« PreviousContinue »
the honour and damp the ardour of our 8. That the Thanks of the Meeting be brave Soldiers, and thereby threaten the given to Sir Watkin Lewes, the High safety and existence of the British Empire. Bailiff, for his readiness in convening the --Passed unanimously.
Town Hall.-Passed unanimously. 2. That the Independence and Patri- 9. That the Thanks of the Meeting be otism of Gwyllym Lloyd Wardle, esq. in given to John Townshend, esq. Deputy the institution and conduct of the Inquiry, Bailiff, for his able and impartial conduct have eminently intitled him to the Thanks in the Chair.-Passed unanimously. of this Meeting, and the gratitude of his (Signed) John TOWNSHEND, Dep. Bailiff. Country; and they trust that the result
(To be continued.) of such singular perseverance will encourage him, and every other honest Member,
OFFICIAL PAPERS. to detect and bring to question the Agents REVOLUTION IN SWEDEN.—Address of the of Corruption in every department of the Duke of Sudermania, (Continued from State.-- Passed unanimously.
page 544.) 3. That the Thanks of this Meeting be -A continental peace was on the point given to Sir Francis Burdett, Lord Viscount of being concluded at Tilsit, and Sweden Folkestone, Lord Milton, Lord Althorpe, invited to form one of the contracting Samuel Whitbread, esq., J. C. Curwen, parties; Sweden refused ; and in conseesq., T. W. Coke, esq., Sir S. Romilly, kt., quence of this refusal she was compelled General Ferguson, and the rest of the 125 to fight France, and her numerous allies, honest Members who voted in the Mino- single-handed, on the Continent of Europe, rity on Mr. Wardle's motion.—Passed and the siege of Stralsund was carried on unanimously.
with increased vigour. Even during that 4. That the hostile conduct of ministers siege, nay, after the conclusion of the threats of infamy against the hon. Mem- convention, which stipulated the evacuaber who proposed the Inquiry; and above tion of Pomerania and Rugen by our all the large majority who voted for the troops, offers of peace were made by the acquittal of the Duke, have convinced the enemy, and rejected; and the German Meeting, and, we trust, will convince the possessions of Sweden, the last remains of people of England, that a substantial Re- the conquests of Gustavus Adolphus the form in the Representation of Parliament Great, were lost. Sweden had, however, is the only barrier against corruption, and to sustain losses still more severe. The may afford some indemnity for the past, winter of 1807, and the following year, and security for the future. ---Passed una- serious apprehensions arose of an impendnimously.
ing rupture with our neighbours, both on 5. That the Thanks of the Meeting be the East and West of our empire.—These given to Sir Thomas Turton, bart. and the apprehensions and dangers might have 137 Members who voted for his Amend- / been warded off a few month before by ment. We observe, with pleasure, that the Swedish government, by its accession he manifested an open hostility to corrup- to the Peace of Tilsit; a peace which tion, in which, if he steadily and uniform- Sweden was not prèvented from concludly perseveres, he will insure the confidence ing by her only ally, which was offered and support of his Constituents.—Passed
on terms by no means irreconcileable with with only five dissentient.
the public interest of Sweden-— The war 6. That from a conviction that an honest broke out in Finland, and its gallant deRepresentation of the People in Parlia- fenders, at the end of a severe and homent is the best and only security against nourable conflict, with an enemy far suthe existence of abuses similar to those perior in number, were obliged to give up which have now been brought to light, to him their beloved country. This miswe will, whenever we shall be called upon fortune, the most calamitous event which to exercise an Elective Franchise, support has befallen Sweden for centuries past, those only who shall pledge themselves might have been avoided, if the powerful worthy by a steady opposition to corrup- preparations of defence, which the situation, and a firm attachment to the pure tion and nature of the country admitted, and uncontaminated principles of the British had been conducted with wisdom and Constitution.—Passed with a great ma- skill, and if the plans of resistance, no jority.
sooner adopted than relinquished, had been 7. That these Resolutions be printed in conceived and carried into effect, with the Morning and Evening Papers. unity and firmness. Finland, which, in Passed unanimously.
point of population and intrinsic value,
formed one third part of the Swedish Empire, was lost, and this loss bore with Sir Jonn Moore.—'The following Ex. the most destructive pressure on the tract from the last Letter of General Sir two remaining thirds.--In this state of John Moore has been printed, in pursuaffairs, the means of waging war ance of the order of the House of Comagainst such numerous enemies could not mons : prove sufficient for any length of time, Extract of a Letter from Lieutenant-General and no other resource was left than to Sir John Moore, to Viscount Castlereagh; burden with new taxes a people unable to dated Corunna, Jan. 1.3. bear them. The public necessities in- “ Situated as this army is at present, it creased in proportion as the means and is impossible for me to detail to your Lordresources of the State were destroyed. ship the events wbich have taken place Trade and navigation were at a stand ; since I had the honour to address you from our mines and agriculture were unpro- Astorga, on the 31st of December: I have ductive from want of hands; universal therefore determined to send to England ruin was spreading wide and far; and yet Brigadier-General Charles Stewart, as the it was universally known that His Royal Officer best qualified to give you every Majesty had again repeated his former information you can want, both with resfirm and unalterable determination not to pect to our actual situation and the events conclude a peace with the present Go- which have led to it.—Your Lordship vernment of France, without which, how- knows, that had I followed my own opierer, no reconciliation with Denmark and nion, as a military man, I should have reRussia could take place. In this situation tired with the army from Salamanca. The of affairs a considerable part of the Western Spanish armies were then beaten; there army formed a resolution to march to the was no Spanish force to which we could capital with the patriotic view which apunite, and I was satisfied that no efforts pears by the Proclamation issued on their would be made to aid us, or to favour the part. Similar movements took place among cause in which they were engaged.— I was the rest of the Swedish troops, and it was sensible, however, that the apathy and inin this critical position his Royal Majesty difference of the Spaniards would never came to the unfortunate resolution of leav- have been believed ; that had the British ing Stockholm, and directing his family, been withdrawn, the loss of the cause and several officers of the state, to follow would have been imputed to their retreat, him. The garrison was ordered to file off, and it was necessary to risk this army to and it was intended to assemble an army | convince the people of England, as well as in the South, to oppose the troops who the rest of Europe, that the Spaniards had were approaching from the North and neither the power nor the inclination to West. Two distinct governments were make any efforts for themselves. It was thus to be formed, two armies to be as- for this reason that I made the march to sembled, and a civil war was to fill up the Sahagan. As a diversion it succeeded; I measure of our calamities and distress brought the whole disposable force of the The King's departure was, however, post- French against this army, and it has been poned until the 13th of March, at noon. allowed to follow me, without a single An universal consternation prevailed. The movement being made to favour my remost respectful remonstrances against his treat. The people of the Gallicias, though Majesty's determination were rejected, and armed, made no attempt to stop the
pasno other means remained even to secure sage of the French through the mountains, the safety of the King's own person, than They abandoned their dwellings at our to prevent him from carrying his unfortu- approach, drove away their carts, oxen, nate resolve into effect. In these circum- and every thing that could be of the smallstances all the officers of state, in conjunc- est aid to the army. The consequence has tion with the states of the Empire, who been, that our sick have been left behind; were present in Stockholm, expressed to and when our horses or mules failed, his Royal Highness the constitutional wish which on such marches, and through such that he might take the reins of govern- a country, was the case to a great extent, ment into his hands; a wish to which his baggage, ammunition, stores, &c. and even Royal Highness, notwithstanding his ad- money, were necessarily destroyed or vanced age, thought himself in duty bound abandoned. I am sorry to say, that the to accede, confiding that this step will be army, whose conduct I had such reason.to viewed in its proper light by every honest extol on its march through Portugal, and patriotic Swede.
on its arrival in Spain, has totally changed its character since it began to retreat. I, and this place, if I am forced to retire can say nothing in its favour, but that into it, is commanded within musquet when there was a prospect of fighting the shot, and the harbour will be so commandenemy, the men were then orderly and ed by cannon on the coast, that no ship seemed pleased and determined to do will be able to lay in it. In short, my their duty. In front of Villa Franca the Lord, General Stewart will inform you French came up with the reserve, with how critical our situation is. It has been which I was covering the retreat of the recommended to me to make a proposal army; they attacked it at Calcabellos. I to the enemy, to induce him to allow us retired, covered by the 95th Regiment, to embark quietly; in which case he gets and marched that night to Herresias, and us out of the country soon, and this place, from thence to Nogales and Lugo, where with its stores, &c. complete; that otherI had ordered the ditlerent divisions which wise we have the power to make a long preceded, to halt and collect. At Lugo, defence, which must cause the destruction the French again came up with us. They of the town. I am averse to make any attacked our advanced posts on the oth such proposal, and an exceedingly doubt. and 7th, and were repulsed in both at- ful if it would be attended with any good tempts, with little loss on our side. I effect; but whatever I resolve on this heard from the prisoners taken, that three head, I hope your Lordship will rest as. divisions of the French army were come sured, that I shall accept no terms that up commanded by Marshal Soult; I are in the least dishonourable to the army therefore expected to be attacked on the or to the country. I find I have been led morning of the 8th. It was my wish, to into greater length, and more detail, than come to that issue ; I had perfect confi- I thought I should have had time for; I dence in the valour of the troops, and it have written under interruptions, and my was only by crippling the enemy that we mind much occupied with other matter. could hope either to retreat or to embark | My letter, written so carelessly, can uninolested. I made every preparation to only be considered as private. When I receive the attack, and drew out the army have more leisure, I shall write more corin the morning to ofier battle. This was rectly; in the mean time, I rely on Genot Marshal Soult's object. He either did
He either did neral Stewart for giving your Lordship not think' himself sufficientlyfstrong, or he the information and detail which I have wished to play a surer game by attacking omitted. I should regret his absence, for us on our march, or during our embarca- his services have been very distinguisherl; tion. The country was intersected, and but the state of his eyes makes it imposs:his position too strong for me to attack ble for him to serve, and this country is with an inferior force. The want of pro- not one in which cavalry can be of mucha visions would not enable me to wait longer;
If I succeed in embarking the army, I marched that night; and in two forced I shall send it to England; it is quite unlmarches by advancing for six oreight hours fit for further service until it has been rein the rain, I reached Betanzos on the 10th | fitted, which can best be done there. instant.–At Lugo, I was sensible of the
JØRN MOORE." impossibility of reaching Vigo, which was at too great a distance, and offered no advantages to embark in the face of an ene- PORTUGAL.His Royal Highness the my My intention was then to have re- Prince Regent has appointed General treated to the peninsula of Betanzos, where William Car Beresford, Field Marshal I hoped to find a position to cover the em- and Commander in Chief of the Portuguese barkation of the army in Ares or Redes army. It appears from an Extraordinary Bays; but having sent an Oflicer to re- Gazette, published at Seville on the 1st inst. connoitre it, by his report I was determin- that the division of Spanish troops comed to prefer this place. I gave notice to manded by the Duke of Alberquerque, the Admiral of my intention, and Legged was attacked on the 22d ult. in the posithat the transports might be brought to tion of Consavigra, by a French force of Corunna; had I found them here on my 11,000 foot and 3000 horse; which atarrival, on the 11th, the embarkation tack was made with the enemy's usual would easily have been effected, for I had inipetuosity, but completely failed, owing gained several marches on the French. to the uncommon intrepidity displayed by They have now come up with us, the the Spanish troops. The French were res transports are not arrived ; my position pulsed and defe ed with the loss of up. in front of this place is a very bad one ; wards of 400 men.-Field Marshal Béress
ford has issued the following GENERAL, the Portuguese his character and honour, ORDERS :
perfectly satisfied that they will be pre“ His Royal Highness the Prince Reserved unimpaired, and returned to him gent of Portugal having most graciously with gain.—The Field-Marshal, Combeen pleased to entrust to Field Marshal mander in Chief, deems it necessary to as-, Beresford the command in chief of his sure you, that he will at all times consider armies, thinks it right, on assuming the it as one of his most important duties, to said command, to state and declare to his raise and reward merit, whenever he shall comrades in arms his sentiments' on this meet with it, and that the only recommenoccasion. --The Field Marshal and Com-dation he shall notice, will be that derived mander in Chief, during the time he served from zeal, activity, skill, valour, and pain the army which was sent by his Britan- triotism, qualities which shall at all times nic Majesty to support the admirable and find in him a sure and zealous protector. prodigious efforts made by the Portuguese The Field-Marshal, Commander in to recover tlieir liberty and independence, Chief, calls the attention of all the General so unjustly attacked, had an opportunity and Subaltern Officers to the present state of becoming intimately acquainted with and improvement of the army, and being the military character of the nation"; and convinced that the best metliod of introalthough he thinks he has given the most ducing discipline and a strict observance effectual proofs of the favourable idea he of duty into a military corps consists in the had formed of that character, by accepting example set by the Officers, he hopes the above command, yet he wishes and they will never fail to give their men a hopes to prove in a more decisive man- | lesson so necessary and important. The ner, that the command in chief of the Por-Field-Marshal Commander-in Chief feels tuguese army could not have possibly been anxious to embrace the earliest opportuconfided to any other Officer so thoroughly nity of inspecting the different corps convinced of the inn.ite military talents and which have already taken the field, as well disposition of the Portuguese, who want as the rest of the army; and he shall avail nothing but some skill and uniformity of himself of all occasions which offer to proplan in the direction of their warlike en- mote the satisfaction, decorum, and advanergies, to prove that they still are what tage of the officers and soldiers who are they have always been, if not the best entrusted to his cares-Dated, Head Quarsoldiers, at least equal to the most valiant ters, Lisbon, the 13th March 1809." and most intrepil troops of Europe. The Field-Marshal Commainler in Chief will HOLLAND.- From the Royal Courunt, pubs therefore exert himself with incessant zea!
lished at Amsterdam on the 4th Inst. and application to render those qualities Louis Napoleon, by the grace of God, as efficient as they are accustomed to be and the Constitution of the kingdom, King when they are assisted by a strict and well- of Holland, and Constable of France, regulated discipline. It is universally ac- taking into consideration that the term knowledged that the Portuguese are loyal prescribed by our Decree of the 27th of to their Sovereign, obedient to their lawful November, 1808, No. 5, expires on the authorities who represent him, and endure, 31st instant. Taking further into conwithout murmurs, the privations and in- sideration that it is necessary, at the preconveniences to which armies must fre- sent period, to take further measures, eiquently submit. The patriotism, energy, ther for the renewal of the aforesaid Decree, and enthusiasm, of which they have but or the previous Decrees respecting the very lately given the most unquestionable means of carrying into execution the proproofs; the glory which they acquired in hibition of all commerce with the enemy, Roussillon, and the successes which they or of replacing them, in whole or part, by obtained on the northern frontiers, 'clearly other measures calculated to place all shew their determined intrepidity and va- matters relative to navigation on a footing lour, qualities which cannot but render of complete uniformity with the Decree them worthy of their ancestors, and as fa- of France and of our Brother the Emperor; mous as them.-No nation, Portuguese, is and notwithstanding the difficulties arising therefore better qualified than you are to from the maritime war, and those which form the best troops. The Field. Marshal, commerce suffers for its own interest, Commander in Chief, convinced of this being continually anxious to contribute to truth, finds himself, with the utmost plea- that important ohject, we have decreed sure, identified with the Portuguese nation. and hereby decreeHe is a Portuguese Officer, and confides to Art. 1. All commerce, correspondence, powers, viz.
and communication with England, remains be imported under any pretence whatever; prohibited according to the purport of all prohibited goods of whatever descripour previous Laws, Decrees, and Regu- tion, and in whatsoever quantity imported, lations, and particularly such of them as and also the vessels on board which they expired on the 21st instant, so far as no may be found, being hereby declared liaalteration is therein made by the present ble to confiscation. decree.
7. In case of suspicions arising respec2. From the first day of the succeeding ting the origin of the cargo from Informamonth of April, the following fifty-two tions received by the officers of the Maartieles may be exported to friendly or rine Director, the same shall be provisionneutral countries in Dutch vessels, or those ally sequestrated until proof be given that sailing under the flag of neutral or allied it has not come from England or her co
lonies. Books, beans, butter, brandy, bricks, 8. Our Consuls in giving certificates of white lead, cheese, cambricks, copper ma- origin for goods shipped at their ports of nufactured, clocks, clover and garden residence for Dutch Ports, shall not conseeds, eels, flower roots, fruits, geneva, fine themselves to certifying that the gauzes, glue, hoops, hides dried, iron ma- goods neither come from England nor her nufactured, leather, linen, linseed, mad- colonies, nor belong to English commerce, ders, mill-stones, oak bark, ground oats, but they shall further specify the place oils of seed, pottery, powder blue, peas, from whence the goods originally came, paper, perfumery, plants, pipes, playing the documents produced to them in proof cards, quills, rushes, silk manufactured, of the respective declarations, and the sacch. saturni, starch, tiles, thread and names of the vessels in which they were thread-tape, tobacco, tarras, turf, vinegar, conveyed from the place of origin to the watches, wine, wood manufactured. port where the Consuls reside. They are .
3. The Importation of the following 32 required to transmit a copy of the said dearticles shall be permitted, viz.
clarations to our Marine Director. Brandy, ashes (pot), candles, copper, [The remaining eight Articles relate corn, fish-oil, isinglass, hare-skin, hemp merely to the details of the manner in and hemp seed, hides (rough), iron, lea- wbich the above Articles are to be carther (unmanufactured), lead, linseed, mer- ried into execution, by the Marine Direccury, mats, pitch, Russia skins, rape-seed, tor and the three Naval Commanders of stock-fish, soda, tar, tallow, tobacco, tim- the Coast Districts. The Decree is dated ber, wax-wool, wool, bristles, and fruit. at Utrecht, on the 31st of March.]
4. The commodities prepared for exportation shall not be put on board until Spanish REVOLUTION.—Decree of the Suprevious notice has been given thereof to the Marine Director of the Ways and His Majesty, considering that the French, Means, with a particular specification of in the unjust and barbarous war which such articles, which cannot be exported they wage against Spain, pay no regard to but from the ports of Amsterdam, Rotter- any principle of the laws of nations—that dam, Dordrecht, Groningen, Embden, they shamelessly violate the most solemn, Harlingen, Veere, Zierikzee, Delfzil and treaties, as has been verified with respect Brouwershaven.
to the capitulation of Madrid, since, con5. In order to the admission of any ves- trary to the stipulations therein made, they sels into the harbours of this kingdom, imprison, persecute, and banish peaceable they must enter in ballast or laden with Citizens and respectable Magistrates, imthe products of the north,' specified in the posing, at the same time, the most disthird Article, with the exception alone of graceful punishments on other unfortunate such vessels as are laden with salt, or persons on the slightest suspicions and those which in the years 1806 or 1807 ob- most frivolous pretexts. --Seeing that they tained our licence to proceed to China for continue every where to defile the sanctity a cargo of tea, upon shewing our said au- of temples, the purity of domestic honour, thority.
and to trample on the rights of humanity 6. No other goods than those mention
(To be continued.) ed in the 4th Article shall be suffered to
LONDON :- Printed by T. C. HANSARD, Peterborough - Court, Fleet - Street; blished by R. BAGSIAW, Cryoges - Strert, Covent - Garden :-Sold also by J. QUDD, Pall - Mall.