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« do not : Owing to your ignorance of us | rity, prerogatives, or family? When have “ and our views, we then were objects of I, as these pamphlet compilers would in“ your applause, and now we are objects sinuate, expressed any opinion which of your censure. To be sure, nothing could justify the inference, that I wished could be more reasonable than this. There for the predominance of a mob, or the is nothing at all inconsistent in it; but, then, degradation of royalty or aristocracy? the argument is just as good for me as it The truth is, that I have been constantly is for them. The truth is, that, as to labouring to prevent the degradation of opinions, no man is to be blamed for a both ; and, if either has been degraded, it change, except there be strong reason to is because my labours have, with respect conclude that the change has proceeded to them, been unavailing. If I ever did from a bud motive ; or, rather, that it is merit the honour of being, by the king himnot a real, but a pretended change, for self, called his friend, I now merit that honor the purpose of something selfish or wicked. more than at any former period; because This is the case, when we see men change I have now told him truths, which nobody their opinions upon exchanging no offices, else would tell him,and to know which truths for offices under the crown; when they is of far more importance to him than the have one set of principles for out of place

, support of all the tribe, who have the insoand another set of principles for in place. lence to give themselves the exclusive apNow, nothing of this sort can possibly be pellation of King's Friends; and who, in an imputed to me; and, in short, it is quite hour of danger to his person or his throne, impossible to make any man of sense be- would, as all the sycophants of the Contilieve, that the change in my opinions has nent have done, desert him, while, I trust, proceeded from any other cause than that I should be found ready to hazard my of a sincere conviction, that, in my for- life in his defence. There is no man, in mer opinions, I was wrong.

-I am not this country, who shall read what I am very anxious to maho on apology for the now writing, that will not acknowledge, errors of my former opinions ; but, suro

thousand times heard it obly, without attributing to myself any very served, that there is no knowing what extraordinary want of discernment, those may happen,upon an event, which we errors, when my then peculiar situation all hope may be distant, but, which we be considered, stand in need of nothing by are all sure, must, in the course of naway of excuse. When John Bowles said: ture, take place. I put it to the Reader, “ My attachment to the British Monarchy, whether this be not a subject of general anxiety? " and to the reigning family, is rooted in | Whether he be acquainted with one con“ my heart's core; my anxiety for the siderate man, who does not partake in this “ British throne, pending the dangers to anxiety? Is it not, therefore, for those, “ which, in common with every other who really wish for the stability of the u throne, it has lately been exposed, has kingly government, and for the unimembittered my choicest comforts; and I paired authority of the king and his suc<< most solemnly vow, before Almighty cessors, to use their best endeavours to see “ God, to devote myself, to the end of my things settled upon a solid foundation,

days, to the maintenance of that throne.” before the event, alluded to, takes place? It When John Bowles said this, I praised surely is; and, as I am one of those, who John Bowles; but, must I praise him now ? | think that the only means of obtaining -I have been told, that the King, that solidity is to give the people confiwhen he visited Cuffnells in 1804, (and dence in their Representatives, and thereby which, in my opinion, he ought not to reconcile them to their sacrifices, I wish have been advised to visit) said, the for a Reform of the Commons' House of moment he entered the house, « where Parliament.--Not! ng, to me, at least, is MY FRIEND Cobbett's Paper ?can be more evident than this : that, to This was told to me, not long ago, by one, insure the stability of the throne, a Rewho, I thought, appeared to think it ne- form in the House of Commons is absocessary to remind me of my duty to the lutely necessary. The people, if fairly king. But, in what instance have I ever and fully represented,would grudge nothing shown a want of a due sense of that duty ? to the king, or to his family; and, indeed, When have I ever hinted, that the royal that which has recently given so much office and authority were not essential to anxiety and pain to the royal family, may "the happiness and even to the liberty of be clearlytraced to the same source,whence the people? When have I expressed a all the other heart-burnings may be traced. wish hostile to the king's person, autho- | Those, who have dealt in parliamentary

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seats, always make common cause with, nient to represent all that the people disthe king; always drag him into the party like as proceeding from the royal will, and, with them, by accusing their opponents of course, to cause it to be believed, that, of being his enemies; when the fact mani- in order to get rid of such grants as that festly is, that the king's legitimate autho- to Mrs. For, and such concerns as those rity, his dignity and his just prerogatives, of the Dutch Commissioners, we must first suffer by such dealings as much as the get rid of the king, which they know the rights and liberties of the people suffer by people would think of with horror. The them. -There is something in the heart borough influence they never wish us to look of every man, which impels him to desire, at; but, can any man believe that, if it that the person, whom he acknowledges had not been for that influence, the present as his sovereign, should be clothed with king would not have driven from his predignity; and, does it not naturally follow, sence the man, who had such a disregard for that it must be mortifying to a sensible the feelings of both king and people as to and honourable people, to see the autho- propose the grant to Mrs. Fox ?- Now, rity of the king cramped and thwarted by by way of illustration, suppose the king the owners of Boroughs? If, agreeably had spurned at this proposition. The conto the principles of the constitution, the sequence would have been the going out people were represented ; if they had of the ministry, who, upon such a nothing to complain of upon this score; point, would, in all probability, have never would they wish to interfere with retained their majority in the House. the prerogatives of the king. They love But, upon the supposition that the free kingly government; and they grudge the voice of his people had been appealed to, king and his family nothing in the way of would not they, by their choice of memsplendour. It is notorious, that royal bers, have expressed their gratitude to him æconomy is no favourite virtue with them. for his care of their interest and their hoBut they love their own rights and liber- nour :

That man, therofort, is the real ties, without which nothing will make friend of olit king, of his family, his office them heartily contented.- Look at the and dignity, who would free them, for ever, Pension and Sinecure Lists, those lists which from all influence of this sort ; who would create so much well-grounded complaint. leave the king unencumbered with any inLook at the persons, upon whom the fluence, other than that of the advice of public money is heaped. This, observe, his constitutional counsellors, to make is all done in the name of the king: Is this such appointments and grant such favours doing justice to the king? Is it doing jus- as he himself should choose ; and, I am tice to his present Majesty to hold him persuaded, that if what I am now writing forth to his people as having, for instance, should ever reach the ear of his Majesty, bestowed one thousand five hundred pounds a he will, upon a due consideration of the year of their money upon Mrs. Fox ? Will matter, still call me, as he is said to have any man deny, that it would be an act the done at Cuffnells, his“ friend Cobbett.” most friendly to the king to set him free from that, the existence of which, and of There are several subjects, which press which alone, could have induced him to forward for observation ; but, nothing apput his royal signature to such a grant ? peared to me of, comparatively, any imIs there a man in the whole kingdom, portance, at this particular moment, but who can believe, that the king cheerfully ihe subject of Parliamentary Reform. put his signature to that grant? Yet, he what they are doing in Austria, or in is held forth to his people as having been Spain, is of little consequence to us, unless the author of it; as having made such a it be really true, that, in the latter country, grant, in the virtue of a power given the Cortez, or representatives of the people, him by the constitution for the purpose are, at last, to be assembled. If this be of supporting the honour and dignity of the case, though late, there may be some his throne! It is worthy of remark that hope.- - The new loan and new tares each party, when out of power, complain would be worthy of remark; but, really, of “ the influence of the CROWN;" of the people are wearied of discussion, where vast sums of money, and the great number discussion can be of no avail. of ofiices, which «the CROWN” has in its gift. This is a very convenient notion to be inculcated by those, who can dis

WESTMINSTER ELECTION, 1807. pose of seats, and who can force ministers Report of the Committee who conducted upon the king. To them it is very conve- the Election, to their Constituents, ase

mons .......

1808

sembled on the 23rd May, 1809, to Expences of Chairns, Proces. celebrate the second Anniversary of

sion, and presenting the Car the Return of Sir Francis Burdett.

to Sir F. Burdett

507 19 2

of Fees and Gratui. Your Committee have observed with

ties at the House of Commuch satisfaction, that the conduct you

6 26

514 18 adopted at the · Election, the result of

- of Printing an “Exotion of which you are now met to celebrate, has the Cunsurt of the Committee' during been impercepubly forcing itself upon the

the Election

28 10 1 consideration of all thunking men. In many parts of the Country a disposi

- attending the celebration of the First Anniversary

31 16 0 tion to follow that example has been pub

- of Verdict, Costs and Execulicly manifested; and in some you have tion levied in an Action brought by the been awarded public thanks for che noble High Bailiff against Sir F. Burdett ... 321 03

1809 stand you made in support of principles,

incurred in qefence of three without winch our boasted Constitution is

Actious brou.ht by Smith (a pauper) but an empty form.

against the Commitee

69 7 3 Your Committee call to your recollec

of collecting Subscriptions and tion, inat, previous to the first Anniversary,

Meetings of the Committee

11 17 0 the High Bailiff of Westininster had ob

.1,756 077 0 tained a verdict against your Representa- Amount of Subseiptions receired by tive, sır Francis Burdett, for a share of the Treasurer to the 716 Aug.

1807 certain expences attending the election of

..............1,215 14 3 Members of Parliament, under pretence Ditto, to the 231 May, 1809 456 19 0

-1,672 13 3 that he was a Candidate, which he was not, and had had the use of the hustings; Leaving a bahnce due to the Treasurer of 83 13 9 and also that your Committee had endea- which your Committee cannot doubt your voured to obtain the reconsideration of readiness 10 make good. tha verdict, by applying for a new trial, This i'ebt has been incurred in carrying which had been refused by the Court of into effict the Resolution of the 4th May, King's Bench. The conseqnence of these 1807, to return sir Francis Burdett to proceedings has been an expence of up- Parlianent, free from every expence to wards of 3201, which the contributions of himself.” individual electors, and she liberality of Your Committee are not insensible to other friends to the purity of election, has the effect which this great and glorious enabled your Committee in great part to exanple is calculated to produce on the discharge. Since that period actions pexple of England, and it will be your have been brought by an individual duy to persevere and follow up that exagainst three of your Committee, under anple which yourselves have set ; but pretence of expences said to be authorised wey cannot conceal that the elective franby one or other of them on account of chise does not permit that example to be the election. It did not appear on the so followe i as to produce any important trial that any such expenditure had been numerical effect in the House of Commons, directeil by them, or that the disbursement though they may justly hope that it will had actually been made by the plaintiff: even there be viewed with respect. and, in point of fact, no order for such, Your Committee would willingly hope expenditure was given, it being contrary to that the sense of the people, peaceably exthe principle and uniform practice of pressed, and supported by a few honest your Committee. The plaintiit

, who sned and real Representatives, who shall faithas a pauper, was non-suited; but your fully persev': re in exposing corruption Committee were put to the expence of (however attempted to be excused by that about 701. for costs, in the defence of general prevalence wh'ch increases its these actions, which they have no hope of enormity), will ultimately succeed in renrecovering. These are the principal items dering it so disgraceful, that those most of charge since the last Anniversary, and interested will be compelled by shame to your Committee now lay before you the abandon its defence. In the mean time, present state of your accounts :

you will, however, have the heart-felt sa

tisfaction of having done your duty, and ACCOUNT OF DISBURSEMENTS AND REceipts.

the honour of hoding up to public imita1807

£. s. d.

tion, even in times when corruption is offiExpences of the Election to the final close of the Poll .

780 14 4 | cially acknowledged and defended, one

are entitled.

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example of purity, and of keeping alive great and dangerous abuses in the various that spirit of liberty, which alone can tend departments of government—and that by to regain for the people of England the restoring to the House of Commons its blessings of the Constitution to which they constitutional and rightful character of

being a fair and faithful Representation of

the People, such Reform would render PROCEEDINGS

that body amiable and venerable in the In COUNTIES, Cities, BOROUGHS, &c. re- estimation of their constituents—would

lative to the resent INQUIRY in the House contribute-essentially to the happiness and of Commons, respecting the Conduct of the true glory of the Sovereign-would give DUKE OF York. Continued from p. 798.) | their due weight to property, talent, and

virtue in the Senate and promote the Borough or WARWICK.

collective interest of a free, enlightened, At a respectable Neeting of the Bur- and generous nation. gesses and Inhabitants of the Borough of 6. That these Resolutions be signed by Warwick, held at th Court-House, on

the Chairman in behalf of the Meeting, Tuesday, 16th May, 1819, pursuant to a and a copy thereof transmitted to G, L. Requisition presented to the Mayor for Wardle, esq. that purpose :

THOMA: Collins, esq., Mayor, in the Chair:

COUNTY OF CORNWALL. It was Resolved unanimously

At a numerous and respectable. Meet1. That the Inquiry in he House of ing of Gentlemen, Clergy, Freeholders, Commons, relative to the cenduct of his and other Inhabitants of the County of Royal Highness the late Conmander in Cornwall, held at Bodmin, in the said Chief, has proved, to the convietion of the county, on Monday, the 15th inst. in pure whole country, the existence of flagrant suance of public notice given for that abuses in the administration of public af- purpose, EDWARD Coode, gent. Underfairs—most disgraceful in themelves to sheriff (in the absence of the High Sheriff) the British name—and most injurious in in the Chair: their effects to the prosperity of the Resolved, 1st. That the Thanks of this British Nation.

Meeting be given to G. L. Wardle, esq., 2. That the Thanks of this Meetng be for his manly and patriotic exertions in presented to Gwyllim Lloyd Wardle, esq., bringing forward his Charges against the for his intrepidity in commencing, and his Duke of York, and for instituting an Infirmness and moderation in conducing quiry in the course of which the evil practhat Investigation, which has eventually tices that have prevailed in the corrupt turned the attention of an indignant peo- disposal of Promotions in the Army, have ple towards a System of Corruption, which been exposed, and by which the Duke of no plea of prescription can justify-no York has been compelled to resign. sophistry can palliate--no intrigues of 2nd. That the Thanks of this Meeting party can long shelter from detection and are particularly due to those Members of disgrace.

Parliament, who by their personal exer3. That the Thanks of this Meeting are tions, or by voting in the Minority of 125, due to the 125 Members of the House of afforded unqualified and efficient support Commons, who by their conduct in the to Mr. Wardle in these laudable underprogress, and by their vote at the conclu- takings. sion of the late loquiry, have proved them- 3rd. That the Thanks of this Meeting selves the wise and faithful friends, both be given to the Representatives of the of the Sovereign and of the People. county, and to all those Members who

4. That the late decision of the House voted in the Minorities upon the other of Commons, standing in direct opposition questions relative to the Duke of York, to the clear and decided opinion, and of- upon which the House of Commons difering the grossest violence to all the best vided. feelings of the nation, exhibits a most 4th. That in the opinion of this Meetstriking and melancholy proof of the pre- ing the decision of the House of Commons, sent imperfect Representation of the Peo- “ that there was no ground to charge his ple in Parliament.

Royal Highness with any connivance at 5. That in the opinion of this Meeting, the corrupt and infamous practices disa timely, temperate, and well-conducted “ closed in the evidence,” is contrary to plan of Parliamentary Reform can alone the general sense of the nation. afford an effectuad security against all 5th. Thas Corruptions notoriously exist

in other departments of the state, as sible to preserve peace by means of sacribrought to light by different Committees fices, and as long as these sacrifices were of the House of Commons.

consistent with the honour of the throne, 6th. That the state of the public mind, with the security of the state, and with the example and fate of the nations on the the welfare of the people, the heart of our Continent (particularly of France) and bountiful sovereign suppressed every painthe critical situation of the country with ful feeling in silence; but when all endearespect to foreign powers, imperiously de- vours to preserve happy independence mand a system of constitutional reforma- from the insatiable ambition of a foreign tion.

conqueror prove fruitless, when nations are 7th. That in the opinion of this Meet- falling around us, and when lawful soveing the corruptions which have been suf- reigns are torn from the hearts of their fered to accumulate to so grievous an extent subjects, when in fine the danger of uniin this country, are to be traced to the de- versal subjugation threatens

even the fective state of the representation. happy states of Austria, and their peace

8th. That it is therefore the firm con- able fortunate inhabitants; then does our viction of this Meeting that a Reform in country demand its deliverance from us, the Representation of the People in the and we stand forth in its defence.-On Commons' House of Parliament is the you, my dear brother soldiers, are fixed only effective corrective of existing abuses, the eyes of the universe, and of all those and that the only security against future who still feel for national honours and corruptions will be the restoring to the national prosperity. You shall not share people that share of the elective franchise the disgrace of becoming the tools of opwhich the public good requires, and to pression. You shall not carry on the endwhich they are entitled by the principles less wars of ambition under distant climes. of the British Constitution.

Your blood shall never flow for foreign Protest against the Resolutions. fleets and foreign covetousness; not on We the undersigned, do hereby so- you shall the curse alight to annihilate inlemnly enter our Protest against the Re- nocent nations? and over the bodies of solutions relating to a Reform in Parlia- the slaughtered defenders of their country to ment entered into at the County Meeting | pave the way for a foreigner to the usurped held at Bodmin, on Monday, the 15th of throne. A happier lot awaits you; the May 1809, as tending in our opinion to liberty of Europe has taken refuge under results the most mischievous to the exist- our banners. Your victories will loose its ing constitution and the safety of the fetters, and your brothers in Germany, country.-Eliot, De Dunstanville, &c. F. yet in the ranks of the enemy, long for Gregor, Francis Glanville, F. Hearle their deliverance. You are engaged in a Rodd, Wymond Cory, W. Morshed, Ed- just cause, otherwise I should not appear ward Rodd, Thomas Graham, Charles at your head.-On the fields of Ulm and Mayson, W. S. Gully, S. Gurney, Wil- Marengo, whereof the enemy so often reliam Paul, Ph. Carlyon, C. T. Kempe, mind us with ostentatious pride, on these John Baron, William Baker, John Pome- fields will we renew the glorious deeds of roy, John Edyean, P. S. Pomeroy, H. Wurtsburgh and Ostrach, of Liptiugen Rogers, W. Rashleigh, Davies Giddy, John (Stockach), and Zurich, of Verona, of the Row, J. A. Norway, John Arthur, F. Trebbia and Novi. We will conquer a O'Dogherty, N. Norway, William Ball, lasting peace for our country; but the Edmund Gilbert, Thomas Hichens, John great aim is not to be attained without Rickard, Joseph Hawkey, Charles Rash- great virtues. Unconditional subordinaJeigh, Williani Reynolds, J. Hext, J. J. tion, strict discipline, persevering courage, Keigwin, John Rogers, jun. William Gre- and unshaken steadiness in danger, are gor, John Every, J. W. Colenso, Robert the companions of true fortitude. Only Flamank, Thomas Robins, R. K. Frost, a union of will, and a joint co-operation John Wallis, Thomas Penwarne, E. IIob- of the whole, lead to victory.--My soveling, William Pye, Lewis Marshall, W. reign and brother has invested me with Burrows, Edmund Cartheu.

extensive powers to reward and to punish.

I will be every where in the middle of
OFFICIAL PAPERS.

you,
and
you

shall receive the first thanks AUSTRIA.- Proclamation of the Archduke of your country from your general on the Charles, dated Vienna, April 6, 1809.

field of battle. The patriotism of many The protection of our country calls us of the Austrian nobility has anticipated to new exploits. As long as it was pose your wants: this is a pledge in the fullest

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