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French. We are, the news-papers say, Braganza is attached to England, unless daily shipping ott men to Sir Arthur Wel: he could shew 'us, that that attachment was lesley; but, when shall we send men likely to be of some benefit to us? The atequal in number to one of Napoleon's tachment of the House of Braganza is of no Corps-d'-armée? It is quite in vain to more consequence than that of the House of send off men, unless we were first assured Chicasaw, on the banks of the Ohio, unless of the cordial co-operation of the Spaniards the House of Braganza can assist in resistthemselves; and, have we any such assu- ing Buonaparté. « Trude to the Brazils !rance? Is there any man who really be- Why, it has ruined thousands already, and lieves, that we shall meet with such co- will ruin thousands more. The mad or operation? I do not, and, from what has deluded speculators, crammed five or six passed, the evidence of which we have in into a stinking room, and half-devoured Sir John Moore's letters, I am fully war- with flies, are, at this moment, selling their ranted in my disbelief. To what pur- goods under the prime cost. I speak from pose, then, put the English people to such a knowledge of the facts; and I venture immense expence? The taxes, caused by to say, that the trade to the Brazils has this war in Spain, will be severely felt; already produced a greater loss to Engand, ought they to be imposed, until it bé land than the Brazils would sell for, clearly ascertained, that since the retreat if put up to auction. The fruit of the of Sir John Moore, the disposition of the labour and the soil of England is now waspeople in Spain has changed -I believe, ting in the shops, or stores, as they are that, without first making a complete re- called, of Rio JANEIRO, and that too, in volution in Spain ; without shaking society quantities and to an amount almost into pieces from the top to the bottom, there credible. This loss will be felt, though are not, in Spain, the materials to compose not seen, in every part of the nation; we a force to resist the French. We have shall have to bear our proportion of it; not power to send an army sufficient for and, the mortification is, that we are told the purpose; and, what must be the conse- to look upon this loss as a benefit, for quence, then, of our efforts. -Mr. CAN- which we ought to give our money and NING told the Contractors at the London risk our lives. When the mighty adtarTavern, that, whether we succeeded or not; tages of a connection with the Brazils was whatever the event of the struggle might first trumpeted forth, I did my best to stay be, our generosity would never be effaced the coming plague. One person, in particufrom the minds of the people of Spain. The lar, I did all in my power to dissuade from people of Spain! What part of gene- any adventure thither. A letter from him

rosity” do they taste of? If we were to to a mutual friend has conveyed to me the send them food and clothing, they might proof of the correctness of all my predicbe grateful; but, alas ! what we expend tions, down even to the minutest particudoes not reach even the ears of the people lars. The picture he gives is truly disof Spain, much less their backs and bel- tressing; but, it is not more se than it was lies. How grateful they felt in Leon and painted by me before his departure. The Gallicia the remnant of our poor harrassed public will recollect what pains I took, at troops can tell. Sir John Moore's letters the time, to stem the torrent of delusion. will tell. They have told; and yet, we Those pains were taken in vain; and, I are still to have dinned in our insulted must say, that I do not feel much sorrow ears, the gratituile and zeul of the “univer- for the losses, or the sufferings, of those, sul Spanish nation.

whose thirst for gain closed their minds As to Portugal, it is manisest to every against the voice of reason. The Brazils ! one, that any ground gained there, can be The Brazils were to build ships; to send of no avail, unless the French be driven butter and pork and hoops and staves and from Spain, of which Portugal is, by na- timber to the West Indies; and, what was ture, a part. Therefore, it is quite useless still better, they were to send us sugar and to spend money and to shed blood in Por- coffee, as if the West Indians had not an tugal, unless there be a tolerably fair ounce of either to spare! Was there ever chance of finally succeeding in Spain; any thing so mad as this? And yet, upon and, then, we come round again to the grounds like these ; for benefits like these, old point; to the old question, whether is this nation put to the expence of mainthere be, or be not, in Spain itself, the taining an expensive embassy in the Brameans of raising a force sufficient to resist | zils, and also a flect and an army. The Napoleon? Of what use is it for Mr. Can- whole of the immense expence, attending ning to tell his crew, that the blouse of this connection, is, in my view of things,


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so much of dead loss to the nation. We, ing a resolution, stating the words of the in England, work to raise taxes to pay to " Act of the 40th of his Majesty, the confesthe people of the Brazils for the food, o sion of Mr. Hill thut he had acted contrary which they supply to our sailors and sol- to it, and his subsequent promotion.diers, who are sent and stationed there for Well, what was now done? What did the protection of the government of the the House do? Why, the motion was opPrince Regent. This is the short view of posed by the Chancellor of the Exchethe matter; but, this is a view of it which quer fMr. Perceval) and by Mr. Croker the herd of contractors and jobbers and and by the Son of Lord Melville

. But, placemen and pensioners did not want to what did the House ; what did the House take. They gain by the connection with of Commons do? Why they voted (77 the Brazils; but we lose. They gain by against 50) that the motion should not be whatever augments the public expendi- udopted. ture ; by whatever extends the sphere of Now, reader, remember, that, in the year office and of borough influence; and, 1802, one Philip HAMlin, a Tinman of therefore, it was quite natural in them to Plymouth, having written a letter to Mr. applaud the sentiments, which have been Addington, offering the said Addington published as those of the ministry, deliver- 2,0001. to give him a place in the Custom ed by the Secretary of State, at a meeting House, he was, by this very Mr. Perceval, by far the least reputable, in almost any who was then Attorney General, prosecuted point of view, of any that has taken place criminally for the said offence; that, in the kingdom, within the last three upon the man's making affidavit of the months, with the sole exception of that at innocence of his intention, and of the Ipswich, the head quarters of the German ruin that punishment would bring upon Baron.

his family, the said Mr. Perceval demanded

judgment upon him in the name of PUBANOTHER DECISION

LIC JUSTICE; that the Judge, in passOF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS. ing sentence, dwelt much upon the moral On Tuesday last, the 30th of May, Sın as well as political evils, to which such John Newport made a statement as fol- practices must tend ; and finally, that the lows : " He rose to call the attention of said Philip Hamlin was sentenced to pay a " the House to an appointment which had fine of a hundred pounds to the king, and to “ been made in defiance of the express be imprisoned for three Kalendar months. “ words of the Act of the 40th year of the Mr. Barham (in the debate upon the

King, and of every principle upon which above motion) said "there was one argu“ promotions and rewards should be con- “ment which ought to make the House “ ferred. By the Act to which he had “ cautious in what way they dealt with “ alluded, any officer of the customs of “ this motion. It had been publicly and « Excise, who should, after the passing of “ generally asserted, that many persons “ that Act, take or accept of any fee, gra

o sat in that House by improper means. tuity or presents, from the distillers whom The public had taken the alarm ; and “ they visited in the course of their duty, “.it had been found in support of that “ should be thereby incapacitated from “ alarm, and those assertions, that a Ca“ holding any office, civil or military. “binet Minister bad actually been con“ Notwithstanding the express words of " cerned in bartering for a seat in that “ this Act, a Mr. Beauchamp Hill, who “ House, and was defended for such an " had confessed before Commissioners of " act. It was by the motion that moment “Enquiry, that he had regularly received “ under consideration, and the arguments “ 201. per week from two distillers who urged in support of it, further asserted “ were in his district, was not only not dis- that corruptions prevailed in a most extenmissed, but was promoted from the situation site degree over the whole retenue of Ire~ of Surveyor to be an Inspector General, land. If something were not done to

which was a promotion in that very de- rectify these corruptions and abuses-if “partment in which the frauds had been “no step were taken towards removing « committed. It was in September 1806, “ them, he drcaded to think, what the pub“ that he had confessed himself guilty "lic opinion of that House must very soon “ of the fraud, and on the 8th of March

“ be.” “ 1808 he received his promotion. He " thought it would be useless to endea

AMERICAN STATES. vour to guess at what sort of defence Did I not, the moment there arose a " could be set up, and concluded by mov. I dispute with America; nay, long before,

get rid.

suggest the propriety of committing our whom the patrons of corruption suborn affairs, in that country, to other hands ? to calumniate me, I not only despise, but I was regarded as spiteful and malicious ; | Iuespise all those, who affect to lend an but, I think, that it will now be allowed, ear to them; and, in this feeling, I have, that it would have been prudent to follow in the increasing circulation of my writmy advice; for the Secretary of State has ings, the best possible proof, that I have openly and explicitly declared, in the the public with me. This attempt, on House of Commons, that“ the proceedings the part of the friends of corruption, is a s of our minister in America have been desperate one. They must feel them. “ in direct contradiction to his instructions.selves hard driven, when they have re

The interesting point for the people course to such means. They are stung to of this country now is, whether that mi- madness at my success, which, they plainly nister, when he comes home, will have a see, must contribute largely towards their great pension settled upon him for life? This overthrow. They will, in the end, lose by is the question. The connection with their efforts; but, theirs is a life of expe. America, it has now been proved, we do dients; the evil hour is what they wish to not want. It is of no consequence to us, get rid of; and of that hour they will not while (as an article in another part of this sheet will show) they are beggars without Botley, 1st June, 1809. it; but, it is of great consequence to us to know, whether this same minister is to be

COB-B ETT'S fastened upon us and our children to the COMPLETE COLLECTION OF tune of two or three thousand pounds a year.

State Trials:

To be completed in Thirty-Six Monthly The Government (for, it is hard to con

Parts, forming Twelve large Volumes in ceive that any body can have done it with

Royal Octavo. out its consent) appears to have sanctioned

The Sixth Part of the above Work the publication of certain documents, relative to a Court-Martial, at which in One Part will appear, with the greatest

was published on Thursday the 1st instant. 1792, I endeavoured to bring certain per regularity, on the first of each succeeding sons to punishment.- -Had the whole of Month. Those Subscribers who have exthe Papers been published, without any pressed their intention of taking the Work misrepresentation, I never should have noticed the thing at all ; but, have left the informed that the Second Volume is now

in Quarterly Volumes, are respectfully documents to speak for themselves.

l'eady for delivery. In my next double number, however, I shall, as the thing now stands, give a full account of the matter ; and I venture to

COBBETT’S say, that, when I have so done, there is not Parliamentary a single man, who shall read that account,

Parliamentary Debates: who will think, that' (the circumstances of The TWELFTH VOLUME of the above my situation considered) what I then at Work will be ready for delivery on the tempted to do was more meritorious than first of July. All communications, if sent any of the many important things, which to the Publisher's in due time, shall be a change of circumstances has enabled me carefully attended to. to accomplish. The friends of corruption are aware of my weight in the great

AMERICAN STATES. question of Parliamentary Reform; and, I cannot help recording the following artinext to the destroying of my credit with cles, relative to the Restoration of Intercourse the public, there is nothing they so much with England. desire as to engage me in a personal

New York, April 21. warfare, which I am resolved they shali Notice.-The Federal Repablican Comnot do. I will waste upon them not one mittee, of the city of New York, recommoment of that time, which is due to the mend to all ship owners and masters of public. I deny most positively every vessels to display their colours on Monday one of their insinuations, and I defy them next, in honour of the triumph of Federal to make good against me any charge of Policy, in the restoration of intercourse having acted, at any time of my life, dis- between the United States and Great Bri. honestly or dishonourably. The vile in- tain.--The persons having charge of the sinuations of the anonymous wretches, | bells in the different churches, are requested to cause them to be rung from, minated :-while the chiming of the hells twelve to one o'clock in the same day- and sounds of joy in the streets which swellAnd it is ordered that a Committee waited on the breath of eve, filled every viron the Commandant of Artillery, and re- tuous bosom with sensations of delight.-quest that he will cause a Federal Salute What are the rellections which present to be fired at sun-rise, noon, and sun-set, themselves to the mind from a survey on the same glorious occasion.

and recapitulation of this scene? --A naCommittee-Room, Saturday Evening, April 22. tural association of ideas pourtray a peoGENERAL MEETING.

ple, who, after having long groaned under

despotic restrictions, severe bondage, and Triumph of Federal PolicyNo Embargo.- oppressive Jaws, are suddenly emanci

No French purty- A return of Peace, Pros.. pated by the firmness and virtue of inflexiperity and Con.merce.

ble patriots. To then do we owe these All true friends of their country-all testimonies of gratitude and joy. And who are disciples of Washington, and who are they? The Federalists of the disposed to support the Federal Ticket at Eastern States, who made a noble stand the ensuing election, are requested to against unconstitutional and unjust opmeet this day, at twelve o'clock, at the pression, and drove its authors from the Circus, to consider the present state of iniquitous ground they had taken. our national affairs, and to support that system of Federal Politics which has at

PROCEEDINGS last compelled the administration to aban- In Counties, Cities, Boroughs, &c. redon a fruitless and self-destructive Em- lative to the recent INQUIRY in the House bargo, and take the first step towards a of Commons, respecting the Conduct of the settlement of our affairs with Great Bri- Duke or York. (Continued from p. 825.) tain, by accepting terms offered sixteen months ago; thus putting our differences

Town of BLACKBURN. with that nation in a train of being fairly An Address of Thanks from the Inhabi. and honourably adjusted, instead of French tants of the Town and eighbourhood of threats and confiscations abroad, and Blackburn, in the County of Lancaster, French influence at home.

to G. L Warule, Esq. M. P. for his late

April 24. Proceedings in the hon. House of ComYesterday, agreeably to notice, our citizens evinced public testimonies of their Sir; joy on the prospect of a restoration of The wisdom of ages has been employed commercial intercourse with England. in forming and arranging the principles of The day was ushered in by a grand Federal the British Constitution. By the proviSulute, which was repeated at noon, and at sion of formidable checks to the progress sun-set. The shipping in harbour were of corruption, those principles are indecorated with their flags at must-hend during tended to operate in preserving at once the day.

The American EAGLE, roused the liberty of the subject and the stabifrom despondency, once more soared among lity of the throne. But individual inthe stars, floating with fond complacency terests and designs are too often in oppoover resuscitated commerce, and expand- sition to their legitimate influence; and it ing his pinions in triumph at hier resto- requires a rare combination of talents and ration. The ringing of bells and the thun- virtues to give to that influence, energy der of cannon spoke the feelings of freedom, and direction. In you, sir, we contemand proclaimed to the skies, the virtuous plate such a combination; and are desirenthusiasm of political friendship. Mu- ous of uniting our testimony with the tual felicitations were exchanged among voice of the kingdom in the public and our patriotic citizens, and the joys of the cordial expression of our thanks and conheart lighted up a smile on every counte- gratulations.-While we regret and repronance.-At twelve o'clock a very nime- bate those abuses of power and patronage rbus and respectable assembly of Federal which have for a series of years so notoRepublicans met at the Circus. So large riously existed in the appointments to miand so animated an assemblage of Electors litary offices, we sincerely rejoice in the was never before witnessed in this country. disclosure of those improper transactions, Though the place will contain upwards during a recent Inquiry at the Bar of the of four thousand, it could not admit the House of Commons. For that Inquiry, whole who attended. The city, in the and all its important consequences, we are, evening, was splendidly and fancifully illum | sir, indebted to you; and we gratefully


acknowledge and highly applaud the inde- That the Thanks of this Meeting be pendence and patriotism with which your given to Sir F. Burdett, bart., who seinvestigations were commenced and con- conded Mr. Wardle's motion, and also to cluded.-We trust that the success which Lord visc. Folkestone, for the active and has rewarded your exertions, and the spirit able assistance he afforded to Mr. Wardle of constitutional inquiry which now per- during the whole of the Inquiry. vades the nation, will be felt by you as That the Thanks of this Meeting be powerful motives to an uniform and cou- given to Lords visc. Milton and Althorpe, rageous resistance of corruption, with Lord Stanley, the hon. T. Brand, the hon. whatever authority and splendour it may | W. H. Lyttleton, Sir S. Romilly, knt., be invested. Deeply convinced of the Major-General Fergusson, S. Whitbread, necessity of an immediate and general T. Curwen, T. W. Coke, H, Martin, T. Reform of all the Abuses of the Executive Calcraft, and C. W. Wynne, esqrs., who, Government, we behold with lively in- during such inquiry, stood forward the terest the results of other inquiries, and advocates of impartial justice, and also to the proceedings of those best friends to the whole of the Minority of 125, who dithe permanent welfare of the empire, with vided in favour of Mr. Wardle’s motion, whom you are associated, and under amongst whom we, as Wiltshire Men, obwhose auspices we look forward to a serve with pleasure the name of that vepurer administration of affairs.-We can- nerable and truly independent senator, not, sir, close our congratulations, without William Hussey, esq., who, for nine sucthe further expression of our Thanks to cessive parliaments, has represented the those noble and honourable members, by city of New Sarum with ability and perwhom you were supported in your late severance, and with undeviating integrity proceedings. ' And we would particularly and independence; of Thomas Goddard, express our approbation of the conduct of esq., member for Cricklade, and of Benthe representatives of the neighbouring jamin Walsh, esq., member for Woottonborough of Preston (lord Stanley and Mr. Basset, in this county; while we observe, Horrocks), because they appear to have with indignation and regret, that the name been the only members in the county of of neither of the Members for this county Lancaster whose votes accorded with the does appear in that honourable list. And evidence of facts and the opinions of the we also lament, that with the exception nation. With the sincerest wishes that of Lord Folkestone, William Hussey, Thoyou may enjoy a long protracted life of mas Goddard, and Benjamin Walsh, esqrs., usefulness and honour, we subscribe our- we do not recognize in that list the name selves,


of any

of the 34 Members who are sent to Your's, &c. Parliament by the various Boroughs in

this county.


That in adverting to the causes of the At a Meeting of the Freeholders, Land- disgraceful acts revealed and demonstratholders, and other Inhabitants of the Coun- ed during this Inquiry, this Meeting canty of Wilts, convened by the High Sherifl, not help observing, that in the act of parand holden at the Council Chamber, in liament, commonly called the Act of Setthe City of New Sarum, on Wednesday, tlement, in virtue of which Act only his May 17, 1809 ;-Sir CHARLES WARRE Majesty's family were raised to the MALET, in the Chair,-It was Resolved, throne of this kingdom, it is declared,

That the Thanks of this Meeting be “ That no person who has an Office or given to G. L. Wardle, esq., for having “ Place of Profit under the King, or reinstituted the recent Inquiry in the House “ ceives a Pension from the Crown, shall of Commons, relative to the conduct of “ be capable of serving as a Member of h. r. h. the Duke of York, as Commander- - the House of Commons." But that, in Chief; for having, unconnected with, notwithstanding the wise precautions of and unsupported by, any party or faction, this Act, which is one of our great constiprosecuted that laudable undertaking with tutional laws, and which, as its preamble unexampled magnanimity, talent, zeal, expresses, was made for the further limitatemper, and perseverance, and especially tion of the Crown, and better securing the for having had the resolution to discharge Rights and Liberties of the Subject, it aphis duty, in defiance of the threats and pears from a Report laid before the House prejudices excited against him by the of Commons, in the month of June last, in king's ministers, and by many of the consequence of a Motion made by lord leaders of the opposite party.

Cochrane, that there are in that House

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