Page images
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

COBBETT'S

tive to the British aims was of the highest COMPLETE COLLECTION OF importance, as it might influence the conState Trials:

fidence of the Spaniards, or invite the na

tions groaning under the yoke of France, To be completed in Thirty-Six Monthly to appeal to this country, and co-operate

Parts, forming Twelve large Volumes in with it for their deliverance. The advan-
Royal Octavo,

tages ought, therefore, to have been more The Second Part of the above Work | than usually great, which shouid be deemed will be published on the 1st of February. sufficient to balance the objection of By some very respectable communications granting to a very inferior army, hopeless which have been made to me from gen

in circumstances, and broken in spirit, tlemen of the profession of the law, it ap

such terms as might argue, that notwithpears that the intention which I originally standing its disparity in numbers, it was entertained with respect to the Pleudings, still formidable to its victors. No advanwas murb misunderstood. Upon that sub- tages seem to have been gained that would ject, however, I trust all misunderstanding not have equally followed from forcing has been completely removed by the as. the enemy to a more marked submission. surance given in the Register of the 31st The gain of time as to sending succours of Dec. that the whole of those Pleadings into Spain cannot be admitted as a plea; will be scrupulously retained :

And in

because it appears that no arrangements order to remove all professional doubts, as

for the reception of our troops in Spain to how far this new and enlarged Edition had been undertaken previous to the Conof the State 'Trials may, with safety, be vention; and this is without reasoning on cited as authority in the Courts, and re. subsequent facts.—The Convention in lied on as of equal authenticity with the Egypt, which has been advanced as a former, I think it right to state, that it is parallel case, appears to me inapplicable. intended to be a literal transcript of the No object beyond the dislodgment of the last edition, as far as that edition extends; French from Egypt was there in question. that where I have inserted fuller and

In the present instance, the operation of better reports of any Cases, or of any

the Convention upon the affairs of Spain parts of Cases, the text of the old Edition was a consideration of primary interest ; will nevertheless be retained; and that the and in that view; the inevitable effect of new matter will be distinguished in a

some of the articles offers itself to my manner not to be mistaken, and be distinct: mind as liable to material objection.-I ly pointed out in the Table of Contents trust that these reasons will vindicate me to each Volume. ( To such Gentlemen from the charge of presumption, in mainas may happen to be in possession of curi- taining an opinion contradictory to that ous Trials, or of documents relating to professed by so many most respectable Trials of the description of those to be officers : for even if the reasons be essencontained in this work, I shall be much tially erroneous, if they are conclusive to obliged for a communication of them. If my mind (as I must conscientiously affirm the document, or paper, whether in print them to be), it is a necessary consequence or manuscript, be requested to be preserv.

that I must disapprove the Convention.ed, great care shall be taken of it.

Moira, General.-Dec. 27, 1808.

3

OFFICIAL PAPERS.

Spanish REVOLUTION.- Fourteenth Bulletin Lord Moira's Reasons for disapproving the of the French Army of Spain, dated Ma

Armistice and Convention of Cintru. (Con- drid, Dec. 5, 1808.-[ The following are cluded from p. 32.)

passages of the 14th Bulletin which were HAD it been impracticable to reduce abridged in vol. xiv. p. 1019.] the French army to lay down its arms un- A Butcher's boy from Estramadura, conditionally, still an obligation not to who commanded one of the gates, had the serve for a specified time might have been audacity to require the duke of Istria insisted upon, or Belleisle might have should go himself into the town with his been prescribed as the place at which eyes blindfolded. Gen. Montbrun rejected they should be landed, in order to pre- this presumptive demand with indignation. vent the possibility of their reinforcing (at He was immediately surrounded, and etleast for a long time) the armies employ- fected his escape only by drawing his ed for the subjugation of Spain. Perhaps sword. He narrowly escaped failing a a stronger consideration than the merit of victim to the imprudence with which he those terms presents itself. Opinion rela- I had forgot that he had not to make war with

civilized enemies.—To take Madrid by opinion that the town was destitute of reassault might be a military operation of sources, and that the continuation of the little difficulty, but to engage that great defence would be the height of madness; city to surrender, by employing alter- but that the lowest classes of the people, nately force and persuasion, and by res- and the crowd of men strangers to Madrid, cuing the people of property, and real wished to defend themselves, and thought good men, from the oppression under they could do it with effect. They rewhich they groaned: this was what was quired the day of the 4th to make the peoreally difficult. All the exertions of the ple listen to reason.-During the night the emperor, during these two days, had no most mutinous withdrew themselves from other end. They have been crowned with the danger by flight, and a part of the the greatest success. It would have been troops was disbanded. At ten o'clock difficult to form a conception of the dis- / gen. Belliard took the command of Maorder that reigned in Madrid, if a great drid; all the posts were put into the hands number of prisoners, arriving in success of the French, and a general pardon was sion, had not given an account of the proclaimed.-From this moment, men, frightful scenes of every description, of women, and children, spread themselves which that capital presented the spectacle. about the streets in perfect security. The They had intersected the streets, erected shops were open till eleven o'clock.--A]] parapets on the houses; barricades of the citizens set themselves to destroy the balls of wool, and of cotton, had been barricades and repave the streets, the formed; the windows had been stopped monks returned into their convents, and with mattrasses. Those of the inhabitants in a few hours Madrid presented the most who despaired of a successful resistance, extraordinary contrast, a contrast inexpliwere flying into the fields; others who cable to those unaccustomed to the manhad preserved some share of reason, and ners of great towns. So many men, who who preferred appearing in the midst of cannot conceal from themselves what they their property before a generous enemy, would have done in similar circumstances, to abandoning it to the pillage of their express their astonishment at the genefellow-citizens, demanded that they should rosity of the French. Fifty thousand stand not expose themselves to an assault. Those of arms have been given up, and 100 who were strangers to the town, or who pieces of cannon are collected at the Rehad nothing to lose, were for a defence tiro. The anguish in which the inhabito the last extremity, accused the troops bitants of this wretched city have lived for of the line, of treason, and obliged them these four months cannot be described. to continue their fire — The enemy had | The Junta was without influence; the more than 100 pieces of cannon mounted; most ignorant and the maddest of men

more considerable number of two had all the power in their hands, and the and three-pounders had been dug up, people at every instant mas

nassacred, or taken out of cellars, and tied upon carts, threatened with the gallows, their magisa grotesque train, and in itself sufficient trates and their generals.-The general to prove the madness of a people aban- of brigade, Maison, has been wounded. doned to itself. But all means of defence Gen. Bruyere, who advanced imprudently were become useless. The possessors of the moment the firing ceased, has been Retiro are always masters of Madrid. killed. Twelve soldiers have been killed, The emperor took all possible care to pre- and fifty wounded. This loss, so trifling vent the troops from going from house to for an event of so much importance, is house The city was ruined if many owing to the smallness of the number of troops had been employed. Only some troops suffered to engage: it is owing becompanies of sharp-shooters advanced, and sides, we must say, to the extreme cowthe emperor constantly refused to send ardice of all those that had arms in their any to sustain them. At eleven o'clock hands against us.--The artillery, accordthe prince of Neufchatel wrote the annex- ing to its usual custom, has done great ed letter, No. 3.—His majesty at the same services. Ten thousand fugitives, who time ordered the fire to cease on all points. had escaped from Burgos and Somosierra, -At five o'clock gen. Morla, one of the and the second division of the army of reMembers of the Military Junta, and Don serve, were on the 3rd within three leagues Bernardo Yriarte, sent from the town, re- of Madrid; but being charged by a picpaired to the tent of his serene highness quet of dragoons, they fled, abandoning, the major general. They informed him forty pieces of cannon, and 60 caissons. that the most intelligent persons were of. A meritorious trait cited. An old general

a

retired from the service, and aged eighty , our forces at Tudela, and at Espinosa, years, was in his house at Madrid, near the might have balanced the fortune of the street of Alcala-a French officer entered, war and saved Portugal. But at present, and took up his quarters there with his that our army of Blake on the left ; that party. This respectable old man appeared of the centre, and that of Arragon on the before him), holding a young girl by right are destroyed; that Spain is almost the hand, and said, I am an old sols entirely conquered, and that reason is dier; I know the rights and the licentious about io completė its submission, what is ness of war; there is my daughter; I to become of Portugal ? It is not at Lisbon give her 900,000 livres for her portion; that the English ought to defend themsave her henour, and be her husband.” selves, they ought to have done so at EsThe

young officer took the old man, his pinosa, at Burgos, at 'Tudela, at Somosierfamily, and his house, under his protec- ra, and before Madrid." tion. How culpable are they who expose Fifteenth Bulletin, dated Madrid, Dec. 7. so many peaceful citizens, so many un- His majesty has named the general of fortunate inhabitants of a great capital, to artillery, Senarmont, general of division. such misfortunes - The duke of Dantzic | The major Legur has been named adjutant arrived at Segovia on the 30. The duke commandant. The life of this officer had of Istria is gone in pursuit of the division been despaired of, but he is now out of of Pena, which having escaped from the danger. The count Khrazinski, colonel of battle of Tudela, took the route of Guada- the Polish light horse, though ill, has al. laxara. Florida Blanca, and the Junta, ways wished to charge at the head of his had fled to Toledo. They did not think corps. The sieurs Babecki and Wolythemselves in safety in that town neither, gurski, quarter-masters, and Surzeyski, a and have gone to take refuge with the soldier of the Polish light horse, who have English.—The conduct of the English is taken standards from the enemy, have been shameful. On the 20th Nov. they were named members of the legion of honour. at the Escurial to the number of 6000 His majesty has moreover granted to the men. They passed some days there. They Polish light horse eight decorations for pretended they would do nothing less the officers, and so many for the soldiers. than pass the Pyrenees, and come to the The chief of squadron, Lubienski, recon. Garonne. Their troops are very fine, and noitred, on the 2nd, the remains of the well disciplined. The confidence with army of Castanos, near Guadalaxara. They which they had inspired the Spaniards is were under the command of general Pena. inconceivable. Some hoped that this di- Castanos was said to have been deposed vision would go to Somosierra; others, by the General Junta. The duke of In. that it would come to defend the capital fantado has been one of the principal causes of so dear an ally. Scarcely were they of the misfortunes his country has suffered ; informed that the emperor was at Somo- he was the principal instrument in England, sierra, when the English troops beat a re- in its lamentable progress against Spain; treat on the Escurial. From thence, com- it was he who was employed by that bining their march with the division which country to cause dissensions between the was at Salamanca, they have taken their father and the son ; to overturn the throne course towards the sea. “ Arms, powder, of Charles, whose attachment to France and clothing, they have given to us, was known; to excite outrages against said à Spaniard, « but their soldiers came the first minister of that sovereign ; to only to excite us, to lead us astray, and elevate to the supreme power that

young to abandon us in the critical moment.” prince, who, by his marriage with a prinBut are you ignorant,” answered the cess of the ancient house of Naples, had French officer, of the most recent facts drank in that hatred against the French, of our history. What have they done for from which that house bad never departed. the Stadtholder, for Sardinia, for Austria ? It was the duke of Infantado who played What have they done recently for Russia? | the principal part in the conspiracy of the What have they done still more recently Escurial, and it was to bim that the power for Sweden? They every where foment of generalissimo of the armies of Spain war; they distribute arins like poison ; was confided at that time. He was afterbut they shed their blood only for their wards seen taking the oath of allegiance direct and personal interests. Expect no- at Bayonne between the hands of king thing else from their selfishness.” “Still,” | Joseph, as colonel of the Spanish guards. replied the Spaniard, “ their cause was On his return to Madrid, we saw him ours. Forty thousand English, added to throw off the brasque, and shew himself

66

power lived.

openly the man of the English. It was in 100 pieces of field artillery, and 120,000 his house that the ministers of England muskets, mostly English. The disarming were lodged; it was in bis society that continues without any difficulty, all the the agents accredited and secret of that inhabitants conform to it with the greatest

After having exhorted his willingness; they return with eagerness fellow-citizens to a mad resistance, he was and good faith to the royal authority which seen, with a cowardice equal to his treason, rescues them from the mischievous inflying from Madrid to Guadalaxara, under fluence of England, from the violence of the pretext of going to bring reinforce- factions, and the disorders of popular ments, withdrawing himself by this strata- moveinents. The king of Spain has created gem from the dangers into which he had a regiment which bears the name of the drawn his fellow-citizens, and shewing no Royal Foreigners,” into which are adanxiety except for the English agent, mitted the deserters and the Germans who whom he carried off

' in his own carriage, were in the service of Spain. He has also and whom he served for an escort. And formed a Swiss regiment, called that of what will he gain by this conduct ? He Reding the younger, that officer having will lose his title, his property, valued at conducted himself like a real Swiss patriot, 2,000,000 livres a year; he will go to and in a manner very different from gen. London, to seek the contempt, the disdain, Reding. The one has deserved well from and ingratitude with which England has bis countrymen, and will every where obalways rewarded the men who sacrifice tain esteem; the other, generally despised, their country to the injustice of her cause. will go to the taverns of London to enjoy The Bulletin continues, “ As soon as the a pension of some hundreds of pounds report of the chief of squadron, count Lu- sterling, badly earned, and paid with disbienski, was known, the duke of Istria put dain. He must emigrate from the conti. himself in march, with 16 squadrons of nent. The regiments of Royal Foreigncavalry, to observe the enemy. The duke ers, and Reding the younger, consist al. of Belluno followed with the infantry. ready of many thousands of men. The The duke of Istria arrived at Guadalaxara, 5th and 8th corps of the army of Spain, and found there the rear-guard of the ene- and three divisions of cavalry, are but my, which was filing towards Andalusia, passing the Bidassoa ; they are yet very dispersed it, and made 500 prisoners. The far from being in line, and yet a very great general of division Ruffin, and the brigade number of victories have been obtained, of dragoons of Bordesault, informed that and the greatest part of the business is the enemy were moving towards Aranjuez, done. proceeded to that place.

Sirteenth Bulletin, dated Madrid, Dec. 8. were put to flight, and all these troops The duke of Montebello bestows much were immediately put in pursuit of all praise on the conduct of the general of those that are flying towards Andalusia. brigade, Ponzet, in the battle of Tudela; The general of division Lahoussaye enter- on that of generals Lefebvre, on the geneed the Escurial on the 3rd. Five or 600 ral of brigade of artillery Couin, and also peasants wished to defend the convent, on that of his aid-de-camp, Guchenene, but were driven out by a brisk attack. who was wounded. He makes particular Every day contributes to dissipate the re- mention of three regiments from the Vismains of the stupor into which the inhabi- tula. General of brigade Augerau, who tants of Madrid had fallen. Those who had charged at the head of the division of Morconcealed their moveables and precious ef- lot, distinguished himself. M. M. Viry fects are bringing them back to their houses. and Labedoyere took a piece of artillery Their shops are furnished as in ordinary in the midst of the enemy's line. The times. The barricades, and all the other latter was slightly wounded in the arm.preparations of defence, have disappeared. His majesty has appointed colonel Pepin, The taking possession of Madrid has been general of brigade, and the Polish majer executed without disorder, and tranquillity Kliki, colonel. The Polish colonel Kasireigns in all parts of that great town. Anouski, who was wounded, has been apfuzileer of the guards having been found pointed a member of the legion of honour. with a number of watches upon him, and --Ruflin, general of division, having passbeing convicted of having stolen them, ed the Tagus at Aranjuez, pushed on to has been shot in the principal place of Ocana, and cut off the retreat of the reMadrid. We have found in that city mains (débris) of the army of Andalusia, 200,000 pound weight of powder ; 10,000 who were retiring to Andalusia, and who, balls; 2,000,000 pound weight of lead; I being frustrated in this design, have thrown

The enemy

themselves upon Cuença. - The divisions | Seventeenth Bulletin, dated Madrid, Dec. 10. of cavalry under general Lasalle and Mel- His majesty reviewed yesterday on the haud, have directed their march for Por- Prado, the duke of Dantzic's corps, which tugal, by Talavera de la Reina. -The arrived the day before yesterday at Maduke of Dantzic arrived this day at Ma-drid; he expressed his satisfaction at these drid with his division of the army.-Mar- brave troops. To-day he reviewed the shal Ney, with his division, has reached troops of the Confederation of the Rhine, Guadalaxara, coming from Saragossa. --His forming the division commanded by gen. majesty, anxious to spare the inhabiants of Leval. The regiments of Nassau and Bathat town from the horrors inseparable from den behaved well—The regiment of Hesse a capture by storm, was unwilling that Sa- Darmstadt did not sustain the reputation ragossa should be attacked, before the in- of the troops of that country—The colonel telligence of the events at Madrid, and of and major appear to be men of moderate the dispersion of the Spanish arınies should talents.—The duke of Istria set off on the be known there. If, however, that city 6th for Guadalaxara. He scoured the should obstinately make resistance, mines whole road from Saragossa and Valenciaand bombs should obtain satisfaction. made 500 prisoners, and took a great deal The 8th division has entered Spain. Ge- of baggage. At Bastau a battalion of 500 neral Delaborde is about to establish his men, summoned by the cavalry, were head quarters at Vittoria.—The Polish di- broken in upon. The enemy's army beaten vision, under the orders of general Va at Tudela, Catalayud, abandoned by its lence, arrived this day ar Buitrago. The generals, and a great number of soldiers, English are retreating on al sides. The was reduced to 6,000 men. On the 8th at division of Lasalle has, however, fallen in midnight, the duke of Istria attacked, at with 15 mnen, whom they have put to the Santa Cruz, a corps which covered the sword. — They were stragglers, or men flight of the enemy's army. That corps who had lost their way.—Marshal Mor- was closely pursued, and a thousand prisontier will arrive on the 16th in Catalonia, ers taken. It wished to throw itself into to turn the enemy's army, and to forin a Andalusia by Madridego. It appears to junction with the generals Duhesme and have been forced to disperse in the mounSt. Cyr.-On the 23d of Nov. the breach tains of Cuença. in the castle of Trinity of the city of Rosas, Intercepted Correspondence, published by the was found on approaching it, to be prac

French. ticable. On the same day, the English

The following Intercepted Corresponlanded 400 men at the foot of the castle. dence has been published by the French. A battalion of Italians marched against It is 'annexed to the 17th Bulletin of the them, killed 10 men, wounded above that French army, and is introduced by the number, and drove the rest into the sea. following short preface :

“ We found at About 30 vessels were observed to come Madrid at the duke de Infantado's, two out of the harbour of Rosas, which induced caskets, containing the papers

of the prina belief that the inhabitants had begun to cess of Asturias, in which are things of the evacuate the town.-On the 24th, the ad- greatest importance. The passage in vanced guard of the enemy encamped on letter from her mother, dated on the 15th the Fluvia, consisting of about 5 or 6000 Jan. 1806, informs us of the opinion which men, commanded by general Alvarez, the queen of Sicily has herself of the Engcame in several columns, to attack the lish. These letters are full of proofs of the posts of Navara, Pientos, Armodas, and conspiracy which was forming to break Garrigas, occupied by general Souham’s the friendship between France and Spain.” division. The 1st regiment of light infant- Copy of what is written in sympathetic ink in ry, and 4th bat. light infantry, were alone the Letter of Queen Charlotte to the Prinopposed to the enemy, sustained the at- cess of Asturias : dated Jan. 15, 1806. tack with firmness, and finally put them

« My beloved child, I am infinitely un. to flight.— The enemy has been repulsed easy at your situation, your health, and the on the other side of the Fluvia with consi- | increased grief you will have in hearing derable loss in killed and wounded. Se of our cruel fate.—But rely upon my veral prisoners have been made, among | truth. Do not give credit to any alarm, whom are col. Le Brun, the second in which they will not fail in charity to give command of the expedition, and col. of you, and be prudent.--I shall write to the regiment of Tarragona, and the major you with perfect sincerity, and believe no and a captain of that regiment.

other news, for I promise the heart and

« PreviousContinue »