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and Gross-Aspern, and thrice he filled wounded; he is one of the first generals them with his dead. The fusiliers of the of France. Gen. Durosnel, aid-de-camp guards, commanded by general Monton, to the Emperor, was also killed by a acquired great glory; they defeated the cannon-ball, while he was carrying an reserve, formed of all the grenadiers of order. The soldiers displayed all that the Austrian army, and the only fresh coolness and intrepidity which is peculiar tranus which remained to the enemy. Gen. to the French only.—The water of the Da
to the sword 700 Hungarians, nube still increasing, the bridges of the
*- ceeded in entrenching them- Danube could not be restored during the
in the church-yard of Esling. The night; the Emperor, therefore, ordered the ramieurs under the command of gen. army, on the 23d, to pass from the left Cural, performed their first service this bank across the little arm, and take a posiday, and proved that they possessed cou- tion in the island of In-der-Lobau, prorage. Gen. Dorsenne, col. commandant tecting the tetes du ponte.—The works for of the old guards, posted his troops in replacing the bridge are continued with asthe third line, forming a brazen wall, siduity, and nothing will be undertaken which was alone capable of withstanding until they are secure, not only against the all tbe efforts of the Austrian army. The accidents of the water, but against any enemy discharged 40,000 cannon shot thing that may be attempted against them. against us, while we, deprived of our reserve the rise of the river, and the rapidity parks, were under the necessity of sparing of the stream, must require much labour our ammunition, lest some other unforeseen and great caution. On the 25d, when the events should occur.-In the evening, the army was informed that the Emperor had enemy returned to his old position, which ordered it to retreat to the great island, he had left previous to the commencement nothing could exceed the astonishment of of the attack, and we remained masters the brave troops ; victorious on both days, of the field. His loss is very great: it they had supposed that the remainder of being estimated by the most experienced the army had joined them; but when they officers that he left more than 12,000 dead were told that the high water had carried on the field. According to the reports away the bridges, and that its continued of the prisoners the enemy have had increase rendered the renewal of their 23 generals and 60 superior officers killed ammunition and provisions impracticable, or wounded. Lieut. field marshal Weber and that any movement in advance would and 1,500 men, and four standards, have be absurd, it was with great difficulty they fallen into our hands. Our loss has also could be persuaded of the truth of the been considerable. We have 1,100 killed statement.--That bridges constructed of and 3,000 wounded.---The duke of Monte- the largest boats of the Danube, secured bello was wounded by a cannon ball in by double anchors and cables, should be the thighi, at six o'clock in the evening of carried away, was a great and entirely the 22d; but an amputation has taken unforeseen disaster; but it was extremely place, and his life is out of danger. At fortunate that the Emperor was not two first it was thought that he was killed, and hours later of being informed of it. The being carried on a hand-barrow to where army in pursuing the enemy would have the Emperor was, his adieu was most affect- exhausted its ammunition, which it would ing. In the midst of all the anxieties of the have been impossible to replace. On the day the Emperor gave himself up to the ex- 230 a great quantity of ammunition was pression of that tender friendship which sent to the camp at In-der-Lobau. The during so many years he has cherished for battle of Esling, of which a circumstantial this brave companion in arms. Soine tears report shall be made, pointing out the rolled from his eyes, and turning to those brave men who distinguished themselves who surrounded him, he said, " My heart therein, will, in the eyes of posterity, be required such a painful stroke as this, to a new memorial of the glory and inflexible make me occupy myself, on this day, with firmness of the French army.--The marany other care than that of my army.” shals the dukes of Montebello and Rivoli The duke of Montebello was insensible, on that day displayed all the powers of but recovered himself in the presence of their military character. The Emperor the Emperor: he embraced him and said, has given the command of the 2d corps “Within an hour you will have lost him to gen. count Oudinot, a general tried in a who dies with the glory and the consola- hundred battles, in which he has always tion of being your best friend."--The evinced the possession of equal courage as general of division, St. Hillaire, is also skill.
Eleventh Bulletin, dated Ebersdorf, May 2. offer pledges of their fidelity, and to sup
sent deputies to the king of Bavaria to The duke of Dantzic is master of the plicate his mercy.—The Vorarlburghers, Tyrol, and entered Inspruck on the 19th, who have been misled by the exasperating the whole territory having submitted. proclamations and artifices of the enemy, On the 11th the duke of Dantzic took the will follow the example of the Tyrol, and strong position of the Strub-pass, with that part of Germany will then be comseven cannon and 600 men.--On the 13th, pletely freed from all the horrors and misafter defeating Chasteller in the position fortunes of popular insurrection. of Voergel, putting him to flight, and taking Twelfth Bulletin, dated Ebersdorf, May 26. all his artillery, he pursued him near to Rullenberg, where the wretched fugitive
On the 23rd and 24th the army was was indebted for his safety only to the employed to restore the bridges, wbich speed of his horse.—General De Roy at were ready the 25th, early in the morning, the same time raised the blockade of the and the wounded, caissons, &c. were refortress of Kufstein, forming his junction moved to the right banks of the Danube.with the troops commanded by the duke The Danube being likely to rise until the of Dantzic, who greatly praises the con- 15th of June, it is intended to mark the duct of general Palm and several other heights of the river by poles driven into officers (named in the Bulletin).--Chastel- the ground, to which the large iron chain ler entered the Tyrol with a handful of is to be fastened which the Turks had brave men, and preached up insurrection, destined for the same purpose, but the plunder, and murder. He saw several | Austrians took it from them, and it was thousand Bavarians and a hundred French found in the arsenal of Vienna. This soldiers put to death before his eyes. He measure, and the works which are coneven encouraged the murders by his own structed on the left bank of the Danube, applause, and provoked all the cruelty of will enable us to manæuvre on boih sides these mountain boors. Among the murdered of that river. Our light troops have taken French were about sixty Belgians, all coun post near Presburgh, on the lake of Neutrymen of Chasteller. That wretch, loaded siedel. Gen. Lauriston is in Styria, at with the favours of the Emperor, to whoin Simeringsberg and Bruck. The duke of he owed the restoration of his property, Dantzic is hastening, by forced marches, amounting to several millions, is insus- at the head of the Bavarian troops, to join ceptible to the feelings of gratituile, as the army of Vienna ; the horse-cbasseurs well as to the affection which even barba- of the imperial guard arrived here yesterrians entertain for their countrymen.-day; the dragoons were expected in the The Tyroiese detest the man whose trea- course of the day; and within a few days cherous conduct instigated them to rebel- the horse-grenadiers, and 60 pieces of ordlion, and who thereby brought upon them nance attached to the guards, will reach all its consequent evils. The rage against this place.-By the Capitulation of Vienna, Chasteller is so great, that when after what seven marshal-lieutenants, nine major-gehappened at Voergel he took refuge at nerals, 10 colonels, 20 majors and lieuteHall, they attacked him with cudgels, nant-colonels, 100 captains, 150 lieutenants, and gave him such a drubbing that he 200 second lieutenants, and 3,000 nonkept his bed for two days, and durst not commissioned ofticers and soldiers were venture to make his appearance, except to made prisoners of war, exclusively of those request a capitulation : he was told, how. who were in the hospital, and whose numever, that no capitulation would be granted bers amount to some thousands. to a highway robber, upon which he fled BATTLE OF URFAR.-On the 17th inst. towards the mountains of Carinthia.—The at two in the afternoon, three Austrian valley of Zillerthal was the first which columns, under the command of generals submitted, laid down arms, and gave Grainville, Bucalwitz, and Somma Riva, hostages. The remainder of the territory and supported by a reserve under gen. has followed this example. All the chiefs Jellachich, attacked gen. Vandamme at have ordered the boors to return to their the village of Urfar, in the front of the homes, and they are leaving the mountains bridge-head at Lintz. and returning to their villages. The
(To be continued.) town of Inspruck and all the villages have
LONDON :-Printed by T. C. HANSARD, Peterborough - Court, Fleet - Street ; Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent - Garden :-Sold also by J. BUDD, Pall-Mall.
VOL. XV. No. 25.)
LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 24, 1809.
" THE defect of Representation is the national Disease; and, unless you apply a Remedy directly
to that Disease, you mhist inevitably take the Consequences, with which it is pregnant.- Without a " Parliamentary Reform the Nation will be plunged into new wars; without a Parliamentary Reform
you cannot be safe against bad Ministers, nor can even good Ministers be of nse to you. Ao honest
inan can, according to the present system, continue Minister.”- -MR. Pitt's Speech, in the llouse of Commous, 1762. 961]
-[963 PARLIAMENTARY REFORM.
of this monopoly into the hands of the
Treasury; and, why did they so ? Because, When the reader has perused the motto, they themselres had not the possession of the and observed the date, it will, doubtless, Treasury. This was a very sufficient reaoccur to him, that this same man, without son for them to oppose the monopoly ; a Reform in Parliament, became minister, especially as they must have perceived, and continued to be minister for nearly twenty that the monopoly, if turned to good acyears. The truth is, that, if there had count by the present set, would deprive been that Reform of Parliament, which he them of all chance of getting into the enprofessed to wish for, and which profes-joyment of place and profit again for the sion, together with others of a similar ten- remainder of many of their lives, if the dency, gained him that popularity of system continued so long. This was their which he made so mischievous an use; if reason for opposing the bill, as new-mothat Reform of Parliament had taken delled by the Tinman's Prosecutor.place, he would very soon have ceased During the last debate upon this bill, Sir to be minister, or he would never have FRANCIS BURDEtt gave notice of his in-' thought of those mcasures, by which, intention to move a Resolution upon the subone shape or another, the half of every ject of real Reform ; anid, at the same man's estate has been taken from him, time, to state distinctly what was the sort while the number of paupers has been of Reform that he wished for. - The doubled. What we have recently seen; SPEECH, which he made upon the occasion what has now been placed before us in so of this Resolution, I am now about to inmany shapes; what we have now seen so sert, as made out from the notes of a very clearly proved; this must remove from. able short-hand writer ; so that the public every mind, any doubt that might exist, may look upon it as containing a perfectly respecting the soundness, or unsoundness, correct statement of all that was said by of Mr. Pitt's doctrine, “that no honest man Sir Francis Burdett upon this occasion. “ can, according to the present system, -Here, then, we have his Plan of Re“ continue minister.”. -Mr. Curwen’s Bill, form. We have an exposition of the prinof which I have spoken in the two last ciples upon which that Plan is founded; Numbers, has passed : it is become a law, and we have arguments undeniable as to and it contains only three lines and a half its beneficial effects.------Any further than of the bill, as originally proposed by Mr. in observing, that this Plan, az to all its Curwen. It was clearly shown, I think, material parts, is precisely that which I in my Number of the 10th of June, that wish for, and which every man not inthis bill, even in its best state ; even as terested, either directly or indirectly, in' proposed by Mr. Curwen, would only public robbery, will, upon taking time to throw the monopoly of seats into the hands consider, heartily wish for; any further than of the Treasury. We need not wonder, this I shall not, at present, take up the time therefore, that good Mr. Curwen had the of the reader with any thing upon the nagratification of seeing Mr. Perceral and ture or tendency of the Plan; but, there are Lord Castlereagh amongst his most zealous some circumstances attending the bringing supporters. If the worthy Mr. Reding had it forward, which it is proper to notice, been in the House, I dare say that Mr. Cur- and which will not fail to have due weight wen would have been honoured with his upon the mind of the public.- -It was on support too. But, the Opposition; 1 Monclay, the 12th instant, that, in speaking mean the regular Opposition, voted against upon Mr. Curwen's bill, Sir Francis Burshe bill. They voted against the throwing dett gave notice of his intended motion,
which notice he introduced thas: He
Neither direct accusation, neither said “ that the honourable Mover, who “ acknowledged frequency and admitted “ originally introduced the Bill, could, in " extensiveness, had produced any effect, " its presswit state, scarcely acknowledge “ until the evil itself, and the source from a it as his measure. Tiis, indeed, must, “ whence it emanated, became too evident “ be a mobility of political feeling, if
, so “ to be longer concealed from the people " metamorphosed, he could recognise it “ or protected by those interested, And
as his own, melted down as it had been or what, after all, was the remedy ? - A
so completely, in the crucible of the “ measure in its origin far from being ef" Chancellor of the Exchequer. By whom fectual, but, under its present modifica" was it supported ? What influence, un- « tions, only what he must repeat, an in“ der those changes, which some would demnity for pust offences and a security for * affect to call improvements, now recom- “ future corruptions.”After this he gave “ mended it to the sanction of the House ? the notice before-mentioned, observing.
Strange to tell, this measure of Reform, that it would be scandalous, to the last de“ this remedy for existing evils, this, which gree, for the house to separate without “ in its operation was to have the power- giving some pledge to the country, that “ ful effect of preventing their recurrence, they would seriously take the ques" was now recommended, fostered, and im- tion of Reform into their consideration as " proved by the very persons who either had soon as they met again.- -His notice " committed, were accused of committing, or was for the Wednesday, and, it so happened,
by their votes in that House, had sunc- that, though there was much business to “ tioned the very criminal transactions and press forward, there were not members “ offences against the principles of the Consti- enough present to make what is called a “tution and the independence of Parliament, House, so that the motion could not be “ which this very Bill, so supported, now made. If the notice had been renewed, " went to remedy and redress. Could the the like might have happened again ; and “ House forget what was the nature of the thus, when the last day of the session “ plea, when such transactions were offer- came, the motion and the speech mighe “ed to be proved at its bar : --when the have been prevented by a rap at the door by “ very author of this Bill, for so changed, so the Black Rod. This the mover prevented “ perverted was it from its original import, by taking care to attend every day, and " that he could not call it any longer the the first moment he caught the House formed “ measure of the honourable gentieman be- for business, rising and making his speech “ hind him (Mr. Curwen), had himself and motion.—When men are conscious of “ been accused of conniving at such an offence their own inferiority of talents, or of the " --when his noble colleague (lord Castle- badness of their cause, they naturally keep “ reagh) near him had from his own lips aloof: they decline, they shun, they flee “ been self-convicted—when indeed, from from discussion. When this Speech of Sir "every side of the house justification and Francis Burdett came to be made, and “ not corrective, was the tenor of individual when the public saw what Mr. Perceval " sentiment and of general discussion. had to say in answer, the cause of there “ And in what did that justification con- being no House to hear the motion was “ sist? It was only to be found in the ex- evident enough. It was impossible to let « tensiveness of this great constitutional offence. the thing go oft ; it was impossible to ne“ Now, it did happen, that in our Courts gative such a motion without saying some“ of criminal jurisprudence, where the ig- ihing; very little could be said, and, " norant and the poor and the wretched had therefore, it was best not to make a House, “ to answer for their misdeeds, that those and, if possible, not to let the people hear “ very crown lawyers who here defended what Sir Francis Burdett had to propose as " that crime upon its extensiveness and a Plan for Parliamentary Reform.—This, “ its frequency, converted that very fre- however, has not succeeded. We have
quency and extensiveness, in the former now the principal parts of that Plan before “ case, into an aggravation of the crime, us; and, if we approve of it, the for « and into an additional argument for the us to shew that approbation, is, by peti“ propriety of conviction and the necessity of a tioning the King to recommend the mea“ severe punishment. Had the house, when sure to the parliament.—In my next, it is “ such offences were directly charged my. intention to consider this plan of the « against individuals, heard any such con- Honourable Baronet in detail, and to see u stitutional doctrine from those whose si- | how it would act, if put into movement. “ tuations bound them to deliver it? No, The principles apon which the Plan is
founded are admirably displayed in the made upon me in this house, to state to Speech, and they cannot be too attentively this house, and to the public, definitely considered; but, it will be useful for us to and precisely, what my views are upon see how the plan itself will operate; how it the subject (perpetually agitated) of Parwill work; how it will be carried into exe- liamentary Reform, that henceforward it cution.--Having made these introductory may be fully and clearly understood, how observations, I shall now insert the Speech, far I do really mean to go, and at what subjoining to it an account of the numbers point I mean to stop. upon the division, and a list of the mino- This is a subject which has long enrity. This appears to me to be the first gaged my most anxious attention; and great direct step towards the demolition though I very early stated my opinion of that system of corruption, which has so respecting it, that opinion was not thoughtlong been gnawing at the heart of the lessly formed, or rashly hazarded ; but country, and which, thanks chietly to Mr. after the most diligent inquiry, and minute Wardle, has been of late, so well exposed; investigation. If I did not then offer it and, I trust, that, at no great distance of to the public attention without due retime, we shall have to trace a Reform from flection, still less did it originate in those this first step to the completion.
views and mischievous motives, to which
it has been falsely ascribed-a desire to SPEECH
excite discontent, and to agitate the public mind by exaggerated statements of
undefined grievances, beyond the reach SIR F. BURDETT, BART. of practical constitutional redress.
ready to admit, if such were the case, that IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS, JUNE 15, 1809, my conduct would be as culpable as those
who most misrepresent it, would wish it REFORM OF THAT HOUSE.
to be considered ; and I am willing to confess, that to excite discontent in the
public mind by fixing its eye upon necesI rise to offer to the attention of the sary and unavoidable evils, beyond the house a Plan of Reform, not for its imme- power of remedy, would be as exceptiondiate adoption, but for its future consider- ble and dishonest a proceeding, as to misation; to state my opinion to the house, lead them from their true remedy, and and the public, upon this subject, and to obstinately to withhold that easy redress propose to the house to come to a Reso- which the Constitution so clearly points lution (according to frequent custom at out, and so amply affords. the close of a session), the object of which In this case, I shall cautiously abstain is, to hold out an assurance to the country, from any exaggeration of public grievance, that the house will, at an early period in or any expression calculated to excite in the next session, take into its considera- any gentleman, or set of gentlemen, the tion the necessity of a Reform in the Stale slightest irritation, or asperity of feeling ; of the Representation.
it being my wish, that the question should This course I am urged, amongst other stand on its own merits, that it should be reasons, to adopt, in order to get rid of coolly and candidly considered, and that it the misrepresentation (unintentional I am should be the subject, not of angry conwilling to believe) which has been so long, tention, but of fair discussion. At the same and so actively propagated, with regard to time, there are some doctrines and opimy views and opinions on this momentous nions which have been recently promulpoint: the mischievous tendency of which gated in this house, of so misleading and misrepresentations, as afiecting myself per- mischievous a tendency, that I cannot alsonally, would alone have very little in- low myself to pass them over altogether fluence upon my mind; but it has much, without some animadversirn. combined with the public interest. As The course I have prescribed for my involved in this most essential question, I self is to state the Evils arising out of the therefore feel it a duty to myself and the defective state of the Representation, and public to relieve this subject from all mis- then to point out the Remedy, which is representation, ambiguity, and miscon- simple, and perfectly practicable, not only ception : and in now proposing for dis consistent with the habits and interests of cussion, but not for immediate adoption, the people, and in unison with the laws the outline of a specific Plan, I am answer- and constitution of the ci'untry, but is (as ing those repeated calls which have been | I think I can shew) the Constitution itself: