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SPIRIT OF THE ANNUALS FOR 1831.
The Landscape Annual. been severely, but justly criticised by
Mr. Forsyth. “ Though most of its People who “ run and read” need not materials came from Greece, their combe told that the annexed Engraving is bination is neither Greek, nor Gothic, from the Frontispiece-plate of the Land
nor Basilical, nor Saracenic, but a forscape Annual, now to be seen at the tuitous jumble of all. A front, divided head and front of the printsellers. The by a gallery, and a roof, hooded with subject is at once striking, and somewhat mosquish cupolas, give it a strange un
elaborate ; and our artists have spared christian look. Nowhere have I seen no pains in transferring it, so as to ex
so many columns crowded into so small tend the fame and credit of the draughts- a space. Near three hundred are stuck man, engraver, and publishers concerned on the pillars of the front, and three in its production.
hundred more on the balustrade above. The Landscape Annual, as we last A like profusion prevails in the interior, year sought to explain, is the most useful which is dark, heavy, barbarous, nay, of all the yearly elegancies; and, for the poor, in spite of all the porphyry, and tourist's calèche, or the drawing-room oriental marbles, and glaring mosaics reading-table, a more fitting appendage that would enrich the walls, the vaults, can scarcely be devised. The Plates, and pavements. In fact, such a variety twenty-six in number, have been exe- of colours would impair the effect of cuted under the direction of Mr. Charles the purest architecture." Heath, from Drawings by Mr. S. Prout.
“ Being come into the church,” says The general style of the Engraving is Evelyn, "you see nothing and tread on chaste and forcible, with fewer sudden nothing but what is precious. The floor transitions of light and shade than usual. is all inlaid with agates, lazulis, calceYet the subjects stand forth well, and dons, jaspers, porphyries, and other the points of view and groupings are
rich marbles, admirable also for the peculiarly happy. The scenes are ten work: the walls sumptuously incrustin Venice, and the remainder in Rome ed, and presenting to the imagination and its vicinity. The descriptive letter the shapes of men, birds, houses, flowers, press is from the pen of Mr. Thomas and a thousand varieties. The roof is Roscoe. We mention this specially, as
of most excellent mosaic. But what the duties of editor of the Landscape most persons admire, is the new work Annual involve more pains and judg- of the emblematic tree at the other pasment than the discriminating labours of sage out of the church. In the midst any other annual work of art and lite- of this rich volto rise five cupolas, the rature.
middle very large, and sustained by We proceed to the description of the thirty-six marble columns, eight of Engraving :
which are of precious marbles; under these cupolas is the high altar, on which
is a reliquary of several sorts of jewels, In that temple porch
engraven with figures after the Greek (The brass is goue, the porphyry remains) manner, and set together with plates Did Barbarossa fling his mantle off, And, kneeling, on his neck receive the foot
pure gold. The altar is covered with of the proud pontiff.
ROGERS. à canopy of ophir, on which is sculp
tured the story of the Bible, and so on The church of St. Mark, one of the the pillars, which are of Parian marble, most celebrated temples in the Christian that support it. Behind these are sour world, was originally built in the ninth other columns of transparent and true century, when Giovanni Participatio was oriental alabaster, brought hither out of Doge of Venice. The breve, or inscrip- the ruins of Solomon's temple." tion, in the hall of the Great Council, The mosaic work in the church of recording the deeds of the doges, alludes St. Mark was introduced by the Doge to this fact in the following words "Sub Domenico Silviv, who restored the edime Ecclesia Sancti Marci conditur, ibique fice, after its destruction by fire in the corpus deponitur.''
preceding century, but the more splendid The church thus erected having been mosaics which adorn its walls were execonsumed by fire in the year 976, was cuted, in the year 1545, by two brothers replaced by the present edifice, which of the name of Zuccati, who worked unwas completed in the time of Domenico, der the direction and from the designs Silvio, who was elected doge in 1071. of Titian. It exhibits a singular mixture of classi- Speaking of the mosaics which decocal and oriental ar chitecture, which has rate this church, Lanzi says. The art
THE CHURCH OF ST. MARK.
of mosaic work in stone and coloured of the infidels and of the Christians from glass at that time attained such a degree being awakened. The body was acof perfection in Venice, that Vesari ob- cordingly deposited in a large hamper, served, with surprise, that it would not surrounded with vegetables, and covered be possible to effect more with colours with pieces of pork, an article which The church and portico of St. Mark every good Mussulman holds in abhorremain an invaluable museum of the rence. Those who accompanied the kind,' where, commencing with the hamper were ordered to cry Khanzir as elerenth century, we may trace the they went, which, in the oriental tongue, gradual progress of design belonging to signified pork. Having succeeded in each age up to the present, as exhibited reaching the vessels, the precious burs in many works in mosaic, beginning den 'was suspended in the shrouds, to from the Greeks, and continued by the prevent discovery, till the ship put to Italians. They chiefly consist of his- sea. Scarcely had the. Venetian's left tories from the Old and New Testament, the port when an awful storm arose; ment, and at the same time furnish very and had not the Evangelist himself apinteresting notices relating to civil and peared to Bono de Malamocco, and adecclesiastical antiquity:".
vised him to furl his sails, the vessel • The church of St. Mark was long must have been lost. On their arrivat celebrated as being the depository of at Venice,' the whole city was transthe Evangelist's body, of the translation ported with joy. The presence of the of which to Venice a singular account saint promised perpetual splendour to is given in one of the ancient Italian the repnblic. The body was received historians. The King of Alexandria by the senate with the same words with having resolved to build a palace, col which his Master had saluted the saint lected the most precious materials from in prison—" Peace be unto thee, Mark, every side for that purpose, and did not my Evangelist !" Venice was filled even spare the church of St. Mark, with festivals, music, and prayers, and where the body of the Evangelist re- the holy relics were conducted, amidst posed. It happened that at this period hymns and incense, to the ducal chapel. iwo Venetians, Bono de Malamocco and The Doge, Giustiniano Participatio, Rustico de Torcello, visiting the church, dying a short time after this event, be. were struck with the grief exhibited by queathed a sum of money to build a the attendant priests, and inquired into church to the saint, which, as we have its cause.
Learning their apprehen seen, was accomplished 'under his brosions of the church being despoiled, the ther and successor, Giovanni Participatio. strangers entreated from them permis. In allusion to these translations of the sion to remove the relics of the saint, saint's body, the breve attached to the not only promising them a large reward, name of Giustiniano Participatio, in the but also the lasting gratitude of their hall of the Great Council, exhibits the fellow- citizens, the Venetians. The following inscription : priests at first met their request with a
Corporis alta datur mihi Sancti gratia Marci. decided negative ; but when they perceived the servants of the king busily The funzioni, or great religious offices employed in demolishing the sạcred edi- of the church, have always been perfice, they yielded to the instances of the formed with splendour and magnifiItalians. The difficulty now was to eence in the church of St. Mark.convey the body on board one of the Upon one occasion it is said, that, during Venetian ships, of which there were the elevation of the host, the senate, who several in the port of Alexandria, and at assisted at the ceremony, and the whole the same time to conceal the circum- assembly kneeling, a scrúpulous Engstance from the knowledge of the inha- lish gentleman remained standing. A bitants, who held the remains of the senator sent a message to him, desiring Evangelist in high veneration, on ac- him to kneel, but our countryman disre. count of the miracles which were per- garded the intimation. The senator formed through their agency. The body then going to him in person, repeated of St. Luke being removed, was replaced his request. “Sir,” said the Englishby that of St. Claudian ; but a miracu- man, I don't hold with transubstanlous perfume which spread itself through tiation.", “ Ne anche io,” said the the church when the holy relics were senator, warmly, “perd, ginocchione, o brought to light nearly betrayed the fuor di chiesa.” «Nor I either ; but removal.
In transporting the body down on your knees, or get out of the through the city to the port, it became church." During the perforinance of necessary to adopt some expedient the same ceremony at Rome, and in the which should prevent the curiosity both presence of the sovereign pontiff, Lady
Miller ventured upon this proof of stuut Among the other relics which comprotestantism, which was suffered to posed the celebrated treasure of this pass unnoticed.
“ Whilst standing, I church, and which were regarded as of Jooked about me, and as far as I could inestimable value by the Venetians, were see all were on their knees. I turned a small quantity of the supposed blood myself towards the pontiff, and caught of our Saviour; a cross of gold, adorned his eye ; but he did not look sour at me, with precious stones, in the midst of and seemed only to notice the singularity which was fixed a piece of wood, said of my standing up; nor was I repri- to have been part of the tree on which manded afterwards, either by his Holi. he suffered; one of the nails with which ness or by any of the Romans."
he was pierced; four of the thorns In visiting the church of St. Mark, which composed his crown; a part of the treasury of the saint was always an the column to which he was bound; a object of great curiosity to travellers, fragment of the skull of St. John the more especially as the obtaining access Baptist; besides a great variety of no to it was a matter of some difficulty. less veritable remains. There were also The keys of the treasury were com- deposited here a sapphire, weighing ten mitted to the custody of three procu- ounces, together with other precious rators of St. Mark, the presence of one
stones of similar value, and a great numof whom was necessary whenever the ber of candelabri and golden vases ; and doors were opened. The relics were here was preserved the ducal crown, contained in one room, and the jewels used only on the most solemn public and other rich curiosities in another. festivals, and which astonished the specThe temporal treasury was formerly tators by the pearls and diamonds of invery rich, and the strangers who visited conceivable beauty with which it was it were carefully watched. " At the covered. showing of it,” says Mr. Wright, “ the
We omit Mr. Roscoe's description of procurator was closely present himself.”' It contained the corno, or state-cap of have already illustrated the arcana of
the mode of painting in mosaic, as we the Doge, twelve golden breastplates, that art at p. 439, vol. x. of The Mirror. adorned with precious stones, and twelve crowns, said to have been worn by the
The Keepsake maids of honour of the Empress Helena, 18 a worthy compeer of the splendid together with several large and valuable work last mentioned ; and its gay fangems. Howell, in his “ Familiar Let- cies will agreeably alternate with the ters," tells us that he saw there “a huge iron chest, as tall as himself
, that pleasant antiquities of Venice and Rome. had no lock, but a crevice, through its pages, and
even statesmen and men
Lords and Ladies gay' waken to fill which they cast in the gold that was bequeathed to St. Mark in legacies,
of great place figure in its list.* There whereon there was engraved this proud two prose extracts; and a piece in verse
are 46 pieces and 18 plates. We quote motto:
from the facetious Theodore Hook. Quando questo scrinio s'apria
Tutto 'l mondo tremerà."
By Lady Blessington. ties in the treasury of St. Mark is a very
No weapon can such deadly wounds impart ancient copy of the Gospels, the hand- As conscience, roused, inflicts upon the heart. writing of which the piety of the Venetians has attributed to their patron saint.
“ Postilion,' cried a feeble but This volume was carefully examined by
sweet voice, “ turn to your right when the learned Montfaucon, who was of you have ascended the hill, and stop, as opinion that it was written upon papy
I intend to walk up the lane." rus, and that the language was the Latin, and with more gentleness than is often
The postilion obeyed the command, and not the Greek. The great antiquity to be met with in his station, opened the of the manuscript, and its very imperfect chaise door, and, having first given his preservation, rendered it extremely diffi- hand to her female attendant to alight, cult to decipher any of the characters. assisted a pale and languid, but still emiMontfaucon, intimately acquainted as he was with MSS. tells us that he had ling limbs seemed scarcely equal to the
nently beautiful woman, whose trembnever seen any MS. that seemed to be of greater antiquity than this. It was
task of supporting her attenuated frame, obtained by the Venetians from Friuli,
“ Be so good as to remain here until and was conducted to the church of St.
* Lord John Russel'
, (Prymaster General,) Mark amid the applause of the people (a Lord of the Treasury.) a' bumorous tale of
coutributes ten lines of verse; and Lord Nugent, and the ringing of bells.
thirty pages, “ Mrs. Allingtou's Pic Nic."
I return,' said the lady, who, leaning She proceeded through the beautiful on the arm of her attendant, proceeded grounds, every mazy path and graceful through the leafy lane, the branches of bend of which was familiar to her, as if whose verdant boundaries were animat- seen the day before. Many of the imed by a thousand warbling birds sending provements suggested by her taste, and forth their notes of joy. But ill did still preserved with care, brought back those gay notes accord with the feelings heart-sickening recollections of love and of her who traced this rural walk, every confidence, repaid with deception and turn of which recalled bitter remem- ingratitude ; and though supported by brances.
the consolations of religion, which led On reaching the gate that opened her humbly to hope that her remorse into the pleasure-grounds of Clairville, and penitence had been accepted by the stranger was obliged to pause and Him who has promised mercy to the retake breath, in order to regain some de- pentant sinner; yet her heart shrunk gree of composure before she could en- within her, as memory presented her ter it. There are some objects and in- with the review of her transgressions, and cidents, which, though comparatively she almost feared to hope for pardon. trifling, have a powerful effect on the When she had reached a point of the feelings, and this the unknown expe- grounds that commanded a prospect of rienced when, pressing the secret spring the house, how were her feelings exof the gate, which readily yielded to her cited by a view of that well known, well touch, with a hurried but tottering. pace, remembered scene ! Every thing wore she entered the grounds. Here, feel the same appearance as when that maning the presence of her attendant a re- sion owned her for its mistress; the straint-who, though an Italian utterly house had still the same aspect of subignorant of English, as also of the early stantial grandeur and repose, and the history of her mistress, was yet obser- level lawn the same velvet texture, and vant of her visible emotion, and affec- the trees shrubs, and flowers, the same tionately anxious to soothe it-she de- blooming freshness, as when she daily sired her to remain at the gate until her beheld their beauties. She, she alone return. In vain Francesca urged that was changed. T'ime was, that those the languid frame of her dear lady was doors would have been opened wide to unequal to support the exertion of walk. receive her, and that her presence would ing without the assistance of her arm ; have dispensed joy and pleasure to every with a firm but kind manner her mis- individual beneath that roof; while now, tress declared her intention of proceed- her very name would excite only paining alone.
ful emotions, and its sound must be It was ten years since the feet of the there heard no more. Another bore the wanderer had pressed the velvet turf title she once was proud to bear, supover which they now slowly bent their plying the place she had abandoned,
She was then glowing with and worthily discharging the duties she youth and health ; happy, and dispens. had left unperformed. ing happiness around; but, alas ! love, She gazed on the windows of the guilty love ! spread his bandage over her apartment in which she first became a eyes, blinded her to the fatal realities of mother, and all the tide of tenderness the abyss into which he was about to that then burst on her heart now came plunge her, and, in honied accents, back to her, poisoned with the bitter whispered in her infatuated ear a thous- onsciousness of how she had fulfilled a and bland promises of bliss to come. mother's part. Those children dearer How were those promises performed ? to her than the life-drops that throbbed and what was she now ? She returned
in her veins, were now beneath that to this once cherished spot with a mind roof, receiving from another that affectorn by remorse, and a form bowed tion and instruction that it should have down by disease. She returned with been her blissful task to have given them, the internal conviction that death had and never, never must she hope to clasp laid his icy grasp on her heart, and that them to her agonized heart. a few days at most, if not a few hours, At this moment she saw the door must terminate her existence. But this of the house open, and a lady leaning conviction, far from giving her pain, was on the arm of a gentleman crossed the regarded by her as a source of consola: lawn; he pressed the hand that reposed tion; and this last earthly indulgence on his arm gently between his and raisthat of viewing the abode of her chil- ed it to his lips, while his fair companion dren -- she did not feel herself worthy of placed her other hand on his with all enjoying, until conscious that her hours the tender confidence of affection. In were numbered.
this apparently happy couple the ago