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they beheld the destruction of the army manners, and of religion, contributed not of Gallicia at Espinosa ; of the army of a little to that disposition of men's minds. Estremadura at Burgos, of that of Arragon They reproached the Spaniards with harand Valencia, at Tudela; of the army of ing no longer an army to unite with theirs, reserve at Somo-Sierra ; in fine, they be- and with having deceived the English goheld the fall of Madrid without making vernment. The Spaniards returned for ana single movement, and without any at- swer, that Spain had numerous armies, but tempt to succour the Spanish armies, to that the English had allowed them to be whom, however, a division of the English destroyed without having made any effort troops would have proved of considerable to assist them. During the 15 days that assistance. In the beginning of Decem- have just elapsed, they did not fire a single ber, information was received that the musket. The light cavalry only had given columns of the British army were re- some blows with their swords. Gen. Dutreating on Corunna, where they were to resnel, at the head of 400 light horse of re-embark. By later accounts, it after- the guard, fell in at the close of the evenwards appeared that they had halted, and ing with a column of English infantry on that on the 16th Dec. they set out from their march, sabred a number of soldiers, Salamanca in order to take the field. As and carried disorder into the columns.early as the 15th, the light cavalry had Gen. Letebvre, Disnonettes, colonel of the marched from Valla lolid. The whole of chasseurs of the guard, detached two days the English army passed the Douro, and before, with three squadrons of his regiarrived on the 23d in presence of the duke ment, having taken a quantity of baggage, of Dalmatia at Saldanha.--As soon as the of women, and stragglers, and finding the Emperor was apprised at Madrid of this bridge of Ezela cut down, imagined that unexpected determination on the part of the town of Benavente was evacuated. the English, he marched in order to cut Carried away by that impetuosity with off their retreat, and pursue
their which the French soldiers have been so But notwithstanding the diligence exerted often reproached, he swam across the river, by the French troops, the passage of the
in order to make for Benavente, where he mountain of Guadarrama, which was co- fell in with the whole of the cavalry of vered with snow, the incessant rain, and the rear-guard of the English: a long conoverflowing of the torrents, delayed their test here ensued, of 400 men against 2000. march full two days. On the 22d the There was no resisting numbers. Those Emperor left Madrid. His head-quarters brave fellows recrossed the river. The were on the 23d at Villa-Castin, the 25th horse of gen. Lefebvre was killed by a at Tordesillas, and on the 27th at Medino ball. He had himself received a wound de Rio-Secco. On the 24th, at break of from a pistol shot, and, being dismounted, day, the enemy had began to move, in was made prisoner. Ten of his chasseurs, order to outflank the left of the duke of who had also been dismounted, were likeDalmatia, but having been informed dur- wise taken, 5 were drowned, and 20 were ing the morning of the movement that wounded. This sharp affair must have took place at Madrid, they immediately convinced the English what they would began to retreat, abandoning their Spanish have to dread from such men in general adherents, whose passions they had inflam- action ; gen. Lefebvre undoubtedly comed, the remains of the Galician army, mitted a fault, but it was the fault of a that had conceived fresh hopes, some of Frenchman; he ought to be blamed and their hospitals, a part of their baggage, and rewarded at the same time. The number a great number of stragglers. They com- of prisoners taken from the enemy, up to mitted great devastations, the inevitable the present moment, and who are chiefly result of forced marches of troops in retreat; composed of scattered individuals and straga they carried away with them mules, horses, glers, amounts to 300.-On the 28th the and several other effects; they pillaged a head-quarters of the Emperor were at great number of churches and convents. Valderas ; the bead-quarters of the duke In the abbey of Sahagun, which contained of Dalmatia at Manilla, the duke of El60 monks, and which had all along been chingen at Villatora. On his departure respected by the French army, they com- from Madrid, the Emperor appointed king mitted every sort of depredation. Every Joseph his lieut.-general, with the comwhere the priests and the monks were seen mand of the garrison of the capital, togeflying at their approach.--This disorderly ther with the corps of the dukes of Dantzic conduct exasperated the country against and Belluno; the divisions of cavalry of them, and their difference of language, Lasalle, Milhaud, and Latour Maubourg, , are left for the protection of the centre.- | that the Spanish armies had ceased to exThe weather is excecdingly bad. To a ist. The English, therefore, could not be piercing cold, heavy and continued rains ignorant that the Spaniards were without have succeeded. We suffer, but the Eng- armies. When, ten days ago, they again lish inust suffer still more.
moved forward, intoxicated with the silly
hope of deceiving the vigilance of the Twenty-Second Bulletin.
French general, they fell into the snare Benavente, Dec. 31.-On the 30th, the which the French general had laid for cavalry, commanded by the duke of Istria, drawing them into the open country. They passed the Ezela.
On the evening of the had before made some marches on their 30th, it traversed Benavente, and pursued return to their ships.—You ought, observe the enemy as far as Puenta de la Vilana. the Spaniards, to bave persisted in that On the same day the head-quarters were prudent determination, or else you should established at Benavente. The English have been in force enough to balance the were not satisfied with destroying an arch destinies of the French. Above all, you of the bridge of Ezela, but they also blew ought not to have at first advanced up the buttresses with mines, a damage with such confidence, only afterwards to wholly unprofitable, and which could be fall back with so much precipitation. You hurtful only to the country; the rear be- should not have drawn the theatre of the took themselves to the most shocking plun- war among us, and exposed us to the radering. The soldiers, in the excess of vages of the two armies. After having their continual intemperance, gave reins brought down upon our heads such accuto all the licentiousness of brutal inebriety. mulations of disasters, you ought not to Every thing in their conduct bespoke ra- throw the fault upon us.
-We have not ther an bostile army than one which came been able to resist the French troops ; nor to the assistance of a friendly power.-- do you seem more able to make head The contempt of the English for the Spa- against them. Forbear therefore to accuse niards gave a sharper edge to the impres- us, to outrage us—all our misfortunes we sion made by so many outrages. This owe to you.—The English bad reported experience will throw a salutary damp on throughout the country, that they had dethose insurrections, instigated by foreigners. feated 5000 of the French cavalry on the One cannot help regretting that the English banks of the Ezela, and that the field of had not sent ani ariny into Andalusia. The battle was covered with their dead. The army that passed through Benavente ten inhabitants of Benavente were much surdays ago, triumphed already in hope, and prised, upon visiting the neld of battle, to already having their colours hung with have found there only three Englishmen trophies, nothing could equal the audacity and two French. That contest, of 400 and security they displayed. On their men against 2000, (loes great honour to the return, their countenance was sadly chang- French. During the whole of the 29th, ed. They were harassed with fatigue, the river continued to swell considerably, and seemed to be borne down with shame so that at the close of the evening it became of retreating without a battle. In order impossible to ford it. It was in the midto anticipate the just reproaches of the dle of the river, and at the moment he was Spaniards, the English continued inces on the point of being drowned, that genesantly to repeat, that they had been pro-ral Lefebvre, being carried away by the mised to be joined by numerous forces ; current to the side occupied by the Engand the Spaniards repelled their calumnious lish, was made prisoner.
The loss of assertions by arguments to which there the enemy, in killed and wounded, in that was no answer.—Ten days ago, when the aflair of advanced posts, has been far greater English were traversing the country, they than that of the French. The flight of the well knew that the Spanish armies had English was so precipitate, that they left been destroyed. The commissaries whom at their hospital their sick and wounded, they employed to accompany the armies and were obliged to burn a fine magazine of the left
, of the centre, and of the right, of tents and cloathing. They killed all knew fuil well that it was not 50,000 mcn the horses that were over fatigued or only, but 180,000 men that the Spaniards wounded, and which might embarrass had put under arms; that these 180,000 their retreat. It is scarcely here to be men had fought, while, for six weeks, the credited how that spectacle, so shocking English had remained unconcerned spec- to our manners, of hundreds of horses tators of their struggles. These commissa- shot with pistols, is revolting to the Sparies could not but have made it known niards. Many persons look upon it as a
sort of sacrifice-some religious rite- | in their power to assist the Spaniards; which gives rise, in the mind of the Spa- that its leaders, or those whose orders they niards, to very strange pictures of the re-executed, have been guilty of the extreme ligion of England. The English are re- folly of making a movement forward after treating in the utmost haste. All the the Spanish armies had been destroyed ; Germans in their pay are deserting. Our that, in a word, it entered upon the new army will, this evening, be at Astorga year by running away, pursued by an enenear the borders of Gallicia.
my, whom it did not dare to fight, and by
the curses of those whom it had stirred up Twenty-Third-Bulletin.
to resistance, and whom it was its duty to Benavente, Jan. 1.- The duke of Dal support. Such enterprizes and such results matia arrived on the 30th December at can belong only to a country that has no Mancille, where was the left of the enemy, government. Fox, or even Pitt, would not consisting of the Spaniards under gen. have been guilty of such blunders. To Romana. Gen. Franceschi overthrew them contend against France by land, who has in a single charge, killed a great number, one hundred thousand cavalry, fifty thoutook two standards, and made prisoners a sand horses for all sorts of military equipcolonel, two lieut. colonels, fifty officers, ment, and nine hundred thousand infantry, and 1, 500 men.--- -On the 31st the duke of was, on the part of England, carrying folly Dalmatia entered Leon, where he found to the utmost extreme; it betrays indeed a 2000 sick. Romana succeeded Blake in greediness for disgrace; it is, in fine, to the command, after the battle of Espnosa. administer the affairs of England just as the The remains of that army, which, while cabinet of the Thuilleries could wish them before Bilboa, consisted of 50,000 men, to be administered. - It betrays no'small were reduced to almost 5000 at Mancilla. ignorance of Spain, to have imagined that These wretches, without clothes, and op- any importance could be attached to popu. pressed with every misery, filled the hospi- lar commotion, or to indulge the smallest tals.- The English are held in detestation hope that by kindling in that country the by these troops whom they despise, and by flames of sedition, such a conflagration the peaceable inhabitants whom they abuse could be attended with any
decided result and whose substance they devour, in order or any material duration.—A few fanatito support their own army.—The mind of cal priests are quite sufficient to compose the people of the kingdom of Leon is much and propagate libels, to carry a momentary changed. They loudly cry out for Peace disorder into the minds of men: but someand their King; they curse the English thing else is required to cause a nation to and their fallacious insinuations. They rise to arms.—At the time of the French reproach them with being the cause of the Revolution, it required three years and the shedding of Spanish blood, in order to feed presence of the convention to prepare the the English monopoly, and perpetuate the means of military successes; and who that war on the continent. The perfidy of does not know to what hazards France was England and her motives are now obvious nevertheless exposed ? France was, howto the meanest and most illiterate Spanish ever, stirred up. Supported by the unanipeasant. They know what they suffer : mous resolution to reassert rights of which and the authors of their sufferings are be- she had been deprived in times of obscurity. fore their eyes.—Meantime the English In Spain, it was a few men who stirred up retreat with the utmost haste, pursued by the people, in order to preserve the excluthe duke of Istria, with 9000 cavalry. sive possession of rights odious to the peoAmong the magazines which they burnt ple. Those who fought for the inquisition, at Benevente, were, independant of tents, for the Franciscans, and for feudal rights, 4000 blankets, and a great quantity of rum. might be animated by an ardent zeal for We picked up upwards of 200 waggons of their personal interests
, but could never inbaggage and aminunition, left on the road fuse into a whole nation a firm resolve or a from Benevente to Astorga. The shattered perinanent opinion. In spite of the Engremains of Romana's army threw them- lish feudal rights, the Franciscans, and the selves into the latter town, and increased inquisition, have no longer any existence the confusion.— The events of the English in Spain. - After the capture of Rosas, gen. expedition to Spain must furnish materials Gouvion Saint-Cyr shaped his march for a fine opening speech to the English against Barcelona, at the head of the 7th Parliament. The English nation must be corps. He dispersed every thing that he informed, that her army remained three found before that place, and formed a juncmonths in a state of inaction, while it was ' tion with gen. Duhesme. That junction
brought his army to 40,000 men.---The and obstinately contested, to the inclosed dokes of Treviso and Abrantes have car- Report of lieut.-gen. Hope, who succeedried all the outworks at Saragossa. The ed to the command of the army, and to gen. of engineers, Lacoste, is preparing whose ability and exertions in direction the means of getting possession of that city of the ardent zeal and unconquerable vawithout loss. — The king of Spain has gone lour of his majesty's troops, is to be attrito Aranjuez, in order to review the first buted, under Providence, the success of corps, commanded by the duke of Belluno. the day, which terminated in the complete
and entire repulse and defeat of the eneTwenty-fourth Bulletin.
my at every point of attack. The hon. Astorga, Jan. 2.--The Emperor arrived capt. Gordon, my aid-de-camp, will have at Astorga on the 1st of Jan. The road the honour of delivering this dispatch, from Benevente to Astorga is covered with and will be able to give your lordship any dead horses belonging to the English, with further information which may be requireii. travelling carriages, artillery, caissons and I have the honour to be, &c. D. BAIRD, warlike stores. There were found at As- | lieut-gen. torga magazines of sheets, blankets, and His majesty's ship Audacious, off Cothe tools and implements of pioneers.--runna, Jan. 18, 1809.-Sir; In compliAs to Romana's army, it is reduced almost ance with the desire contained in your to nothing. The small number that re- communication of yesterday, I avail my. main are without coats, shoes, pay, food, self of the first moment I have been able and it is no longer to be considered any to command, to detail to you the occurthing.–The Emperor has charged the rences of the action which took place in duke of Dalmatia with the glorious mission front of Corunna, on the 16th instant.-It of pursuing the English to the place of will be in your recollection, that about their debarkation, and of driving them one in the afternoon of that day, the ene. into the sea, at the point of the sword.— my, who had in the morning received reThe English will learn what it is to make inforcements, and who had placed some an inconsiderate movement in presence of guns in front of the right and left of his the French army. The manner in which line, was observed to be moving troops they have been driven from the kingdoms towards his left flank, and forming various of Leon and Gallicia, and the destruction columns of attack at that extremity of the of a part of their army, will, no doubt, strong and commanding position, which, teach them to be more circumspect of on the morning of the 15th, he had taken their operations on the continent.-All in our immediate front. This indication that remains of the Spanish insurgent of his intention was immediately succeedtroops has been without pay for several ed by the rapid and determined attack months back.
which he made upon your division, which
occupied the right of our position. The BATTLE OF CORUNNA.- London Gaceite Er- events which occurred during that period
traordinary, dated Downing-street, Jan. of the action you are fully acquainted 24, 1809.
with. The first effort of the enemy was The hon. captain Hope arrived late last met by the commander of the forces, and night with a dispatch from lieut.-gen. sir by yourself, at the head of the 42nd regt., David Baird to lord viscount Castlereagh, and the brigade under major-gen. terd one of his majesty's principal secretaries William Bentinck.— The village on your of state, of which the following is a copy: right became an object of obstinate con
His majesty's ship Ville de Paris, at sea, test.-I lament to say, that soon after the Jan. 18, 1809.—My Lord; By the mucn- severe wound which deprived the arıny of lamented death of lieuto-general sir John your services, lieut.-gen. sir John Moore, Moore, who fell in action with the enemy who had just directed the most able dison the 16th instant, it has become my positions, fell by a cannon-shot. The duty to acquaint your lordship, that the troops, though not unacquainted with the French army attacked the British troops irreparable loss they had sustained, were in the position they occupied in front of not dismayed, but by the most determined Corunna, at about 2 o'clock in the after- bravery not only repelled every attempt noon of that day:-A severe wound, which of the enemy to gain ground, but actually compelled me to quit the field a short forced him to retire, although he had time previous to the fall of sir John Moore, brought up fresh troops in support of those obliges me to refer your lordship for the originally engaged.-The enemy, finding particulars of the action, which was long himself foiled in every attempt to force the right of the position, endeavoured by , late commander of the forces, to withdraw numbers to turn it. A judicious and well- the army on the evening of the 16th, for timed movement, which was made by the purpose of embarkation, the previous major-gen. Paget, with the reserve, which arrangements for which had already been corps had moved out of its cantonments to made by his order, and were, in fact, far support the right of the army, by a vigo- advanced at the commencement of the rous attack, defeated this intention. The action. The troops quitted their position major-general having pushed forward the about ten at night, with a degree of order 95th (rifle corps) and 1st battalion 52nd that did them credit. The whole of the regimients, drove the enemy before him, artillery that remained unembarked having and in his rapid and judicious advance, been withdrawn, the troops followed in the threatened the left of the enemy's position. order prescribed, and marched to their reThis circumstance, with the position of spective points of embarkation in the town lieut.-gen. Fraser's division, (calculated to and neighbourhood of Corunna. The picgive still further security to the right of quets remained at their posts until five in the line) induced the enemy to relax his the morning of the 17th, when they were efforts in that quarter.—They were how- | also withdrawn with similar orders, and ever more forcibly directed towards the without the enemy having discovered the centre, where they were again successfully movement.-By the unremitted exertions resisted by the brigade under major-gen. of captains the hon. H. Curzon, Gosselin, Manningham, forming the left of your di- Boys, Rainier, Serrett, Hawkins, Digby, vision, and a part of that under major-gen. Carden, and Mackenzie, of the royal navy, Leith, forming the right of the division who, in pursuance of the orders of rear. under my orders. Upon the left, the ene- adm. de Courcy, were entrusted with the my at first contented himself with an at- service of embarking the army; and in tack upon our picquets, which however in consequence of the arrangements made general maintained their ground. Finding by commissioner Bowen, capiains Bowen however his efforts unavailing on the right and Shepherd, and the other agents for and centre, he seemed determined to ren- transports, the whole of the army were der the attack upon the left more serious, embarked with an expedition which has and had succeeded in obtaining possession seldom been equalled. With the excepof the village through which the great tion of the brigades under major-generals road to Madrid passes, and which was si- Hill and Beresford, which were destined tuated in front of that part of the line. to remain on shore, until the movements From this post, however, he was soon ex- of the enemy should become manifest, the pelled, with considerable loss, by a gallant whole was afloat before day light. The attack of some companies of the 2nd bat- brigade of major-gen. Beresford, which talion 14th regiment, under lieut.-colonel was alternately to form our rear-guard, ocNicholls; before five in the evening, we cupied the land front of the town of Cohad not only successfully repelled every runna; that under major-Gen. Fill was attack made upon the position, but had stationed in reserve on the promontory in gained ground in almost all points and occu- rear of the town. The enemy pushed his pied a more forward line than at the com- light troops towards the town soon after mencement of the action, whilst the ene- eight o'clock in the morning of the 17th, my confined his operations to a cannonade, and shortly after occupied the heights of St. and a fire of his light troops, with a view Lucia, which command the harbour. But to draw off his other corps. At six the notwithstanding this circumstance, and the firing entirely ceased. The different bri- manifold defects of the place, there being gades were re-assembled on the ground no apprehension that the rear-guard could they occupied in the morning, and the be forced, and the disposition of the Spapicquets and advanced posts resumed their niards appearing to be good, 'he emarkaoriginal stations.—Notwithstanding the de- tion of inaj.-gen. Ilill's brigadie was comcided and marked superiority which at this menced and completed hy 3 in the aftermoment the gallantry of the troops had noon; maj.-gen. Beresford, with that zeal given them over an enemy, who, from his and ability which is so well known to yournumber and the commanding advantages self and the whole army, having fu ly exof his position, no doubt expected an easy plained, to the satisfaction of the Spanish victory, I did not, on reviewing all circum- governor, the nature of our movement, stances, conceive that I should be warrant- and having made every previous arrangeed in departing from what I knew was the ment, withdrew his corps from the land fixed and previous determination of the I front of the town soon after dark, and was,