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first rem. + 2 True Quotient 225893

True rem. 65 2 Divide 178464 by 16.

Ans. 11154 3. Divile 467412

by 24.

Ans. 194751 4. Divide 9-12941

by 35.

Ans. 269243's 5. Divile 79633 by 30.

Ans. 22123 6. Divide 144872 by 48.

Ans. 3018 7. Divisle 037587 by 5-4.

Ans. 1755931 8. Divide 93975 by 84.

Ans. 111841 9. Divide 145200 by 108.

Ans. 1345 10. Divide 1575560 by 144.

Ans. 10940 2. To divide by 10, 100, 1000, &c.

73

RULE. Cut off as many figures from the right hand of the divi. dend as thicre are cyphers in the divisor, anıl these figures so cut ofl

' are the remainder; and the other figures of the dividend are the quotient.

EXAMPLES. 1. Divide 565 by 10.

ins, 36 and 5 remains. 2. Divide 5769 by 100. Ins. 57 62 rem. 3. Divide 763753 by 1000. Ans. 763 753 rem.

S2'PPLEMENT TO MULTIPLICATION. To inuliinly by a mixt number; that is a whole nunber joineid nin a fraction, as 81, 5, 63, &c.

RULE. Multiply by the whole number, and take t, d, 1, &c. 0? the Multiplicaoil, and add it to the product.

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EXAMPLES. Multiply S7 by 231.

Multiply 48 by 21. 2)37

231

48

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Questions to Exercise Multiplication and Division. 1. What will 9 tons of hay come to, at 14 dollars a

Ans. $156). 2. If it takes 320 rods to make a mile, and every rod contains 55 yards; how many yards are there in a mile?

Jins. 1760. 3. Sold a ship for 11516 dollars, and I owned of her ; what was my part of the money? Ans. 88637.

4. In 276 barrels of raisins, eaeh 3 cwt. how many hundred weight?

Ans. 966 cwt. 5. In 56 pieces of cloth, each piece containing, 241 yards ; how many yards in the whole ? Ans. 873 yds. 6. What is the product of 161 multiplied by itself?

Ans. 25921. 7. If a man spends 492 dollars a year, what is that per calendar month?

Ans. S41. 8. A privateer of 65 men took a prize, which being equally divided among them, amounted to 1191. per man ; what is the value of the prize ?

Ans. 17755. I. What number multiplied by 9, will make 225 ?

Ans. 25. 10. The quotient of a certain nuinber is 457, and the divisor 8 ; what is the dividend :

Ans. S656. u What cost 9 yds. of cloth, at Ss. per yard ?

Aizs. 27s. 12. What cost 45 oxen, at 81, per head ? Ans. £,360.

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13. What cost 144 lb. of Indigo, at 2 dols. 50 cts. nr 250 cents

per
Ib.

Ans. S360. 14. Write down four thousanel six hundred and seventeen, multiply it by twelve, divide the product by nine, and add 365 to the quotient, then from that sum subtract five thousand five hundred and twenty-one, and the remainder will be just 1000. Try it and see.

COMPOUND ADDITION, Is the adding of several numbers together, having dise ferent denominations, but of the sanie generic kind, as pounds, shillings and pence, &c. Tons, hundreds, quar

ters, &c.

RULE.*

1. Place the nuinbers so that those of the same denomination may stand directly under each other.

2. Add the first column or denomination together, as in whole numbers; then divide the sum by as many of the same denomination as make one of the next greater; setting down the remainder under the column added, and carry the quotient to the next superior denomination, continuing the same to the last, which add, as in simple addition,

1. STERLING MONEY,

Is the money of account in Great-Britain, and is reckoned in Pounds, Shillings, Pence and Farthings. See the Pence Tables.

* The reason of this rule is evident: For, addition of this money, as 1 in the pence is equal to 4 in the farthings; 1 in the shillings, to 12 in the pence; and 1 in the pounds, to 20 in the shillings ; therefore carrying as directed, is the arranging the inoney, arising from each column, properly in the scale of denominations; and this reasoning will hold good in the addition of compound numbers of any denomination whatever.

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EXAMPLES.

S

d. What is the sum total of 471. 13s. C47 13 6 6d.-191. 2s. 9 d.-141. 10s. 114d.

19

2 91 and 121. 9s, 13d. ?

Thus 14 10 111

9 11

Answer, £. 93 16 41 (2)

T45
S. d. £. s.

£. s.
17 13 11 84 17 5 3 30 11 4 2
13 10 2 75 13 4 2 15

10 9 1
10 17
50 17 8 2

1 0 1 2
8
20 10 10 1

3 9 8 3
3

16 .5 0 4 6 3 1

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. £ s. d.
105 17 6
193 10 11
901 13 0
319 19 7

48 17 4
104 11 9

90 16 7 111 99 976 O 10 449 126 29 10 4

(9)
s.

d.
940 10 7
36: 9 11
11 4 10
141 10
126 14
104 19
160 10
100 0

9 0

019 120 0

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S.
97 11
20 0
144 1 10
17 11 9
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1€ 101
0 19 91
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234 11 101
180 14 6
421 10 31
341 10 4

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11. Find the amount of the following fo. sums, viz. 421. 15s. 5d.-111. 10s.-41. 17s. 8d.--151. Os. 70.-19s. 430.-271. and 15l. 6s.

27.

Ans. £. 115 7 0} 12. Add 8041. 5s. and 0.-341. 19s. 78.71. 18s. 5d. 2471. Os. 11d.--19s. 6d. 1gr. and 45l. together.

Ans. £640 Ss. 5şd. 13. Find the sum total of 141. 19s. 60.-111.-4s. 9d.-251. 10s.-41.:0s. 6d.-31. 5s. 8d.-19s. 6d. and Os. 6d.

Ans. £ 60 (s. 5d. 14. Find the amount of the following sums, viz. Forty pounds, nine shillings,

fo

d. Sixty-four pounds and nine pence, Ninety-five pounds, nineteen shillings, Seventeen shillings and 43.

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15. How much is the sum of
Thirty-seven shillings and six pence,
Thirty-nine shillings and 4įd.
Forty-four shillings and nine pence,
Twenty-nine shillings and three pence,
Fifty-shillings,

Ans. £. 10 Os. 101d.

16. Bought a quantity of goods for 125l. 10s. paid for truckage forty-five shillings, for freight seventy-nine shillings and six pence, for duties thirty-five shillings and ten pence, and my expenses were fifty-three shillings and nine pence; what did the goods stand me in ?

Ans. £. 136 4s, id. 1. Six men took a prize, and having divided it equally amongst them, each man shared two hundred and forty pounds, thirteen shillings and seven pence; how much money did the whole prize amount to?

Ans. £. 1444 1s. 60.

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