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with threats to dethrone the Emperor, un- | by those, over whom they have tyranless he withdraws his armies and negociates nized; many a mob of vile wretches, who, an immediate peace with England. What instead of exercising the power of making would this hireling say, if a number of laws, ought to be working at the galleys or persons in England were found to engage in the mines; many a set of these most in a plan to excite an insurrection for a detestable of mankind, who inflict all similar purpose : to compel the king, for the pains and penalties of despotism, instance, to make peace with Buonaparté ? under the names and forms of liberty and What would the hireling sayWhy, law.-I am satisfied, that, if the people

away with the traitors to the gallows and of this country enjoy their rights, France “ the gibbet !” Those, who should be never can invade us with success, howguilty of such a crime in England, would eier powerful she may be. Being satis. be • traitors.” And, why are they not fied of this, I look upon Buonaparte's traitors in Russia ? That is a “ regular go-power with much less terror than most “ vernment” as well as this. Where is people do; and I can truly say, that, for the difference, then? The fact is this; that some years past, his successes have given we appear to have laid it down as a maxim, me no uneasiness. Knowing that he canthat nothing, in any creature, is criminal not beat us if we have our rights, I know, that tends to our advantage; or, rather, to of course, that there is no danger, to be the advantage of those, who live upon the apprehended from him, which danger it taxes in England. -I am, however, most is not in our power to remove. With surprized at the Morning Coronicle, which those, who think that the people ought seems to have enlisted under the banners not to have their rights, the case must of the most sanguine Deliverers, and which be very different; but, an excellent genereally seems to suppose, that to cut Buona- ral rule is, that, what is good for them parte's throat would produce a restoration is bad for us, and what is bad for them is of the golden age. The Morning Chro- good for us; and, I must confess, that, nicle is continually belabouring poor when I hear certain people express tkeir Buonaparté; and without rhyme or rea- sorrow at events upon the continent, I deson. I should like to have an opportunity rive great consolation from reflecting, that of seriously asking the editor of that paper, what makes them sorry, must, somehow or whether he really believes; whether he other, contain that which ought to make can believe, that totally to destroy the me glad. I do not stop to ask how this power of Buonaparté would be an unequi-is. I draw the consolatory conclusion at vocal good. I should like to put this once, feeling it impossible that their inquestion to him, and to receive his answer, terests and mine should ever, in any case, in a frank manner.

This editor must cer- be the same. -Seeing things in this tainly see, that, if all the old governments way, I am not in such haste to wish for of Europe were, all at once again restored, the total overthrow of the power of Buonathey would not only restore all their parté, which power, as I said before, is not abuses, but would create tens of thousands at all dangerous to , us, if we have our of new ones, and would take care so to rights; for, in that case, it is quite imbind down their subjects, so to load them possible for him to set his foot in England. with chains, as to relieve themselves from We ought, therefore, to think well before all future danger of revolution. In short, we make any further effort to send troops a system of slavery, such as never upon the continent. At sea we ought to before heard of, would be established from be very careful to preserve a decided -suone end to the other of the continent. I periority; but, I really cannot see what should suppose, that, without tracing the we have to do with any part of the conconsequences to England, here is quite tinent, the coasts of Spain and France exenough to make any reflecting man doubt cepted. -On we shall go, however, in the wisdom of wishing for the total de- the old way ; millions upon millions struction of the power of Buonaparté. more will be expended upon continentBesides, as

he
goes on,

he does some good al projects; we shall be so much the as well as mischief. He must sweep away weaker, and he, whose power we are so many a gang of public-robbers; many a anxious to annihilate, will be so much the nest of harpies lie tramples to death in stronger. This is my opinion as to what his progress; many knots of petty tyrants will take place; and I shall be very glad he disperses, stripped of their ill-gotten au- to find myself deceived. The war, with thority, and leaves them to cuffed about

our government, has long been a war of

was

passion. Reason and policy have no longer , doing any thing as to which the sense of any thing to do with it.

It is a war

the county is to be taken; and, if the against Napoleon's person. So it really Sheriff, an officer appointed by the king, is to appears; for the moment there is a be the judge whether, upon any occasion, chance of getting at him, away we send a meeting is to be held, or not; why, then, men and money and ships and every thing of course, the people are never to meet in that we can rake together. This is fine County Meeting without the king's permission. sport for the contractors and jobbers; but, And this is “ the constitution,is it? This what say those who have their incomes is that constitution, is it, for which we are froin the funds, and which incomes must to fight, and to spend our last shilling?go regularly on diminishing : No matter; Upon this occasion, there is something for, it is to their credulity in the first place, peculiarly odious in the refusal of the and their baseness in the next place, that Sherifi'; because he makes use of the auwe owe all the complicated evils under thority of the king in opposition to Mr. Warwhich we now labour.

dle. Well, let him do it: we shall see who Essex MEETING. - From the docu- will lose by it in the end. ments, relating to this Meeting, which will N. B. Mr. Wandle's Speech in my be found below, it will be seen, that the next, at full length if possible; and, when Sheriff took upon him to refuse to call a we have that before us, we shall, with the County-Meeting, because some persons greater advantage, proceed with our dissent him a requisition not to call one. The cussion of the subject of Parliamentary impudence of this surpasses every thing. Reform. It is very clear, that if this be permitted, Botley, Thursday, 29 June, 1809. there can be no County-Meeting, unless the minister of the day pleases, that there

PROCEEDINGS should be one; for, the minister has the | In Counties, Cities, Boroughs, &c. rechusing of the Sheriff, and the Sheriff can lative to the recent INQUIRY in the House always get people to send him a paper, if of Commons, respecting the Conduct of the he will ask for it, requesting him not to DUKE OF York. (Continued from p. 945.) do what he wishes not to do. The “ 'glorious Constitution” would come to be a

ESSEX MEETING, fine thing at last. The people might have to the Nobility, Clergy, Freeholders, and Meetings to petition the king; Oh, yes! Inhabitants of the County of Essex : certainly, meetings to petition the king, We, the undersigned Freeholders and just as often as the king's servants please, but no Inhabitants of the County of Essex, reoftener; and, of course, they would please quest you to assemble at the Shire-hall

, at only when the evident intention of the peo- Chelmsford, on Tuesday next the 27th ple was to praise them, or their conduct. inst. at twelve o'clock, for the purpose of What a despicable farce! Really one can taking into consideration the propriety of not talk of it with patience. To confine returning thanks to G. L. Wardle, esq. for oneself within common bounds of expres- bis spirited and upright conduct in the sion, is to wrong one's indignant feelings. House of Commons, and the members who

-I am told, that Essex is a famous coun- supported him during the late Inquiry ; ty for Political Parsons, who are also Jus- and also of expressing your sentiments on tices of the Peace. Some of these, at the the corrupt Practices and gross Abuses Cintra-Meeting, acted a most indecent which have been brought to light by evipart. A gentleman, who was present, told dence given in that house during the late me, that they split and tore up a large ma- session of parliament-We are compelled hogany dining table, and flew at their op- to make this direct application to you, in ponents, brandishing the legs and other consequence of the refusal of the Sheriff, parts of it.

And there are those who to whoin two Requisitions have been prewonder why the Churches are empty!- sented, desiring him to use that authority There has been a good deal of talk about to convene the County, which, by late

popular encroachment;" but, I do not practice, has devolved officially upon him, believe, that, at any period of the history and the ministerial exercise of which has of England, the people were ever treated been rarely, if ever, before refused. The with such contempt as they have now been first Requisition he rejected on the ground treated with in Essex. A County Meeting of the subscribers not having designated is the usual mode of assembling for the themselves Freeholders, and on account of purpose of addressing or petitioning or the Inhabitants being summoned as well

yet

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as Freeholders. Whether, maintaining as the 8th of June, 1809, the following Resowe still do the right of the Inhabitants, | lution was adopted :~ That, having learnt we can be justified or not in our conces- that a Requisition, signed by 100 respecsion to his opinion, we did concede those table gentlemen and yeomen of the County, points, which his letter led us to imagine has been presented to the High-Sheriff, formed the only objections to our Requi- to convene a Meeting of the County for sition, and presented another in the manner the

purpose of returning Thanks to G. L. he prescribed. This second Requisition Wardle, esq. for his spirited and upright however was, to our surprize, likewise re- conduct in the House of Commons during fused, upon a ground totally different from the late Inquiry, and also to express their those alleged in the first instance; namely, sentiments on the corrupt practices which on account of an application conveyed to have been brought to light by evidence him from a great number of persons in given in that House ; and having likewise various parts of the County, expressing an heard that an application has been made opinion that such Meeting was unneces- to the Sheriff, with a view of preventing sary and inexpedient. This application, such Meeting from taking place, and that it is to be observed, the Sheriff states to the High-Sheriff has declined to convene have received on or before the 31st ult., the County, upon the ground of the Realthough in his answer, dated the 2d inst., quisition not purporting to be a Requisihe makes no mention of that circumstance tion of the Freeholders, and of the Subas forming any ground for his refusal at scribers to it not being designated themthat time. We shall abstain now from selves as such: We, the undersigned any comment upon these proceedings; Freeholders and Inhabitants of the County, but we most anxiously call upon you to without giving any opinion upon the quesmaintain the Right of the People to meet tions that may be submitted to a County and consider the conduct of their Repre- Meeting, do declare our sentiments, that sentatives, to canvas public measures, and Meetings of the Freeholders and Inhato prefer any petition, complaint, remon- bitants, to consider the conduct of their strance, or other declaration or address to Representatives, and to discuss public the King, or either House of Parliament.

on occasions that they deem This is a fundamental right, which it is sufliciently important, are highly expethe duty of every man to assert and de- dient; that this is an inalienable right of fend ; and which would be practically the People, the exercise of which ought destroyed if a judicial power founded on not to be inpeded, and which cannot be any authority or advice of individuals can taken away without an infringement of be assumed by the Sheriff, and is allowed the Constitution which is the pride and to prevent the assembling of the people boast of Britain, and the envy and admirafor such purposes, and on such occasions. tion of the world. (Signed) T. Brand, (Signed) Montagu Burgoyne, Mark Ilall; H. St. John Mildmay, W. Honywood, S. Chamberlayne, Ryes; John Disney, W. Smith, S. Whitbread, C. C. Western, The Ilyde; J. B. Chamberlayne, Ryes; R. Baker, M. Burgoyne, P. Ducane, jun., T. H. White, Sewells, Harlow; W. Lord, T. Holt White, W. Martin, J. Reddin. J. Gladwyns; Daniel W. Harvey, Feering Claridge, T. Wood, Daniel Ross, S. ChanHouse; W. Newman, Brentwood; W. berlayne, Peter Wright, Osgood Hanbury, Bliss, Brentwood; J. Barnard, Harlow; John Luard, John Disney, J. B. ChamberRalph Polley, Bocking; J. Mumford, layne, T. W. Western, Charles Onley, Harlow; G. W. Potter, Rochford ; James Philip Salter, T. T. Cock, J. Griggs, R. M. Hobbs, Braintree; James Dighy, Roch. Robinson, Jeffrey Salter, J. Godfrey, G. ford ; Robert King, Brentwood; Joseph Wyatt, J. Joyner, D. W. Harvey, 'Wm. Aldridge, Baddow; Joseph Joyner, High Newman, G. Prentice, J. Digby, J. Llobbs, House ; W. B. Jarrold, Manningtree; T. Robert King, Jos. Aldridge, W. Lord, J. Chaplin, Harlow; David Taylor, Harlow; Barnard, Ralph Polley, W. B. Jarrold, Frederic John Nash, Bishop Stort ford; J. Mumford, Tho. Marsh, John RichardJohn Cochran, Plaistow; W. Cordell, son, T. Joslin, T. Wright, James Kavanah, London; Joseph Jackson, London; W. John Grore, John Clarke, Wm. Bliss, Hibbit, West Ham.

John Offin, Abraham Offin, T. Finch,

John Sturgeon, Wm. Overhead, Charles At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Marston, John Offin, jun., Rob. White, Inhabitants of the County of Essex, heid Wm. Offin, J. Jackson, T. Keye, James at the Crown and Anchor, in the Strand, Keye.

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OFFICIAL PAPERS.

day, the 27th, taking with him hardly 25

or 30,000 men, of the fine army with French ARMY IN AUSTRIA.

which he entered Italy. Arrogance, in

sults, excitements to revolt, all his actions, Thirteenth Bulletin, dated Ebersdorf, May 28. which bear the stamp of rage, have turned

to his shame.- The people of Italy have During the night of the 26th and 27th, conducted themselves as the people of Alour bridges on the Danube were carried sace, Normandy, or Dauphine, would have away by the waters and the mills which done. On the retreat of our soldiers, have been set free. We had not time to they accompanied them with their vows finish the piles and fix the great iron and their tears, and led individuals who chain. To day one of the bridges has had lost their way, by bye-paths, five days been re-established, and we expect the march to their army; and when any other will be completed to morrow. The French or Italian prisoners were brought Emperor spent yesterday on the left bank | by the enemy into their towns or villages, surveying the fortifications which are the inhabitants brought them assistance, raising on the island of In-der-Lobau and and during the nights endeavoured to disin order to inspect some regiments of the guise them and assist them in their night. duke de Rivoli's corps, stationed at this --The proclamations and the discourses of sort of tête-dc-pont.-On the 27th, at the archduke John inspired only connight capt. Baillie, aid-de-camp of the tempt and scorn ; and it would be ditliViceroy, brought the agreeable tidings of cult to describe the joy of the people of the arrival of the Army of Italy at Bruck. the Piave, the Taglimento, and of the Gen. Lauriston had been sent in advance, Frioul, when they saw the army of the and the junction took place on the Simer- enemy flying in disorder, and the army of ingberg. A chasseur of the 9th, who the sovereign and the country returning was proceeding as scout to a detachment in triumph. -When the papers were exaof the Army of Italy, met a chasseur of a mined which belonged to the intendant of platoon of the 20th, sent by gen. Lauriston. the Austrian army, who was at the head · After having observed each other for some both of the government and the police; and time, they discovered that they were

which were taken at Parlua, in four car. Frenchmen, and embraced. The chas. riages, the proof of the love which the seur of the 20th proceeded to Bruck to re- people of Italy bear to the imperor was pair to the Viceroy, and the chasseur of then discovered. Every body refused the the 9th repaired to gen. Lauriston, to inform places offered them ; no one was willing to him of the approach of the Army of Italy. serve Austria ;, and among seven millions During twelve days the two armies had re- of men, who compose the population of ceived no intelligence of each other. On the kingdom, the enemy could not find the evening of the 20th, gen. Lauriston more than three wretches who did not rewas at Bruck, at the head-quarters of the pel seduction. The regimen ́ts of Italy, Viceroy.— The Viceroy has displayed, who had distinguished themse Ives in Poduring the whole campaign, a calmness land, and who had emulated in th.e campaign and an extent of observation which are in Catalonia, the most ancient French the presages of a great general.-In the campaigns, covered themselves with glory relation of facts which have graced the in every engagement. The people of Army of Italy during these last 20 days, Italy are marching with rapid strides to his Majesty has marked with pleasure ihe the last period of a happy change. That destruction of the corps of Jellachich. It beautiful part of the Continen 1, to which was this general whose insolent proclama are attached so many great and illustrious tion enkindled the fury and sharpened the recollections, which the Court of Rome, daggers of the Tyrolese. Pursued by the that swarm of monks, and its os en divisious, duke of Dantzic-in danger of being had ruined, is appearing with boaour flanked by the brigade of gen. Dupellin, again on the theatre of Europe.--- All the whom the duke of Auerstadt had dis- details which reach us of the Austrian patched by way of Mariazell, he ran a army shew, that on the 21st and 22nd its into a snare upon the ran of the Army of loss was enormous. The choice troops of Italy.The archduke John, who, so short the army hare perished. The good folks a time since in the excess of his presump- of Vienna say, that the manæuvres of tion, degraded himself by bis letter to the gen. Danube saved the Austrian army: duke of Ragusa, evacuated Gratz yester- The Tyrol and the Voralberg are

com

pletely subjected. Carniola, Styria, Ca- protect the bridge and render great serrinthia, the territory of Saltzburg, Upper vice.—The battalion of marine workmen and Lower Austria, are pacified and dis- labour in the construction of little armed armed.— Trieste, that city where the vessels, which will serve completely to French and Italians suffered so many in- command the river.—After the defeat of sults, has been occupied. One circum- the corps of gen. Jellachich, M. Matthieu, stance in the capture of Trieste, has been capt.-adjutant of the staff of the army of most agreeable to the Emperor--the de- Italy, was sent with an orderly dragoon livery of the Russian squadron. It had upon the road to Saltzburgh, who having received orders to fit out for Ancona, but, succe

ccessively met with a column of 650 detained by contrary winds, it remained troops of the line, and a column of 2,000 in the power of the Austrians.--The junc- militia, both of whom were cut off, and tion of the army of Dalmatia will soon had lost their way; they, on being sumtake place. The duke of Ragusa began moned to surrender, laid down their arms. his march as soon as he heard that the — The general of division Lauriston is ararmy of Italy was on the Isonzo. It is rived at Oldenburgh, the first country town hoped that it will arrive at Laybach before of Hungary, with a strong advanced the 5th of June.--The robber Schill, who guard. "There appears to be some ferment assumed, and with reason, the title of ge- in Hungary, where men's minds are dineral in the service of England, after har víded, the greater part of them not seeming prostituted the name of the king of ing favourable to Austria.-The general Prussia, as the satellites of England pros- of division Lasalle has his head-quarters titute that of Ferdinand at Seville, has been opposite to Besbourgh, and pushes his pursued and chased into an island of the posts to Altenbourgh, and Rhaab.—Three Elbe.---The king of Westphajia, indepen- divisions of the army of Italy are arrived dently of 15,000 men of his own troops, at Neustadt. The Viceroy has been for had a Dutch division and a French divi- the last two days at the head-quarters of sion; and the duke of Valmy has already the Emperor.-General Macdonald, who united at Hanau two divisions of the corps commands one of the corps of the army of observation, commanded by generals of Italy, has entered Gratz. There have Rivaud and Despeaux, and composed of been found in this capital of Styria imthe brigades Lameth, Clement,'Taupin, mense magazines of provisions, clothing, and Vaufieland.— The rage of the princes and equipments of every kind. The duke of the house of Lorraine against Vienna of Dantzic is at Lintz. The prince of may be painted with one stroke. The ca- Ponte Corvo is marching to Vienna. The pital is fed by 40 mills, raised on the left general of division Vandamme, with the bank of the river. They have removed Wirtemburgers, is arrived at St, Polten, and destroyed them.

Mautern, and Crems. Tranquillity reigns Fourteenth Bulletin, dated Ebersdorf, June 1.

in the Tyrol; cut off by the movements

of the duke of Dantzic and of the army The bridges upon the Danube are of Italy, all the Austrians who have encompletely re-established: to these have gaged in that point have been destroyed; been added a flying bridge; and all the some by the duke of Dantzic, others, such necessary materials are preparing for ano- as the corps of Jellachich, by the army of ther bridge of floats. Seven machines are Italy. Those who were in Swabia had no employed to drive in the piles, but the other resource than to endeavour to cross Danube being in many places 24 and 26 Germany as partisans,directing their march feet in depth, much time is spent in order by the Upper Palatinate. They formed to fix the anchors, when the machines are a small column of infantry and cavalry, displaced. However, our works are ad- which, after escaping from Lindau, was vancing, and will be finished in a short met by col. Reiset, of gen. Beaumont's time.-The gen.

of brigade of engineers, corps of observation. It was cut off at Lazowski, is employed on the left bank Neumarck; and the whole column, officers upon a tête-de-pont of 1,000 toises in ex- and soldiers, laid down their arms.–Vienna tent, and which will be surrounded by a is tranquil; bread and wine are in abundtrench full of running water.— The 44th ance; but meat, which this capital used crew of the flotilla of Boulogne, com- to draw from the bottom of Hungary, manded by the captain de vaisseau Baste, begins to be scarce. Contrary to all reais arrived. A great number of boats, sons of policy and motives of humanity, eruizing in the river about the islands, the enemy do all in their power to starye

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