1.723.
525.... 612,892 356.... 1,269,159.

737 Florida........

152
507
41,170. 271.... 165,490.

1,088 Alabama ....

1,235.

624
388,605
315.... 1,132,076.

836 Mississippi....

910...
275,979 303 .... 754.512.

829 Louisiana....

278.
1,862
104,080.

374.

1,782,470. 6,412 Texas .........

164...... 1,296 .... 54,495 332.... 200,530... 1,223 Arkansas...

185
1,133
39,930. 216.

89,315,

483 Tennessee... 1,939.... 517.... 606,695

313.
1,208,876.

623 Kentuky ...

.. 1,818....

540.

672,033, 370.... 2,260,098. 1,243 Ohio..........

3.890

1,447,632.

372
5,765,149.

1.225 Michigan.....

362
1,098. 118.892.

328

723,200. 1,998 Indiana....

1,947..
689,330.

1,512,465.

777 Illinois.....

1,167..

729. 479,078. 411.. 1,476,335 Missouri...

773
882
241,139 312. 1,558,590

2,016 Jowa.

148
1,298.
37,759 255

177,400.

1.199 Wisconsin...

244... 1.250... 78,455. 322... 350.600. 1,437 California.....

23...... 7,173.

9,600...... 417...... 258,300...... 1,123 Total...................36,011...... 646......13,849,896...... 384......$86,416,639.......$2,400

[ocr errors]

509

307.

354.

[ocr errors]

Denominations.
Baptist ..........
Christian .......
Congregational.
Dutch Reformed ....
Episcopal
Free ........... ...
Friends.....
German Reformed
Jewish .......
Lutheran.....
Mennonite....

No. of

Aggregate necom. Average accom-
Churches.
modations.

modations
8,791. 3,130,878.

356.
812.
296,050.

365....
1,674.

795,177 ... 475.... 324.

181,986. .... 561....
1,422.

625,213... ... 440.....
108,605.. .. 300.....
282,823.

396.....
327...
156,632

479
16,575

534..... 1,203.. ... 531,100.

441..... 110....

29,900......... 272.....

Total value of Avtage val. Church property. of property. ..$10,931,382........$1,244

845,810..... 1.041 7,973,962......... 4,763 4,096,030

12,644 11,261,970... 7,919

252,255. 1,709,867... 2,395 965.880.

2,953 371,600. 11.987 2,867,888

2,383 94,245..

856

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

714,.....

31......

« PreviousContinue »