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with all the wounded that had not been pre- | Hill and col. Catlin Crawford, with their viously moved, embarked before one this brigades on the left of the position, ably morning.---Circumstances forbid us to in- supported their advanced posts. The dulge the hope, that the victory with which brunt of the action fell upon the 4th, 42d, it has pleased Providence to crown the 50th, and 31st regiments, with parts of efforts of the army, can be attended with the brigade of guards, and the 20th regiany very brilliant consequences to Great ment. From lieut. col. Murray, quarterBritain. It is clouded by the loss of one master-general, and the officers of the geof her best soldiers. It has been achieved neral staff, I received the most marked at the termination of a long and harassing assistance. I had reason to regret, that service. The superior numbers, and ad- the illness of brigadier-general Clinton, vantageous position of the enemy, not adjutant-general, deprived me of his aid. less than the actual situation of this army, I was indebted to brigadier-general Slade did not admit of any advantage being reap- during the action, for a zealous offer of his ed from success. It must be however to personal services, although the cavalry you, to the army, and to our country, the were embarked.—The greater part of the sweetest reflection, that the lustre of the fleet having gone to sea, yesterday evenBritish arms has been maintained, amidst ing, the whole being under weigh, and the many disadvantageous circumstances. The corps in the embarkation necessarily much army which had entered Spain, amidst the mixed on board, it is impossible, at prefairest prospects, had no sooner completed sent, to lay before you a return of our its junction, than owing to the multiplied casualties. I hope the loss in numbers is disasters that dispersed the native armies not so considerable as might have been around us, it was left to its own resources. expected. If I was obliged to form an The advance of the British corps from the estimate, I should say, that I believe it did Duero, afforded the best hope that the not exceed in killed and wounded from south of Spain might be relieved, but this seven to eight hundred; that of the enegenerous effort to save the unfortunate peo- my must remain unknown, but many
cirple, also afforded the enemy the opportu- cumstances induce me to rate it at nearly nity of directing every effort of his numer- double the above number. We have some ous troops, and concentrating all his prin- prisoners, but I have not been able to obcipal resources for the destruction of the tain an account of the number; it is not, only regular force in the north of Spain.-- however, considerable. Several officers of You are well aware with what diligence rank have fallen, or been wounded, among this system has been pursued.—These cir- whom I am only at present enabled to cumstances produced the necessity of rapid state the names of lieut. col. Napier, 92d and harassing marches, which had dimi- reg., majors Napier and Stanhope, 50th nished the numbers, exhausted the strength, reg., killed ; lieut.-col. Winch, 4th reg., and impaired the equipment of the army. lieut.-col. Maxwell, 26th reg., lieut-col. Notwithstanding all these disadvantages, Fane, 59th reg., lieut.-col. Griffith, guards, and those more immediately attached to a majors Miller and Williams, sist reg., defensive position, which the imperious wounded.—To you, who are well necessity of covering the harbour of Co- quainted with the excellent qualities of runna for a time had rendered indispen- lieut.-gen, sir John Moore, I need not exsable to assume, the native and undaunted patiate on the loss the army and his counvalour of British troops was never more try have sustained by his death. His fall conspicuous, and must have exceeded has deprived me of a valuable friend, to what even your own experience of whom long experience of his worth had that invaluable quality, so inherent in sincerely attached me. But it is chiefly them, may have taught you to expect. on public grounds that I must lament the When every one that had an opportu- blow. It will be the conversation of nity seemed to vie in improving it, it is every one who loved or respected his difficult for me, in making this report, to manly character, that, after conducting select particular instances for your appro- the army through an arduous retreat with bation. The corps chiefly engaged were consummate firmness, he has terminated a the brigades under major-generals lord career of distinguished honour by a death Wm. Bentinck, and Manningham, and that has given the enemy additional reaLeith; and the brigade of guards under son to respect the name of a British solmajor-gen. Warde.—To these vilicers, and dier. Like the immortal Wolfe, he is the troops under their immediate orders, snatched from his country at an early the greatest praise is due. Major-gen. period of a life spent in her service ; like
Wolfe, his last moments were gilded by , vere losses. I am unable to communicate the prospect of success, and cheered by further particulars, than that sir John the acclamation of victory ; like Wolfe, Moore received a mortal wound, of which also, his memory will for ever remain sa he died at night; that sir David Baird lost cred in that country which he sincerely an arm ; that several officers and many loved, and which he had so faithfully men have been killed and wounded: and served.--It remains for me only to express that the ships of war have received all my hope, that you will speedily be re- such of the latter as they could accommostored to the service of your country, and date, the remainder being sent to transto lament the unfortunate circumstance ports.—The weather is now tempestuous, that removed you from your station in the and the difficulties of embarkation are field, and threw the momentary command great. All except the rear-guard are eminto far less able hands. I have the honour barked; consisting, perhaps, at the pre to be, &c.—John Hope, lieut.-gen. sent moment, of two thousand six hundred To lieut.-gen. sir D. Baird, &c. &c.
The enemy having brought cannon
to a hill overhanging the beach, havo Supplement to the London Gazette Extraordi- forced a majority of the transports to cut nary, dated Admiralty-Ofice, January 24, or slip. Embarkation being no longer 1809.
practicable at the town, the boats have Copy of a Letter from the hon. Michael been ordered to a sandy beach near the De Courcy, rear-adm. of the White, to the light-house; and it is hoped that the hon. William Wellesley Pole, dated on
greater part, if not all, will still be emboard his majesty's ship the Tonnant, at barked, the ships of war having dropped Corunna, the 17th and 18th instant. out to facilitate embarkation.
January 17, 1809.-Sir: Having it in Jan. 18. The embarkation of the troops design to detach the Cossack to England having occupied the greater part of lastas soon as her boats shall cease to be es- night, it has not been in my power to desential to the embarkation of troops, I seize tach the Cossack before this day; and it a moment to acquaint you, for ihe infor- is with satisfaction I am able to add, that, mation of the lords commissioners of the in consequence of the good order mainadmiralty, that the ships of war, as per tained by the troops, and the unwearied margin, (Ville de Paris, Victory, Barfleur, exertions of commissioner Bowen, the Zealous, Implacable, Elizabeth, Norge, captains and other oflicers of the navy, the Plantagenet, Resolution, Audacious, En- agents, as well as the boat's crews, many dymion, Mediator,) and transports under of whom were for two days without food the orders of rear-adm. sir Samuel Hood, and without repose, the army have been and commissioner Bowen, arrived at this embarked to the last man, and the ships anchorage from Vigo on the 14th and 15th are now in the offing, preparatory to steerinstant; the Alfred and Hindostan, withing for England. The great body of the some transports, were left at Vigo to re- transports having lost their anchors, ran ceive a brigade of three thousand five hun- to sea without the troops they were orderdred men, that had taken that route under ed to receive, in consequence of which generals Alten and Crawford. In the vi- there are some thousands on board the cinity of Corunna, the enemy have pressed ships of war. Several transports, through upon the British in great force. The em- mismanagement, ran on shore. The sea. barkation of the sick, the cavalry, and the men appeared to have abandoned them, stores, went on. The night of the 16th was two being brought out by the boats' crews appointed for the general embarkation of of the men of war, two were burnt, and the infantry; and mean time, the enemy five were bilged.- cannot conclude this prepared for attack. At three p. m. an action hasty statement without expressing my commenced; the enemy, which had been great obligation to rear-adm. sir Samuel posted on a lotty hill, endeavouring to Hood, whose eye was every where, and force the British on another hill of inferior whose exertions were unremitted. I have height, and nearer the town.— The enemy the honour to be, &c. M. De Courcy. were driven back with great slaughter : Hazy weather rendering the Cossack but very sorry am I to add, that the Brit-obscure, I detach the Gleaner with this ish, though triumphant, have suffered se dispatch.
LONDON: Printed by T. C. HANSARD, Peterborough Court, Fleet Street; Published by
R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden : Sold also by J. BUDD, Pall-Mall.
VOL. XV. No. 5.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1809.
I find very
“ 'Tis all a libel, Paxton, Sir, will say.” 161]
- [162 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. tain, perfectly coincide in wishes with the DUKE OF YORK. -Much as I wish to royal chief; and, therefore, though, in communicate to the public some informa- general, it is not desirable that reports of tion, some really authentic information, debates should be inserted in this work, I which I possess, respecting the disposition shall insert here the whole of this most inof the people of Spain, their behaviour to- teresting debate, or, rather conversation, wards our army, the manner in which the of the honouravle House. Upon comretreat was conducted, the superior bodily paring the reports in the different news. strength and the superior bravery of our papers, I find the best, that is to say, the troops ; anxious as I am to communicate fullest, to be in the Morning Chronicle, as this information to the public, I must de- is, indeed, usually the case. fer it till my next, the parliamentary dis- little difference as to the substunce, the cussion relative to our illustrious Com- accuracy with which the debates are, in mander in Chief imperiously demanding a general, taken and published, being really preference to everything else.--- On wonderful, and a circumstance eminently last Friday, the 27th ult. Mr. Wandle, 1 creditable to the talents of the gentlemen, a member of the House of Commons, who by whom those debates are given to the came into the honourable house for the public. But, upon this important occafirst time, I believe, in consequence of the sion, I will, as I proceed with the insertion dissolution in 1807, when his majesty of the debate from the Morning Chroniwas last “ most graciously pleased to ap- cle, subjoin, in notes, parts of the report “ peal to the sense of his people,” and as given in the Courier, wherever it apfor which gracious act the public will do pears that there has been any material me the justice 10 say', that I, a! the time, omission in the report of the Morning expressed my profound gratitude, though Chronicle; and thus we shall have the I could not then possibly foresee a thou- best possible chance of letting nothing of sandth part of the good which has resulted consequence escape us.---Mr. Wardle's from the dissolution. Mr. Wardle, having speech, I find divided into distinct parabefore given due notice of his intention, graphs. These I shall distinguish by did, on the day above-inentioned, after a numerical figures, which will facilitate the speech of considerable length, make a work of relerence, a work which, in all motion " for the appointment of a Committee human probability, we shall frequently “ to inquire into the conduct of the Commander have to perform, it being quite evident to “ in Chief, with regard to Promotions and me, that this is a matter, which is not
Exchanges in the Army, &c. &c.” This is only, at present, extremely interesting in truly high matter; and, as it is also matter itself, to the country in general, to all the of great “delicacy,” as will be seen in payers of taxes, as well as to every man in the sequel, it will demand, from reader as the army; but, also a matter, the inquiries well as writer, more than an ordinary de- | into which must, at a day more or less regree of attention, to say nothing about the mote, produce important national consereverence, which, upon such an occasion, quences.
quences. It may be thought, perhaps, will naturally take and keep possession by some, that it would be better for me to of our minds. "The honourable persons, wait ; to reserve my observations upon who spoke on the side of the Duke, and this debate, until it be seen whether Mr. who, from what appears in the report, Wandle be able to substantiate his charges; seem to have known bis wish upon the especially as that may, perhaps, be known subject, declared, that that wish was de- before this sheet can possibly reach the cidedly for publicity; that every part of press. I am of a different opinion; bethe inquiry, from the beginning to the cause, whatever the result may be, there is end, should be made as public as possible. much in the report, which appears to me In this respect, the public do, I am cer- loudly to call for that observation, with
which it is my intention to close this arti- / some time has been, that unless the system cle; and because, from certain expressions of corruption that has so long prevailed therein contained, I think it may be rea- in the military department be done away, sonably supposed, that, if the observation this country may fall an easy prey to the is to go forth through the press, there is enemy. Consistently, therefore, with no time to be lost. Having said this by any rational feeling of solicitude for my way of preface, 'I shall proceed to insert courtry, which involves my own connecthe debate, just as I find it in the above- tions and my family, it is impossible that named news-papers, without the omission I should sit silent, and allow the practices of a « heur," or a “ laugh.”
which have come to my knowledge, to be Mr. Wardle rose, pursuant to his any longer concealed, from those who notice, and spoke to the following effect : are so much interested in their character
-1.-Fully aware, Sir, of the great and tendency. It is upon these grounds, importance of the subject I am about to Sir, that I am urged to offer myself to submit to the consideration of the House, your attention.- -II.—The first point I most sincerely lament that my abilities in the case which I have to state, relates are unequal to do it complete justice.- to the Half-pay Fund, which is an estaBut yet I trust that an ardent zeal for the blishment under the direction of the Comwelfare of my country, supported by facts mander in Chief. This fund arises out of strong and incontrovertible, will enable the sale of commissions vacant by death; me to surmount every difficulty, and even by the promotion of officers not allowed tually to rescue the state from the baneful to sell; or by dismissions from the service. influence of a power which has long been The power of the Commander in Chief over exercised for the worst of purposes, and this fund was constituted, and intended, which, in fact, tends to endanger our ul- for the reward of merit, either by the aptimate security. To stand forward the pointment of meritorious officers to the public accuser of a man so high in rank commissions which so became vacant, or and so strong in influence as the Com- by selling them and applying the produce mander in Chief, may very naturally be of such sales to the redemption of half-pay deemed no less a bold than an arduous commissions, or to the Compassionate Fund. undertaking. But, however bold, how- Here the power of the Commander in ever arduous it may be, being deter-Chief over such produce ceases. If the mined that no consideration of that nature commissions I have described are othershall ever induce any hesitation or waver-wise disposed of, the authority vested in ing in the performance of my duty either the Commander in Chief is abused, and upon this or upon any other occasion, the objects of the Half-pay Fund are abanmy mind is fully made up for perse- doned. Now, if I can shew that those verance.
In the resolution I have formed, commissions are appropriated to very difit is but reasonable for me to calculate ferent purposes, it will of course appear upon the concurrence and co-operation that such abuse and abandonment does of this House and the country. For, at a take place—that merit is not rewarded crisis of peculiar peril, when the great, if that the Half-pay List is not reduced that not the only means of our safety may the Compassionate Fund is not assisted, depend upon the judicious organization For the purpose of shewing this, it is ab and able direction of our military force, solutely necessary to call the attention of every man in the community must feel a the House to another establishment of the lively interest in the object which my Commander in Chief's, which is quite of a motion has in view. I trust, therefore, different complexion to that I have just his r. h. the duke of York will this night mentioned. This establishment, which find, that however exalted his rank, how- consisted of a splendid house in Gloucesterever powerful his influence, the voice of place, a variety of carriages, and a long the people, through their representatives, retinue of servants, commenced in the will prevail over corruption, and justice year 1803, and at the head of it was placed will be done to the calls of a long-suffering a lady of the name of Clarke. As this lady and meritorious body, to the best, to the forms a principal party in several of the vital interests of the people. In the facts which I have to cite, I am under the course which I am pursuing, I feel con- necessity, however reluctantly, to men scious of no motive but that of a desire to tion her name, as well as that of others, serve my country, and I am confident that in order to make out a fair parliamentary none other can be fairly ascribed to me. basis for my motion, and to satisfy the The conristipitof my mind is, and for House that I have not brought it forward
upon light grounds. In producing this, Tonyn was gazetted. Here it becomes satisfaction, I have no doubt of succeeding, necessary to observe to the House, that the and I assure the House, that I shall endea- regulated difference between a Company vour to avoid trespassing upon their time and a Majority is 11001. which should have by the statement of more cases than ap- been appropriated as I before mentioned. pear to me necessary to the particular But how does the afiair stand ? Mrs. points which my motion embraces. - Clarke gains 5001. and 11001. are lost to II.-The first case to which I have to the Half-pay Fund. This sum, however, call your attention is that of capt. 'Tonyn, of 500l. was paid by Mrs. Clarke to a Mr. whom I understand to be an officer of me- Birket, a silversmith, in part payınent for rit
, and in alluding to him upon this occa- a service of plate for the establishment in sion, I beg it to be understood that I mean Gloucester-place ; the balance for thich no reflection whatever upon his character. | plate was afterwards paid by h. r. k. the ConThis officer, who held his captaincy in the men der in Chicf. The positions which I 48th regt. of foot, was promoted to a majori- hold to be clearly deducible from this case ty in the 3 Ist regt, according :o the Gazette, are these-First, that Mrs. Clarke possesson the 20 Aug. 1804. For such promotion, ed the power of military promotion. Seto which, no doubt, capt. Tonyn's profes- condly, That she received pecuniary consional merit entitled him to aspire, he was sideration for such promotion. And ihirdly indebted to the influence of Mrs. Clarke ; | That the Commander in ('hief was a parwithout which he might have long looked taker in the benefit arising from such for promotion in vain. "To Mrs. Clarke, pecuniary consideration. To establish the capt. Tonyn was introduced by capt. Hux- truth of this case, I have the following ley Sandon, of the Royal Waggon Train; witnesses ;-Major Tonyn, Mrs. Clarke, and the terms of agreement were, that Mr. Donovan, capt. Iluxley Sandon, and Mrs. Clarke should be paid 5001. upon Mr. Birket's Executors. – -IV.-Thesecapt. Tonyn’s majority being gazerted." In cond case I have to adduce relates to the order to secure this payment it was ar. subject of exchanges. L'pon the 25th of ranged, that the amount should be lodged July 1805, an exchange was concluded in the hands of a third person, as agent to between lieut.-col. Brooke, of the 50th the parties, and this agent was a Mr. J. regt. of Infantry, and lieut. col. Knight, of Donovan, a surgeon, of Charles-street, St. the 5th dragoon guards, through the inJames's-square. As I shall have frequent fluence of Mrs. Clarke. The agent for occasion to introduce this gentleman's negociating this transaction was a Mr. name to-night, and may be obliged to re- Thynne, a medical gentleman. The cirsort to him hereafter, it seems right that I cumstances of the application to the duke should present the House with some infor- of York were shortly these; Mrs. Clarke mation about him. It appears that Mr. wanted some money to defray the expences Donovan was appointed a lieutenant in the of an excursion in the country; she there4th Royal Garrison Battalion in the year fore urged the Commander in Chief to ex1802, and that he was afterwards promo- pedite the exchange, as she was to receive ted to the 17th Battalion. What the cause 2001. for it. This urgent request was of this appointment and promotion was I made upon a Thursday, and its influence have endeavoured to ascertain, but without was such that the exchange was actually success. I have however found, that the gazetted upon the Saturday following. services of Mr. Donovan could not have Mrs. Clarke in consequence received 200l. been of a military nature. In fact since from the agent. This case then serves to the day of his appointment in 1802, he shew-first, that, in addition to promohas never joined his regiment. But there tions, exchanges also were at the disposal seems to be some reason for granting him of Mrs. Clarke; and secondly, that the a perpetual leave of absence, as he has purse of the Commander in Chief was been on constant duty in London. This saved by the supply which his inistress gentleman was a member of the medical derived from such sources. The witnesses department of our army in the American to this case are, lieut. col. Brooke, lieut, war. If he deserved promotion, surely our col. Knight, Mrs. Clarke, and Mr. Thynne. medical staff is large enough to provide for -V.-As
is a contrast to the preceding him. What then could have taken him exchange, I shall take leave to state a case into the army? But to return to his pur- of peculiar hardship which occurred with. suits in London.— The 500l. lodged within the last year: two meritorious officers, this gentleman was paid to Mrs. Clarke, major Macdonald and major Sinclair, both by capt. Huxley Sandon, as soon as major of the first reg. of infantry, and both in.