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So long as the fine blendings of humour ney;" and at the end of 1767 he came
however, enjoy his solitude at Cox-
TO A. L-E, ESC. and two years after to Italy for the reco
“ Coxwoulil, June 7, 1767. covery of his health. In the summer of " Dear L -E, I had not been many 1766 he wrote his “Sentimental Jour- days at this peaceful cottage before your Vol. XVI. 2 C
letter greeted me with the seal of friend
THE NAUTILUS. ship; and most cordially do I thank you
(To the Editor of the Mirror.) for so kind a proof of your good-will. I was truly anxious to hear of the recovery in No. 381 of the Mirror, in giving an
I beg to correct an error which appears of my sentimenal friend, but I would not write to inquire after her, unless I could tilus. It is there stated, that the shell
account of the Argonaut, or Paper Nauhave sent her the testimony without the tax; for even howd'yes to invalids, or
of this interesting creature is no thicker those that have lately been so, either call
than paper, and divided into forty comto mind what is passed or what may re
partments, or chambers, through every turn ; at least I find it so. I am as happy connected as it were by a thread. This
one of which a portion of its body passes, as a prince at Coxwould; and I wish you is not the fact. The Argonauta is an could see in how princely a manner I entire spiral involute shell, consisting of live : 'tis a land of plenty. I sit down only one chamber. The shell described alone to venison, fish, and wild fowl, or a couple of fowls or ducks, with curds, ments is the Nautilus Pompilius, very
as being divided into forty compartand strawberries, and cream, and all the erroneously called by several authors, simple plenty which a rich valley (under Nautilus Græcorum; whereas the NauHamilton Hills) can produce, with a clean cloth on my table, and a bottle of tilus , and it is to this shell our cele
tilus of the Greeks was the Paper Nauwine on my right hand to drink your brated poet refers : health. I have a hundred hens and
Learn of the little nautilus to sail ; chickens about my yard, and not a pa- for it is not proved in any satisfactory rishioner catches a hare or a rabbit, or a trout, but he brings it as an offering to
manner that the other kind, or Chamme. If solitude would cure a love sick- bered Nautilus, ever sails or navigates heart , I would give you an invitation; of leaving his shell, inhabiting the up
his shell; nor has that animal the power but absence and time lessen no attachment which virtue inspires. I am in permost or open chamber, which is conhigh spirits ; care never enters this cot- siderably larger than the others. The tage. I take the air every day in my
rest remain empty, except that the pipe, post-chaise, with two long-tailed horses
or siphunculus, which communicates —they turn out good ones; and as to
from chamber to chamber, is filled with myself, I think I am better upon the
an appendage or tail of the animal, like whole for the medicines and regimen 1
a gut or string; whereas in the Argosubmitted to in town.—May you, dear nauta, the animal fills the entire single L- want neither the one nor the chamber of the shell
, although the aniother ! " Your's truly,
mal- hitherto found in the few specimens * L. STERNE.''
of that shell in a living state, is believed
by many scientific men to be a parasite, We must temper our opinion of Sterne's from not having been found attached writings with famenting their occasional to, and not the original builder of, the indelicacies. He was, in many respects, shell.
J. W. a man of the world, and passed much of his time in the hey-day of gay life ; but THE PATRIOT'S CALL. we believe him to have possessed great sincerity. In one of his Letters he says,
(For the Mirror.) My Sentimental Journey will, I dare The song (of which the following transsay, convince you that my feelings are lation attempts to convey an idea) was, from the heart, and that that heart is not written when the invasion of Napoleon of the worst of moulds. Praised be God called the German youth to arms. The for my sensibility! Though it has often author was a young man named Arndt, made me wretched, yet I would not ex- a native of Pomerania, who by his change it for all the pleasures the grossest patriotic songs, materially assisted to sensualist ever felt."
excite the nation in the war of deliverSterne has been accused of neglecting ance. He was appointed Professor of his mother, which charge, if true, History at the University of Bonn, but would evince a bad heart. Lord Byron was dismissed in 1820 from that situa. says Sterne preferred “whining over a tion, in consequence of an abortive atdead ass to relieving a living mother ;' tempt to regenerate Germany. but this comes with ill grace from The metre has been preserved in the Byron, who turned from his mother's translation, sometimes perhaps at the funeral to fisty-cuffs.
expense of the poetry. M. U. S.
Raise the heart, raise the hand,
Swear the holy oath of vengeance
PURSUIT OF KNOWLEDGE UNDER DIF
Swear by your ancestral might,
tice, und endeavoured to give him a taste By old Deutchland's* honcst fame, for reading ; but could not, it is said, Swear it by a freeman's right,
gain much of his attention. It does not Swear it by the holiest name.
appear how long young Parkes conHover, hover, bigh in glory,
tinued in this situation ; but at last his Holy flag, in fight our guide,
master failed, and he returned home to No one e'er sball shrink before thee,
his father. We now hear no more of Floating o’er war’s angry tide.
him till he had reached his thirty-second Raise the heart, raise the hand,
year, up to which time, it seems,
he reEarth and Heaven shall us hear,
mained at home, assisting his father in And our sacred vow revere, Pledge of truth to father-land.
the shop. It is probable, from the reEach our country's symbol cherish,
sources he afterwards displayed, that the
foundation of many of his acquirements Be her sons to danger steeld By a thousand deaths to perish,
was laid during this interval. Perhaps Ere they quit the battle field.
he had also 'saved a little money ; for he Raise the heart, raise the hand,
now went to Stoke-upon-'I'rent, began Let the noble banner wave,
business on his own account as 'a soapEnsign of the free and brave,
boiler, and married. The new line For our holy father-land.
which he entered shows that he had * Germany.
been already directing his attention to
practical chemistry ; but, after perseThe selector;
vering for ten years in this business, he met with so little success as to be
obliged to give it up; and at the age of LITERARY NOTICES OF forty-two he came up to London, with NEI WORKS.
no property in the world except ten pounds, which had been lent him by
his father. It was hard enough to be FICULTIES, VOL. II.
obliged, as it were, to begin the world (Library of Entertaining Knowledge.)
again at this time of life ; but there was
no help for it, and he set to work resoThis volume is an improvement upon lutely. Some friends whom he had its predecessor. The anecdotes, instead made lent him a little assistance, and he of being brief, and little more than names began manufacturing muriatic acid, for and dates, extend into pleasant biogra- the use of dyers. It is very evident that, phies, and their influence is increased. although he had come to town without by the means of the subjects rising to much money in his pocket, he had eminence being more fully developed. brought with him some useful knows
We quote an interesting account of ledge one fruit, at least, of the labours Mr. Parkes, author of the well-known of his previous lise, of which fortune had « Chemical. Catechism :".
not been able to despoil him. This he “Mr. Parkes, as we learn from a now turned to excellent account. To communication with which we have his muriatic acid he soon added other been favoured by his surviving daugh- chemical preparations, his skill in mater, was born in 1761, at Stourbridge, nufacturing which was not long in being in Worcestershire, where his father was generally appreciated, and eventually a small grocer. At five years of age he procured him a large trade and a high was sent to a preparatory school in his
reputation. native town; and it is remembered that * Although Mr. Parkes had probably during the time of his attendance at this given considerable attention to some of infant seminary, Mr. Kemble?s company the practical parts of chemistry before of itinerant players having visited Ştour- he came up to London, it was only after bridge, and remained there for some he had established himself in this lastmonths, that gentleman placed his daugh- mentioned line of business that he began ter at the same school, the child. who to study the subject scientifically. At became afterwards the celebrated Mrs. this time, as we have seen, he was above Siddons. When ten years old, Parkes forty years of age, so that he may be was sent to another school, at Market-; quoted as another most encouraging exHarborough; but, after remaining here ample for those who have been preventonly a very short time, he was takened by any cause from commencing their away, and apprenticed. to a grocer at studies till late in life. NotwithstandRoss, in Herefordshire. This person ing the time he had lost, Mr. Parkes happened to be a man of some educa. became eventually, a most accomplished' tion, and to be possessed of a few books, chemist, and gave to the world a succeswhich he very kindly lent to his appren. sion of works relating to that science"
2 C 2
which, ever since their publication, have which required unremitting attention, held the rank of text-books of high au- his hours of literary labour were those thority. The earliest of these was his which he stole from repose, or from the • Chemical Catechism,' which first ap- time which most men give to relaxation peared in 1805, and of which twelve and amusement. Yet, besides the diffevery large impressions have since been rent books which, in the course of a few sold. It was translated, soon after its years, he published in his own name, he publication, into the German, French, wrote also numerous papers for the difSpanish, and Russian languages; and in ferent scientific periodical works of the Spain and Germany it is the standard day. As another evidence, too, of his manual of instruction in the public punctuality and indefatigable industry, schools. By the sale of this work alone it may be mentioned that he had, from the author realized 5,0001. The Cate- an early age, been in the habit of keepchism was followed by another work, ing a regular diary of every action of his • The Rudiments of Chemistry ;' and life, and never retired to bed till he had that by the Chemical Essays,' in five committed to writing the events of the volumes. This last, in particular, of day. This, and all ħis other industrious which a new edition has lately appeared, habits, he kept up to the last; and, even is an excellent performance, and strik- up to within a few days of his death, ingly shows the author's extensive ac. although he had long been suffering unquaintance with his subject. Like their der a painful disease, his attention to precursor, these two works were also business, and especially to his scientific translated into the principal continental pursuits, continued unrelaxed. languages, and obtained great popula- “ He closed his valuable and active rity abroad, as well as in this country. life on the 23rd of December, 1825, in - Among other gratifying testimonies the 65th year of his age.” which the author received of the sense At the close of the memoir of Sir H. entertained of his labours, was a splendid Davy, which follows that of Mr. Parkes, ring presented to him, for his services to is the following: science, by the Emperor of Russia.
“ No better evidence can be desired “ One of the chief merits of the ele- than that we have in the history of Davy, mentary works published by Mr. Parkes, that a long life is not necessary to enaand what must doubtless more than any ble an individual to make extraordinary thing else have helped to make them advances in any intellectual pursuit to popular, lies in this--that in all his ex- which he will devote himself with all his planations the author begins at the be- heart and strength. This eminent perginning, and nowhere assumes any in- son was, indeed, early in the arena where formation necessary for understanding he won his distinction; and the fact is a the subject to exist in the mind of the proof how diligently he must have exerreader beyond what he has himself com- cised his mental faculties during the few municated.
years that elapsed between his boyhood “ Mr. Parkes, in his latter and more and his first appearance before the pubprosperous days, used often to dwell lic, although, during this time, he had with pleasure on his struggles in early scarcely any one to guide his studies, or life, and naturally felt proud of relating even to cheer him onward. Yet, notthe hardships he had surmounted by his withstanding that, he had taken hist own industry. The success of the diffe- place, as we have seen, among the rent works he published gave him, as known chemists of the age almost before might be supposed, the highest grati- he was twenty-one, the whole of his fication. In addition the literary brilliant career in that character, emperformances which we have already bracing so many experiments, so many mentioned, we ought to notice two pam- literary productions, and so many splenphlets, which he gave to the public in did and valuable discoveries, extended the years 1817 and 1819, in support of only over a space of not quite thirty the attempt then making, and which was years. He had not completed his fiftyeventually successful, to obtain a repeal first year when he died. Nor was Davy of the salt duties. He was one of the merely a man of science. His general most active of the persons who stirred acquirements were diversified and ex. in this matter, anticipating, as it has tensive. He was familiar with the prin. been already noticed that the celebrated cipal continental languages, and wrote inventor of the Logarithms appears to his own with an eloquence not usually have done, great advantages to agricul. found in scientific works. All his ture from the use of salt as a manure. writings, indeed, show the scholar, and Engaged, as he was, in the management the lover of elegant literature, as well as of an extensive chemical manufactory, the ingenious and accomplished philoThis is pe
sopher. It not unfrequently happens in book-learning, while exercising that that able men, who have been their own handicraft, we have already noticed, instructors, and have chosen for them- among others, Benedict Baudouin, Anselves some one field of exertion in which thony Purver, Joseph Pendrell, Gifford, the world acknowledges, and they them. and Holcroft. We may add to the list selves feel, their eminence, both disre- that extraordinary character Jacob Behgard and despise all other sorts of know- men, the German mystic, of whose works ledge and acquirement.
we have an English translation, in two dantry in its most vulgar and offensive volumes quarto, and who continued a form, for it is not merely ignorant, but shoemaker all his life. But Bloomfield, intolerant. It speaks highly in favour before entering upon the exercise of this of the right constitution and the native trade, had had the education of his power of Davy's understanding, that, faculties begun while following the educated as he was, he escaped every equally contemplative, and much more taint of this species of illiberality; and poetical occupation of a keeper of sheep that while, like almost all those who -a condition, the leisure and rural enhave greatly distinguished themselves in joyment of which had fed the early the world of intellect, he selected and genius of the painter Giotto, the logipersevered in his own favourite path, he cian Ramus, the mechanician Fergusons nevertheless revered wisdom and genius the linguist Murray, and many other, in all their manifestations."
of the lights of modern literature and Of Canova, there is a delightful bio- art, as in the ancient world it is said to graphy; but we have only room for have done that of the poet Hesiod. another page or two from the Memoir Bloomfield's literary acquirements, howof Bloomfield :
ever, with the exception of his acquaint“ The frequency of the developement ance with the mere elements of reading of literary talent among shoemakers has and writing, appear to have been all often been remarked. Their occupa- made during the time he was learning tion being a sedentary and comparatively the business of a shoemker, and afternoiseless one, may be considered as more wards while he worked at the same bufavourable than some others to medita. siness as a journeyman. tion; but, perhaps, its literary produc- " It was while he sat plying his trade tiveness has arisen quite as much from in his garret, in Bell Alley, with six or the circumstance of its being a trade of seven other workmen around him, that light labour, and therefore resorted to, Bloomfield composed the work which in preference to most others, by persons first made his talents generally known, in humble life who are conscious of more and for which principally he continues mental talent than bodily strength.– to be remembered, his " Farmer's Boy.! Partly for a similar reason, literary tai. It is a curious fact, that, notwithstandlors have been numerous. We have ing the many elements of disturbance mentioned in our former volume the and interruption in the midst of which Italian writer Gelli, our learned coun- the author must in such a situation have trymen Hill and Wild, &c.; and to these had to proceed through his task, nearly we might add many others, as, for ex- the half of this poem was completed ample, George Ballard, author of Me- before he committed a line of it to pamoirs of Learned British Ladies,' and per. This is an instance of no common who made himself a good Saxon scholar powers, both of memory and of selfwhile practising his trade; the antiqua- abstraction. But these faculties will ries Stow and Speed, who both flou- generally exist in considerable strength rished in the sixteenth century, the for- when the mind feels a strong interest in mer the author of The Survey of Lon- its employment. They are faculties also don,' and other very elaborate works, which practice is of great use in strengthand the latter of a valuable History of ening. Bloomfield's feat, on this occaGreat Britain ; and the late celebrated șion, appears to have amounted to the mathematician, Jean Henri Lambert, composing and recollecting of nearly six who, when young, aster working all day hundred lines without the aid of any with his father, who was a tailor, used record ; and the production of all this often to spend the greater part of the poetry, in the circumstances that have night in reading, and in this manner, by been mentioned, perhaps deserves to be the assistance of an old work which accounted a still more wonderful achievecame by chance into his possession, in- ment than its retention.' structed himself in the elements of ma- Such a work as the present needs no thematical science. Of literary shoe- recommendation beyond specimens. Its makers again, or persons who have object is plain, straightforward, and usecontrived to make considerable progress ful, and its style abundantly entertaining.