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as most men are to get into office, and as ! But, whom do they thank for it? Tohe himself was, according to his pretty wards whom are their grateful feelings letter from Sandgate, to get into the arms directed ? Aye it is in this that the minisof Mrs. Clarke, poor woman!Whenters have been highly blameable. It is the Duke sent his letter to the House, did their fault that the public gratitude is not any one suppose, that he would have made directed, in part, at least, in that way, in a spontaneous resignation of his office? which it was their first duty to have caused Did that letter, either in its tone or matter, it to be directed, and to produce which indicate the most distant idea of this sort? cause they had it completely in their On the contrary, did it not, in every line, power, unless it be true, that, as Mr. breathe defiance ? Look again at Mr. Per- Whitbread stated, they were not the efeeval's proposed Address, which is anecho ficient rivisters of the king.
What ile to that letter, and see whether its object, public has now gained they thank themits chief object, be not to tell the king, selves for, next after Mr. Wardle. They that the House will go with him in keep- see that nothing has been conceded to ing the Duke of York in his place. Again them, ' without reluctance; and even in look at the several speeches, on the minis- the motives stated by Mr. Perceval, for terial side of the House, and see whether the Duke's resignation, they find no exthey did not labour principally to this pression, not a single word, which is calpoint. Recollect the concluding words of culated to awaken in them sentiments of a the Attorney General, who gave such description, which wise ministers would strong reasons for believing, that the Duke have bent their whole minds to keep would not abuse his powers for the future. alive.Jacobins, indeed! Those are The Solicitor General said, that you might the jacobins; those are the true destroyers as well stab the Duke of York to the heart, as of thrones, who omit nothing that may to pass a vote for his removal; and, though tend to irritate and disgust the people; he explained this away a little afterwards, who push them on to the utmost stretch it is clear, from the remarks upon it, in of their patience. It is useless to tell the House, that so he was understood. It us, that the ministers had nothing to do with is, then, as clear as noon-day, that the the Duke's resignation. We should as soon settled purpose was to keep the Duke in believe, that Mr. Perceval had nothing to his place; and, there can be no doubt, do with the keeping of the secret about that this purpose was, at, last, given up the note in the hands of Sandon. In short, only when it was perceived, that there it is quite in vain to endeavour to palliate would have been a majority for the motion their conduct, which, towards the people, of Mr. Bragge, after passing which motion has, from first to last, been any thing but it would have been impossible for him to gracious; and that the people most sensiremain without producing an open war bly feel. between a majority of the House and the There was a part of the speech of Mr. King's servants.
Whitbread of the 20th, that did not at all Well, be this as it may, whatever might square with my ideas upon the subject. It be the motive, out he is, aưd, so far the related to those great allowances, which we public wish has been gratitiede. But, how are to make for the failings of princes ; much better would it have been, if he had and it did, to me, appear very much resigned ať an earlier period? How like courtly flattery, and that, too, much better would it have been, if, at the of the worst sort.- « An hon. gent. prooutset, the servunts of the king had acted “ posed to read the Duke of York a lecin the manner which I formerly pointed“ ture on morality. He (Mr. W.) did not out, and which was, indeed pointed out by " think this a very fit time for such a lecthe nature of the case ? If they had so “ ture. A sufficiently long and grave one acted, instead of fighting the Charges, inch" had been read to his royal highness in by inch ; instead of causing a clear line of " the course of the examination. The sidistinction to be drawn between them and “ tuation of princes was a very difficult one, those persons who were not hostile to the “ They were cxposed to greater temptations Inquiry ; if they had so acted, there would " than others, without the same means of renot, as there now is, be a guide to direct “ sistance. They almost always wanted the public resentment whereon to fix it- " that valuable acquisition-an udmonishing self. The public are pleased that the
Such a friend was with them so Duke of York is out of oflice; they are rare, that to speak the truth to a prince convinced that this is for their good; they had been always considered as a chaare satistied that this is a happy eveni,l.: racteristic of extreme boldness. Ile
Ho is a bold mau this,' it had been said,, let it renurin untortured by priésť-craft, al"for he has spoken the truth eren to the ways speaks the voice of justice and of • • King.' Some allowances in a moral common sense; but, Mr. Whitbread would “ point of view were due to persons in r_verse this great maxim, and would have 6 such a situation. Another strong reason us believe, that, because much is given, 6s why the House should not read the little ough:tio be required. “ Difficulty in6 Duke of York a lecture on morality was, deed! What difficulty is there in a prinee's “ the situation in which the princes were living a so'ier, a regular, ani a de“ placed, froin the necessity of the case, cent life? In well-ordering is allairs; in “ of not being allowed to form those connec- choosing for his companions men of sense " tions of the heart chich were permitted to 2nd of good characier'; in keeping his exli teery other subject. Ile did not say that this peces within the bounds of moderation; 6 was a case in point with respect to his in regularly and faithfully discharging all “ Royal Highness. The observation was demands upon him ; in deeping his word is gerieral; but he thought it was a reason upon all occasions; in carrying himself
why the house slrould not readily throw ofards the public in a manner at once “ stones at princes on account of their im- gracious and dignified? What “dificulty?'
proper connections. We had, he ob- is there in this to a person, who his no .66 served, one Royal Duke whose character care about providing the means of his pre** for morality and correct conduct, stood sent, or his future, support, and whose in" as high as that of any man; and, consi- come is as sure as his existence'? So far 166 dering the circumstances to which he from this being difficult, that it appears to " had alluded, the greater temptations and mne to come to a mas naturally as !ais " the difficulties attached to the situation, treth or his nails; and, that, if we suppose **t it would not be an easy matter to prize his nature not to be radically bad, the diisuch a character higher ihanit deserved." | ficulty must be in avoiding it..
A nicer dish of flattery than this I do “ to the want of an udmonishing friend, not recollect to have ever seen, even in a
whose fault must that be? His own. If, romance; it must, one would suppose, be indeed, the princes of England were, lika relished -ven by him, who was so very those of Marbary, it out in the world, delicate in his palate, that Mrs. Clarke, there might be sune force in this observafound it frequently necessary to change tion; but here they mix in society; they her man-cooks, of which she had a are frec to choose their companions; there brace at a time. “ A difficult situation?" is neither law nor custom to restrain them, In what is the situation of one of our prin- and they have shown us, that they know ces difficult ? Do they want money?' Do how to exercise this freedom. If, then, they want for any thing, which other men their friends, or the persons that approach have? I can see nothing that they want them, the persons in whose society they for, which this world can afford. Instead delight, and whose virtues, or vices, they of being exposed to greuter temptations will be apt to imitate, be not such as Mr. than others, they seem to me to be ex- Whitbread could wish, the fault is with posed to none of those temptations, which themselves, and with themselves alone. form the apology for the vices of men, in I think thic moral part of the apology 'common life. They have not, he tells us, equally deficient in sound reason. Shail “ the same means of resistance.” I wish he. they, because the law restrains them from had attempted to show this ; to give us marrying whom they please, urge that as an reasons for what he asserted. For my excuse for not observing the obligations of part, unless we admit their imprimity to be matrimony, when they have roluntarily enlegalized, I can see no check upon the vicestered imo it? For, there is no law to compel of other men, which does not exist with them tovarr.!; and, therefore, il they rerila respect to them. Indeed, this doctrine of
marry without that affec*:on of th Mr. Mr. Whitbread would go much farther Whitbread speaks, so much the greater than he appears to have perceived. If it their slame. At any rate, when once De sound with respect to princes, it must, married, they have, Icaring ile solemnity
in due degree, be equally sound with re- of the voru out of the question, entered,
every father and every mother, who have , He discovers not only a want of moral children lible to be led into vice and con- virtue in himself; but a want of respect sequent misery by such an example. Mr. for it in others. He reverses the qualities Canning has told us, in his usual high of the magistrate : he is an example to minner, that, the characters of princes are evil-doers, and a terror to those who do public property. Indeed, not only has this well. True, the situation of unmarried been said, in varying phrases, twenty princes has something peculiar in it, in times, during the debate; but, we con regard to female connections ;, but, if we stantly hear it, especially in cases of libel, find a hardship here, do we find nothing from the Bench; and that, too, as applied of peculiar advantage to weigh against it? to all men in high situations in the state. Celibacy, in the legal sense, may be their With reference to the latter use, which is but it is also their lot to enjoy, withmade of this notion, one cannot refrain out any exertions or carcs, on their part, from observing, that that is a very odd almost every thing which men desire in sort of property, which the proprietors dare this world;' besides, let us not forget, not touch, even so far as to ridicule it. that the luw does not impose celibacy But leaving this to remain along with the
They (like all other children, other consistencies of that curious law, let 'till 21 years of age) are left, in this resus see a little how the notion squares with pect, to the will and pleasure of their father. the doctrine of Mr. Whitbread. The cha- It is not the public, nor any law, on the racter of princes, being public property, part of the public, that prevents them from ought, one would naturally suppose, to be marrying. The matter is left wholly in the more carefully guarded. What is a the Royal Family.--I can see, therefore, man's own, he may do what he pleases with; | but very little excuse to be got out of the but that which is the property, wholly, or peculiarity of their situation, for any dein part, of another, he is bound to manage parture from the strict letter of the law, according to certain rules of equity and which excuse would not apply to every propriety. Mr. Whitbread, however, other man; while, on the other hand, I seems to think, that this property, which can see abundance of reasons, why an open is lield in trust, is to be less attended to defiance of decency should be regarded as by the actual possessor ; he thinks, that, more criminal in them than in other men ; thongh the immoralities, though the adul- why the restraint should be greater, and terous life of the Duke of York, stands why the temptation should be less. While proved, and, on all hands, confessed, the they have all the means of making the House should not “ throw stones” at liin; | least disgraceful selection of their coniec that is to say, should not give him “a lec- tions, llicy have also all the means of ren" ture on morality.”'. With respect to
dering the connection as little scandalous princes not married, and the temptations as possible. They have, in this respect, they may be exposed to, whatever apo- many advantages, which men in general logy may be found for their departure from cannot possess; and if, instead of profiting the strict letter of the law, there can be from these advantages; if, instead of drawnone found, discovered, or invented, for ing a veil over their connections of this their departure from the rules of decorum. sort; if, instead of keeping them in the Here passion can put in no plea. Their back ground, any prince were to expose character, we are told, is 10 bc specially them to the public; were to intrude them protected by the lur, because it is public upon the notice of the people; were to property ; what right have they, then, to boast of his bastardizing deeds; were to Bet an example of dissoluteness of manners, exhibit, as it were in triumph, the pledges injurious to the nation at large? I do not of prostitution; would Mr. Whitbread still say, that they do this. Mr. Whitbread's say, that we should not “ throw stones” at argument is general, and so is mine. There hiin? I will put it to Mr. Whitbread, as a can be no,“ temptation," other than the husband and a father (in both which chainvitations of a really vicious heart, to racters he is said to be eminently good). outrage public decency. Nature, in her what he thinks must be the effect of such best form, dictates to us to draw a veil an example; and, whether he does not over the gratitications towards which she think, that, by the force of such an exammost strongly inpels us. The manners of ple of triumphant vice, the grey hairs of this country have been formed under this many a father would not fail to be brought amiable and unerring guide; and, against with sorrow to the grave? The happiness those manners, he who commits an open of the people; the fidelity of husbands utrage, is: Spilty of a very gravc okence. I and wives, ihe innocence of children, and
the comfort of parents; these, forming they done much more than could be expected great features of happiness, are full as much of him or of any human being, that these
public property” as are the characters of Thanks of the ministers should be moulded princes and men in high offices of state ; | into a “tangible shape," and put upon nay, they are, in truth, a great deal more the records of parliament; and the inien80; and, shall the public have no means tion, as expressed by Mr. Canping, of opof redress, when this inestimable properly posing such vote, if proposed, does appear is assailed, and that, too, through the mis- to me to be capable of no consistent exuse of those means, which are furnished by planation; unless, indeed, the ministers the public themselves ? Shall they, when are prepared to assert, that, owing to their they return from church, and from hearing clever mode of proceeding, the Duke owes “ the king's Proclamation against Vice and his fall to them, rather than to Mr. War“ Immorality,” be drily told, that princes dle; and, that, therefore, in voting thanks are under « great temptations"?-Of to him, they should be loading him with the endeavour to chip and shave and their own trophies. Upon any other scrape and rub and polish down the charges ground, I cannot see how they can have against the Duke of York to a mere mat- the face to oppose such a motion. What. ter of crim. con., I think as Mr. Whitbread ever they may do, the nation will thank does; but, while, considering the Duke in him, and will esteem and love him as his high public capacity, as Commander in one of its very best friends and greatest Chief, I lose sight of this, when I am con- benefactors; as one of the few men, who, templating the Charges and the Evidence in these times of corruption, have shown before the House ; I cannot, when this is themselves uncontaminated. The peomade a subject of separate discussion, ple will thank him. They have began to think it a matter to be treated in the light thank him, some proofs of which I here inmanner, in which Mr. Whitbread attempt sert: ed to treat it.
In the close of his speech, Mr. Whit- “ A JUST Tribute TO COL WARDLE. bread did justice to the conduct of Mr. -As a wish has been very generally exWardle. In alluding to what Mr. Can-pressed by the inhabitants of this city and ning said, about a Vote of Thanks to that its neighbourhood that COLONEL G. L. gentleman, and which vote, if brought WARDLE, M. P. should be publicly acforward, the latter declared himself ready knowledged, for his manly and disinterestto oppose; Mr. Whitbread observed, as ed conduct in his present arduous underthe public will remember to have been the taking; an opportunity will be afforded fact, that, when Mr. Wardle first brought them of doing so, by subscribing an Ad. forward his charges, the ministers, with Dress to that independent member of the one accord expressed their joy, that the British Parliament, of which the tenor folimputations against the Duke had, at last, lows:-We, bereunto subscribing, Inhabiassumed a “ tangible shape.” The Courier tants of the city and suburbs of Glasgow, news-paper, to which ihe public are in- hereby testify our unbiassed and unprejufinitely indebted for its exertions upon diced opinion,—~ That COLONEL WARDLE, this occasion, and particularly for its good," by first stepping forward, and by his conplain, thumping arguments, rallied them “ duct throughout the role of the Intesticamost delightfully upon this “ tangible "tion not pending in the honourable the House
shape;" but, still they appeared insen- «s of Commons relative to his royal highness the sible. They thanked Mr. Wardle too, “ Duke of York, has prored himself to the Yes, they thanked, the " d-d good-natur- " zorld, io be one of the most Magnanimous, “ed friend,” as Sir Fretful does in the “ Patriotic, Firm, and Candid Men in his Maplay, for having told the parliament what "jesty'a Dorninions.”-All those who wish the wicked world said of the Duke. They to mark and distinguish the conduct of this might, indeed, grind the word between intrepid and persevering Representative their teeth ; but they really did say, one of the People, and who concur in the plain and all, that they thanked hiin. Well, now and obvious sentiment contained in the the aftair is over; for a few days, at least, above Address, will have an opportunity (for Lord Folkestone has given notice of of joining in expressing it, by signing suba motion about the Duke for the 17th of scription papers, which will be opened on April, and his lordship is not given much Thursday first,--At the shop lately posto joking ;) Mr. Wardle's Charges are now sessed by Mr. Steel, Shoemaker, No. 97, over; and, it seems but reasonable, since Trongate ;-D. Grieve's Stocking-shop, he bas had so much labour, and has really! No. 468, at the Cross;--The Session-House,
head of Ilavannah-Street; -- Both the to wish to render the cause such service. Burcher Session-Hlouses, ('ampbell-Street; In him; in his closing acts, Mr. Wardle, ---Bridgetowi Session-Ilouse; -The Ilouse and this nation, has an instance of what of John Low, Grocer, Cross-Loan, Street, party leads to. —-One would think, that Calton ;--And at the Relief Session-blouse, I those who call themselves the Opposition, Anderston.---Glusgow, March 1:11h 1809.” must be blinded by infatuation equal to
that ascribed to the Duke of York, not to -The City of Canterbury has also, see, that the nation cares not a straw for in the most formal manner, voted him their them, their motions, or their speeches; thanks, and the freedom of that City, as nay, that to cool the indignation of the appears from a Letter, which I have this people at any act of the ministors, the efday received, enclosing a copy of their lectual way is for them to appear to partiResolution, in the following terms :- cipate in that indignation. Their blind- . City of CANTERBURY, AND COUNTY ness must surpass the blindness of moles,
SAME City. At a Court of if it prevents their perceiving, that, into “ Burghmote, hulden at the Guildhall of such disrepute have they fallen, that their “ the said City, the twenty-tirst day of acting in a body is sure to blast their indi“ March, 1809 ;-Resolved : That this vidual exertions. Mr. Whitbread regretto “ Court duly considering the very lauded that princes'" wanted an admonishing “ able and patriotic conduct of G. L. « friend;" and so do parties. The Oppo" Wardle, Esq. MI. P. in calling the at- sition, like the Archbishop of Granada, do "tention of the House of Commons to the not seem to perceive the effects of the apo• conduct of the Commander in Chief, do plexy; but, good Lord ! is it possible, “ return him their grateful and sincere that such a man as Mr. Whitbread should “ thanks; and in testimony of the high not see the indifference that prevails; the “approbation this Court entertain of the total, the worse than death-like indiffe“able, manly, and spirited manner, in rence, that prevails, with regard to all " which he conducted the proceedings, their motions and debates ? Is there, in “ that the Freedom of this ancient and the whole kingdom, one town or city con
loyal City be granted to him.---And it taining a dozen men, free from all views “ js ordered by this Court, that the City of gain, who would give the toss-up of a “ Seal be affixed to the above Resolution. half-penny for their return to power and • By the Court, HAMMOND, Toron-Clerk.” place? From my heart I believe there is
-This, upon which, probably, Mr. not. The public mind has taken a new turn; Wardle will set as much value, as le would the farce of Opposition a1o longer captivates, upon a vote of Thanks from Mr. Canning, or
It is a stale trick. The is, I dare şay, a mere beginning, in an oi- mockery of patriotism is not calculated ficial way, of giving utterance to an ex- any longer to impose upon a public that pression of what is felt by every impartial" pays fifiy millions a year in taxes. The and independent man in the country.- Morning Chronicle calls this a new era in I was surprized to hear Mr. Whitbread
to hear Mr. Whitbread the history of the parliament; but this is say, that he was not prepared for a vote of only the effect of a new era in the poputhanks. It would be curious to hear his lar view of politics and politicians; and reasons for this; and I do hope, that he what has been done is but à inere beginwill have an opportunity of stating them. ning, a mere breaking of the ice, in ihat I am certain his objection to such vote (if, salatary and constitutional change, which, indeed, he has oue) has not arisen from without destroying (as the anti-jacobins any little motives of personal pique, •or, would fain have us believe it will) any which would be still worse, envy : '1 fully part of the King's just prerogatives, will acquit him of that. But, if he does op. be a great blessing to his people. The dispose such a vote, I shall ascribe his oppo- | mission of the Duke of York! I, who have sition to those motives of parly, which have taken openly, and who have inwardly so long been the bane of this country, felt, as mucli interest as any body in the The good, the very brightest gem, of this proceedings, have never cared one farthing allair, is, that it has been unsullied by the about it; that is to say, unless it was to smear, the ugly smear, of party. If it had be the forerunner of some general measure, been brought forward by a party, it would some efficíual check, sume radical change have failed. Mr. Sheridan did the cause, of a great constitutional nature. I should by his disclaiming it, a service never to be hate myself if I could have written so sufficiently praised ; and, not less because many papers, with such a pitiful object in it was the farthest thought from his heart I view. I would as lief the Duke of York