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Some of you will have heard, perhaps, that bled you with this statement by the way while I was in America, I wrote several of complaint; for, indeed, such things canpamphlets, some under a feigned name, not fail to have a good effect, with all senand some under no name at all. From sible men, and to such only do I address one of these pamphlets, the London ministe- myself. The man, who takes upon him rial newspapers have extracted these words: to write on politics, necessarily exposes “For my part, I am no friend of the English; I himself to misrepresentations and calum* wish their island was sunk to the bottom of nies of all sorts; especially if his object • the sea." Having taken this sentence, they be to spoil the trade of the corrupt and tell their readers, that it is quite natural the venal. It is his inevitable lot; but, he * such a person" should wish for a Reform has always this consoling and encouraging that would lead to revolution.---Gentle- / reflection; that his adversaries, with a men, I do not recollect any thing so bad. strict regard to the rules of proportion, are as this, ever done, or attempted to be done, sure to adapt the measure of their
anger to by any writer in the world. -- The the magnitude of his success, and of their pamphlet, from which the extract is made, consequent dread of his future exertions. · was written for the purpose, and the sole The greatest compliment that can possibly purpose, of serving my king and country, be paid to any writer, is, to answer his arand that, too, at a time and in a place, gument by an attack upon his person; when and where no man but myself had and, the next is, that of appealing to his the zeal to write a line for such a purpose. opinions, formerly expressed, especially In order to give effect to what I was writ- under a total change of circunstances, ing, it was necessary for me to say some- whether as to the things themselves or the thing to disguise the fact, that it proceeded information relating to them. This last from an Englishman's pen; and, that this species of attack has been made most libewas the case, there needs no proof but this, ral use of against me. Just as if opinions that the government at home caused this formed and expressed,when I was not much pamphlet to be republished in England. Fur- more than half as old as I now am, and, ther, for having written this and other when I had, in fact, had no experience at all, pamphlets in America, the government were to invalidate, or have any weight, here made me offers of their support, which against the arguments that I now have to I never accepted of. Upon my return offer. Because I praised Mr. Pitt, when I from America those offers were renewed, was in America, or upon my return, does but again rejected. I received marks of it follow that I was to continue to praise approbation, for these writings, from all the him after being some years a near witness men then in power. I dined at Mr. of his conduct, and after having seen it Windham's with Pitt, which I then thought proved, that he lent, without interest, a very great honour; and, really, when 40,0001, of the public money, to two menMr. Canning looks back to the time, when bers of the House of Commons, without any I dined at his house at Putney, and when authority for so doing, and even without he paid me so many just compliments for communicating the fact to his colleagues. my exertions in my country's cause, I can When I saw this come to light, and when hardly think, that he must not view with I saw him take a bill of indemnity, (that is, a some degree of shame these attempts on law to screen him from punishment) for this,' the part of persons, who are publickly as well as for other acts of his administrasaid to write under his particular patron- tion: when I saw this, was I still to praise age. As to Mr. Windham, he has de- him? Or, if I did it not, was I to be acclared, in open parliament, that, for my cused of inconsistency ?---This was the writings in America, I deserved a statue of drift of Mr. POULTER's personalities gold.—Judge you, then, of the candour, at Winchester, and of the band-bills, the truth, the honesty, of the writers, who which, on that morning had been posted oppose Parliamentary Reform; and, as yet, | up in the Inns and other places of the I have seen it opposed by no writer, who city, and all which you treated with that is not of this description. Judge you of contempt, which they so well merited. the motives of such men; judge you of -Such attempts, when made upon men the nature of that cause, in support of of sense, always tail of their intended efwhich such means are resorted to; judge fect, and are sure to recoil, with tenfold you how strong my adversaries must think force, upon those who make use of them. ine in fact, in argument, and in character, Any attack upon me, if it come in a crewhen they are driven to the employment ditable shape, I am at all times ready to of means like these.- -I bave not trou. answer, and am certain that I shall beat my
" What, you
adversary ; but, haring thus exposed to , of the insincerity of the enemies of die your view the means by which the ene- form. mies of Parliamentary Retorn have hithers But, let us patiently, if possible, inquire to endeavoured to excite a prejudice a little into ile grounds of the monstrous against one of its principal literary advo- supposition, that, becare confusion and cates, I shall not, hereafter, sutier the die loodshed rook place in brince seme years cussion to be encumbered with any thing alo, in consequence of the ningts ibere not immediately belonging to the subjeci; male, the same musi tik place heie if a I shall not sufiër myself to be lured from retirm in the house of Coumos be the important prints at issue by any thing Icepted. - -Whal smi'unty, let me first whatever relating personally to me. ask, is there in the two cases? In France
There is one more topic, upon which I the government was despolie; any man think it may be necessiry to say a few could, at any time, be sent to prison, and words in this intruiluctory address, and here kept for life, wnhout rial and with even before I come to lay down the heads out hearing; the law: were in fact made and the order of the discussion. I ailude by the kme's sole will, there were no to the cry, with which cvery attempt to juries to try causes of any sort; the feudal obtain a Beform of the Parliameni is, upon system was still in such rigour as all occasions, met by those who have so make it a crime, in many places, fior penmaniiest an interest in preventing such ple to grind their own corn or bale idk ir Reform. The cry is this:
own bread, being compelled to carry iuc “ want a REVOLUTION, do you ;” and, materials to the mili and in the oren of then they tall io a description of the bor- The Lord of the Manor, paying bini a heavy rors of the FRENCII REVOLUTION. tax for the grinding orihe baking. Emilss
Gentlemen, I do not think that you, or would be the poinis of conrrasi ; but, for that any part, or any one, of my readers
our present purpose, it is que suficient can be so weak as to be swayed by a sal- io state merely this, that the Frisch bist no lacy so palpable as this; but, it may not, ligislative ussen bly; no body of persons, who, upon this occasion, be amiss to give it an as to the making of laws, had any sidure of exposure in deiail, in order to see whe:hier authority. In France, what was proposodio those, who make use of it, have in them be etlecied, was a toial change in the very any remains of shaire.
nature of the government, the thing set There was a rezolution in France, which about was the making ot'a gizeriment of * produced great calunities and horrors, new sort, and, of course, taking ihe old ne and, therefore, we are desired to believe, to pieces, noin top to bottom. It was not, that all revolutions must produce calami- therefore, very wonderful, that, from the ties and horrors; and this doctrine, too, resistance of the feudul Lords as from the is preached to us from the very sime lips crown, great anger stould be engendereil
, whence proceed endless praises of the re- and deally strije arise; and, especially volution in England, which placed the when the numerous noblesse, instead of House of Brunswick upon the ihrone. yielding their oppressive privileges, atid
Supposing, however, all political revo- encavouring to assist the people wil lutions io be very mischievous; suppos- their advice, fi w with eagerness to join ing all changes in the succession to thrones, an army of foreigners, called by them for in the forms of governments, in the distri- the purpose of compeiling the perple to bution of the powers in a nation; sup- submit to their authority, and to present posing all these to be, at all times, mis- the redress of what all the world at knowchievous, the supposition, though a very ledged to be grievances that no humill wild one, would not bear against ihe cause beings ought to support, and the resusal, of Reform in Parliament, becau-e, we, the obstinate rerusal, to consent to any who wish tor that Reform, neither pid- measure, which should prevent the relurn pose, nor wish for, any thing ritw. Wel of which, was the cause, and the scle want nothing but the sincere profession cause, of that sway which bloody and imand the faithful olservance of what is ul- pious men after wards obtained, and by reudy the constitution of England, as laid the means of which sway so many foolish duwn, and clearly laid down in the books of and wicked and cruel acts were commitour lunes,
To set up against us, iherefore, ted. But what has all this, or any part of the cry of revolution, can, I am confident, it, to do with our question of Reform in have, with men of sense, no other (fect | Parliament? Does that measure contemthan ibai of adding one more to the nu- plate any one of those objects that were merous proofs, which we already possess, I in the contemplation of the French? Have we any feudal Lords to whose mills and Having endeavoured to place in a crear ovens we are compelled to carry our corn light the fallacy, pot to give it any worse and our flour? Have we not juries already? me, of the general objections, or, rather, Have we not laws (while we keep them the out-crics, which have been raised unsuspended) which prevent arbitrary im- against a Reform in the Representation of prisonment? And, have we not Houses of the People, in the House of Commons, I Legislators, without whose consent no laws propose, in my succeeding letters, to discan be passed ? Do we, like the French, cuss the following questions: I. Whether stand in need of a change in the nature the present state of the Representation be of the government; of the abolition of consonant with that constitution, which the old powers and the erection of new has so long been the boast of Englishmen. ones; and, in short, of a new sort of go. II. What sort of Reform ought iole made. vernment, from top to bottom ? You III. Whether the nation would be benefitknow, Gentlemen; all the world must ted, and, if so, in what way, by such Reknow, that we stand in need of no such forin. IV. Whether the present be a thing; and that there is not, in the whole proper time for making such Reform. nation, one single man, capable of obrain- -These, gentlemen, it appears to me, ing half a score of adherents, who enter- are the only questions that we have 10 tains so maci a notion. We, as I said be discuss and to decide upon; and, if we fore, want nothing nw.
We have no discuss and decide upon them without passchemes or projects; all that we want is sion, I have no hesitation to say, that your that share in the government, which the decision will be the decision of the nation, constitution gives us, and of which we and that, at no distant day, if your acts think ourselves not at present in posses- correspond with your opinions, if you sion, owing to the abuses, which have, by steadily and ardonily, but, above all things, degrees, crept into the Representation in steadily, persevere, in your constitutional Parliament.' This is all we want; and, efforts to obtain your object, that object because we want this, we are accused of will be obtained. I am, wishing for Revolution, and our adversaries,
Your friend. the friends of corruption, having neither
COBLETT fact nor argument wherewith to oppose to Botley, 16th Jay, 1809. us, hold out to those whom they think themselves able to deceive and terrify, the
WILTSHIRE MEETING. “ dreadful consequences of the Revolution I am sorry, that it is out of my power to “ in France,” than wbieh a more gross at give a full account of this Meeting, which temptatimposition, surely,never was made. was held at the city of Saliszury, on the
That this attempt will not succeed I am 17th instant, and at which a Resolution was perfectly satisfied. I am convinced, that, passed, in substance, as to most parts, ike sooner or later, and the soner from the that passed in Tampshire, but, substimmg absence of every thing like violence or for the interesting declaration of Mr. Creshuste, the nieasure of Reform will and must vey, the still more interesting and nore be adopied. Nay, the Bill of Mr. Cur authentic record of the motion of Mi. wen, nov before the House of Commons, MADOCKS, and the decision of the House (and which Bil will, to all appearance, thereon.--For this Resolution I have pass in that House) completely recognizes not, in the present number, room to insert. the main principle, upon wbich, we pro- It will, of course, have its place with those ceed ; namely, that Seats in that House passed in other counties. --'The Meeting ought not to be obtained by corrupt prac- was very numerous and respectable, there tices, and that votes in it ought not to be being certainly above 1,500 persons prepaid for, either in money or in
-The Ist Resolution was inored worth. In the introduction and entertain-by Mr. Ilunt of Enford, at the close of ing of this Bill, the House itsel: acknow- a very able, an argumentative and an eloledges, that we have good grounds of com- quent speech. li was second d by Mr. plaint on the score of representation ; the Collins, one of the corporation of SalisHouse itselt acknowledges, that, to a cer- bury, in a manner to be naturally expected tain extent, at least, Parliamentary Reform from a gentleman, who, I understand, has is necessary; and, therefore, it would be
long been universally looked up to for full as just to accuse the House of Revolu- talent, as well as for public sirit. A tionary intentions, as to prefer that accusa- second Resolution, passing censure upon tion against us, who, out of the House, the two county members, was moved by wish for that Reform.
Mr. BLEEKE of Warminster, who, in this
his first essay, afforded to the “ persons of dead, and in which there had not been a “consequence,” in the county, a pretty good County-Meeting for thirty years, was beproof, that talents are not wanted, amongst ginning to rouse from its lethargy.--The the yeomanry, when occasion calls them whole of the Proceedings were taken forth. Theses
persons of conse- down by Mr. Willett, a gentleman conquence” did, we have been told, keep nected with the London news-paper, the away, lest, by their presence, they should STATESMAN, whose unsolicited attendance give weight to the proceedings. Now, it was gratefully acknowledged by anumerous appears to me, that the natural thing for company of gentlemen, who, after the them to do would have been to come to Meeting was over, assembled at dinner. the Meeting, and convince us of their con- Indeed, this paper, which is published in sequence; make us feel their weight, by op. the evening, and which, therefore, is conposing, and setting aside, the Resolutions, venient for the country, deserves the parmoved and seconded by persons of “no ticular encouragement of all those, who
consequence.' -If those « persons of are enemies to corruption and friends to consequence" approved of thanks to Mr. reform. It is the only London news-paper, Wardle, and yet did not like to see the that I have beard of, which has shown any business in the hands of persons of “no disposition to do full justice to the County.
consequence," why did they not take it Meetings; and, those who are sincere in in hand themselves? Oh, no! They did any public cause, should always make a not approve of such thanks. . That is very point to support, in every way that they clear; and, it is equally clear, that they are able, that part of the Press, which knew that the county in general did ap- stands forward in that cause.- -For this prove of them.-Let me take the liberty reason, as well as for the sake of more to tell these “persons of consequence" that, extensive circulation, I shall take care, it seems to me, that they are in a fair way that the proprietor of the StatesMAX has of losing their consequence, unless they an opportunity of publishing my letters very soon begin to bestir themselves; for, upon Parliamentary Reform, on the same they will be so good as to excuse me, if I day, on which they are published in the Rethink it the oddest of all possible ways of gister; so that those, who take an Evening keeping up their consequence, to let the | Paper, and do not take the Register, may world see that they are afraid to face avail themselves, if they think it worth those, whom they represent as possessed of their while, of the means of possessing no consequence at all.- -Say what they these Letters in the Statesman. will about the matter, the county
will want no one to tell them, that nothing but MR. PALMER'S CLAIM. conscious weakness could induce them, upon This question, which is, I perceive, to such an occasion, to keep away. This is come on for discussion, in the House of what the whole county will be well satis- Commons, on the 25th instant, had escaped fied of, and that being the case, the ulti- my attention until it was too late to enter mate effect, as to themselves, it is by no upon it in a manner that would be worthy means difficult to foresee.- The High of such a question. My intention was to Sheriff, Sir CHARLE3 Mallet, who appear have compared Mr. Palmer's Claim, and to be a very clever man, conducted the the objections made to it, with the sums business of the day in a very fair and in- lavished upon many others, and the reapartial manner. It was said, in the sons, or, rather, the, no reasons, by which morning, that there were several gentle the granting of such such sums are atmen, come with a firm resolution, to op- tempied to be justified. Mr. Palmer's pose the vote of thanks; but, the result services the whole nation feels and acknowshewed, that, either they became converts ledges; and yet luis Claim h. s been denred, themselves, or despaired of making prose- while advocates in abundance are found lytes; for, not a man opened his lips in the for the specures of the Seymours and the way of opposition. With their hats, indeed, Garniers and the Pensions of the Pagets! a very few expressed their dissent; but, But, let us hope, that, after what has come the decision was of that sort, which may be to light, there will, at least, be found a disfairly called unanimous. There was a little position to grant i his claim. I have never of division upon the question of censure met with any man, who did not wish to see of the two county members; but, it was it granted. This is a case, in which the very small; and, indeed, the impression nation most anxiously wishes to part with produced by the whole of the proceedings, its money How much have we heard, in was, that this county, so long apparently other cases, of not being niggnadly! How
much have we heard, in other cases, of the, lation is so far diminished as to render them “ liberality of a great nation!” How much liable to corrupt practices and undue inhave we heard, in other cases, of the re-fluence, whilst other towns and places, of ward due to national services! Aye, and great importance and considerable popuin cases, too, where it would be very lation, do not enjoy such right, is incondifficult, if not impossible, to make the sistent with the spirit of the Constitution, existence of those services evident to any and is a defect introduced by inatiention common understanding. Mr. Paimer de and lapse of tine, whtch ought to be mands bare justice; the bare fulfilment speedily and effectually remedied. of the contract, on the part of the public, Resolved, that a letter be written to he having fulfilled his part of it, and Mr. Wardle, testifying the deep sense that, too, at his own risk ; a contract, ac. which this Meeting entertains of his great cording to which he was sure to lose, un- and meritorious services, and that the less the public gained; such a contract as same be signed by the Persons now preno man ever, before or since, made with sent, and be left for the signature of such the public, and such a contract as few other Inhabitants of the town and neighmen, after his fate, will be tempted to bourhood of Liverpool as may think proinuitate.
per to subscribe the same. Salisbury, 18th May, 1809.
Resolved, that the Thanks' of this
Meeting are also due to sir F. Burdett, bart. PROCEEDINGS
who seconded and supported the Motion In Counties, Crties, BOROUGHS, &c. re- of Mr. Ward!e; to lord Folkestone, and
lative to the recent INQUIRY in the House S. Whitbread, esg. by whose able and streof Commons, respecting the conduct of the nuous exertions, through a long and intriDuke of York (Continued from p. 736. cate investigation, the nation is inciebted Town of LIVERPOOL.
for the fullest information on this subject; At a Meeting of the friends of Constitue and to lord Stanley, sir S. Romiliy, gen. tional Freedom and Enemies of Political Ferguson, T. 1. Coke, esq. J. C. Curwen, Corruption, beld at the Globe Tarern, Li-esq. and the other Members of the House verpool, April 21, 1809.-George Wil- of Commons, who, by the manly avowal liams, esq. in the Chair.
of their sentiments, and their conscientious It was Resolved, that the grateful Thanks and unbiassei votes, have evinced their inof this Meeting are due io G. L. Wardie, tegrity and independence. esq. for the undaunted, firmi and patriotic Resolved, that the Thanks of this Meetmanner in which he brought forward and ing are due to Wm. Roscoe, esq. for
propoprosecuted the late Inquiry into the con- sing the Address to G. L. Warule, esq. and duct of his Royal Highness the Duke of the above Resolutions, which have been York; a measure which has not only oc- unanimously adopted by this Meeting. casioned the rem vai of his Royal High- Resolved, that this Meeting views with ness from Office, but by having opened great regret and just indignation the refuthe eyes of the Country to the conduct of sal of the Mayor to cali a Meeting of the their Representatives, is likely to be pro-Inhabitants to take into consideration those ductive of the happiest and most impor- public proceedings in which the best intant consequences to the nation at large. terests and most valued rights of their
Resolved, that the practice of persons Country were deeply involved, and that holding Offices or enjoying Pensions under it is the opinion of this Meeting that the the Crown, and having at the same time a Inhabitants be convened to exercise those. Seat in tire Commons I'louse of Parliament privileges which are secured to them by as Representatives of the People, although the laws of their Country, without any furit has been guarded against by our ances- ther application to the Mayor. tors with peculiar jealousy, has now arisen to an alarming excess; and that it is be
Borough OP IPSWICH. come highly expedient to resort to those THE Portmen of the Borough of Ipsmethods for remedying the evil which wich, at whose instance a Great Court was have formerly been adopted by the Le- held April 21, for the purpose of returning gislature of this Country, and to use our | Thanks to Lient. Col. Wardie, for his endeavours to obtain the entire exclusion meritorious conduct in Parliament, feel it of Placemen and Pensioners from the due to their own character to submit to House of Commons.
their Brother-Freemen wlo were not preResolved, that the sending of Members sent in Court, and to the Public at large, to Parliament, by places where the popu- la Copy of the Resolution which they