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LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION. No. 456.]
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1830. [Price 2d.
(From a Correspondent.) breast. He died in 1626, aged 71. * On removing the houses on the western Here also is a monument to the wellside of High-street, in the borough of known Abraham Newland. In the chaSouthwark, in order to make the ap- pel of Our Lady is a grave-stone of a proaches to the new London Bridge, bishop in pontificalibus, supposed to two ancient chapels, belonging to thé have been for the celebrated William of fine old church of St. Saviour, are ex. Wykeham, bishop of Lincoln, who was posed to view. These chapels form the buried in this church. He was the most subject of the accompanying sketch. renowned architect of his day, and not The church of St. Saviour is on the only founded New College, Oxford, and plan of a cathedral, having a nave and St. Mary's, Winchester, but also raised side aisles, transepts, and choir with the stately pile of Windsor Castle. In side aisles, besides the additional cha- this churchyard lay the bones of Maspels—the one dedicated to Our Lady, singer, the poet; but no stone marks and a smaller one at the east end, called the spot ;-obscure in his life, the paThe Bishop's, from its containing the rish register records, with melancholy tomb of Bishop Andrews.
brevity, his interment, “ March 20, 1639, The chapels at the east end are in a buried, Philip Massinger, A STRANGER!" ruinous condition, and used as recepta- Not so with Gower, the early English cles for planks, lumber, &c. The tomb poet, to whom is a handsome monument of the bishop is boarded off; and, with in the north aisle. A fillet set with roses some difficulty, and through much dust, I clambered over the partition. It is * On turning to Moss and Nightingale's “ His. an altar tomb, with a recumbent figure tory and Autiquities of the Parochial Church of
St. Saviour, Southwark," we of the bishop, in his scarlet robes, as Bishop's Tomb was repaired in 1703, and again Prelate of the Order of the Garter. He in 1810: at the latter period in the inamer des.
cribed by our correspondent. wears a black cap, and a small ruff-a
not, the remains of the Bishop and tie monubook held in his right hand lies on his ment itself have beeu removed.
Ed.M. VOL. XVI. х
find that the
If we mistake
is bound round the head of the recum- visits Ireland does not hear of him from bent figure of the bard, and his head every mouth, in terms equally expressive reposes on three of his works—“ Vox of admiration of his transcendent taClamantis,'! “ Speculum Meditantis," lents, and regret for his irreparable and “ Confessio Amantis." *
loss ? * True the choir has suffered I must not omit to record the virtues much by his removal ; but in the mellow of one Susanna Barford, whose eulogy notes and brilliant shake of Smith, the is immortalized in the following pithy powerful voice of Frank Robinson, and and exquisite verse
the clear, deep tones of his brother, “Such grace the King of Kings bestowed upon
not to mention Jager, Buggan, Maher,
grath, &c. sufficient yet remains to ren“ That now she lives with him a Maid of Honor."
der St. Patrick's a centre of general JAMES SYLVESTER. attraction. Full service is performed
only on Sunday, at three o'clock; and VISIT TO ST. PATRICK'S CA
I never failed to make one of its crowded THEDRAL, DUBLIN. — DEAN
congregation. Before the commenceSWIFT.
ment of service, it is a common practice (For the Mirror.)
to stroll along the aisles, gazing at the In Sir Walter Scott's life of this eminent monuments. Among these, which are character, celebrated equally for his ta- but little remarkable either for number lents and eccentricities, (when relating or importance, there is no one which so the Doctor's appointment as Dean of much attracts the general observation, St. Patrick's,) he observes, that “ the as that of Dean Swift. The inscription name of that cathedral has since become is in gold letters on a black ground; and a classical sound, because connected as it is not quite correctly given in Scott, with his memory.". During a late resi- I shall insert it here :dence of many months in Dublin, I was
Hic depositum est
corpus neither a reluctant nor unfrequent visiter
Jonathan Swift, S.T. D. of that interesting spot.
Hujus Ecclesiæ Cattedralis
Decani, itself has but slender claims to admira
Ubi sævi Indignatio tion; and whether regarded as to its
Ulterius external appearance, or internal appoint
Cor lacerare nequit.
Abi Viator ments, is scarcely worthy of the Irish
Et unitare, si potei is, metropolis. The dingy state of the
Strenuum pro virini
Liberta Viudicatorem. hangings, and dirty appearance of every
Obiit 190 Die Mepsis Octol ris thing around (though partially relieved
A.D. 1745. Auno Ætatis 78.. by the banners, swords, and helmets of
* The following tribute to his memory has the Knights of St. Patrick,) contrast been erected in the cathedral. From its intrinsic strongly with the cleanliness of English elegance of composition, as well as the honourcathedrals. But here, how reluctantly prompted its erection, I shall be easily pardoned soever, I must reverse the picture. Pa
its introduction bere :
To the Memory triotism must give way to truth; and in
of pursuing the parallel farther, I must ad
Jobn Spray, Mus. Doc., mit, that if deficient in the particulars
For a period of thirty years I have mentioned, in other and much
discharged the duties more important respects, St. Patrick's manifests a decided superiority. The
In both Cathedrals service is performed in a style of mág,
of the nificence only excelled at our musical
Irish Metropolis. festivals. One of the finest and most
is erected at the expense of powerful organs in the united kingdom,
Friends, under the skilful control of a masterly Whose estimation of his virtues in private, performer, sends forth its tones of and of his qualities in social life,
was commensurate with their admiration mingled grandeur and sweetness; and
of his talents as a musician, the choir is maintained on a scale of
and his efficiency, which those who have been transcendent powers as a vocalist.
To the one present will bear me out in the asser
He was indebted for the highest honorary degree tion, is utterly unknown in the cathe
in his profession; drals of this country. Who that ever
To the other,
For the character he acquired and maintained, listened to the astonishing powers of the
tbat of the lamented Spray, will not promptly ac- First Tenor Singer in the Empire. cede to this remark? And who that
Doctor Spray died on the
21st day of January, 1827, * For an engraving and description of Gower's
in the sixtieth year of Momment, and a few descriptive particulars of the venerable church of St. Saviour, see Mirror, This tablet is white marble, surmounted by a vol. xiii p 225.
bust of the deceased, having on one side a tyre,
Above is a bust of Swift, contained in dential habits it induced, should have a circular recess, round the margin of given rise to feelings of a more tender which is inscribed, “ This bust is the character. In fuct an attachment sprung gift of S. T. Faulkener, Esq.". Below up; which though it continued till the this are his arms, bearing the following lady's death, (a period of more than motto : “ Cum magnis vixisse.” thirty years) never passed beyond Pla.
On the next pillar to this is a tablet, tonic bounds. On the death of Sir which I regarded with equal curiosity, William Temple, Swift went to Ireland from the romantic and mysterious con- with Lord Berkeley; and two years nexion, of the person to whose memory afterwards, settled at his living in Lait is erected, with Dr. Swift. It is sur- racor ; where, at his invitation, he was mounted by a skull, and bears the fol- soon joined by Stella, (now a full-grown lowing inscription ; which as it is little beautiful girl) accompanied by a friend, known to the English reader, will be Mrs. Dingley. To avoid misconception, perused with interest :
they lived in separate houses, and never “ Underneath lie interred the mortal met but in the presence of a third perremains of Mrs. Hester Johnson; better son. When Swift was appointed Dean known to the world by the name of of St. Patrick's, Stella and her compaStella ; under which she is celebrated nion returned also to Dublin. Her tranin the writings of Dr. Jonathan Swift, quillity, however, was after some years Dean of this cathedral.
disturbed, by the arrival of Miss Vane “ She was a person of extraordinary homrigh, styled Vanessa by the Dean, endowments and accomplisments, * in to whom she became attached during á body, mind, and behaviour; justly ad- visit, which he had recently paid to mired and respected by all who knew England. To the tender of her affecher, on account of her many eminent tions which she made to the doctor, he virtues, as well as for her great natural replied only with offers of friendship. and acquired perfections.
Stella was seriously affected by her “ She dyed January the 27th, 1727-8, rival's appearance in Dublin ; and to in the 46th year of her age ; and by her quiet her apprehensions, and save her will bequeathed one thousand pounds
declining health, Swift consented to go towards the support of a chaplain to through the ceremony of marriage, prothe hospital founded in this city by vided it should be kept secret, and that Doctor Steevens."
they should never live together. With Of this extraordinary person, (who to these hard conditions they were married use the language of Scott) “ purchased in the Deanery Garden, by the Bishop by a life of prolonged hopes, and dis- of Clogher, in 1716. It is right to add, appointed affection, a poetical immor- that this marriage is on some hands de. tality under the name of Stella," a few nied altogether; but the reader may see particulars may not be uninteresting. the arguments on both sides, in the life Ît was during his second residence at by Scott, who gives his suffrage to the Moore Park, the seat of Sir William affirmative side of the question, Temple, that Dr. Swift became ac- Vanessa, who was ignorant of this quainted with Hester Johnson ; who, event, retired to Marley Abbey, Cel. with her mother and sister, was many bridge, where the Dean paid her occayears an inmate. He was then at the sional visits.
“ This abbey,” says age of thirty, and she thirteen; and on Scott, “ is built much in the form of a him devolved the task of her instruction real cloister. An aged man showed in writing, and other common rudiments the grounds to my correspondent. He of education ; but notwithstanding the remembered the unfortunate Vanessa style of encomium in which the epitaph well; and showed her favourite seat, speaks of her “extraordinary endow- still called Vanessa's Bower ; where she ments and accomplishments," and great used often to sit with the Dean. The natural and acquired perfections,” there bower commanded a view of the Liffey, is pretty good evidence of her deficiency which had a romantic effect; and there on many of the most ordinary points of was a small cascade that murmured at information. This relation of instructor some distance. During the past year I and pupil continued four years; and it repeatedly visited this abbey, the resiis not to be wondered at, if the confi- dence of my lamented friend, Jeremiah
Houghton, Esq., from Yorkshire. He anthems, &c.; and on the other a funeral urn. Spray was an Englishman; and Smith and most
was, of course, particular in showing of the choir were collected from English Cathe
ne the bower, and other spots, consedrals; which doubtless they would not have crated by their connexion with the roquitted, had their talents been properly appre- mantic story we are tracing. The scenery ciated and encouraged. * Thus spelt in the original.
about the winding river, with the trees overhanging its glossy bosom, is cer- smith, who purchased the aldermanry in tainly beautiful.” The “cascade " al- 1279; under whom and his son, Nicholas, luded to, is more properly a wear or it remained for many years, and ever after dam, of considerable breadth, but small retained their names. This ward, howheight, constructed for the convenience ever was of such considerable extent, of the neighbouring mills.
In this se
that in the year 1395, it was divided into questered retreat Vanessa continued for two, viz. Farringdon Within, and Farsome years to nourish her hopeless pas- ringdon Without. sion; to which she at last sell a victim, N. B. P. T. W. has not mentioned unable to survive the discovery of Swift's the Ward of Aldgate at all, and in his marriage with Stella. The acquaintance account of the Ward of Farringdon, he of the two latter was maintained in the has mentioned William Farringdon for same guarded manner till the lady's Farrendon. death, about five years after her rival's. I have yet another relic of the Dean,
DAYBREAK. an inscription which he placed on the
(For the Mirror.) tomb of a servant:
O SWEETLY sings the nightingale,
And fresh the breezes play,
The Day Star's beam
On Avon's stream,
Foretells the rising day.
Fair Cambria's lovely mountains,
And Severn's rapid sea,
In glory bright
Reflect the light
That rises o'er the Lea.
And clouds of brilliant hue,
Succeed the morning grey,
The golden sun,
His race to run, This is copied from a tablet behind Is on his glorious way. one of the doors of the cathedral; and
The woody verdant groves, is a pleasing memorial, as a testimony
The sunny water's spray, of the proper sense entertained by the
The breathing gale, master, of the good offices of a faithful
The spreading sail, servant.
All tell of Rising Day.
O use thy moments well,
For short thy time must be, (To the Editor of the Mirror.)
Life glides away,
Swift comes the day, In No. 452 of the Mirror, there is an
No Sun shall rise for thee.
W. article by P. T. W. on the Origin of the Names of the City Wards. Thinking that the following must have escaped
The Novelist. his notice, I have been induced to send them.
THE LORD OF LITTLEFENCE ; OR, Aldgate Ward takes its name from the WITTE WINNETH THE WARRE, eastern gate of the city, anciently called
(For the Mirror.) Ealdgate. The principal streets in this ward are Aldgate High-Street, Leaden- “ Sir ye down here awhile, sir," said hall-street, as far as Lime-street; Fen- the honest country lad who acted cicechurch-street, as far as Fishmonger’s- rone to a traveller viewing the ruins of alley, inclusive ; Jewry-street and Crut- an ancient fortalice, “and I will, to the ched Friars, as far as Seething-lane; best of my knowledge, tell you the story Shoemaker-row and Bevis Marks, tó of Winwar Castle, and the reason of Camomile-street; St. Mary-Axe and its name. Lime-street, as far as Cullum-street. “ You see-or some years ago, sir,
The Wards of Farringdon Within you might have seen, for time weareth and Without, were anciently but one away even stone letters--an inscription ward under one alderman, who obtained above the great gate, and beneath every the possession of it either by inheritance one of the windows, which said, ' Witte or purchase. It received its name (ace winneth the warre,' being, as I supcording to Thornton's History and Sur- pose, of the same meaning with that vey of London and Westminster,) from scripture which says, “ The race is not William Farrendon, citizen and gold- always to the swift, nor the battle to the
Strong';' or, as you may' interpret it the advance of Ironhand and his formidaafter you have heard my story, craft ble bands, Sir Wilfred galloped up, and overcometh strength. Well then, there delivered to him a message from the lived in this castle, so long ago as the baron to this effect : He greeted the days of the old knights, a great baron, Lord of Littlefence most heartily, and whu, for power, and men, and money, was grieved from his soul for what he beat them all. On account of his great had said when overcome with wine ; strength, and the surety wherewith he but, nevertheless, as a leal knight, feelslew his enemies in battle, he was called ing that his honour was concerned where "William of the Ironhand. One day he he had passed his word, he could not made a great feast, in the hall of this do otherwise than keep it, and gave the very castle ; and getting, in his wassail, proprietor of Littlefence three good proud and boastful, all unlike a Christian weeks in which to prepare it for his man, he swore so great was his power, assault, bidding him in the meanwhile, that he feared neither men nor spirits ,
God speed.' and as for the possessions of his neigh
“ The unfortunate owner of a fine, bour, the Lord of Littlefence, he meant but neglected demesne, employed the next day to make himself master of respite thus awarded, aided by the inthem, without striking a blow. Now, struction of Sir Wilfred and other miliGeorgie of the Greenwood-so was his tary friends, to the best advantage; so neighbour called — being one of those that when Ironhand, at the expiration good-natured, careless men, who, living of his time, led a strong company to the without a dread of danger, are wholly attack of his friend's place, he began unprepared for it, and being moreover much to doubt the success of his underupon very friendly terms with Ironhand, taking, should its garrison at all comdid not care to put himself to much pete, with the now solid defences wheretrouble and expense in fortifying his with it was environed. No opposition, house and grounds, especially as he had however, was offered him from battlelittle idea of sustaining an attack from ments and towers, which seemed utterly the very quarter whence, in time of unguarded and desolate; and deeming need, he expected the readiest aid.-- that they were so, because their deHearing therefore, for he was one of the fenders feared to trust anything so unbaron's guests that night, his good friend stable as new masonry, he dreaded to Ironhand thus discover the secret, pur- enter the place, lest an ambuscadeposes of his soul, in the truth with against which he knew strength would which wine is said to inspire men's little avail-should pick him and his men tongues, he quaked so greatly with fear, clean off, in a manner equally inglorious that he shook the very settle upon which and unsatisfactory. He hesitated; but he sat. Georgie of the Greenwood was, his men-at-arms, perceiving his perin fact, a thoughtless, timorous man, plexity, clamorously desired him to pro'who loved a sylvan life-never made war ceed; wherefore, the redoubtable Ironbut upon wild animals proper for the hand entered the habitation of his friend, chase, and knew that Littlefence had and found it desolate !--nor this alone; neither wall nor ditch capable of barring wall after wall had been run up in a his premises from the intrusion of dog manner so ingenious, as to form narrow or cat; therefore, alarmed he was passages wherein it was impossible for yet whilst Ironhand was loudly swearing two to walk abreast. Ironhand and his his ruin, he durst not proffer a word, men traversed them in search of the ingood or bad, lest the drunken baron mates of the house, but were quickly disshould be tempted to put him to death; persed, and lost as in a labyrinth. Morebut calling aside a trusty friend, and one over, the furniture was all gone ; so that who was also extremely dear to Iron- there was nothing to reward the disaphand, he conjured Sir Wilfred to speak pointed depredators for their pains.on the morrow with Lord William, and Then did Ironhand desperately rage at dissuade him from prosecuting his evil the manner in which he had been bedesigns, at least for a few days. Green- guiled; and dispatching half his party wood then, hastening from the castle of to scour the country in search of the his quondam ally, rushed home, as if Lord of Littlefence, who could not he pursued by a dozen demons. Next day, conceived have travelled far, he remained as the Lord of Littlefence stood beside with the other division, to keep and clear the workmen whom he had hastily col- the valuable prize he had taken, accordlected, encouraging them to hollow ing to his intention, without striking a trenches, throw up ramparts and breast- blow. But no sooner had this force deworks, and rear walls and barricadoes, parted, than a larger, in the pay of yet expecting every moment to behold Littlefence, rushed from the thick woods