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plained in the following Rules ; yet it may not be improper to give the Learner here an Example of their Declensions. The Definite Article Il. or Lo. the or a, Maf
culine. La the or a, Feminine. Sing. Nom. II. the, or a.
Gen. del. of the, or of a.
Abl. dal. from the, or from a.
Gen. dei. or delli. of the,
Abl. dai or dalli from the.
Gen. dello. of the, or of a.
Abl. dallo. from the, or from a.
Gen degli. of the.
Sing. Nom. la. the, or a.
Gen. della. of the, or of a.
Plur. Nom. le. the.
Gen delle. of the.
The Articles il, and lo, Singular, with their Plurals i, ii, and gli, serve to the Masculine Gender, and la Sing. le Plural to the Feminine.
Of the NOUNS.
HE Nouns in the Italian Tongue do not
vary their Cases, but like to the English and French, their Cases are distinguished by the Article only ; and the Nouns in the Italian Tongue terminate or end in one of the Vowels a, e, i,
I shall give an Example of the Declension of Nouns, with the Articles, as in the foregoing Chapter, according to their Terminations.
I. NOUNS ending in a are of the Feminine
to the House.
Nouns of this Gender, beginning with a Vowel,
make the Article apostrophed in this wise :
Gen. dell' ànima, of a soul.
Note. 1. Nouns ending in ca and ga, introduce ħ in the Plural Number before the last Vowel, in order to soften the Pronunciation; as, la manica a Neeye, le maniche Plur. la piaga' a wound, le piaghe Plur.
2. Nouns ending in ty in English, and in Italian in tà accented, make their Termination alike in both Numbers, Singular and Plural; as, Chastity,
la castità, le castità Plur. Purity, la purità, Le purità Plur.
3. Nouns of this Termination in a, being Names of Offices or Dignity, are Masculine, and make their Plural in i; as, il profeta a Prophet, li profeti Plur. il podestà a Governor, makes li podestà Plur. il papa a Pope, i papi Plur.
II. Nouns ending in l, both Masculine and
Feminine, Substantives and Adjectives, make
Masculine Gender, Singular.
Feminine Gender, Singular.
to a Mother.
Abl. dalle Madri, from the Mothers. Exception to this Rule, il Rè a King makes i Rè in the Plural; as do also, la Specie a Figure, le Specie ; la Superficie the Superficies, le Superficie ; ” Ēffegie the Effigies, le Effegie ; la Temperie the Season, le Temperie, and some others.
Bue an Ox makes Buoi in the Plural, Moglia a Wife makes Mogli, Mille a Thousand makes Mila Plural.
Note. Nouns which end in me, are of the Mafculine Gender ; as, il Fiume a River, il Verme a Worm ; except two only, la Speme Hope, la Fame Hunger.
II. All Nouns ending in ore, are of the Masculine Gender ; as, il Cuore the Heart, il Calore Heat, &r. Also Nouns ending in re and nte, except a few of each Termination; as, la Madre a Mother, la Torre a Tower, la Polvere Dust, la Febre a Fever, which are of the Feminine Gender. In nte, there are but two Nouns of the Feminine Gender, viz. la Gente a Nation, la Mente the Mind.
Also the Italians say il and la Fante a Man or Woman Servant, il and la Fronte the Forehead; and the Variation of the Gender in other Nouns is generally as in Latin, and will be found in the Dictionary, and readily occur by Practice.