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Undivided Trinity :--The events which date of the said declaration, in any seas or have taken place in Spain having termi-poris of the world, without any excepticus, nated the state of liostility which unfortu- and without any regard either to time or nately subsisted between the crowns of place, shall be restored by both parties. Great Britain and Spain, and united the And as the accidental occupation of any arms of both against the common enemy, of the ports of the Peninsula by the comit seems good that the new relations which
mon enemy, might occasion disputes rehave been produced between two nations, specting any vessels, which, in ignorance now connected by common interest, should of such occupation, might direct their be regularly established and confirmed by course to those ports from any other hara formal Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and bour, either of the Peninsula or the coloAlliance : Wherefore his Majesty the nies; and as cases may occur in which King of the United Kingdom of Great Spanish inhabitants of the said ports or Britain and Ireland, and the Supreme and provinces, so occupied by the enemy, Central Junta of Spain and the Indies, inay, with their property, endeavour to acting in the name and on the behalf of escape from his grasp; the High Contracthis Catholic Majesty, Ferdinend VII. have ing Parties have agreed that Spanish vesconstituted and appointed ; that is to say, seis, not aware of the enemy's occupation his Majesty the King of the United Kings of any harbour which they are desirous to dom of Great Britain and Ireland, the enter, or such as may succeed in making right hon. Geor_e Canning, one of his their escape from any harbour so occupied, Majesty's most horpurable Privy Council, shall not be captured, nor themselves nor and bis principal Secreiary of State for their cargo be considered as a good prize; Foreign Aitairs; and the Supreme and but, on the contrary, that they shall meet Central Junta of Government of Spain and with every help and assistance from the the Indies, acting in the name and on be- naval power of his Britannic Majesty. 3. half of his Catholic Majesty Ferdinand His Britannic Majesty engages to continue VII. Don Juan Ruiz de Apodaca, Com- to assist, to the utmost of his power, the mander of Vallaga and Algarga in the Spanish vation in their struggle against military order of Calatrava, rear admiral the tyranny and usurpation of France, and of the royal Navy, named by the Supreme promises not to acknowledge any other and Central Junta of Government of Spain King of Spain and of the Indies thereunto and the Indies, as Envoy Extraordinary appertaining, than his Catholic Majesty and Minister Plenipotentiary of his Catho- Ferdinand VII. his heirs, or such lawful lic Majesty Ferdinand VII. to his Britan- successor as the Spanish Nation shall acnic Majesty; their Plenipotentiaries, to kuowledge; and the Spanish Government, conelude and sign a treaty of Peace, in the name and on the behalf of his CaFriendship, and Alliance; who, having tholic Majesty Ferdinand VII. engages communicated their respective Full Pow never, in any casc, to cede to France any ers, have agreed to and concluded the part of the terriieries or possessions of the following Articles : Article 1. There Spanish Monarchy, in any part of the shall be between his Majesty the King of world. +. The High Contracting Parties the United Kingdom of Great Britain and agree to make
caase against Ireland, and his Catholic Majesty Ferdi- France; and not to make peace with that nand VII. King of Spain and of tlie Indies Power except by conmon consent. 5. thereunto appertaining, and between all The present Treaty shall be ratified by their kingdoms, states, dominions, and sub- both parties, and the exchange of the ratijects, a Christian, stable, and inviolable fications shall be made in the space of two peace, and a perpetual and sincere amity, months (or sooner if it can be done), in and a strict alliance during the war against London.-In witness whereof, we, the imFrance ; together wi:h an entire and last- dersignedd Plenipotentiaries, "ave signed, ing oblivion of all acts of bosu'ity done in virtue of our respective full powers,
the on their side, in the course of the late wars, present Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and in which they have been engaged against | Alliance, and have sealed it with the seals each other. -2. To obviate all complaints of our arms. (L. S.) George CANNING, and disputes which might arise on the sub- |(L. S.) Juan Ruiz de APODACA. ject of prizes, captured posterior to the Article I. Separate.-The Spanish Godeclaration published by his Britannic vernment engages to take the most effecMajesty on the 4th of July of the last year tual measures for the preventing of the it has been mutually agreed, that the ves- Spanish squadrons in all the Ports of sels and property taken posterior to the Spain, as well as of the French squadron.
taken in the month of June, and now in was secured, the following Proclamation the harbour of Cadiz, from falling into the
was issued : power of France.
For wbich purpose his Proclamation issued by the Duke of SuderBritannic Majesty engages to co-operate manil on his assuming the Government. by all means in his power.— The present “ We Charles, by the grace of God, separate Article shall have the same force hereditary prince of Sweden, the Goths, and validity, as if it were inserted, word Vandals, &c. duke of Sudermania, grand for word, in the Treaty of Peace, Friend- admiral, &c. &c. do declare, That, under ship, and Alliance signed this day, and existing circumstances, his majesty is inshall be ratified at the same time.-In capable to act, or to conduct the imwitness whereof, We, the undersigned portant affairs of the Nation : We have, Plenipotentiaries, have signed, &c. &c. therefore, (being the nearest and only (L. S.) GEORGE CANNING. (L. S.) JUAN braneh of the family of age), been inRUIZ DE APODACA.
duced for the time being, as AdministraArticle II. Separate.-A Treaty shall tor of the Kingdom, to take the reins of forthwith be negociated, stipulating the Government into our hands, which, with amount and description of succours to be the help of the Almighty, we will conafforded by his Britannic Majesty, agree- duct, so that the Nation may regain Peace, ably to the third Article of the present both at home and abroad, and that Trade Treaty. - The present separate Article and Commerce may revive from their shall have the same force and validity, as languishing state.--Dur inviolable intenif it were inserted, word for word, in the tion is, to consult with the States on the Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Alliance, means to be taken to render the future signed this day, and shall be ratified at time happy to the People of Sweden. the same time.--In witness whereof, we, We invite and command, therefore, all the undersigned Plenipotentiaries, have the Inhabitants of our Nation, our Forces signed, &c. (L. S.) George CANNING. by Sea and Land, and also the civil officers
(L. S.) Juan Ruiz DE APODACA. of all degrees, to obey us, as our real inAdditional Article.—The present cir- tention, and their own welfare demand.-. cumstances not admitting of the regular We recommend you all to the protection negociation of a Treaty of Commerce be- of God Almighty.— Done at Stockholm tween the two countries, with all the care Palace, the 13th of March, 1809.and consideration due to so important a (Signed) Charles.-C. LAGERBRING." subject, the High Contracting Parties mu- Carlsbadt, March 10. — An alarming tually engage to proceed to such negocia- occurrence took place here within these tion as soon as it shall be practicable so to last few days: colonel d'Aduesparre, who d 0, affording in the mean time, mutual fa- commanded the troops on the frontiers of cilities to the commerce of the subjects of Norway, after having seduced them, marchcach other, by temporary regulations ed in here on the night of the 6th inst. founded on principles of reciprocal uti- and demanded of the Burgomaster quarlity. The present additional Articles ters for his troops, which was refused; in shall have the same force and validity, &c. consequence of which, he made applica&c. &c. (L. S.)
GEORGE CANNING, tion to count Rosen, the governor', stating, (L. S.) Juan Ruiz DE APODACA. that if his request was not granted, the
troops he commanded should enforce it,
and take quarters wherever they could REVOLUTION IN SWEDEN.
find them. Count Rosen still persisting We have to record another political in the refusa!, he was ordered un er arrest, Revolution. The king of Swedden has been as was the Burgomaster; and the troops deposed by his subjects; and bis uncie, forcibly obtained what their leader bad the duke of Sudermania, has assumed the demanded. Colonel d'Addesparre, at the. Government of the Country as Regent. head of 2,000 regular troops, and about The Revolution took place on the 13th of the same number of peasantry, are now March. The King was arrested as he was on their march to Stockholm, to demand about to depart for his country residence ; of the King to call a Diet of the States, as and when ihe last advices came away, he well as to obtain payment of the troops was a close prisoner at Stockholm. When under his coinmand. his Majesty was first surrounded by a Proclamation of the Commander of the Troops guard, he drew his sword, but was soon
stalioned in Weimland. overpowered, and prevented from making A considerable number of soldiers · resistance. When the person of the King have taken up arms, in order to march
to the capital, and relieve our com- | than suffer a single inch of Swedish ground mon, now unfortunate, and dismembered to be taken by our enemies, or transferred native country, As all our fellow- to them.–Our Ally, Great Britain, shall citizens must be sensible that our views learn to appreciate and value a nation, are such as public spirit and honour dic- wbich knows how to break its fetters, and tate to virtuous minds, we cannot be rescue liberty from its chains; France shall mistaken in our implicit confidence, that learn to respect a people, anxious to rival our brethren in arms and our unarmes her military prowess; the rulers of Rusfellow-citizens, will not form any incor- sia and Denmark, incessantly engaged in rect opinion of our sentiments and views. pursuits tending to promote the prosperity They are merely these, that the States of of their people, will not disturb the peace the realm and our Legislators shall be at and tranquillity of a nation which merely liberty to assemble and deliberate uncon- desires to live or die independent.We trouled on the means of restoring the pros- have seen with sorrow the most important perity of our suffering country.-We have concerns of Sweden managed in a mansolemnly contracted the engagement to ner which was as destitute of any well lay at their feet the arms which we have conceived plan as of success.- Might not taken up to procure them freedom. We the remajning strength of Sweden have will form a wall round the ball where been wasted by folly? but if directed by Swedish Legislators hold their delibera- wisdom, may it not be employed for the tions, which no power upon earth shall be real benefit of the country? Such are able to beat down. We have solemnly our wishes for our country, and we shall contracted the engagement to destroy all readily sacrifice our lives to obtain their such as shall still endeavour to prefer fo- fulfilment. It is of the utmost importance reign connections to the internal welfare for Sweden, that every Swede should at and tranquillity of Sweden. Sweden's length be allowed to return to a peaceful German dominions are delivered up to the home, as far as it can be done without any enemy, and Finland, the native soil of a disparagement to the honour and indenoble and gallant people, is lost. Welpendence of Sweden.— The frontiers of have solemnly contracted the engagement, the kingdom are for a short time left withthat not a single inch more of the Swedish out defence, on account of our departure territory shall be given up to the enemy. from thence; but should the enemy, conSweden's trade and mines are ruined and trary to his solemn promise, avail himself deserted; Sweden's youth are taken from of our absence to attack them, we shall agricultural pursuits, in order to be de- speedily return, take a severe revenge, and stroyed by sickness and the sword. The convince him of the difference of a warburthens laid on Agriculture are such that fare carried on by personal hatred of the they cannot be borne any longer. Grind- rulers, and a war urged by a nation, anxiing taxes are exacted without mercy; ous and determined to assert its independdesolation and misery are spreading wide ence.-We implicitly confide, that all miand far, and threaten universal ruin. litary Commanders will readily co-operate We have coutracted the solemn engage with us, to secure, by speedy and vigorous ment, that the fathers of the country shall exertion, the restoration of our lost prosenjoy full liberty to restore the welfare perity, in the destruction of our foreign and prosperity of the country.- May the foes.—To conclude, we venture to express higher and lower States of the common the wish, that our beloved countrymen weal also join heart and hand to assert the and fellow-citizens of every rank and de. freedom of the country, and thus, by bar- scription may suspend their judgment mony and well-concerted efforts, ensure on all further proceedings, until the desuccess to our enterprize and views. cision of the States of the realm shall be May the Fathers of the Country offer known. peace and amity to our neighbours, but
(Signed) accompar.y this offer with the assurance
The Commander of the Troops that every Swedish hero will rather be
stationed in Weimland." buried under the ruins of his country,
LONDON :-Printed by T. C. HANSARD, Peterborough - Court, Fleet - Street ; Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges - Street, Covent - Garden :- Sold also by J. BUDD, Pall - Mall.
VOL. XV. No. 14.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1809.
In the year 1802, Philip Hamlin, a Tinman of Plymouth, wrote a letter to MR. HENRY ADDINGʻron, the first Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer, offering him the sum of £.2,000 to give him, HAMLIN, the place of Land-Surveyor of the Customs at Plymouth.- -In consequence of this, a criminal information was filed, against the said Hamlin, by Mr. Spencer Perceval, who was then the King's Attorney-General, and who, in pleading against the offender, asserted the distinguished purity of persons in power, in the present day. From the Bench great stress was laid on the gravity of the offence of tendering a bribe ; of the baneful tendency of such crimes, in a moral as well as in a political point of view. The Tinman was found guilty; he was sentenced to pay a fine of 100 pounds to the King, and to be imprisoned for three months. His business was ruined ; and he himself died, in a few months after his release from prison. - POLITICAI. Register, Vol. II. page 1621*. 513)
[514 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. “ it was set on foot upon grounds of a REFORM.- Under this head I shall in-" public nature, and the spirit, in which troduce, from time to time, such matter as “ the prosecution originated, still remains ; appears to me to be connected with the “ it is, therefore, submitted to your lordgreat question of Parliamentary Reformation," ships, not on a point of individual feel. which question is, I perceive, to be brought "ing, but of PUBLIC JUSTICE, in which forward for discussion, in the House of " case your lordships will consider how Commons, at no great distance of time. Il " far the affidavits ought to operate in mishall also bring under this head many "tigation of punishment."- -Public jusmatters of Abuse and Corruption; and, in- tice! Public justice! Public justice ! deed, every thing, which shall appear to Public justice! Oh! Public justice ! me well calculated to shew, that a reform Well; what said the Judge? What said of the Commons' House of Parliament is Mr. Justice Grose, in passing sentence necessary. -For reminding me of the upon this man; “ Such a practice, if perlittle pithy history, contained in my motto,“ mitted, would lead to mischief incalculaI have to thank the Editor of an excellent “ ble; for, it might extend to every officer Sunday Paper, called The EXAMINER. To " in the appointment of the great ministers be sure, this history is admirably calculated “ of the state, civil, MILITARY, and ecclesifor producing good impressions, at the pre- - «stical, and would supersede men of ability, sent time. Here we see what was done to “ und integrity, and place, in their stead, the tenderer of a bribe, in 1802. It is only " the ignorant and corrupt."-Very sound seven years ago. Let us now hear, a little doctrine, most excellent doctrine ! of what was said upon that occasion by How the Rerd. Mr. Benzely will be dealt MR. Perceval and by the Judge. Poor with it remains to be seen; and we will Hamlin confessed his guilt; he stated, in wait for the event; though I cannot help his affidavit,
“ that he sincerely repented stopping here, for a moment, to point “of his crime; that he was 40 years of out to my readers the valuable fact, that
age; that his business was the sole this was a politicaluriter, as well as a priest; " means of supporting himself and family; and that, besides the tendered bribe, he " that a severe judgment might be the urged his merits as being the author of a
total ruin of himself and that family; pamphlet (another dirty pamphlet), in fa"and that, therefore, he threw himself vour of the ministry of the day.- -But,
upon, and implored, the mercy of his while we bear in mind the affair of the
prosecutors and of the Court." -In Rev. Mr. Beazely, are there wanting cases, reference to this, Mr. Perceval, the present which have come before the parliament, Chancellor of the Exchequer, observe, said : whereunto to apply the principles of pub“The circumstances which the defendant" lic justice," upon which poor Hamlin was "discloses, respecting his own situation in sentenced to fine and imprisonment ? Are “ life and of his family are all of them there wanting cases of tendered bribes? "topics, very well adapted to affect the Are there wanting cases of bribes actually " private feelings of individuals, and, as given, and answered in value received
far as that consideration goes, nothing Are there no persons, who have been “ further need be said; but, there would proved to hold offices in consequence of “have been no prosecution at all, in this such bribes? And have any measures case, upon the ground of personal feeling; been taken to punish any of those persons ?
-Reader, if thou beʼst a man ; if by one member, represented as, a gentlethou hast one particle of justice in thy man of honour, who once had a seat in that soul; thou wilt answer these questions, House. » Public Justice,” that public without any assistance of mine ; and wilt justice, which was demanded against Hamnot fail to furnish, out of thine own mind, lin, in answer to his humble prayer for a suitable commentary. Upon the mercy, none of these gentlemen called Trial of poor llanilin, Mr. Perceval said : for; that public justice, before which “ My lords, I think it is due to the age Hamlin and his family could not stand for « and country, in which we live, to state, a moment. Even now we see the bribers so what, indeed, is universally believed, that at large ; nay, we see them in quiet pos“ there never was a period, in the history session of their offices. True, the fre" of this country, or of any other, in which quency of the thing; the having witnessed “ the characters of persons, in an exalted a continued succession of advertisements, * station of public life, were so free from respecting the purchase and sale of offices “all suspicion of this species of offence, as at under government, and also of seats in or the present moment." —Reader, this parliament, does form some little, though was said by a man, who was then one of very little apology for Knight, French, those persons in exalted stations; who is Sandon, Tonyn, Dowler, and the rest now Chancellor of the Exchequer; to of the bribing crew; but, had not whom Mr. Adarn sent Digby llamilton poor Hamlin the same apology? Was about the Note in Sandon's possession; not the same excuse good for the preserwho, in conjunction with Mr. Adam, vation of him and his family? Hamlin charged Digby to enjoin Sandon not to was fined ; Hamlin was sentenced to pay destroy that Note; who, when he had been a fine of 100 pounds to the King, and was told that Sandon had destroyed the Note, imprisoned for three months. Think of did, in conjunction with Mr. Adam, com- this, all you, who love even-handed jusmunicate a knowledge of it to some mem- tice. Think of this; bear it in memory bers of the House of Commons; and, who, till your last moments ; and imprint it on when the Nole was, afterwards, found to the minds of your children. No “ prirate be still in existence, did speak of it as a “ feelings” were to stay the hand of “pubforgery of Mrs. Clarke. But, what is most “ lic justice,” in the case of Philip Hamof all worthy of remark, is, that it has lin. The ruin of bis business and family fallen to the lot of this very man to bring was not to stop the even course of public into the House of Commons a bill, a bill! justice. Oh! bear this in mind, and hope aye, a law, to put a stop, under a govern- and labour for the day when the rememment in which he is the prime minister, to brance of it may be of practical adran. those very practices, the rarity of which tage!In my last Number, I had the he insisted upon, in 1802, and for having pleasing task of recording the Resolutions attempted a single instance of which he passed at the Meeting, held in the City called for " PUBLIC JUSTICE” upon of Westminster; and, in my present, I the head of Hamlin the Tinman! Oh! shall insert, entire, the speech of Sir Englishmen, if you fail to draw the proper, Francis BURDETT, delivered upon that the practical, the profitable conclusion occasion, which speech I take as I find it from these premises, then are you indeed reported in the Courier new's-paper, and I besotted ; then will you indeed deserve select that paper to copy from, because to be treated with disregard and contempt it is, in general, a supporter of the present beyond those which are shown towards administration. But, if my pleasure was the beasts that perish.---The reader will / great in inserting an account of the Prohave observed, that, during the recent In- ceedings at Westminster, how shall I dequiry, the persons, who took the side of scribe that which I feel at inserting an the Duke of York, seened very much alive account of the proceedings in the City of to the feelings of the parties accused. London, where a spectacle has been erOne complained of harrowing up the soul hibited, cheering to the hearts of all those of the Duke; another of wounding the who love their country, and terrific to honour of Colonel French; another of nobody but its foreign and domestic foes. tarnishing the fame of the families of those, At a Common Hall; that is to say, an wbportere shared with bribery; one spoke assemblage of the Livery of the City of
General Clavering, even | London, which was held on Saturday last,
his offer of a bribe; the 1st of April, the following excellent ht, after he had him- Resolutions were moved by Mr. WAITH
given a bribe, was,'MAN, and were unanimously passed ; and,