Page images

lances and cut sheer through the coats criminately rushed in, but the close batof mail. This so dispirited the Nor- tle was still maintained with great obmans, that unable either to force the in- stinacy and hand to hand. Duke Wil trenchments, or remove the palisades, liam had his horse killed under him, and they retreuted upon the column which Harold with his two brothers fell dead at William commanded, worn out with their the foot of their standard, which was infruitless attack. The duke, however, stantly torn down and replaced by the commanded the archers to advance anew, sacred banner that had been sent from giving orders to them no longer to shoot Rome. The remains of the English point blank, but with an elevation, so army prolonged the struggle, till the that the arrows might descend within shades of night falling upon the field the intrenchments of the enemy. Many rendered it impossible for the combatants of the English were wounded by this to distinguish each other except by the manæuvre, chiefly in the face, and Ha- difference of language. rold himself had his eye struck by an “ The few surviving companions of arrow, notwithstanding which he still Harold, to use the words of an old hiscontinued to fight at the head of historian, after having well fulfilled their army. The Norman infantry and ca- duty to their country, dispersed in all valry again advanced to the attack, en directions, yet many covered with wounds couraging each other by shouts of God or worn out with their exertions lay aid us! and invocations to the Virgin ; stretched along the neighbouring roads, but they were replused by a sudden sally whilst the Normans in the fierce and from one of the gates of the intrenched cruel exultation of their victory spurred camp, and driven back upon a ravine and galloped their horses over the bodies covered with brushwood and thick grass, of the vanquished. They remained all where from the roughness of the ground night upon the field of battle, and next their horses stumbled, and falling con- day the duke, at the rising of the sun, fusedly and thickly upon each other drew up his army, and from the roll were slain in great numbers. At this which had been written before their demoment a panic terror seemed to seize parture from St. Valery, called the the foreign army: a report arose that names of all who had landed in England. the duke had fullen, and a flight began Multitudes of these now lay dead or which must soon have been futal, had dying, stretched beside the Saxons, and not William thrown himself before the those who had the good fortune to surfugitives, threatening and even striking vive, enjoyed as the first fruits of their them with his lance till he compelled victory, the plunder of the slain. In them to turn back. Behold me! my examining the dead bodies, thirteen were friends, cried he, taking off his helmet, found with the monkish habit under it is I myself, I still live, and by the their armour. These were the Abbot help of God I shall be victorious. Upon of Hida and his twelve companions ; this, the men at arms renewed their at- and the name of their monastery was tack upon the intrenchments, but still the first which was inscribed in the black found it impossible to make a breach in roll of the Conquerors. the palisades, or to force the gates, “ The mothers, the wives and the when the duke bethought himself of a children of those soldiers who had willstratagem, by which he might induce the ingly marched from the adjoining neighEnglish to break their ranks and leave bourhood to die with the monarch of their position. He gave orders to a squa- their choice, now hurried pale and trembdron of a thousand horse to advance and ling to the field, to claim and carry away afterwards to retire suddenly 'as if they the dead bodies which had been stript and fled. At the sight of this pretended plundered by the enemy. Two monks flight the Saxons lost their presence of of the monastery of Waltham, which mind, and with one consent rushed from had been founded by the Saxon king, their intrenchments with their battle came humbly to the duke and requested axes slung round their necks; suddenly a the body of Harold, offering ten marks concealed body joined the fugitives who of gold for permission to pay the last wheeled about, and the English, thrown duties to their benefactor. It was given into disorder and taken by surprise in them, and they repaired to the spot, but their turn, found themselves assaulted found it impossible amid the heaps of on all sides with the sword and the lance, slain to distinguish the body for which whose strokes they could not ward off, they songht, so much was it disfigured both hands being occupied in managing by the wounds which covered it. Sad their ponderous battle-axes. Their ranks and despairing of success, they addressbeing once broken, the intrenchments ed themselves to a beautiful woman were carried, and foot and horse indis- whoin Harold had loved-before he was


king, and besought her to accompany his position. He appears likewise by a them in a second search. Her name was device somewhat similar to that which Edith Swanes-hals, the swan-necked was practised by Bruce at Bannockburn, Edith. She consented to the mournful to have intersected the ground over errand, and affection more quick-sight- which he expected the Norman cavalry ed than either friendship or devotion to charge with deep ditches, and towards soon led her to the mangled body of her the middle of the battle the stratagem lover."

took effect, and immense numbers of No battle could be more obstinately the invaders perished in these concealed contested than that which decided the pits.— Foreign Quarterly Rev. No. 12. fate of England, and seated a new dynasty on the throne. It began at nine RECOLLECTIONS OF THE LATE WILLIAM in the morning, and continued not only as stated by Mr. Thierry till night, but HAZLItt used to play at rackets for was prolonged throughout a great part five or six hours at a time : sometimes of the night. The Duke of Normandy, quarrelling with his adversary, but not according to some historians, had three bearing malice. He liked a stout antahorses killed under him, and Harold gonist. “ That fellow," said he, speakfought with such desperate valour, and ing of one who showed himself dis80 ably availed himself of the strong heartened, “ will never do any thing in position which he had chosen, that but the world: he never plays well, unless for his death, which happened late in he is successful. If the chances go the evening, a very different result might against him, he always misses the ball ; have taken place. Even after that fatal he cries Craven!_" That,” said some event, when the Saxons were at last one, “is French courage.”-“I don't driven from their intrenchments, they call it courage at all," said H. “ and made so desperate a stand in a neigh- certainly not French courage. The bouring valley, that the Normans took French have fought well; they have ento flight, and William, hastening through dured ton, more than enough,-without the dark to the spot, met Eustace, Count your present imputation. Did you ever of Bologne, and fifty of his iron clad fight a Frenchman ?"_"No."-"Then knights flying at full speed. With the don't make up your mind yet to your broken truncheon of his lance, which theory : reduce it to practice, and see if was all that remained to him, he rallied it be bullet-proof.”. the fugitives for a moment, and the Miscalculating his expenses, he Count Eustace, as he leant over the once found himself at Stamford reduced neck of his horse to speak to the duke, almost to his last shilling. He set off received in the dark and from an un- to walk to Canıbridge, but having a pair known hand a blow between the shoul- of new boots on they gave him aeute ders, which caused the blood to burst pain. In this predicament, he tried at out of his mouth and nostrils. The twenty different places to exchange them Norman historians delicately conceal for a pair of shoes or slippers of any the hand that dealt this, and appear to sort, but no one would accommodate insinuate that it belonged to some Saxon him. He made this a charge against warrior, but we think there can be little the English. “ Though they would doubt that the correction came from have got treble the value by exchangWilliam's broken truncheon. Be this ing," said he, “ they would not do as it may, the duke again charged the because it would have been useful to Saxons and finally drove them from the me." Perhaps,”

” said some one, field. It is almost impossible to ascer. jestingly, “ they did not know that you tain the exact numbers of the respective came honestly by them.”—“Ah ! true," armies ; but we think there can be little said H. “ that did not strike me before. doubt, in opposition to the exaggeration That shakes my theory in this respect, of the Norman writers, that Harold's if it be true ; but then, it corroborates army was greatly inferior to that of the another part of it; so the fact is valuduke. It is evident that he fought the able either way. There is always a battle before his new levies had been want of liberality, either in their made, and with that comparatively small thoughts or actions.” [This was merely body of troops with which he had at- humour.] tempted to surprise the Norman camp. The poetry of became the Defeated in this, he availed himself of subject of conversation. “ He is so his military skill in intrenching his troops tawdry, and shallow, and common-place, in ground which appears to have been and full of fine words,” said some one, ably selected, and in supplying the de- “ that I cannot endure him. I am sick fect of numbers by the great strength of before I get to the end of a canto of his pompous nonsense : you see the mean, change opinions with a rustic or a vulgar thoughts underneath all. He mechanic, as he would run against a always reminds me of one of the fellows chimney-sweeper. All that he has is at Bartholomew Fair.”

"_" He is cer- traditionary - his father's - his grandtainly very bad,” said another, assent- father's—his grandmother's! There has ingly ; " he is like a great, stupid boy, been no cross in the ideas of the family who has got into five syllables,' and for the last two centuries. The consecannot get out.“There is a sense of quence is, that they are all worn out. his own imperfections in all this,'' ob- Š-- is as bad as a Bourbon. He served Hazlitt, mixed with a notion of wanted once to get employment from a his being able to cheat the world out of bookseller, and when he was asked what its good opinion. He is like one of recommendation he had, he replied those dirty Jews who swagger about, that he was the head of the oldest put on half-a-dozen seals and a hundred family in -shire !'» rings, and think that they pass for

New Monthly Magazine. ? lords !” When I first knew Charles Lamb,

THE DISTANT GRAVE. I ventured one evening to say something They tell me that his grave is made that I intended should pass for wit.

Where tbe stately palm tree bendeth, “Ha! very well; very well, indeed !”

A suinmer temple, upon whose shade

The purple eve descendeth. said he, “Ben Jonson has said worse things,'' [I brightened up, but he went

They say the mighty ocean swells

Beside where he is sleeping, stammering on to the end of the sen- That moaning winus and inurmuring shells tence]-and-and-and-— better !A Seem like perpetual weeping. pinch of snuff concluded this compli

'Tis his fitting tomb the sea-girt strand,

His fitting dirge the hillowment, which put a stop to my wit


But I wish he were laid in lois native land, the evening. I related the thing to Haz- By yon meek and lowly willow. litt, asterwards, who laughed. “Ay,' His father's grave is beneath yon tree, said he, “ you are never snre of him till His mother's grave is beside it

There's space at the feet for him and me, he gets to the end. His jokes would be

My brother; we shall not divide it. the sharpest things in the world, but

I would I conld kneel above by thy gravo, that they are blunted by his good-nature.

And pray for tlie much-loved sleeper; He wants malice,- which is a pity.”- But my thoughts go over the far wild wave, “ But,” said I, « his words at first And my lonely grief grows dceper. seemed so—"L" Oh ! as for that,” re- You fear'd for her whose cheek was pale,

Which your last kiss left yet palerplied Hazlitt, “ his sayings are gene

The life your fondness deem'd so frail, rally like women's letters; all the pith Your own has been yet frailer. is in the postscript.”

I would you slept mid familiar things, Several persons were regretting, Which your childhood wont to cherish, that (who, we all agreed, was

Where the church its holy shadow flings

And your native wild flowers perish. a singularly kind-hearted, vivacious, and

The more I think of the dreary sea, intelligent man) should be eternally

The more we feel divided, bruiting one opinion, that was disa.

Thy tomb bad been like a friend to me, greeable to every body. " 'Tis like a Where my sorrow had been confided. rash,' said Hazlitt, « and comes out But my God is recalling the life he gave, every summer. Why doesn't he write My love with my grief is dying,

But the spirit-the heavens know rio grave, a book (if he has any thing to say) and Aud my heart is on those relying. get rid of his complaints at once ?”.

L. E. L. Ibid. “What do you think of X- ?" said some one. « He is a goodnatured, Of course we do not quote this song for genteel, proud, foolish fellow,” said its novelty: Our object is to give the Hazlitt, a and as vapid as a lord. He precise dialect in which it ought to be was telling me yesterday about his dining sung.

THE POWCHER'S SONG. every day on French dishes, &c. &c. whereas, to my knowledge, he is often WHEN I was boon apprentice

In vamous Zoomerzet Shere, obliged to go without any dinner at all."

Lauks! I zerved my meester truly “He is like the Spanish Hidalgo, in Vor neerly zeven yeer, Lazarillo de Tormes,” said I, " who Until I took to Pouching, dines heartily upon a draught of water, Cro. Ou, 'twas ma delyght in a shiny night

Az you zhall quickly heer. and only eats the cow-heel and a lump In the zeazon of the year, of bread to give pleasure to his in- 011, 'twas ma delyght in a shiny night,

In the zeazon of the year. feriors." “X-," pursued Hazlitt, " has but one golden idea in his trea- Az me and ma coomerades

Were zetting op a snere, sury, and that is as to his own gentility.

Lanks, the Geamkeepoors caem oop to uz; He keeps aloof, and would as soon ex- Vor them we did na kere,

Case, we coull fig! it'or wrestlc, lads,

About two miles from Margate a gate Jump over ony wheere.

with this distich : Сно Ou, 'twas ina delyght in a shiny night In the zeazon of the year,

“ Olim Porta fui Patroni Bartholomæi ; Ou, 'twas ma delyght in a shiny uizht,

Nunc, regis jussi, Regia porta vocor. In the zeazon of the year.

Hic excenserunt Car. IUR.

Et Ja: dux Ebor; 30 Junii 1683,"
Az we went oot wan morning
Atwixt your vive and zeex,

commemorates the landing restoration We cautcht a heere alive, ma lads,

of King Charles II. We found on in a deetch; We popt uu in a bag, ma lads,

The earliest foundation of the CarmeWe yoiten off vor town,

lite Friars, in England, was in the year We took un to a neegliboor's lioose,

1240, which is still rendered memorable And we zold un vor a crown. We zold un for a crown, ma lads,

by their first monastery standing toleBut a wout tell ye where.

rably entire, a small distance from the Cho. Ou, 'twas ma delyght in a shiny night,

village of Aylesford, and called the In the zeazon of the year, Ou, 'twas ma delyght iu a shiny night,

Fryars;' there was convened the first In the zeazon of the year,

general chapter of the order, in 1245. Then here's success to Powching,

PENSHURST. Vor A doos think it feere,

JOHN, Duke of Bedford, Regent of And here's look to ere a Gentleman Az wants to buy a heere,

France in the reign of Henry VI. had a And here's to ere a Geamkeepoor,

palace at Penshurst, which on his decease Az woona zell it deere.

descended to his next brother,Humphrey, Cho. Ou, 'twas ina delyght in a shiny night, In the zeazon of the year,

the good Duke of Gloucester, immorOu, 'twas ma delyght in a shiny night, talized by Shakspeare.

Fortune seems In the zeazon of the year. Blackwood's Mayazine.

to have fixed upon this spot for the

production of men of goodness or genius, The Topographer.

for here the incomparable Sir Philip Sydney was born: here also resorted

the patriotic Algernon Sydney MEMORABILIA OF KENT.

To think as a sage, but to feel as a man." (For the Mirror.)

The oak planted at the birth of Sir Here Nature nor too sombre nor too gay, Philip, and sung by Ben Jonson and Wild but not rude, awful yet not austere, Is to the mellow earth as Autumn to the year.

Waller, has been removed by some BYRON. blockhead, with as “little music in his soul” as

turnip, or some prodigal

who cared little about the associations At Eltham, King Henry III. in 1270, connected with it, so that he could raise kept his Christmas, as did likewise in sufficient money to appear at Brookes’si the years 1384-85 and 86, Richard II. ;

or purchase a hunter. and in 1315, Henry the Third's Queen gave birth to a son, hence called John

" A short mile north-west from the of Eltham. Here were the Parliaments town of Hythe, stands Saltwood Castle,' of 1329 and 1375, held by the third where met the four knights previous to Edward. Hither came the captive John their helping the turbulent Becket to of France, to be present at a magnifi- martyrdom. cent entertainment, and here also was

Prince Edward, son of Henry III. carried our female Solomon, Elizabeth made the Barons of the Cinque Ports to be benefited by the salubrity of the

swear fealty to his father during the air, in her infancy

wars between that monarch and his re“But Time as we see flies along in the wind, bellious nobles, at a spot 'half a mile And leaves mighty marks of his bard hand

eastward of Lynn Castle, called in anbehind." Eltham is deserted, and the splendid

cient records, “ Shipwey Crosse;"

What a sad instance of Fortune's banquetting-hall, instead of diademed

“ slippery turns "' have we in the fact, tenants, receives unlicked husbandmen; that the last male of the chivalrous and the courtier's laugh is supplanted by puissant Plantagenets, died in misery on the blows of the flail, and the magnifi- the Eastwell estate, the 'mansion of cent roofing is fast falling to decay. which he helped to erect: his name Midway between Rochester and Maid. still remains to a well near the humble stone, four large stones of the pebblé hut in which he dwelt. kind, placed erect, point out the mausoleum of a British and Saxon com

LEEDS CASTLE. mander, who fell fighting hand to hand, If the reader be one of those in 455, five years after the latter's first

" Who careth not for woman kynde, landing with his forces in Britain.

But doth them all disdain,"

[ocr errors]


he may thank Time and the patentee of ruinous condition, removed abont fifty uries that the days and deeds of King years ago. The most memorable moNeddy Secundus are over; for in the dern event here, was the dreadful exfifteenth of that monarch's reign, we plosion, on the 17th of April, 1781, of are informed Sir Thomas de Colepeper the government powder-mills, whereby was coolly hung by the chain of his the workmen lost their lives, and the drawbridge, at Leeds Castle, in this buildings of Faversham and the adjoincounty, for having discourteously re- ing village of Davington were unroofed. fused her majesty admittance when on a The noise was heard at twenty miles pilgrimage to Canterbury. Within these distant. walls, Joan of Navarre, second consort Westenhanger House, some short of Henry IV. was held in captivity for space from Hythe; was one of the spots having conspired against her son-in- selected by King Henry II. to conceal Jaw's life, until conveyed to Pevensey, fair Rosamond, previous to her removal by her jailor, Sir John Pelham.

to Woodstock - we find her “moated Edward the Black Prince received the round with a drawbridge, a gatehouse, order of knighthood at Stone Castle, and a strong and lofty portal springing near Gravesend.

from polygonal pillars, and secured by Dartford was the first scene of Wat a portcullis, and the outer walls high, Tyler's patriotism ; here also Henry the and strengthened with towers, some Third's sister, Isabella, was married by square, others circular, and the whole proxy, to the Emperor Frederick, A. D. embattled." 1235; and in 1331, Edward III, return: Within Hever Castle it was that ing from France, astonished the people Henry VIII. passed his courtship of with jousts and a splendid tournament. the lovely and unfortunate Anne Boleyn. The latter prince seems to have enter. It is traditionally affirmed, that when tained a penchant for this town, for in on his approach, he was wont to sound 1335 he founded a nunnery, to which his bugle at the summit of an adjacent retired early in life, Bridget, of York, hill, for his . “ Jadye love ” and her doone of the daughters of Edward IV. mestic to prepare. Henry VIII. subsequent to the aboli- Studfall Castle was one of the five tion of the monasteries, repaired this forts or watch towers, erected by Theobuilding and fitted it up for a palace; dosius. and during her progress through this Through the Reculver's channel Hacounty, his daughter, Elizabeth, resided rold's fleet is said to have sailed-a here two days. “ The only remains of legend of considerable probability, on this monastic pile at present consist of account of its shelter from storms and a lofty embattled gateway, with some shoals. Ethelbert is supposed to have adjoining buildings used as a farm- been interred within the church, as house;" but

Weever states he saw a monument of “ The tower by war or tempest bent,

very antique form, surmounted by two While yet may frown one battlement,

spires, in the south chantry.' Leland, Demands and daunis the stranger's eye, speaking of the chancel, says,

that Each ivied arch and pillar lone,

at the entrance was one of the fairest Plead haughtily for glories gone."

and most stately crosses he had ever The original foundation of the bridge beheld.”

A KENTISAMAN. is supposed to be as ancient as the reign of Edward III. Within the church lies Sir John Spielman, the ori.

The Gatherer. ginal introducer of the manufacture of A spapper up of unconsidered trifles. paper in England, who died in 1607; the site of his paper-mill is now occu

GODFREY SCHALCKEN THE PAINTER, pied by the gunpowder-mills, on the banks of the Darent.

KING WILLIAM, AND THE TALLOW Faversham is supposed to have been

CANDLE, &e. the residence of the Saxon kings.

GODFREY SCHALCKEN was born at Dort; Athelstan, about the year 930, as- in 1643. He acquired the first rudisembled his Archbishops and Council ments of the art under Van Hoogstreten, to enact laws, and arrange methods fer but afterwards improved himself in the their observance in this town. So school of Gerard Dow. He soon began pleased with its situation was King Ste. (says Walpole) to display his genius phen and his family, that they erected but his chief practice was to paint candle an abbey here, and endowed it with nu- lights. He placed the object and a merous privileges; the two gateways candle in a dark room; and looking of which were, in consequence of their through a small hole, painted by day


« PreviousContinue »