Page images
[ocr errors]

years after

ther argument for a reform in the repre- self, and some part of that I shall notice; sentation? Is not this disgraceful state of but, first, let us look at what this gentlethings the natural result of the present man is reported to have said respecting system? Could there possibly exist any those in general, who wish for a reform in case like that supposed by Mr. Windham, parliament. These are the words attriif the system of election were such as that buted to him in the report. If the deproposed by Lord Grey? That there could " sign of the noble lord who had just sat not everyone must be satisfied; and, down was to prove himself an honest therefore, unless Mr. Windham likes the man, he might just as well have remaincharacter and conduct of his Attorney or " ed silent, for certain persons

would never Brewer, he must, one would think, wish “ think either him or any one else so, who for such a change as would extinguish “ did not acquiesce in all the chimeras of the such characters. There is one passage “ hon. baronet (Heur! hear! hear!) It in Mr. Windham's speech, which, I must " was the design of him and his friends confess, astonished me beyond measure.

“ to excite such an opinion among the He makes a comparison between the sa- “ people; and he believed, in his soul, it crifices made by Sir Francis Burdett, and was also their wish not to have many by those whom he opposed, and repre- supporters in that house, lest their des sented as selfish ; and instancing Mr. Pitt, signs shoull fail, and the public would he is reported to have said, that Mr. Pitt begin to think too favourably of the gave a "proof of his magnanimity in leav- .“ house. It was their desire to raise a po

ing office, in 1801, which had became “pular ferment, by talking of abuses which “ almost a second nature to him, because " often had no existence, and by vaunt“ he could not conscientiously abandon a “ing of remedies which they never meant “ measure, to which he had pledged him- “ to put in execution! Far was it from “ self.” This did astonish me. The selection “ their thoughts to come manfully and was so very unfortunate ; for, it is notori- constitutionally down to that house ous to the whole nation, that Mr. Pitt came " and state their complaints, if any such into that sume office again, three

they really had. No, it suited them wards, without making any attempt to redeem “ better to make harangues at taverns, to that pledge; and, further, that he united “ mount the tables at the Crown and Anwith his former opponents for the purpose • chor, to tell the people to meet as peoof turning out the man, whom he had pre- ple, and look not for redress to their rerailed upon to take his place, under a pro- presentatives, who were no longer fit to mise of giving him his support. Nay, « be called an House of Commons. It does not Mr. Windham well know, that, “ was their plan to raise a cry by which after Mr. Pitt had regained his place and “the infatuated people might be hurried his power, he resisted an application for " to their ruin, by hinting at corruptions the adoption of the very measure, which which never had existence, and rousing Mr. Windham says he left his place be- expectations which never could be gracause he could not conscientiously abandon " tified.”---Of all the charges that the when he was in power before. Will Mr. mind of man is capable of inventing, I Windham say, that the times or the circum- should have thought, that the charge of stances were changed? If he does, then clamouring against undefined abuses and we ask him, how he came to press the corruptions was the very last, which any measure in the last instance; to insist that man would have thought of, as applicable Mr. Pitt was bound by his former pledge, to the conduct of sir Francis Burdett, and to reproach him with an abandonment Mr. Wardle, Mr. Madocks, and the of that pledge!--This, I think, is pretty others, who wish for a reform of the House complete: a happy instance of Mr. Pitt's of Commons. This is the very last charge, * mugnanimity:" a lucky hit at Sir Francis which one would now expect to hear from Burdett: a most striking proof of Sir those, who, four months ago, cried out for Francis's injustice in denominating Pitt joy at the appearance of something in a the link of corruption.

"tangible shape." Have these gentlemen Leaving Mr. Windham to a full and un- contented themselves with hinting” at cordisturbed enjoyment of this triumph, let ruptions? Have they dealt in broad and us go to the reported speech of Mr. Tier- general imputations ? Had the abuses, of NEY, which has not only been published in which Mr. Wardle complained,“ no existhe report, in the common course, but re- tence?” Was there no ground for the published separately.---A great deal of charge of Mr. Madocks? Have these the speech related to Mr. Tierney him- * gentlemen "deluded" the people with

ide nation

Denis bar

* UgTYW Burdert #, about i otice

aps the


[ocr errors]



be would

Stenders ti falshoods? Have they not "come manfully lord Henry Petty? to produce the saving « down to the House and stated the com- without any diminution in the expence? As plaints of themselves and the people?" if a saving was to be effected by a scheme atido;

-The public will answer these ques- drawn out upon paper. We have had schemes tions; they already have answered them; enough of that sort ; quite schemes enough and Mr. Tierney may be assured, that the for that sort of saving, which is accom

k. Tiern answer bas been such as is warranted by panied with an increase of taxation and an truth, and not by that falshood, which his increase of the number of paupers ; quite speech imputes to those who wish for a enough of those schemes, which, in order reform. What! is it at this day, that we to pay off the national debt, causes its aug. are to be told, that abuses and corruptions mentation. What we want is a scheme for

- Honey, are imaginary? Who would have thought, lessening the expenditure. A scheme that t. Ader that any man would have told us this now? should put a stop to the paying of lady Ese of stror

-Mr. Tierney, adverting to what Mr. Louisa Paget 300l. a year, under that de for Sou Wardle had said, at the Crown and Anchor, name, and another 3001. a year, under + * It was about the saving in the public expence, which the name of Lady Louisa Erskine. This nerer be would be produced by a Reform in the is the sort of scheme that we want: this is 2 reasons f representation of the people, is reported the sort of “plan,” and no other plan is to have observed thereon, that .“ one hon. worth a farthing. We have had hocus po

cadisinclina gent. of the worthy baronet's friends cus plans enough; but, still the taxes go pane might • (Mr. Wardle) had made a great dis- on increasing ; steadily increasing, and

des; or it appearedhe

was to demolish increase they will, and must, unless re« the Income Tax! (a laugh). Now he trenchment take place.---Mr. Wardle

maly he « liked this - indeed he never was has pledged himself to prore, that this

kt, for he “ pleased in his life as when he first heard great saving might be made, without any in“ of the discovery. It was the pleasantest jury to the nation's affairs; but, he has not way of laying the axe to the root he had pledged himself to obtain a vote of the

2 pon bret “ ever imagined. (IIcar! heur :) He House of Commons, signifying, that they by Baron “ was sure it would gratify the Chancel- are satisfied with his proofs, any more

-Now “lor of the Exchequer wonderfully to than he so pledged himself in the case of

tert mitt « be able to strike off eleven million and a the other day. He only says, the thing " half of taxes. Now he had at last found is so, and not that the House of Commons “out the reason why the hon. gentleman will say that it is so. What he may think " and the Chancellor of the Exchequer were useless expenditure, they may think very “ perpetually complimenting each other. necessary, perhaps. As he states his items, “ No doubt they were pulling together all one by one, he may be told : " Oh! you “ this time. Indeed if the plan was rea- “ must not touch that." And, of course, “ lized, it would be exceedingly diverting; he would, in the opinion of those who dif“ but if it was only a fallacious assertion fered from him, “ stand convicted” of “ held out for the wicked purpose of exciting having uttered “the vilest and most exediscontent, it was one of the vilest and crable insinuations.” Come, says he, most erecrable insinuations. He now called lop me off' this pension to Lady Lonisa; “ upon that hon. gent. to produce his plan, stop this to Mrs. Fox and her daughters; bor stand convicted in the face of the “ take this immense sum from such an one, « world.”. Something of this sort was re- “ and this from another; and discharge peated by Mr. Barham; and, it is a second “ these foreign troops; and see that no chapter of the threats, pronounced against " public property is disposed of in the Mr. Wardle when he brought forward his “ same way as that at Chelsea, to Colonel Charges against the Duke of York. He is “ Gordon.” But it is very clear indeed, to “stand convictedunless he can prove, that all those, who think that these propothat a Reform of the House of Commons sitions ought not to be adopted, will say : would, without any injury to the affairs of “ there! there, you stand convicted in the the nation, would be followed by a reduc- o face of the world.. -In short, as Mr. tion of the annualexpenditure to the amount Wardle assumes, that a House of Comof 11 millions and a half; and he is called mons, freely chosen by all those who pay upon for a plan.This is pretty rough taxes to the state, would save all that could treatment, to be sure ; but Mr. Wardle be saved, without danger to the indepenhas already experienced, that such treat- dence or honour of the nation, all he has ment does a man no harm.-Aplan!") to do, in order to make good his pledge, why, do they think, that he means to pro- is to show; that the amount of the Income duce the saving in the way proposed by tax is now annually expended in a way,

u getting obile a good reas avand one IL But, Ef the 1 Mr. Tik mi as liab men Uread a

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

to go to :

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

then he w


which renders that expenditure of no bene- " who had neither money nor land, and who fit to the nation at large. This is all that “ condemned fortune for not seconding he has to do; and, as to his ability to do “ the views of nature, and placing them at it, all I shall say is, that I am glad his “ the helm of affairs.” opponents bave dared him to the proof. Lord Porchester is said to have cen-Mr. Tierney appears to have been sured sir Francis Burdett for having asvery angry with something, which Sir serted, that the House of Commons had Francis Burdett had said, at the Crown and acquitted the Duke of York; but, if this Anchor, about bis, Mr. Tierney's, retir- assertion be not true, what was the assering from office with his pockets full of the tion in the Duke's letter, which he wrote public money, which he declared to be to the king, when he resigned his office, false. After much upon this point, ex- and which letter was laid before the pressive of strong resentment, the former House! He there stated, that the House member for Southwark is reported to have had acquitted him. The authorities, on said : “ It was true the worthy Baronet both sides, being so high, it might be " had never been troubled with office; | deemed presumption in ie to judge be“ the reasons for that might be various ; tween them; but, surely, the “ loyal” “ perhaps the cause might have been his will excuse sir Francis Burdett for having “own disinclination; perhaps his immense conceived that the Duke of York spoke the “ fortune might have exempted him from truth. The fact is, that, upon this point, " its cares; or perhaps he had never been the “ loyal” must be very much puzzled. “importuned upon the subject. (A laugh.) They do not like to say that the Duke was « Certainly he (Mr. Tierney) had been in not acquitted, for not to be acquitted is to « office, for he had not such a fortune as be found guilty; and yet, it goes hard could support him independently out of it, with the " loyal to say, in so many " and he would perhaps, be compelled to words, that the House of Commons did live upon bread and onions, when the acquit the Duke. But, after all, how “worthy Baronet was faring sumptuous- stands the fact ! why shortly thus: that “ ly.”. -Now, really, I do not see any several propositions were made for exthing very witty in this; and as to his rea- pressing, in a greater or a less degree, son for getting into office, I shall only say censure on the conduct of the Duke of that, while a man's poverty may be a York; and, after all those propositions very good reason with him, it may be a were negatived, the House resolved, that very bad one with the public for letting no further proceeding in the case was neceshim in. But, without pretending to say sary. If this be not acquittal, what is ? whether the report be correct, which acquittals are always in the negative. “Not states Mr. Tierney to have represented guilty” is all that an acquitting jury bimself as liable “ to be compelled to live says; but, in this case, there was the afirupon bread and onions," I will venture to mative also; for, there was a majority upon assert most positively, that a man's being Mr. Perceval's Resolution of complete acin that state is the best argument in the quittal. Pray, would not any public wri-. world for his not being chosen a member ter be exposed to the chance of having his, of that House, which has the power to ears clipped off, if he were to assert, that dispose of the public money. If a man the House of Commons did nos acquit the were to go to any nobleman of great estate, Duke of York? Lord Porchester is reand say, “ I am very poor, my Lord, and, ported to have said, that the House did " therefore, I wish you would make me not virtually acquit the Duke. Why, then, “ your steward,” the reasoning would be they virtually found him guilty. But, very good for the applicant; but, do you should I dare say that? No, no. This think, reader, that it would be conclusive virtual work is what we do not understand. with his Lordship? Yes, it would, in all We have been accustomed to hear the probability, be quite conclusive, but the verdict of guilty, or not guilty; and do not conclusion would be exactly the contrary comprehend any thing of your virtual way: “ You are very poor, and, therefore, i finding guilty. “ you shall not be my steward.”--- it is As to Mr. Curwen's motion itself, its a wonder, that Mr. Windham, in his fate is of little consequence. I do not bespeech, should have overlooked this part lieve that it will be adopted; but, it is of the speech of his “ Right Honourable valuable as having drawn forth a confes“ friend,” as he appears to have done, sion from a majority of the Ilouse itself, when he was speaking of those persons of that something ought to be done. It will “real or fancied superiority of talents, but also be recollected, that, in the debate

upon Mr. Madocks's motion, he was told | having wholly subdued this nation of eightto wait and see what this measure would do; teen millions of people, who have an army but, ñow, if the measure should not be far more numerous than his own, and of adopted, what will then be said ? God whose volunteers and militias and levies in knows! In short, the enemies of reform mass we have heard such wonderful achave nothing left to say. They must counts. With respect to the part that are nuke a stand.That is the good phrase: have acted, or are acting, as to this new “ make a stand against .popular encroach- war between Austria and France, I think, ment," Mr. Madocks says, “laccuse two there can be little doubt of our ministers " of the ministers of selling a seat in this having encouraged it by all the means in

Ilouse, and demand inquiry into the their power. It was such a clever thing, to “matter”; and the ministers answer, set Austria on upon Bonaparte, in order to “it is time to make a stand against popular draw him off from Spain! The temptation " encroachment”; and the Opposition was too strong to be resisted. It was not Benches echo: so make a stand ?" Mr. worth while to consider the final conseWindham conres with his illustrative quences. That was an object too distant story: a man ought to be hanged who to produce much impression upon the steals a goose from the common, but it minds of such statesmen as oors. But, it may be meritorious to steal the common appears very clear to me, that, when the from the goose ; that is to say, that the war against Austria and her Archdukes is elector who sells his vote ought to be pu- finished, the affairs of Spain and Portugal nished, but that the man who buys it, or will not be long in settling.–At a meetwho sells or buys « seut in parliament, ing of the “Pitt CLUB,” which took ought to be subject to no punishment at place on the 27th of last month, and all; nay, ought not to be censured, there ihree hundred and twenty persons were being nothing immoral in his conduct; present, Mr. Canning, secretary of state that the selling and buying of seats now for foreign affairs, promulgated the sentimakes a part of our glorious constitution, ments of the ministry, relative to our aland that all these, who wish for such a lies, as they are oddly enough called.change as would effectually prevent such But, before we come to these sentiments, traffic in future, are either knares or dupes. let us make an observation or two upon

- This is the ground, upon which the this meeting, the persons present at which famous stand is to be made. Indeed, it is consisted almost entirely of placemen, made. We all know one another's minds pensioners, contractors, and loan-jobbers. and resolutions. The stand-makers are Now, what right had these people to have resolved that seats shall continue to be a political meeting, without a license, any bought and sold, and we, I trust, are more than the persons who meet at the equally resolved that they shall not. It is British Forum, or any where else. Much then, as they say, at the point of a game, has been said, in St. Stephen's Chapel, "s zuho shall;" and, if we persevere, we disrespectful of the meetings in the seveshall, in spite of all that can be opposed ral parts of the kingilom; but where has

there been a meeting, except, perhaps,

that at Ipswich, entitled to less respect AUSTRIA, SPAIN, AND PORTUGAL.

than this meeting? The Lord Chancellor,

it seems, was present, and, from the report The former of these countries is now of the proceedings published in the news. enjoying the fruits of the doctrines of papers, it appears that he did not think it those, who have so long preached up the beneath the dignity of his station to thank necessity of “making a stand against po- the meeting for the honour they had done “pular encroachment.A pretty stand him in approving of his conduct along they have made at last; but, just such a with that of his brother ministers. And stand as every man of sense expected to yet, we hear it continually a subject of see them make. The Emperor Napoleon, complaint, in the House of Commons, that who is Emperor not by“the grace of God," certain members of that House make haas he pretends, but by the tolly, tyranny, rangues at taverns, and are gratified at and cowardice of princes, is now in pos- the applause of their hearers. But what a session of the capital of the Austrian r'o difference is there between the applause of minions, whither he has gone without mect- a tay-clevouring crew, like that now before ing, from the people, the smallest degree of us, and the assemblages, which the Crown resistance; and, I think, there can be lit- and Anchor Tavern has lately witnessed tie doubt, that we shall soon hear of his I within its walls !--Mr. Canning took

to us.

this occasion of stating to the nation, sort of deliverance, contemplated by the the sentiments of the government with re- ministers for Spain. The people are to spect to Austria, Spain, and Portugal

. fight for the king's rights.' We hear of With respect to the first, he told the prick- no rights of their own, that they are to fight eared contractors and loan-jobbers, that for. They are to have, it seenis, indohe hoped the difficulties of Austria pendence ; that is to say, they are to be would be but of short duration; he gave independent of the family of Buonaparte. them the glad intelligence that it was But what is this to the people of Spain? intended to afford the Emperor of Aus- What care they, or what ought they to tria aid from our resources; he said that care, who is their master, unless they be both the sovereign and the people had en- convinced that they shall be more happy tered upon the struggle, prepared for great and free under one master than under the exertions ; and he concluded by saying, other? -As to the prospect of affairs in that if Austria should fall, the struggle Spain, who can believe, that it is very fair, would not have been made in vain for while we see, that nothing is done, even Europe. Whereupon, it appears, there in the absence of the French armies ? Why, were loud and repeated applauses." if the spirit, in Spain, was such as we have This secretary of state may, perhaps, have been told it is, would not the present mobeen able to discover some exertions on ment have been seized on to drive the French the part of the people of Austria ; but out of the country? Can any man believe, we know that the Emperor Napoleon has that, if this be not done now, it ever will be reached Vienna; and, it would be quite done? There has been time for French curious to hear the reason, whereon he armies to march from the capital of Spain founds the opinion, that the fall of Austria to the capital of Austria, and to fight will have contributed to the defence of many battles on the way, and yet there Europe against that same Napoleon. It has not been time to make the remainmust be very consoling to the Emperor of der of the French quit Spain. But, Austria and his family to hear sentiments “ stop,” some of the wise ones say, “ till like these from an English minister; and, Lord Wellesley gets there.” Napoleon will, after hearing such sentiments, he must be a in aļl probability, be there nearly as soon fool, indeed, not to be prepared to sacrifice as Lord Wellesley; and, whether he be or himself and his people in the glorious not, I should be glad to know what Lord cause. For years and years past, have Wellesley is likely to do in Spain. He will the tribe, assembled upon this occasion, not have the Indian Princes to negociate been goading Austria on to war. Infinite with, and to fight, in Spain. He will meet are the means they have resorted to for with no poor souls like the Nabov VIZIER OF this purpose. Often have they succeeded; OUDE. "It is said, in the news-papers, that and success after success has been attend- he is merely going out to arrange matters, ed with defeat after defeat on the part of and is to leave his brother Henry there Austria; till, at last, the total extinction instead of Mr. Frere. I shall be sorry of the power of the House of Lorrain pro- for this. I wish him to remain himself mises to be the result of their efforts. And, by all means; and then we shall have it is at a moment when Napoleon is in an opportunity of showing Napoleon what possession of Vienna; when he is issuing our Indian conqueror is made of. I his orders from the palaces of the fugitive should like to see the whole of the afsovereign; it is at such a moment, that fairs in Spain and Portugal, left to the the ministers of the king of England Wellesleys. I would have nobody interfere meet, and, amidst the applauses of their with them. I would leave them to do just servile dependents, unfeelingly proclaim, what they pleased, or rather, what they that if Austria should fall, her struggle were able. And, then, we should see what will not have been made in vain !

either they, or the cause, consisted of.With respect to SPAIN, Mr. Canning told The great consideration, at present, howthe crew, that he hoped that the deliverance ever, is, that the remains of the French of that country would be finally accom- are still in Spuin. One of two things plished. The toast, which drew forth his must be : either they have a large army observations with regard to Spain, was in there, or a small one. If a large one, the following words : - Ferdinand VII., they will be able to keep their ground, • the legitimate king of Spain, and may till reinforcements arrive ; ; and, if a small “ the noble efforts of his subjects secure one, there can be no spirit of resistance « his rights and their own independence.” in the Spanish people; the“ universal SpaFrom which we may clearly perceive the " nish nation," cannot much dislike the

« PreviousContinue »