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light what he saw in the dark chambér. question was upon the security of the Sometimes he did portraits in that man- performance. After some particulars ner, and came to England with that view, propounded and rejected, the queenbut found the business too much en- mother sạid"Is not the word of a grossed by Kneller and others. Yet he king sufficient security ?" One of the once drew King William ; but as the deputies said—“No, by St. Bartholopiece was to be by candle-light, he gave mew, madam!his majesty the candle to hold, till the tallow ran down his fingers. As if to justify this ill breeding, he drew his own A GENTLEMAN staying at the Black picture in the same situation.: Delicacy Swan at Y—being seized with lunacy, was no part of his character. Having the late Dr. B. physician to the Asylum, drawn a lady who was marked with the was sent for in the night to visit him, small pox, but had handsome hands, she and, by mistake of the chambermaid, asked him, when the face was finished, was shown into a wrong lodging-room, if she must not sit for her hands ? “No,” in which there happened to be a very replied the boor, “ I always draw them passionate gentleman, who, jumping nut from my housemaid's." P. T. W. of bed in a rage, asked the doctor who

he was, and what the devil he wanted. TITLES OF THE SOVEREIGN OF PERSIA. The doctor desired him to compose himIn the preamble of a treaty concluded self, and he would not hurt him. “Comwith Col. Malcolm, we find the sovereign pose the devil ! what do you mean?" thus designating himself—" The High " I mean, my good man,” said the docKing, whose court is like that of Solo- tor, taking him by the shoulder, “ that mon's, the asylum of the world, the sign you must get into bed again, and comof the power of God, the jewel in the ring pose yourself, while I consider your un. of kings, the ornament on the cheek of happy case.". At which the gentleman, eternal empire, the grace of the beauty losing all patience, had just prepared of sovereignty and royalty, the king of to punish the doctor's unlucky head, the universe like Caherman, the mansion when the chamber-maid returned to say of mercy and justice, the phænix of -“ O laws, sir, I've shown you into the good fortune, the eminence of never

wrong room !!! fading prosperity, the king powerful as Alexander, who has no equal among the princes, exalted to majesty by the hea- The most ancient geographical chart vens in this globe, a shade from the which now remains as a monument of the shade of the most high, a prince before state of science in the middle ages, is whom the sun is concealed,”' &c. founded on a manuscript of the Chro

nique de St. Denys. There the three

parts of the earth then known are so reTHE Ashantee yam .custom is annual, presented, that Jerusalem is placed in just at the maturity of that vegetable, the centre of the globe, and Alexandria which is planted in December, and not near to it as Nazareth. eaten until the conclusion of the custom, the early part of September. The yam custom is like the Saturnalia. Neither on the evening of St. Bartholomew, theft, intrigue, nor assault are punisha- during the massacre, a citizen of Paris, ble during the continuance; but the reputed to be very rich, was closely purgrossest liberty prevails, and each sex sued by an assassin, sword in hand, lo abandons itself to its passions. It con

whom the citizen kept crying--“Sir, tinues for a week, at the end of which sir, you are mistaken, I am really a true time it is considered the height of rude- Catholic !” “ Very possibly,' replied ness for any black lady to taunt another the other, at the same time piercing him by alluding to any circumstance that may with his sword," but your money is have passed during this tropical carni. heretic.” yal.-Bowdich.







With the present Number, A SUPPLEMENT The best and most emphatic oath upon UNIQUE EXTRACT3, VERSE AND PROSE, record is the following : Sometime after

from the Annuals for 1831 ; the massacre of St. Bartholomew, the

With a Picturesque Eugraving of Benares. deputies of the reforined were treating with the king, the queen-mother, and

Printed and Published by J. LIMBIRD, 143, some of the council for a peace. The by ERNEST FLEISCHER, 626, New Market

Strand (near Somerset House,) London ; sold articles were mutually agreed on; the Leipsic; and ty all Newsmen and Bookseliers.

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(To the Editor of the Mirror.) city. It was first conquered by the LucaShould this view of two of the Ten- nians, who changed its name to Pæstum. PLES OF Pæstum, which I have drawn In 920 it was burnt by the Saracens ; on stone, from an original sketch taken happily however, these barbarians did on the spot, in the spring of 1829, with not so entirely destroy it, but that there the accompanying historical notice, still remain a few noble monuments of prove worthy of insertion in your inter- its ancient grandeur, which are, and esting miscellany, it will afford me much probably will continue for many centu

ries to be the admiration of the classic pleasure.

traveller. In that part of Italy which Pliny, the The remains of three temples are now elder, calls the third region, and on the to be seen--two of which, namely, the borders of one of those delightful plains, temple of Neptune, and the Basilica, which extend in imperceptible descent are represented in the sketch. It is from the Apennines to the Mediterranean, right to state that the appropriation of stood the city of Posidonia or Pæstum, the latter, which is seen in the distance, built according to Julius Solinus, by a has not been exactly determined by ancolony of Dorians. We find in other tiquarians. That it was a temple or an authors, particularly in the fifth book of edifice dedicated to religious purposes, Strabo, a more detailed account of its however, appears pretty certain. There origin. It appears that a colony of Sy- is something particularly sublime in the barites driven out of Thurium by the fact, that among the ancient monuments ancient Greeks, laid the foundation of of architecture which we meet with, as this celebrated city, 440 years before the described by travellers, or alluded to by Christian era. The Sybarites were the historians, by far the greater part have most refined and luxurious of the been once appropriated to the service of Greeks, who colonized Italy; and these religion. vast ruins are sufficiently indicative that The façade of the temple of Neptune Posidonia was a rich and magnificent consists of a peristyle of six fluted coVOL. XVI. 2 D


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lumns of the Hexastyłe Hypæthral or flects upon the origin of this once veneancient Doric order, without pedestals, rated, hallowed spot; the seat and proof and supported on three rows of steps; of the perfection of arts now no longer the sides are formed of twenty columns; in existence, and the type and emblem each column, according to a recent mea- of a religion no longer acknowledged. surement, is 47 feet in height and 8} in Nowhere perhaps will be found more diameter at the base; the entablature, laborious or more finished specimens of notwithstanding the ravages of time and human labour, and of the refined taste the Goths, is very complete; the archi- of ages long since forgotten, than stand trave is perfect, and the triglyphs and on this little spot; and though there guttæ on the frieze are still quite dis- may exist some remains of antiquity in tinct.

other parts of the globe more worthy The Basilica is not so well preserved, the eye of the traveller, or the pencil of and differs from the former in the cir- the artist, yet these relics which have cumstance of being longer and divided witnessed the rise, the progress, and by a row of columns into two equal the downfall of the Roman Empire, parts. These temples are formed of a will ever rank foremost in the attracspecies of Travertino, of which like- tions of curiosity, and of antiquarian rewise all the ancient monuments of Rome search. are constructed. It is an exceedingly Nothing can exceed the air of melanhard limestone of fresh water deposition, choly, desolation, and ruin, which this and continues to be formed to this hour spot presents: the only sounds which in the neighbourhood oi Tivoli. After break upon the ear of the traveller, as having been exposed some centuries it he wanders through the desert avenues assumes a reddish tint (probably from of broken columns, are the echoes of the oxydation of a portion of iron), and his own steps, or the flittings of the thus adds to the picturesque beauty of bat, which seem to reproach him for the ruin.

violating this unbroken solitude of ages. Extraordinary as it may appear, these How awful is the reflection that on the remains though within fisty miles of very spot on which he treads; Neptune Naples, and but a few leagues from Sa- and Ceres once were worshipped ; and lerno, remained undiscovered for a pe- kneeling thousands assisted at the offerriod of nearly 1400 years; and we are ing of sacrifices on those altars, and indebted for the knowledge of their ex- amid those columns which are now the istence to a young Neapolitan artist, haunts of the beast of the forest. who, about seventy years since, in ram- Here, in solitude, and in the still hour bling over some of the mountains near of night, let the votary of pleasure or the sea-coast, made this interesting dis- the victim of dissipation be taught, that covery.

the life of man is but as the breath of Nothing perhaps is more calculated to the wind, which howls around these lessen our pride of modern skill, and ex- gigantic relics of desolation ; and that cite our admiration of remote antiquity, the works of his hands may remain for than a view of these colossal ruins : the admiration of succeeding ages, when Cypress and ivy, weed and wallflower grown

he himself has long since passed into Matted and inassed together, hillocks heaped the eternity of oblivion. A.S. T. On what were chambers, arch crush'd, columns In fragments, choked up vaults, and frescoes The Topographer.

steep'd In subterranean damps, where the owl peep'd, Deeming it midnight.


THE DERWENTWATER. It is true that the ancients have regarded

(For the Mirror.) more the strength of fabric, than its This most beautiful of our English lakes elegance and symmetry; but there must possesses so many points of interest, that have been some rules of harmony, and a series of graphic illustrations could some taste of ornament, otherwise the alone do it justice. It is about three eye of the traveller could not at this dis. miles long, and one mile and a half tance of time, trace the skilful hand of broad, nearly inclosed by mountains; the artificer, and the sublime genius of and its waters, more transparent than the designer, in the ruins of so many those of any of the neighbouring lakes, stupendous structures.

are studded with numerous well-wooded As the traveller approaches the wild and romantic little islands. Of these, and barren plain on which these majes- the largest, and nearest to the shore, is tic ruins are situated, his feelings be- Lord's Island, formerly the residence of come forcibly in unison with the scene the family of Derwentwater; but of of surrounding devastation, when he re- their mansion, only the foundations now


remain. It contains about six acres of The utmost depth of the Derwentland, which are entirely covered with water does not exceed fourteen fathoms: wood. Derwent Isle is called also the its greatest portion is not one-fourth of Vicar's; and Pocklington Island, which that measure, but, swelled by rains and is within half an acre as large as the the mountain torrents, it has been known former, contains a house, situated in its to rise eight feet above its lowest watercentre, and is laid out in pleasure, mark, and overflow the lands between grounds, well planted with shrubs and itself and Bassenthwaite. Trout, pike, trees. St. Herbert's Isle, near the mid- perch, and eels, afford good fishing in dle of the lake-containing some rem- this lake : trout are angled for during nants of an ancient building, and a small April and May, pike and perch through fishing cottage, built about six or seven the whole of summer. and twenty years since, by the late Sir It was one bright, joyous April mornWilfred Lawson-was formerly the resi- ing when we first beheld—surveying dence of St. Herbert, a holy man, of it from a high hill—the beautiful, the whom some particulars are recorded by fairy Derwentwater. It was a thing of the venerable Bede. He lived in the light, and poetry; and the unutterably seventh century; and for several ages blessed emotions which flashed through after his demise, the island was resorted us then, like thrilling streams of pure, to, and the Saint's memory kept alive by ethereal fire-indescribable, inexpressireligious observances.

ble as we feel them to be--can never by There are other, and smaller islands us be forgotten : they were, in fact, one also. Rampsholen belongs, with Lord's of those epochs in the spring of the soul, Island, to Greenwich Hospital, being from which it dates its progress in imparts of the sequestrated estate of the provement and happiness, and which, as late Lord Derwentwater. From Otter sacred periods, should be kept in mind. Island, situated in a bay at the head of We were travelling, returning to our the lake, the views are delightful.-- special England after a residence of There is one piece of rock called Tri- some years out of it; and above four potholm, and two others called Ling- years had intervened since, “first and holins. The Floating Island and the last,” we beheld the romantic, crystal, Bottom Wind are phenomena peculiar sparkling Derwentwater ; but the long to the Derwentwater, and have given and blessed day, lingered out beside the rise to various hypotheses relative to Beautiful Lake, is fresh in our memory, their cause. Otley treats largely upon as if a few brief hours.only had elapsed, the former in his “Guide to the Lakes;" and marked the interval between the and of the latter says—“It has been past and present. That day !- it is a described as an agitation of the water, red-letter day in the calends of highest occuring when no wind can be felt on mental enjoyment; it was a holiday of any part of the lake,” and “has been the holiest kind; a day, dedicated to supposed to originate at the bottom of warm affections, glowing devotion, gratethe water. Some have associated this

ful retrospection, and hopes, which were phenomenon with that of the Floating of themselves assured happiness. That Island, and ascribed both to those sub- day!-it was not lost to us: its green and terranean convulsions by which earth. refreshing memory remains; the puny quakes are produced. Admitting that efforts of our pencil to delineate some the waves are sometimes greater than points of the lake-scenery are in being yet, could be reasonably expected from any and lo! we have just discovered in our wind which can be perceived at the sketch-book, scrawled on the back of a time, yet I doubt whether they are ever couple of these mementos, the following formed when no wind is stirring; and attempt at another mode of illustrating if such a term as Bottom Wind must be the Keswick Lake~the following unretained, I think it ought to be referred worthy stanzas to the bottom of the atmosphere, rather than the bottom of the lake." The

TO THE DERWENTWATER. Floating Island, “ situated in the south

Beautiful lake! I saw, thy crystal breast east corner of the lake, not far from Scarce beaving 'neath Spring's renovating gale ; Lodore, about one hundred and fifty And all the shadowy barks which o'er thee sail yards from shore, and where the depth Bearing-ay, many a marv'lling, happy hand, of the water does not exceed six feet, in As fondly we might dream, to Fairy Laud. a mean state of the lake,” never changes I saw thee in the holy, matin hour, its situation, but rises at uncertain inter

When thou wert loveliest perchance; a shroud vals to the surface, there remaining for Hung o'er thy distant brightness-like a bow'r longer or shorter periods, and sinking Kissing thy radiant bosom, cast a spell again.

Of beauty o'er thee-soft, ineffable.

Clouds vested too thy giant guards, which stand looked at a hen's nest; saw half a dozen
Gauntly above the world, in rugged forın-
As barring access to thy holy strand-

horses' tails sticking out of their stalls As, with wild summits veil'd in mist and storm, in the stables ; squashed about the Repelling the undaunted-who would take

brown sugar walks in the dripping From eagle-crags their gaze on thee, sweet lake!

shrubberies ; sat on the bridge ; looked I saw thee from a mount : but fairy hours

at the water ; saw how sticks swim; Beside thee pass'd, of love, and hope, and rest; Rapt in loug ecstasy by gales, and flowers

admired a calf ; proposed sparrowBy wooded islets- by thy half-veilid breast shooting-no gun at hand; thought of And dreams of that cloud-curtain, which when

a walk in the kitchen garden — gato furl'a, Shall to the soul reveal an Eden world.

locked; wanted to look at the graperyM. L. B. gardener gone to buy pea- sticks. I

know-well, poor deluded creturs, and The Selector;

what after that?"

Why, after that,said Ned (if you 2 AND

mean after what never occurred) " came LITERARY NOTICES OF luncheon; aster luncheon our horses NEW WORKS.

and the carriages were ordered_Miss

Epsworth and her aunt used to drive MAXWELL

in the phaeton, and I and Overall, and

one or two others, used to ride.” By Theodore Hook.

“What have you done with the MaFew books abound with so many de- jor ?'said Maxwell. tachable-scenes as Mr. Theodore Hook's “He is there, sir," said Edward. Tales and Novels of real life. They are “ What, at Dullham ?well adapted for the " specimen" system “ Yes,” said Ned. of the criticism of the present day-nay,

“ To be sure he is,” said Moss. they even appear to be written for the “ I think,” said Apperton, “ he has very purpose, and they succeed even bet- an eye to the freehold and the copyhold ter than any of the Library compilations and the leasehold ; the India stock, and of either variety of Knowledge. Their the three per cent. consols." caricature may be broad; it is, how- “ As sure as a gun," said Moss, “ that ever, dramatic, though somewhat stagy lying little cretur will snap up your --we mean in trick and humour ; but it Jenny, Master Ned; he'll

carry has none of the bombast and stiltwalking little ricketty vinegar bottle, if you sins of mimic life. It is real life with a look sharp.” high varnish to bring out the features, “I cannot help it,” said Edward; and to keep out of the common-place. « and if he do, I don't much care." It is pleasant to all ranks of readers, and “ What !” exclaimed Kate, “ a lover, may be equally relished in May Fair or and speak so of your beloved?' the Borough.

“I am no lover, Kate,” replied her The present story is one of middle brother—" at least not of hers.' life, and is abundantly stored with points “Hallo !” said his father, “what, is of humour. It is our intention to scrap your heart going another way ?” some of these in our next sheet. Mean- “ Going, sir ?" said Edward. while we take an extract from the Spec- “ Gone, I think,' said Kitty. tator notice of the work :

« That is nonsense,

” said Edward ; • The following passage may introduce “ but I honestly confess I never did see Godfrey Moss, alius Mousetrap, to our such a lovely creature in the whole readers, and will permit Master Ned- course of my existence, as one I saw too' dums, otherwise Edward Maxwell, Esq. day, and whose life I saved.student at law, to describe an adventure « Oh! a romantic affair," said Moss. upon which subsequently much incident “ Where did 'um happen, Master Nede turns: the comments of the company at dums ?least render it amusing :'

“ In-Long Acre-” said Edward, “ Well, Master Ned," said Moss, after a little hesitation. beginning his attack the moment the

6. What

scene for a romance !" said family party were ranged at dinner, Kate. “ what did you do down at Dullham “Was she very pretty, Ned?” asked House-hard work to get through the his father; “ tell us your story.” day, eh?”

““ Why, sir," said the son,

" at the “ No,” said Ned; “I didn't find it corner of Long Acre, a carriage driving very bad-after breakfast we did as we furiously along, and unseen by her, was liked till half-past one.

within an inch of running over this beau-' “ Ah, that is, did nothing,'' said Moss, tiful girl. I, luckily, and most luckily, "went and washed a dog in a pond; as I hadn't been in town half an hour,

off your


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