Page images
PDF
EPUB

measure, of the public gratitude: but sions of Bavarians under the duke of Dantpunishment shall also, with inflexible zic, were placed as follows: The first dirigour, fall on every breach of duty: vision, commanded by the Prince Royal, merit shall meet with reward, and offence at Munich; the second, by gen. Deroi, with animadversion, without distinction of at Landshut; and the third, by gen. de person, or rank; branded with disgrace Wrede, a Surauburgh. The Wurtemburgh shall the worthless person be cast out to

division at Heydenheim. 'The Saxon whom life is dearer than bisand our honour. troops encamped under the walls of DresAdorned with the narks of public esteem, den. The coips of the duchy of Warsaw, will I present to our sovereign, to the commanded by prince Poniatowsky, in world, those brave men who have deserved the environs of Warsaw. On the 10th well of their country, and whose names I the Austrian troops invested Passa'i, where will ever carry in my heart.- There re. they surrounded a battalion of Bavarians, mains one consideration, which I must put and at the same time invested Kutitein, you in mind of: the soldier is only for- where there was another battalion of Bamidable to the enemy in arms; civil varians; these movements took place withvirtues must not be strangers to him : oui out even a shot being fired. The Austrians of the field of ba'tle, towards the unarmed published the sulijoined Proclamation in citizens ind peasants, he is moderate, the Tyrol. The Bavarian court quitted compassionate, and hum ne: he knows Munici for Dillingen. The Bavarian die the evils of war, and suives to lighten vision which had been at Landshut went them; I will punish every wanton excess to Alturil, on the left bank of the Iser. The with so much yr aer severity, as it is not division under the command of general de the intention of our monarch to oppress Wrede marched upon Neustadt.— The neighbouring countries, but to deliver duke of Rivoli left Ulm for the environs of them from their oppressors, and to form Augsburgh. From the 10th to the 16th wish their princes a powerful bond in the enemy's army advanced from the Inn order to bring about a lasting peace, and to the Iser; there were several skirmishes to maimain the general welfare and se- between parties of the cavalry, in which curity. Soon wil foreign troops, in strict the Bavarians were successful.-On the union with us, attack the common enemy. 10th, at Pfaffenhoffen, the 2d and 3d regiThen, brave companions in arms! honour ments of Bavarian light horse completely and support them as your brothers; not routed the hussars of Stipschitz and the vain glorious high words but manly deeds Rosenberg dragoons. At the same time do honour to the warrior; by intrepidity the enemy appeared in large bodies for before the enemy you must shew your- the purpose of forming at Landshut, the selves to be the first soldiers.—Thus then bridge was broken down, and the Bavashall I one day lead you back to your rian division commanded by general Duown country, followed by the respect of roy vigorously opposed this movement of the enemy, and by the gratitude of foreign the enemy, but being threatened by the nations, after having secured by your arms coluinns which had passed the Iser at an honourable peace, when the satisfaction Moorherg and Freysing, this divison reof our monarch, the approbation of the tired in good order upon that of general world, the rewards of valour, the blessings | Wrede, and the Bavarian army took a cenof your fellow citizens, and the conscious- tral position upon Neustadt. ness of deserved repose await you Departure of the Emperor from Paris or CHARLES, Archduke, Generalissimo.

the 13th.

The Emperor learnt by the telegraph French Army.First Bulletin, dated Ra- in the evening of the 12111, that the Austisbon, Apr. 21, 1909.

trians had passed the Inn, and he set out The Austrian army passed the Inn on from Paris almost immediately. He arthe 9th April; that was the signal for hos- rived at three o'clock on the morning of tilities, and Austria declared an implacable the 16th at Loui-burg, and in the evening war against France and her Allies, and the of the same day at Dillingen, where he Confederation of the Rhine. The follow- saw the king of Bavaria, and passed half ing were the positions of the French army an hour with that prince, and promised in and her Allies:-The corps of the duke 15 days to restore him to his capital, to D'Auerstadt at Ratisbon. The corps of revenge the insults which had been offered the duke of Rivoli at Ulm. The corps of to his house, and to make him greater gen. Oudinot at Augsburgh. The head- than

any of his ancestors had ever been. quarters at Strauburgh. The three divi. On the 17th, at two o'clock in the morn

CO

ing, his Majesty arrived at Donauworth, 1 Austrian troops who had been led from where he immediately established his Vienna with music and with songs, and head-quarters, and gave the necessary under a persuasion that there was no orders. On the 18th the head-quarters longer any French army in Germany, were removed to. Ingolstadt.

and that they would only have to deal Battle of Pfaffenhoffen on the 19th. with Wirtemburghers and Bavarians, disOn the 19th generad Oudinot quitted played in the strongest manner, the resentAugsburg and arrived by break of day at ment they felt against their chiefs, for the Pfa fenhoffen, where he met three or four error into which they had been led; and thousand Austrinns, which he attacked, their terror was the greater when they saw and took three hundred prisoners. The those old bands which they had been acduke de Rivoli arrived the next day at customed to consider as their master.-In Pfaffenhoffen. The same day the duke of all these battles our loss was inconsiderAuerstadt left Ratisbon to advance to Neu-able, compared with that of the enemy, stadt, and to draw near to Ingolstadt. It who lost a number of general officers and was then evident that the plan of the Em-others, who were obliged to put themperor was to out-manœuvre the enemy, selves forward to give courage to their. who had formed near Landshut, and to troops. The prince of Lichtenstein, geattack them at the very moment when neral Lusignan, and others were wounded. they, thinking they were commencing the The loss of the Austrians in colonels and attack, were marching to Ratisbon. officers of lower rank was considerable. Battle of Tann, on the 10th.

Battle of Abensberg on the 20th. On the 19th, by break of day, the duke The Emperor resolved to beat and doD'Auerstadt began his march in two stroy the corps of the archduke Louis and lumns. The divisions of Moraud and Gudin gen. Keller, which amounted to 60,000 formed his right, the divisions of St. Hil- men. On the 201h, his majesty took post laire and Friant formed his left. The divi- at Abensberg; he gave orders to the duke sion of St. Hillaire arrived at the village of Auerstadt to keep the corps of Hohenof Pressing, and there met the enemy, zollern, of Rosenberg, and Lichtenstein, superior in number, but inferior in bravery, in check, while with the two divisions of and there the campaign was opened by a Moraud and Guden, the Bavarians and battle, which was most glorious to our the Wirtemburghers, he attacked the army

General St. Hillaire, supported by of the archduke Louis and general Keller general Friant, overturned every thing that in front, and caused the communications was opposed to him, and took all the posi- of the enemy to be cut off by the duke of tions of the enemy, killed a great number Rivoli, who passed by Freyberg, and of them, and made between 0 and 700 from thence proceeded to the rear of the prisoners.—The 72d regiment distinguished | Austrian army. The divisions of Moraud itself on that day, the 57th maintained its and Guden formed the left, and manæuvancient reputation. Sixteen years ago red under the orders of the duke of Monthis regiment obtained in Italy the name tebello.

The Emperor · determined to of the Terrible. In this action they main- fight that day at the head of the Bavarians tained their pretensions to that title; they and Wirtemburghers. He ordered the ofattacked singly six Austrian regiments in ficers of these two armies to form a circle, succession, and routed them. On the left, and addressed them in a long speech. The åt two o'clock in the afternoon, gen. Mo- Prince Royal of Bavaria translated into raud also fell in with an Austrian division, German what he said in French. The which he attacked in front, while the duke Emperor made them sensible of the conof Dantzic, with a corps of Bavarians, fidence which he reposed in them. He which had marched from Abensberg, at- | told the Bavarian officers that the Austacked them in the rear. This division trians had always been their enemies, that was soon driven from all its positions, and they now wished to destroy their indeleft several hundreds in killed and priso- pendence ; that for more than 200 years, ners. The whole regiment of the dra- the Bavarian standard had been displayed goons of Levenher was destroyed, and its against the Austrians. But at this time he colonel killed by the Bavarian light-horse. would render them so powerful that they At sun-set the division of the duke of alone should be able to contend with the Dantzic formed its junction with that of the house of Austria. He spoke to the Wir. duke of Auerstadt. In all these affairs gene- temburghers of the victories they had rals St. Hillaire and Friant particularly dis- obtained over the house of Austria, when tinguished themselves. Those unfortunate they served in the Prussian army, and of

arms.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

the advantages which they had recently magazines which the Austrians had began
obtained from the campaign in Silesia. to forn. Some couriers and aides-de-camp
He told them all, that the nioment was of the commander in chief, prince Charles,
come for carrying the war into the Aus- and some convoys of wounded men,
trian territory. This speech was repeated coming from Landshut, also fell into our
to the different companies by the captains, hands.
which produced an effect which may ea-

Battle of Echmuhl, on the 22d.
sily be conceived. The Emperor then
gave the signal for battle, and planned While the battle of Abensberg and that
his manæuvres according to the particular of Landshut produced such important con-
character of the troops. General Wrede, sequences, the ai nduke Charies had form-
. Bavarian officer of great merit, was ed a junction with the Bohemian army
stationed at Siegenburgh, and attacked | under Kollowrath, and obtained some
an Austrian division, which was opposed to partial success at Ratisbon. One thou-
him. General Vandamme, who com- sand of the 15th, who were left io guard
manded, the Wirtemburghers, attacked the bridge of Ratisbon, and who had not
the enemy on their right flank. The received orders to retreat, having expend-
duke of Dantzic, with the division of the ed their cartridges, and being surrounded
Prince Royal, and that of general Deroy, by the Austrians, were obliged to surren-
marched toward the village of Renhausen, der. This event made an impression upon
in order to reach the grand road from the Emperor, and he swore that in 24
Abensberg to Landshut. The duke of hours Austrian blood should flow in Ratis-
Montebello, with his two French divisions, bon to resent the insult which had been
forced the extremity of the enemy's left, offered to his arms. During this time the
and overthrew every thing that was op- dukes of Auerstadt and Dantzic held in
posed to him, and advanced to Rohr and check the corps of Rosenberg, Hohen-
Rosemburgh. Our cannonade was suc- zollern, and Lichtenstein. There was no
cessful on all points. The enemy, discon- time to be lost. The Emperor began his
certed by our movements, did not fight march from Landshut, with the two divi-
for more than an hour, and then beat a sions of the duke of Montebello, the corps
retreat. Eight standards, 12 pieces of of the duke of Rivoli, the cuirassiers of
cannon, and 18,000 prisoners, were the Nansoutz and St. Sulpice, and the Wir-
result of this affair, which cost us but a temburgh division. At two o'clock in the
few men.

afternoon they arrived opposite Echmuhl, The Bettle of Landshut, and taking of

where the four corps of the Austrian army, that place.

consisting of 110,000 men, had taken a

position under the command of the archThe battle of Landshut having laid open duke Charles. The duke of Montebello the flank of the Austrian army, and all | attacked the enemy on the left, with the their magazines, the Emperor, by break division of Gudin. On the first signal of day, on the 21st, marched upon Land- the divisions of the dukes of Auerstadt and shut. The duke of Istria defeated the Dantzic, and the division of light cavalry enemy's cavalry in the plain before that of general Montbrun, took their position. city. The general of division Mouten, One of the most beautiful sights which made the grenadiers of the 17th advance war can present then presented itself, to the charge on the bridge, forming the 110,000) men attacked on all points, turnhead of a column. This bridge, which ed on their left, and successively driven was of wood, was set on fire, but that was from all their positions, the detail of the not an obstacle to our infantry, who forced events would be too long; it is sufficient it, and penetrated into the city. The to say, that the enemy were completely enemy, driven from their position, were routed ; that they lost the greater part of then attacked by the duke of Rivoli, who their cannon, and a great number of pria had advanced by the right bank. Land- soners; and that the Austrians, driven shut fell into our power, and with Land- from the woods which cover Ratisbon, shut we took 30 pieces of cannon, 9,000 were forced into the plain, and cut off by prisoners, 000 ammunition waggons, 3,000 cavalry. baggage waggons, and the hospitals and

(To be continued.)

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

LONDON :- Printed by T. C. HANSARD, Peterborough - Court, Fleet - Street ;
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Coveut - Garden :-Sold also by J. BUDD, Pall-Mall

VOL. XV. No. 22.]

LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 3, 1809.

[Price is.

833)
BLACKSTONE and LOCKE.

(534 “ As it is essential to the very being of Parliament that Elections should be free, therefore, all unlue influences upon the electors are illegal, and strongly prohi“ bited; for Mr. Locke ranks it amongst those breaches of trust in the executive “ magistrate, which, according to his notions, amounts to a dissolution of government, “ if he employ the force, treasure, and offices of the society to corrupt the representatives, or openly to pre-engage the electors, and prescribe what manner of persons “ shall be chosen; for, thus to regulate candidates and electors, and new-model the " ways of election, what is it but to cut up the government by the roots, and poison “ the very fountain of public security.”-Blackstone's COMMENTARIES ON THE Laws OF ENGLAND: Book I. Chap. 2.

Earl Mulgrave, “ Bur, my lords, there is another kind of incapacity worse than this, I mean that " of parliament men's having such places in the exchequer, as the very profit of “ them depends on the money given to the King in parliament. Would any of your

lordships entrust a man to make a bargain for you, whose very interest is to make

you give as much as he possibly can? It puts me in mind of a farce where an “ actor holds a dialogue with himself, first speaking in one tone, and then answering « himself in another."-Earl MULGRAVE's Speech, in the House of Lords, Dec. 22, 1692. Cobbett's Parl. Hist. vol. 5. p. 749.

The Great LORD CHATHAM. Mr. Prrt, when contending for a Reform in Parliament, in 1802, told the House, that he personally knew, that it was the opinion of his father, that, “ without recur“ ring to first principles in this respect, and establishing a more solid and equal “ representation of the people, by which the proper constitutional connection should “ be revived, this nation, with the best capacities for grandeur and happiness of any “ on the face of the earth, must be confounded with the mass of those whose liberties “ were lost in the corruption of the people.”

Mr. Pitt. “ The defect of representation is the national disease; and unless you apply a “ remedy directly to that disease, you must inevitably take the consequences with

which it is pregnant. -Without a parliamentary Reform the nation will be

plunged into new wars; without a parliamentary Reform you cannot be safe against “ bad ministers, nor can even good ministers be of use to you,—No honest man can, according to the present system, continue minister.”- -MR. Pitt's SPEECH, 1802.

MR. Fox. “ The whole of this system as it is now carried on, is as outrageous to morality as it “ is pernicious to just government; it gives a scandal to our character, which not “ merely degrades the House of Commons in the eyes of the people, but it does more ; “ it undermines the very principles of integrity in their hearts, and gives a fashion to “ dishonesty and imposture. They hear of a person giving or receiving four or five “ thousand pounds as the purchase-money of a srat .for a close borough ; and they “ hear the very man who received and put into his pocket the money, make a loud “ and vehement speech in this House against Bribery; and they see him, perhaps, “ move for the commitment to prison of a poor unfortunate wretch at your bar, who “ has been convicted of taking a single guinea for his vote in the very borough, per“ haps, where he had publicly and unblushingly sold his influence, though that

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

“ miserable guinea was necessary to save a family from starving under the horrors of
a war which he had contributed to bring upon the country.

These
" are the things that paralise you to the heart: these are the things that vitiate the
" whole system, that spread degeneracy, hypocrisy, and sordid fraud over the country,
" and take from us the energies of virtue, and sap the foundations of patriotism and
u spirit.”
-MR. Fox's Speech, 1797.

Mr. Grey (now Earl Grey).
“ Has the House of Commons shown either vigilance of inquiry, or independence
" of spirit? Have they investigated the origin of their misfortunes, or checked
“ ministers in their ruinous career? Nay, the very reverse. In a war remarkable
“ only for misfortune, and distinguished on our part solely by disgrace, they have
“ suffered ministers to go on from failure to failure, adding misfortune to misfortune,
« and madness to folly, without either investigation or inquiry.-As a remedy for
these evils, Mr. Grey recommended · a Reform of Parliament; and to obviate the
charge of making complaints without prescribing some specific mode of relief, he

proposed, that instead of 92 county members there should be 113, and that the

right of voting should be extended to copy holders and leaseholders who are bound “ ' to pay rent for a certain number of years. To prevent compromises he proposed

' that every county should be divided into grand divisions, each of which should "return a representative. He also proposed that the remaining 400 members • should be reiurned by householders.?”. -Mr. GREY's Speech in 1797.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

MR. WINDHAM.
Many join in the cry of Reform from ignorance, many from folly, many from
* fanaticism. Some are incited by the vilest passions, and some from more pure, but
" not less dangerous principles. Numerous are the knaves and numerous the dupes
“ desirous of change.” -Mr. WINDHAM's Speech, in the House of Commons, 20 May,
1809.

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

MR. CURWEN'S MOTION.

for you have sitten in the same cabinet

with the three latter of the persons named.
On Friday, the 26th of May, there was -As there was nothing but bare asser-
a debate, in the House of Commons, upon tion in this part of Mr. Windham's speech,
the motion of Mr. Curwen for passing a it will require no further comment; for,
Jaw, imposing an oath upon members of though the authority of names is not suf-
that House, as to their not having paid, ficient in answer to argument, it is quite
or bargained, for their scats.- - This de- so in answer to bare assertion, and is, in-
bate, which, as reported in the news-papers, deed, more than bare assertion is entitled
contained much interesting matter, is well to. -It

aprears to be a favourite plan
worthy of generał attention. Mr. with Mr. Windham to represent the elec-
WINDHAM is reported to have used the tors as the source of corruption; as if the
words, contained in the last of the pas- elector would bargain for a price for his
sages above-quoted, by way of mottos to vote, if there were no one ready to give
this sheet. If the report be correct, and, him that price. But, be it so; let it be ad-
I believe it to be so, pray, Sir, let me ask mitted, that it is from the vile miscreants,
you, since you set down for knaves, or who sell their votes, that political corrup-
Jupes, all those, who wish for a reform of tion springs ; for, what better argument
the House of Commons; let me ask you, need we in support of such a reform as
whether
you regard as knaves, or as dupes, shail render it impossible for any

wretch
Locke, Blackstone, the old Earl Mulgrave, to find a market for his vote? -Mr.
Lord Chatham, Mr. Pitt, Mr. Fox, and the Windham says, that some Attorney, or
present Lord Grey? Now, do, with your Brewer, being refused a place for his son,
usual frankness, and contempt of disguise feels himself instantly glowing with pa-
and reserve, pray say, whether they belong triotism : his honesty is roused: he takes
to the knavish or the foolish tribe ; for, to the independent side, and runs to the
one or the other, if your assertion be true, hustings bawling full-mouthed against cor-
they must belong; and, then, it will fol- ruption. Well; this may be very true
low, that you have been voluntarily very of the Attorney and the Brewer, and of
closely connected with knaves, or fools ; I thousands besides; but, is not this ano-

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »