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it will be seen, thàt the hope I expressed measure calculated to remove abuses and was not groundless, namely, that the con- root out corruption. duct of the Lord Mayor would not be for- 5. Resolved Unanimously — That these gotten. I shall take the Resolutions, Abuses form only a part of a wicked and just as they stand, published by authority, corrupt System, which has been long acted in the news-papers ; because this is a upon, and no permanent good can arise very memorable transaction, and will from the late investigation, unless followed hereafter be a matter of frequent reference, up by a general reformation of Public for which reason I shall number the Reso: Abuses in every department of the State. lutions.
6. Resolved Unanimously That thie FLOWER, MAYOR.
Corporation of London did, in Petitions In a Meeting or Assembly of the Mayor, unanimously agreed to, and presented to
Aldermen, and Liverymen, of the seve- both Houses of Parliament, during the last ral Companies of the City of London, Sessions, state, “ That their burthens had in Common Hall Assembled, at the been considerably augmented by gross Guildhall of the said City, on Saturday, abuses in the management and expendithe 1st day of April, 1809,
ture of the Public Money, by a profusion ResolveD UNANIMOUSLY,
of Sinecure Places and Pensions, which 1. THAT it has long been matter of have not only added to the sufferings of motoriety, and has lately been proved, be the people, but created a pernicious inyond the possibility of doubt, that Abuses fluence, corrupting and undermining the of a most corrupt nature and ruinous ten- free principles of the British Constitution,” dency have existed and still exist in vari- 7. Resolved Unanimously – That no ous branches of the Administration of measures calculated to remove these opPublic Affairs.
pressive and alarming evils have yet been 2. Resolved Unanimously_That to de- adopted, nor can any rational expectation tect such Abuses, and expose to detesta- be formed that such measures will be tion those men who have wickedly con- adopted, while the management of the nived at or participated in them, requires Public Affairs is in the hands of persons no small degree of virtue, independence and who are themselves the greatest Pensioners patriotism, all which have been eminently and Reversionists in the kingdom. displayed by Gwyllym Lloyd Wardle, 8. Resolved Unanimously ---That it has Esq. in instituting and conducting the late since appeared, by the Report of the Inquiry into the conduct of his Royal Committee of the House of Commons, that Highness the Duke of York.
78 Members of that House are in the re3. Resolved Unanimously That the ceipt of £.178,99+ per annum, out of the said Gwyllym Lloyd Wardle, Esq. is Public Money, who, with their relations, therefore entitled to the Thanks and Gra- and the Naval and Military Officers in titude of this Common Hall, for his per- that House, must give a most prepondesevering and independent efforts, which rating and dangerous influence to have already produced beneficial effects, Ministers of the Crown. and are likely to lead to still more advan- 9. Resolved Unanimously - That if any tageous results; and they express their doubt could remain as to the baneful effect confidence that having so manfully and of such influence, it has been sufficiently ably commenced this arduous task, no exemplified by the rejection of Mr. Wara difficulty or danger will damp his ardour dle's late Proposition in Parliament, against or impede his progress in a cause so ho- the most conclusive evidence, and unequinourable to himself and so essential to the vocal sense of the country; and where it best interests of his country.
appeared that all his Majesty's Ministers 4. Resolved Unanimously- That upon all the Placemen--and all the Pensioners, the same principles, and for the same rea- then present (stated to be 82 in number) sons, they do highly approve of the con- voted against the said Proposition; while, duct of Sir Francis Burdett, Bart. (the of course, in the Minority of 125, not one Seconder) Lord Viscount Folkestone, Sa- of the Ministers not one Placeman--not muel Whitbread, Esq. Sir Samuel Romilly, one Pensioner--and only one Naval and Knight, General Fergusson, and the rest one Military Commander was to be found. of the 125 honest and independent Mem- 10. Resolved Unanimously-- That other bers, who supported Mr. Wardle's propo- Governments have crumbled into ruin sition on the 15th of March, 1809, and other States have been subverted, and their trust that, uninfluenced by party or feel- ancient and venerable Institutions overings of interest, they will support everythrown, by the folly, profligacy, and vices
of their Rulers; and, in the opinion of this “ universal hiss echoed through the hall
. Common Hall, unless this overwhelming “ Sir William addressed them in dumb tide of corruption is resisted by temperate “shew, he bowed, put his hand upon his and timely reformation, it must inevitably heart, all in vain. The Lord Mayor lead to the ruin and subjugation of this “ thought to conciliate, but he was obliged Country.
“ to retire amid universal groanings, his11. Resolved Unanimously – That it “ sings, &c. Sir Wm. at length gained a will be highly expedient for ihe Livery of “partial hearing; he said the resolutions London, some tinle during the present “ went to charge Government with corSession, to meet for the purpose of laying “ruption.-(Shouls of Yes, yes! and you a faithful statement of their Grievances "along with them).-Why, said Sir William, before Parliament, and pray for redress of " I believe many of those connected with the saine.
or the Duke of York to have been corrupt, 12. Resolveil Unanimously - That the " but Gentlemen in the House of ComThanks of this Common Hall be given to “ mons spoke three or four hours each, and Alderman Combe, one of the Representa- « if every one was to do that, we should be tives of this City in Parliament, for the “ sitting still. I then only spoke a few support
gave to Mr. Wardle's Motion, 66 words. Cries of they would not hear and for his uniform independence and in- you.'
" Your vote.".
you corruptibility in Parliament.
“ vote?") Indeed, Gentlemen, there was 13. Resolved – That Sir William Curtis, “ such confusion I did not know how to Bart. Sir Charles Price, Bart. and James “ vote; many did not know how they voted Shaw, Esq. three of the Representatives " (hissing). I assure you I am no Placefor this City in Parliament have, by their man, no Pensioner. (Roars of derision ; recent conduct therein, shewn a contempt
".. You are, you are,
iA Jobber, a Conand disregard for the opinions and interests «« tractor, shume, shame, off, off:') Sir Wm. of their Constituents, and a base subser- « made a low bow and took his seat beside viency to the will of Ministers; and are, o the Lord Mayor.”—The “ worthy therefore, unworthy the confidence of their « Alderman” was not less unfortunate than Fellow-Citizens.
his two colleagues, Sir Charles Price and 14. Resolved-- That the Lord Mayor MR. ALDERMAN Shaw, the former of whom, has, by refusing to convene a Common when lie came to speak of having given his Hall upon the three different requisitions, vote according to the best of his judgment," by presuming to dictate the terms and ob- excited such general hisses and cries of off! ject of the present requisition, by the re- of? that the “ Honourable Baronet" was luctance he even afterwards evinced, and compelled to retire.--MR. ALDERMAN the trouble and delay he has created, Shaw seems to have proceeded for a while shewn a contempt and disregard for the without interruption, until he came to these Rights and Privileges of the Livery, and words : “ For my own part, I can safely is unworthy the confidence of his Fellow
“declare, that I judged of the Duke of Citizens.
York, as I should have done of any other 15. Resolved—That the Thanks of this Englishman, upon the same evidence," Common Hall be given to Robert Waith. when, as the reporter states, a certain moman, Esq. for his manly conduct in the nosyllable, accompanied by of! of! propresent instance, and his unremitting zeal ceeded from numerous voices. —Now upon all occasions where the Interests of came the close, the excellent close of this his Fellow-Citizens are in Question. novel and heart-cheering scene. The re
16. Resolved Unanimously That the solution of censure against Messrs. Price, foregoing Resolutions be signed by the Suaw and Curtis having been carried with 'Town Clerk, and inserted in all the Morn- about only a dozen dissenting voices, MR. ing and Evening Papers. WOODTHORPE. Waithman came forward and proposed
I would fain give all the speeches, deli- the resolution of censure with respect to vered upon this occasion, and especially the conduct of the Lord Mayor, who was the two speeches of Mr. Waithman; but himself in the chair, and whose duty it was, my space will not allow of it. One speech, of course, to put the resolution. “ The Noble however, I cannot refrain from giving ; “ Lord,” as the news-papers call him, apand that is the speech of Mr. Alderman pears to have boggled a good deal; he ex. Curtis, who is also a member of parlia- postulated; and, amidst hisses and hootment. “ Sir William Curtis next appeared. ing and laughing, expressed his resolution si Immediately a tumult, which we would not to put the resolution. Mr. Waith man “ vainly attempt to describe, arose. One ' insisted, that he could not refuse. MR.
RowCROFT stepped forward in favour of, such an age, &c. that he was born thus “ the Noble Lord;" but, when his object and thus ; and, that the father or mother, became apparent, he was assailed by cries or child himself, if an orphan, has not the of-"You are his partner and adviser, means of paying himself for the education of “and ought to justify your own acts. You the child. “ Now, it appears, that the REV. “ are his brother contractor. You have in- DAWSON WARREN (let us have his “ volved him in the hobble, and may try name as we can read it), Vicar of Edmon“ to release him. We understand you ton, in Middlesex, whose son was got into “ both, and the public will know you the school, admits that his income is “ soon.”—–After some further alterca- | £.850 a year, and that his life is insured tion; but not until Mr. Alderman Combe tor £.3,000.- -Can there be a had expressed his determination to take crying abuse than this ? Nay, and when the chair and put the resolution, if the a motion was made for the expulsion of Lord Mayor would not, the Noble Lord the boy, it was urged, as a reason against came forward, and said, that, not from his the adoption of the motion, “that it might own conviction, but for the sake of the peace “ establish a dangerous precedent, which of the City, he would put the resolution“ might lead to the expulsion of half the himself, which he actually did, and, with school.” Yet, by exposing this shockhis own lips, proclaimed, that the Resolu- ing abuse ; this wrong shamefully done to tion of censure of his own conduct had been
our poorer countrymen, and that, too, by carried! The thanks of the Livery one of the most richly beneficed clergywere then given to MR. WAITHMAN, and men; by exposing this abuse, and by perif ever man living, or dead, deserved such severing, as he does in every thing he una mark of approbation, Mr. Waithman de- dertakes, Mr. Waithman called down upon served it. Twenty years has he been la- his head the charge of being an enemy to bouring to unglue the eyes of the Citizens the civil and religious establishments of the of London. No difficulties; no discourage- kingdom. It has been uniformly thus : ments; no calumnies have slackened his
reason upon abuses, and you are answered efforts. He has always said : " they are by a charge of jacobinism: state facts, “ blinded; they are misled; they are
and you are a traitor. If there be no con“deceived, cheated by cunning knaves; struction of law that will reach you, re"but, still there is good in their hearts, course is had to calumny; meet that and " and one day or other, it will appear.' defeat it, and recourse is had to cowardly I remember his saying this to me, about insinuation. All the vices, all the weakthirteen or fourteen months ago. The nesses, all that is defective in the people beauty of it is, too, that he is a man of is armed against you. Prejudices are excellent character, in every respect; created and nourished, with a degree of that he is a plain unambitious man; that care and of malignant perseverance hardly he is perfectly disinterested in all he to be conceived; and thus the triumph of does; that he is a real patriot, and as fa'shood over truth is insured. For twenty faithful and zealous a subject as any the years has Mr. Waithman been struggling King has in his whole dominions. 'Oh! against this torrent of overwhelming corthe loads of abuse that most worthy man ruption and falshood. Truth, however, has had to sustain! The public have re- has, at last, forced her way, thanks to Mr. cently witnessed the effects of his zeal and Wardle, through all the obstacles that exactivity, with regard to Christs' Hospital. isted, and on Saturday last, Mr. Waithman Having brought forward a shocking in received ample compensation for half a stance of abuse there, the Reverend person life of anxiety and of labour.- Now, accused does not, for he cannot, deny the then, will Mr. Yorke and Mr. Perceval say, charge ; but he fails not to accuse Mr. that this is mere “ popular clamour ?" That Waithman of being an enemy to the civil it is not the voice, the sober sense, of the and religious establishments of the country! people ? True, the Livery of London did This school was endowed for the purpose hiss, and cry of"! off! But, this was an of affording the poor men of England an expression of their indignation at conduct, opportunity of elevating their families by upon which they had all the means of the education of their children. It is re- forming a cool and correct opinion. If, quired, that the father, or other guardian indeed, it had been now that ihe subject of the child, should make and sign a de- had been first discussed, the case would be claration, I believe, on oath (though I will different; we should then say, that they not be quite sure of that) that the child, ought to have listened patiently to both proposed to be put into the school, is of | sides; but, the whole of the evidence, in
minute detail, had been before them for a | extremely rare; are almost the singular nionth ; each man of them had had ample exception, instead of being the general time and opportunity to form his judy rule.-
rule.--It is evident, as Mr. Waithman inent; the conviction bad been produced, told the Livery, that, if this reform, so neand all that remained to be done was to cessary to the stability of the throne, as pass sentence. That sentence they have well as to the happiness of the people, is passed; and, I trust, the whole nation is to be brought about, it must be in copseready to follow their example.--It was quence of the exertions of the people, one of those (7343, upon which it was im- made in a manner at once legal, constitupossible; quite and completely impossible, tional
, respectful, and determined. There for any man, in his right senses, to form a is no occasion for Clubs or Associations of wrong opinion. It was a matter which
The law, even as it now stands, admitted not of dispute, or of difference gives us full scope for our exertions in tbis of opinion, any more than does the exist- way, and, if we do not avail ourselves of ence of man. There required, therefore, it, all that we now complain of is infinitely no discussion. It was a mere dry question too good for us. of degree of indignation; and, all the use Spain and SWEDEN.-In the midst of our of a speech, even from Mr. Waithman, Inquiries at home, we have, and very wisewas to settle that question of degree. Ily too, laid aside all discussion about the find, therefore, nothing to complain of affairs of Spain, though our ministers have the impatience of the Livery, nor in the recently made a Treaty of Alliance with manner of expressing their resentment. Iking FERDINAND VII, whom Napoleon has think they have shewn themselves to be living upon a pension, or at board wages, animated by a spirit, such as the times re- in France! They may make treaties of quire, and such as, I hope and trust, will, alliance; they may make new ambassabe communicated to the kingdom at large. dors, and they may fasten those new avis
--I rejoice to see, that they despise the bassadors on us for life, though the list is idea of hoping for any salutary effects already quite long enough; but, they from what has been done, unless it be fol- will do nothing for the restoration of the lowed by a general reform, and especially Bourbons in Spain. I told them what the a reform of the Commons House of Parlia- consequence of royalizing the cause of Spain ment. Why have we now all these meet- would be. They did royalize it, and that ings? Why do we feel ourselves called
consequence has followed. The pablic upon to thank Mr. Wardle? Because we will bear in mind, that I was outrageously sce, that it is necessary to give him support abused for saying, that the people of Spain Support against whom? Against whom would not fight for Ferdinand; for saying, does he want support ? Why, against that they would stand by, speciators withthose, who voted against him. Against out interest in the event; that nothing that those, who are pointed out in the City we could do would induce them to make Resolutions. This it is, and this alone, sacrifices for the re-establishment of the which has thrown the nation into such a old corrupt system, the old system of corferment, which, one would think, would ruption. For having said inis, for bebe quite sufficient to convince even the seeching my readers not to believe any most blinded and the most interested of thing they heard about the enthusiasm of the absolute necessity of a legal, constitu- the Spaniards, I was called a jacobin; was ţional, and temperate reform. There is charged with wishing to overturn the gopo innovation wanted. Lay the books of vernment of England ; and was, by the the constitution of England open, and give base hirelings of the day, represented as us what they describe, and no more, and being the immediate agent of the devil. Well, we shall be perfectly satisfied. Here is now, what says Sir John MOORE, who the whole nation in movement to give was in Spain, at the very time that I was thanks, to present pieces of plate, to erect thus reviled? What says he, in his dismonuments, to a member of parliament. patches to the government? Why, be And, for what? Why, for doing no more says, that so far from meeting with a peothan what it is the bounden duty of every ple enthusiastic in the cause of king Fermember of the House of Commons to do. dinand; so far from this, that he found, What must be the conclusion from this? at the best, an indifference towards that That no one but him would have done cause; that he could obtain no aid from what he has done ; or, at least, that the the people of any sort; no co-operation, fidelity to public trust, and zeal in the
no concurrence, no sympathy; and that public service, which he has shewn, are he could not even get intelligence of events
at fifty miles distance from him, so com- recourse to compulsory measures ; pletely were the people wanting in all that, every where, they were received with friendly feeling towards him, his army, lurking hostility, or, at the very best, with and his cause. He says, and it should be the coldest of coldness; that, upon no well remembered, that the difficulty of his occasion, did the people shew the smallest situation is greatly increased in conse- degree of compassion for the sick or the quence of the unfounded expectations raised wounded, but, on the contrary, treated at home by representing the Spanish people as them, where they had an opportunity, with unanimously, enthusiastic in the cuuse. He every species of contempt and cruelty states this embarrassment most distinctly. that "the universal Spanish nation, He espresses, in a most feeling manner, as far as our army had an opportunity of his fear of disappointing those sanguine, viewing its conduct, was, however, perthough groundless expectations; and, in- tectly impartial in this respect, treating deed, the tenor of his dispatches clearly the poor wretches, who returned from shows, that bis delay to retreat; and that | Blake's army, in exactly the same man. all his and the arı y's misfortunes, arose ner;--tbat, when our troops entered primarily from this false expecta jon, ex- Lugo, some horse-men going into a stable, cited at home. This was the fruit of all in the dark, trod upon dead bodies, which the silly bragging in our public prints ; | they afterwards found to be some of the of the still more silly toasts of the Turtle poor creaturerbefore-mentioned, who had patriots; and of that expression, which I been driven froin the doors of the inhabi, need not attempt to qualify," the Univer- tants, and left to perish with pain and “sal Spanish nation,” the like of which hunger ; -that many of these men, acwas never before found in any writing tually died, and laid dead, in the streets, above the level of a romance. ri The uni- for want of warmth and sustenance, while, “ versal Spanish nation!” Where was it at the same time, the merciless priests, when our army got there? Where was it with their tribes of chanters and torche when the French entered Madrid ? Go bearers, were, along those same streets, ask; Mr. Canning, go ask the graves of marching in solemn procession, the people, the thousands of Englishmen, who perish- this part of the universal Spanish naed in that ill-fated expedition ; go seek, in “tion,” being, all the while, prostrate in the history of slaughtered horses and of the dirt or snow, in sign of adoration and money chests emptied into wells and fronu piety, in sign of attachment to those "al. the tops of mountains ; go ask the dispers- tars,” for which Mr. Alderman Birch ed, the shattered, the emaciated, the beg- told us it was a virtue to fight and to die; gar-looking remains of the army : this is -that, as to the state of the people, inwhere you are to ask, what had become of stead of seeing that bustle, that industry, “ the universal Spanish nation,” fired, as it and that chearfulness, to be witnessed in was, with enthusiasm in the cause of Fer- an English town, you saw all the doors DINAND VII. The remains of that army close shut and fast bolted, the windows will tell you, that, as an earnest of this scarcely open, nothing having the appearenthusiasm, our transports, upon arriving ance of business, and the people either at Corunna, were delayed for some time kneeling down in the streets at the tinkfor want of pilots, who, at last, were ob- ling or ringing of a bell, or shrugged up, tained only in consequence of more than their heads buried in their cloaks, leaning double the usual pay ;-that, upon lạnd- against the walls ;-that, amongst this ing, every thing necessary for the accom- part, at least, of “the universal Španish modation or the movement of the army « nation,” there is nothing answering to was obliged to be purchased at an enorm that term, in which all manner of happi. ous price, and that it became, even from ness is conveyed, namely, a fire-side, there the first, necessary to collect forage with being not even any fire-places, except one the dollars in one hand and the sword in for culinary purposes, and even there the the other, so reluctant were the “universal smoke is generally left to find its way out “ Spanish nation” even to sell comfort to of the doors, or through the roof;their deliverers;" that, as the army that, to such a pitch are priest-craft and proceeded up the country, they found this popular credulity supported, that it is the disinclination towards them increase ;- custom, when a poor person dies, to dethat, in order to obtain, even at very ex-posit the body in a coffin, with the lid off, orbitant prices, what was absolutely neces- to cover the body with thin crape, leaving sary to the existence of the horses, they | the arms and head bare, to deposit it, in were, almost constantly, obliged to have I this state, in a capacious piche, by tho