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28, lei, la. I

87 fore the iere be a in: And

though > or, non le Speech he Exprefe Verbinis always

V. s. ha Ons ella or 2. elle, ella,

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die Signorie

RULE

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CHA P. III.

Of PRONOUN S.

RU L E I...

A

Verb in the Affirmative ; and if there be a Negative, Non is put before the Pronoun: And note, the second Person Plural is used, though speaking to a single person. * Ex. I give it you, . vela , or, lo à V.S. or,

le lo .' I do not lend it you, non velo presto, or, non

li lo prefto.

* For greater Civility, and to render the Speech more agreeable, the Italians frequently torn the Expreffion, and use the third Person Singular of the Verb’instead of the second, with Vofhignoria, which is always wrote by V.S. As, You are in the right of it, V. S. ha ragione, and not havete ragione. And to avoid the frequent Repetition of V.S. the Personal Pronouns ella or bei are made use of in all their Cases, viz. Nom. elle, ella, Gen. delle, di lei, Dat. à lui, le, Acc. elle, lei, la. Abl. dille, da lei; and in the Plural Number. le lignurie turo, delle fignorie loro, alte hgnorie loro, dalle fignorie

Loro,

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RULE II.

Personal Pronouns are put after the Verb in the Imperative and Infinitive Moods, also with a Participle ; but if the Imperative Mood be a Ne. gative, the Pronoun is put before the Verb, and the Negative non begins the Sentence: And note, the last Vowel of the Infinitive Mood is taken away before Pronouns. Ex. Shew it me, moftrate me lo, or, mostri melo

V.S.
For to give it you, per darvelo.
Having seen it, havendo lo veduto.
Do not tell it me, non melo dite.

-
1.

1 RU Ľ E' III.

.1

In a Question, if there be but one Personal Pronoun, it is seldom expressed, and the Sound of the Voice rather thews the Question.

Ex. Does he go gi?
Is he gone? è andato ?...

bi RULE IV. ? Boots ?. In a Question, it, and the Pronouns which are put before the Verb in French, are in the like manner put before the Verb in Italian ; and the Pronoun after the Verb, is not expreffed if there be a Negative, non is.put at the Beginning.

£x. Does he fend it me i me le invia,

Does he not lend it me? non melo prefta?

A Rehearsal of the foregoing Rules
SI lend it you, velo preftore
I do not give it you, non vele di,

s do I lend it you? velo presto?
4 ¿do not you lead it met non melo preftate?

S give it me, date melo.
2 do not give it me, nan mel, datea!

does he go ? eghi? 3. Lis he or she gone andatge M. andata? F. ŞI come to see

you, vengo a vedervi, or, vederlaa having seen him, havendo lo veduto.

2

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When the Participle Common denotes the Time past, it is always put the last of the Sentence, except it be an Adverb. Ex. I have never seen him, non l'ho mai veduto. I have known him very well, l. cognofcuito

benissimo.

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The Participle Common bearing Relation to a Noun before mentioned, and also coming after

who,

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